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The Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Effects of Cosmos caudatus Ethanolic Extract on Cervical Cancer Nurhayati, Betty; Rahayu, Ira Gustira; Rinaldi, Sonny Feisal; Zaini, Wawan Sofwan; Afifah, Ervi; Arumwardana, Seila; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Rizal, Rizal; Widowati, Wahyu
The Indonesian Biomedical Journal Vol 10, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : The Prodia Education and Research Institute (PERI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1127.094 KB) | DOI: 10.18585/inabj.v10i3.441

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is closely related to all aspects of cancer. Cosmos caudatus ethanolic extract (CCEE) has been proved to have antioxidant effect that inhibited cancer cell growth due to its bioactive compounds such as catechin, quercetin and chlorogenic acid. This study aimed to evaluate antioxidant and anticancer activity of CCEE and its compounds.METHODS: Total phenol was measured according to the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Catechin, quercetin and chlorogenic acid contained in CCEE were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Antioxidant activity was evaluated by 2,2′-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS)-reducing activity, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity, and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) activity test. The cytotoxic activity of CCEE was determined by MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium] assay on HeLa cells.RESULTS: The result showed that total phenol of CCEE was 181.64±0.93 µg Cathecin/mg extract. ABTSreducing activity test showed that catechin had the highest activity (2.90±0.04 µg/mL), while CCEE had moderate activity compared to other compounds. FRAP activity test demonstrated that catechin had the highest activity (315.83 µM Fe(II)/µg) compared to other compounds. DPPH scavenging activity of CCEE was 22.82±0.05 µg/mL. Cytotoxicity test on HeLa cell showed that CCEE had lower activity (inhibitory concentration (IC)50= 89.90±1.30 µg/mL) compared to quercetin (IC50 = 13.30±0.64 µg/ mL).CONCLUSION: CCEE has the lowest antioxidant activity compared to quercetin, catechin, and chlorogenic acid and has the lowest anticancer activity compared to quercetin. However, CCEE and its compounds has potential as antioxidant and anticancer properties.KEYWORDS: antioxidant, anticancer, catechin, Cosmos caudatus, quercetin
α-/β-Glucosidase and α-Amylase Inhibitory Activities of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Ethanol Extract Gondokesumo, Marisca Evalina; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Widowati, Wahyu
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v1i1.3

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease, characterized by hyperglycemia due to disturbance in both insulin secretion and function. One of theurapeutic approaches is to reduce blood glucose levels by inhbiting α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase involved in carbohydrate digestion. Thus, inhibition of these enzymes play important role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) has been known to have several medicinal properties and potency as an antidiabetics agents. This reseacrh aimed to observe antidiabetic properties of roselle ethanol extract (REE) towards α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Materials and Methods: REE was done with maceration technique using diluent of 70% ethanol. Antidiabetic properties were measured by inhibitory activity of α-amylase, α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase.Results: REE was able to inhibit α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase in the highest concentration with inhibition percentage of 72.68, 47.34 and 73.08% respectively, and were comparable with Acarbose of 81.49, 50.97, 73.08%. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase of REE were 15.81, 41.77, 18.09 μg/mL respectively, and Acarbose were 9.45, 22.57, 3.64 μg/mL respectively.Conclusions: REE inhibits α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Keywords: Roselle, Acarbose, α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, α-amylase, antidiabetic
α-/β-Glucosidase and α-Amylase Inhibitory Activities of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Ethanol Extract Gondokesumo, Marisca Evalina; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Widowati, Wahyu
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v1i1.3

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease, characterized by hyperglycemia due to disturbance in both insulin secretion and function. One of theurapeutic approaches is to reduce blood glucose levels by inhbiting α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase involved in carbohydrate digestion. Thus, inhibition of these enzymes play important role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) has been known to have several medicinal properties and potency as an antidiabetics agents. This reseacrh aimed to observe antidiabetic properties of roselle ethanol extract (REE) towards α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Materials and Methods: REE was done with maceration technique using diluent of 70% ethanol. Antidiabetic properties were measured by inhibitory activity of α-amylase, α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase.Results: REE was able to inhibit α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase in the highest concentration with inhibition percentage of 72.68, 47.34 and 73.08% respectively, and were comparable with Acarbose of 81.49, 50.97, 73.08%. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase of REE were 15.81, 41.77, 18.09 μg/mL respectively, and Acarbose were 9.45, 22.57, 3.64 μg/mL respectively.Conclusions: REE inhibits α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Keywords: Roselle, Acarbose, α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, α-amylase, antidiabetic
Direct and Indirect Effect of TNFα and IFNγ Toward Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells Widowati, Wahyu; Jasaputra, Diana Krisanti; Sumitro, Sutiman Bambang; Widodo, Mochammad Aris; Afifah, Ervi; Rizal, Rizal; Rihibiha, Dwi Davidson; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Murti, Harry; Bachtiar, Indra; Faried, Ahmad
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v2i2.21

