Ahmad Rofiq, Ahmad
Articles
3
Documents
TEORI KEBENARAAN DALAM PEMIKIRAN HUKUM AL-GHAZALY (1058-1111 M): Kajian FIlosofis-Metodologis

International Journal Ihya Ulum al-Din Vol 18, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

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Abstract

According to Al-Ghazaly, truth must be seen and placed within the framework of belief and certainty, ranging from the form of indrawy, khayaly, to beliefs that will not be influenced by any factor. Therefore, he clarifies man in the category of lay and khawas. This is so that someone does not necessarily make generalizations and make sure that someone has made a mistake. This paper will examine in fact what the theory of truth is in the thought of Al-Ghazaly’s law and how it is constructed epistemologically. The goal is to know about the theory of truth and how the methodology it developed. The study finds that according to Al-Ghazaly, the truth in legal thought, must be seen and placed within the framework of belief and certainty. The confirmed truth of religion or al-malum min al-din bi-durahurah requires one to accept it with submission.---Menurut Al-Ghazaly, kebenaran harus dilihat dan diletakkan dalam kerangka keyakinan dan kepastian, mulai dari wujud indrawy, wujud khayaly, hingga keyakinan yang tidak akan dapat dipengaruhi oleh faktor apapun. Karena itu pula, ia mengklafisikan manusia pada katagori awam dan khawas. Ini dimaksudkan agar seseorang tidak merta melakukan generalisasi dan memastikan bahwa seseorang telah melakukan kesalahan. Tulisan ini akan mengkaji sesungguhnya apa teori kebenaran dalam pemikiran hukum Al-Ghazaly dan bagaimana teori tersebut dibangun secara epistemologis. Tujuannya, untuk megetahui tentang teori kebenaran dan bagaimana metodologi yang dikembangkannya tersebut. Penelitian ini menemukan, bahwa menurut Al-Ghazaly, kebenaran dalam pemikiran hukum, harus dilihat dan diletakkan dalam kerangka keyakinan dan kepastian. Kebenaran yang telah dipastikan dari agama atau al-malum min al-din bi-dlarurah menuntut seseorang wajib menerimanya dengan ketundukan.

PEMIKIRAN AHMAD IBN ZAYNI DAHLAN DALAM ASNA AL-MATALIB FI NAJAH ABI TALIB MENGENAI KEIMANAN ABU TALIB

Kodifikasia Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN PONOROGO

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Abstract

Al-Sayyid Ah{mad ibn Zayni> Dah{la>n yang dilahirkan di Makkah pada 1232 H (1816 M) dan wafat di Madinah pada 1304 H (1886 M) menuangkan penjelasannya mengenai keimanan Abu> T{a>lib di dalam karyanya yang berjudul Asna> al-Mat}a>lib fi< Naja>h Abi> T{a>lib. Argumentasi-argumentasi yang menunjukkan kepada keimanan Abu> T{a>lib adalah bahwa [1] Abu> T{a>lib sengaja merahasiakan keimanannya kepada kenabian Nabi Muhammad saw semata-mata untuk melindungi Nabi Muhammad saw beserta perjuangan dakwahnya, [2] Abu> T{a>lib mendapatkan syafa’at yang dijanjikan oleh Nabi Muhammad saw, dan [3] Abu> T{a>lib menyatakan dirinya sebagai pengikut agama yang dianut oleh ayahnya, ‘Abd al-Mut}t}alib, yakni agama h}ani>f  yang mengesakan Allah Swt. Dengan mempunyai pemahaman yang tepat mengenai keimanan Abu> T{a

KONSEP HIKMAT AL-TASYRÎ’ SEBAGAI ASAS EKONOMI DAN KEUANGAN BISNIS ISLAM MENURUT ALI AHMAD AL-JURJAWI (1866-1961M) DALAM KITAB HIKMAT AL-TASYRÎ’ WA FALSAFATUHU

AL-FIKRA Vol 17, No 1 (2018): AL FIKRA
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Ali Ahmad Al-Jurjawi (1866-1961) a modernist from the Egyptian city of Jarja. Al-Jurjawi lived in a time of shock, known as the Egyptian revolution from the clutches of France. European colonization of the Islamic world (Egypt), which tends to manage the economy with a conventional (secular) system. These conditions affect the construction of scholarship which is occupied by Al-Jurjawi, plus the difficulty of finding the ideal books, especially regarding Islamic law and wisdom or secrets that exist in Islamic teachings. Starting from such a situation Al-Jurjawi much got the idea of philosophy and thought and determined to write a book that discusses the wisdom of Islamic Shariah, which is named Hikmat al-Tasyrî wa Falsafatuhu. Then how kosep wisdom al-Tashrî became the economic and financial principles of Islamic business according to Al-Jurjawi in the book. The result, the concept of wisdom al-Tasyrî Al-Jurjawi is amazing wisdom, astonishing mind and satisfy the heart of the shariah of the divine religion aims to know God, inhumanizing, knowing how to worship and Think about it by establishing the law necessary to be done amar maruf nahi mungkar and benefit servants of the world and the hereafter. The reason for wisdom of al-Tashrî as the economic and financial principle in Islamic business according to Al-Jurjawi, to realize submission to the Shariah of Allah; preserving the Sunnah of the Prophet; keep away from the forbidden; foster moral development; realizing brotherhood and unity. All according to Al-Jurjawi contains benefit the world and the hereafter, in an effort to know God by worshiping and maruf nahi munkar and morally noble character. It is embodied in the concept of hablum minnallâh wa minannâs. Benefit as the principle of innovation of economic and financial activities in contemporary Islamic business according to the researchers lies in the wisdom of ihyâu al-Mawât his Al-Jurjawi is to innovate in business for benefit people