Diana Wibowo, Diana
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 14 Documents
Articles

Found 14 Documents
Search

COMPARISON OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OFTHE SINGLE CANTILEVER SPRING BY USING ONE AND TWO ROUNDS COIL

Dentino Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Removable orthodontic appliances have been widely used for correcting malocclusion. It has active components to move a tooth, including a single cantilever spring. Single cantilever spring is indicated for correcting a tooth with a mild degree rotation, moving the individual tooth to labial or buccal direction. In orthodontics, in order to shift the tooth is required aintermitten strength, which one of them is by lengthen the wire with coil addition. An activated spring means performing deflection that produces compressive pressure to shift the tooth. Purpose: To compare the compressive strength of the single cantilever spring by using one and two rounds of coil. Methods: This research was a pure experimentation using post test-only with control design, consisted of two treatment groups, those groups are a single cantilever spring using one round coil and two rounds coil and a control group without using coil. The samples of this study use stainless steel wire with diameter of 0.6 mm, each group is deflected by 2 mm based on millimeter paper block. The compressive strength of each group was measured using a Gauge force meter. Results: Average scoring of the compressive strength was 307.17 gr/mm2 for the control group, the treatment group with single cantilever spring using one round coil was 197.83 gr/mm2 and single cantilever spring group using two rounds coil was 117.33 gr/mm2. The results of LSD test showed that there was significant difference between treatment group and control group. Conclusion: It concludes that the addition of the round coils can decrease compressive strength single cantilever spring.Keywords: compressive strength, coil, deflection, single cantilever spring

THE OVERVIEW OF MAXILLARY AND MANDIBULARY MESIODISTAL TEETH SIZE OF MEN AND WOMEN ON BANJARNESE PEOPLE

Dentino Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malocclusion is a deviation from normal occlusion therefore, it needs an orthodontic treatment plan. Mesiodistal tooth widths can help provide information before the treatment in dentistry. Variation of dental mesiodistal width is caused by factors of race, genetics, ethnicity, gender, environmental and disease. Purpose: This research aimed at geting an overview of dental mesiodistal size of the maxilla and mandibula in men and women Banjarnese population. Methods: This research was a descriptive using a cross-sectional design. The sampling method used purposive sampling technique. The samples amounted to 40 women and 40 men in banjarnese population with age range between 17 - 22 years. Measurement dental mesiodistal size was done by using digital caliper. Result: The result showed the average size of dental mesiodistal maxilla and mandibular in men was larger than size in women of Banjarnese population. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the average size dental mesiodistal maxilla and mandible in men was larger than size in women of Banjarnese population.Keywords: Dental mesiodistal size, banjarnese population

PERBANDINGAN TINGKAT KEPARAHAN DAN TINGKAT KEBUTUHAN PERAWATAN ORTODONTI MENGGUNAKAN MALALIGNMENT INDEX Tinjauan pada Sekolah Menengah Pertama yang memiliki Unit Kesehatan Sekolah dan Sekolah Menengah Pertama yang Tidak Memiliki UKS

Dentino Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Prevalence of orthodontic treatment needs in Indonesia is still quite high which is around 80%. According to data of Riskesdas South Kalimantan, malocclusion occurrence at the age of 12-15 is 15,6%. Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah (UKS) is a school health unit that serves to improve the health of students, one of its service is about oral health. Maintaining oral health will reduce the occurrence of malocclusion. Purpose: this study was to compare the level of severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needed using Malalignment Index on student in junior high school that have and do not have UKS. Methods: This study was an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. This study consisted of two groups, junior high school with UKS and without UKS. Result: Level of orthodontic treatment needs in UKS group that did not require treatment was 32 samples, meanwhile 18 samples that need treatment. Level of orthodontic treatment needs in non UKS group that did not require treatment was 8 samples, meanwhile 17 samples that need treatments. Conclution: Chi-square test showed a significant difference between the UKS and non UKS group. Based on research conducted it could be concluded that there was a difference between the level of orthodontic treatment needs between junior high school which have and do not have UKS. Keywords: Malalignment index, orthodontic treatment needs, Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah

GAMBARAN TINGKAT KEBUTUHAN PERAWATAN ORTODONTI DI SMPN 2 TAKISUNG BERDASARKAN INDEX OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT NEED (Penelitian Dilakukan di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan Kabupaten Tanah Laut Kecamatan Takisung Desa Tabanio)