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of death cancer in women. Cancer therapies using TNFα and IFNγ have been recently developed by direct effects and activation of immune responses. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of TNFα and IFNγ directly, and TNFα and IFNγ secreted by Conditioned Medium-human Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells (CM-hWJMSCs) toward apoptosis of BC cells (MCF7).Materials and Methods: BC cells were induced by TNFα and IFNγ in 175 and 350ng/mL, respectively. CM-hWJMSCs were produced by co-culture hWJMSCs and NK cells that secreted TNFα, IFNγ, perforin (Prf1), granzyme B (GzmB) for treating BC cells. The BC cells were treated with CM-hWJMSCs in 50%. The expression of apoptotic genes Bax, p53, and the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 were determined using RT-PCR.Results: TNFα and IFNγ at concentration of 350 ng/mL induced higher Bax expression compared to 175 ng/mL. TNFα and IFNγ 350 ng/mL, 175 ng/mL induced p53 expression, whilst TNFα and IFNγ at 350 ng/mL decreased Bcl-2 expression. Perf1, GzmB, TNFα and IFNγ-containing CM-hWJMSCs induced significantly apoptosis percentage, induced Bax expression, but did not effect p53, Bcl-2 expression.Conclusion: TNFα and IFNγ directly induce Bax, p53, decrease Bcl-2 gene expression. The Prf1, GzmB, TNFα, IFNγ-containing CM-hWJMSCs induce apoptosis and Bax expression.Keywords: breast cancer, Wharton’s Jelly mesenchymal stem cells, TNFα, IFNγ
The Effect of Kerokan to Liver Function of Hepatitis B Patients Hanum, Nur Adiba; Ismalayani, Ismalayani; Juliansyah, Rahmad Aswin; Syokumawena, Syokumawena; Pastari, Marta; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Arinta, Yukko
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v7i1.3397

Abstract

Kerokan is an alternative therapy done by rubbing and pressing the skin surface using oil and a blunt object. This treatment has a hepatoprotective effect as it increases heme oxygenase-1, an essential enzyme in heme catabolism. In hepatitis B, heme oxygenase-1 plays a vital role to fight oxidative stress. Hence the damage on liver cells can be reduced or even prevented. Damaged cells indicate by the production of aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) enzymes that accumulated in the bloodstream. This study aimed to investigate the effect of kerokan to liver function by analyzing SGOT and SGPT levels in hepatitis B patients. These were an experimental study with a pre-test post-test control group design conducted in the public health center in Palembang in October 2016. Statistical analysis used the unpaired t test and paired. The research subjects were 30 patients with inactive carrier and chronic hepatitis B. The levels of SGOT and SGPT were determined using the IFCC method. The levels of SGOT in control (19.53±3.44 U/L) and treatment group (20.46±4.53 U/L, Δ=0.93) after 24–48 hours were not statistically different (p=0.53). Also, the levels of SGPT in control (18.66±5.40 U/L) and treatment group (19.80±9.25 U/L, Δ=1.13) after 24–48 hours were also not statistically different (p=0.68) as well. In conclusion, the liver cells of inactive carrier and chronic hepatitis B patients were not damaged (necrosis) after kerokan therapy, and the levels of SGOT and SGPT were still in the normal range. EFEK KEROKAN TERHADAP FUNGSI HEPAR PASIEN HEPATITIS BKerokan merupakan terapi alternatif yang dilakukan dengan menggosok dan menekan permukaan kulit menggunakan minyak dan benda tumpul. Pengobatan ini bersifat hepatoprotektif, yaitu meningkatkan produksi enzim heme oxygenase-1 dalam katabolisme heme. Pada hepatitis B, heme oxygenase-1 berperan penting dalam menangkal radikal bebas sehingga dapat mengurangi atau mencegah kerusakan sel hepar. Kerusakan sel hepar diindikasikan oleh produksi enzim aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) dan alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) yang terakumulasi dalam pembuluh darah. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kerokan pada fungsi hepar dengan menganalisis kadar SGOT dan SGPT pada pasien hepatitis B. Penelitian eksperimental ini menggunakan desain pre-test post-test control group yang dilakukan di puskesmas di Palembang pada Oktober 2016. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji t berpasangan dan tidak berpasangan. Subjek penelitian meliputi 30 pasien inactive carrier dan kronik hepatitis B. Kadar SGOT dan SGPT diukur dengan menggunakan metode IFCC. Kadar SGOT pada kontrol (19,53±3,44 U/L) dan grup perlakuan (20,46±4,53 U/L; Δ=0,93) setelah 24–48 jam tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan (p=0,53). Selain itu, kadar SGPT pada kontrol (18,66±5,40 U/L) dan grup perlakuan (19,80±9,25 U/L; Δ=1,13) setelah 24–48 jam tidak menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan (p=0,68). Simpulan, sel hepar pada pasien inactive carrier dan kronik hepatitis B tidak mengalami kerusakan setelah terapi kerokan, serta kadar SGOT dan SGPT tetap dalam kondisi normal.