Dentino Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The incidence of malocclusion in Indonesian is quite high, reaching 80% by the population and it was ranked third after dental caries and periodontal disease. Malocclusion is the deviation of teeth, where the teeth are not in the normal position of the arch. Purpose: The aim of this study is to know the description of level treatment of orthodontic needs students in Junior High School 2 Takisung base on Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). IOTN consisted of two parts which are Aesthetic Component (AC) and Dental Health Component (DHC). Methods: This is a descriptive study, has done in SMPN 1 Takisung at Tabanio village on May - August 2016. The sample of the research is 60 students from the 154 total students. These sample observed using AC and DHC according to IOTN. Results: The result of the study showed that according to AC 65,0% don’t need treatment or need minor treatment, 20,0% need a borderline treatment and 15,0% really need treatment. According to DHC 25,0% don’t need treatment or need minor treatment, 11,7% need a borderline treatment and 63,3% really need treatment. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that in the assessment of teeth from the AC angle looks good, but in terms of DHC angle cannot be said to be good which AC and DHC factor it cannot be separated to determined the treatment orthodontic need.

PENINGKATAN LEBAR LENGKUNG GIGI RAHANG ATAS MELALUI PERAWATAN ORTODONTI MENGGUNAKAN SEKRUP EKSPANSI Studi RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman Banjarmasin

Dentino Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: A screw expansion can be used to expand the arch of fangs toward the transverse and sagital suture, the anterior and posterior dependent type and the deployment of a screw. One advantage the use of screw is used to drive the teeth but the teeth are also used as the retention of equipment. Purpose: This research aimsed to identify the improvement of maxillary dental arch width through orthodontic treatment using expansion screw in RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman Banjarmasin. Methods: This type of research was experimental with pre and post test group design. The subject of this research consist one group who conducted orthodontic treatment using a screw expansion of a rounded tooth on the upper jaw. The sample was a study model of teeth derived from the clinic patients orthodontic as much as 9 people. Result: The result showed that on sample there was an increase on the width of maxillary dental arch with the average of enhancement after interpremolar activation 5x activation 0,92 mm, 10x activation 1,86 mm and intermolar 5x activation 0,99 mm, 10x activation 1,96 mm. Conclusion: Based on this research can be concluded that there was improvement of maxillary dental arch width through orthodontic treatment using expansion screw. ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Sekrup ekspansi dapat digunakan untuk mengekspansi lengkung geligi ke arah transversal maupun sagital, anterior maupun posterior tergantung jenis dan penempatan sekrup. Salah satu keuntungan pemakaian sekrup adalah dapat digunakan untuk menggerakkan gigi tetapi gigi tersebut juga digunakan sebagai retensi peranti. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan lebar lengkung gigi rahang atas melalui perawatan ortodonti menggunakan sekrup ekspansi di RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman Banjarmasin. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah pre eksperimental dengan pre and post test group design. Subjek penelitian ini terdiri dari satu kelompok yang sedang melakukan perawatan ortodonti menggunakan sekrup ekspansi pada lengkung gigi rahang atas. Sampel penelitian ini adalah model studi gigi yang berasal dari pasien bagian klinik ortodonti berjumlah 9 orang. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada sampel terdapat peningkatan lebar lengkung gigi rahang atas dengan rata-rata peningkatan setelah aktivasi interpremolar 5x aktivasi 0,92 mm, 10x aktivasi 1,86 mm dan intermolar 5x aktivasi 0,99 mm, 10x aktivasi 1,96 mm. Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa terdapat peningkatan lebar lengkung gigi rahang atas melalui perawatan ortodonti menggunakan sekrup ekspansi.

PERBANDINGAN DAYA LENTING PEGAS JARI DENGAN DIAMETER KAWAT 0,5 mm dan 0,6 mm PADA ALAT ORTODONTI LEPASAN

Dentino Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Pegas jari merupakan pegas yang dapat menggerakkan gigi anterior ke arah mesial atau ke arah distal. Gaya yang diberikan dalam perawatan ortodonti tidak boleh melebihi tekanan darah kapiler yaitu 20-25 gr/cm2, jika lebih dari itu maka dapat terjadi nekrosis pada jaringan sekitar. Untuk menggerakan gigi yang berakar tunggal diperlukan kekuatan antara 25-40 gram, kekuatan dibawah dari 25 gram tidak memungkinkan terjadinya pergerakan gigi dalam waktu yang optimal, sedangkan kekuatan yang besar diatas 40 gram akan dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan jaringan periodontal dan akan menimbulkan rasa sakit yang berlebihan. Tujuan: untuk mengetahui perbandingan daya lenting pegas jari antara diameter kawat 0,5 mm dengan 0,6 mm pada alat ortodonti lepasan. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini merupakan pre- experimental dengan metode one- shot case study menggunakan simple random sampling, terdiri dari 2 kelompok perlakuan dengan diameter kawat 0,5 mm dan dengan diamter kawat 0,6 mm, masing-masing sampel diaktivasi sebanyak 3 mm kemudian dilakukan pengukuran daya lenting yang dihasilkan dengan menggunkan gauge force meter. Hasil: Rata-rata daya lenting yang dihasilkan dari sampel pegas jari diameter kawat 0,5 mm (70gr/mm²), dan rata-rata daya lenting yang dihasilkan dari sampel pegas jari diameter kawat 0,6 mm (129,6 gr/mm²). Hasil uji independen T-test menunjukan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna antara pegas jari dengan diameter kawat 0,5 mm dan 0,6 mm. Kesimpulan: Pegas jari dengan diameter kawat 0,5 mm lebih efektif digunakan karna daya yang dihasilkan lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan diameter kawat 0,6 mm.

GAMBARAN KONTRAKSI DISTRAKSI PADA LENGKUNG GIGI DAN LENGKUNG BASAL SECARA METODE HOWES

Dentino Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACK Background: Teeth crowding is commonly caused by difference between tooth size and jaw size. One of the methods to analyze it is by using Howes method to assess whether apical base is fit to hold the teeth or not and also as determinant of treatment planning, whether patient is to be treated by extraction or expa nsion. Purpose : The purpose of this study is to describe dental and basal arch contraction distraction using Howes method, mean dental arch length and mean basal arch width of orthodontic patients at RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman. Method : The method was descriptive study with cross sectional approach. Samples were chosen using total sampling. Samples were 48 maxillary of orthodontic patients at RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman during September 2013-Juni 2014 fitted to inclusion and exclusion criteria previously set; consisted of 16 maxillary impressions of male subjects and 32 maxillary impressions of female subjects. Result : Result of this study presented mean maxillary Total Tooth Material (TTM) as 92.39 mm. Maxillary contraction distraction cases were 0 distraction case, 44 questionable cases, and 4 contraction cases. Conclusion : Based on the research has been conducted could be concluded that many patient were questionable cases. ABSTRAK Latar Belakang : Gigi berdesakan biasanya disebabkan perbedaan ukuran gigi dan ukuran rahang. Salah satu cara menganalisisnya menggunakan metode Howes yang bertujuan mengetahui cukup atau tidak basis apikal memuat gigi serta sebagai penentu rencana perawatan, pasien membutuhkan perawatan ekstraksi atau ekspansi. Tujuan : Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menggambarkan kontraksi distraksi lengkung gigi dan lebar lengkung basal secara metode Howes, rerata panjang lengkung gigi dan rerata lebar lengkung basal pasien klinik ortodonti di RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Metode: Pengambilan sampel penelitian dilakukan secara total sampling. Sampel penelitian ini 48 hasil cetakan maksila pasien klinik ortodonti RSGM Gusti Hasan Aman Periode September 2013-Juni 2014 sesuai kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi, diperoleh 16 hasil cetakan maksila laki-laki serta 32 hasil cetakan maksila perempuan. Hasil : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rerata Total Tooth Material (TTM) maksila 92.39 mm. Kasus kontraksi distraksi maksila yaitu 0 kasus distraksi, 44 kasus meragukan dan 4 kasus kontraksi. Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa banyak pasien yang mengalami kasus meragukan.

HUBUNGAN ANTARA KEBIASAAN BURUK BERNAFAS MELALUI MULUT DAN TINGKAT KEPARAHAN MALOKLUSI DI SMPN 4 BANJARBARU DAN SMAN 4 BANJARBARU

Dentino Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malocclusion is an oral health problem which occupies in the third place after dental caries and periodontal disease. Data showed that the prevalence of malocclusion in Indonesian teenager was still at a hight rate that reached 90% on 1983 and 89% on 2006. Mouth breathing is a habit that can be the most common causes in the facial structure abnormalities and teeth occlusion. Malocclusion interpreted as occlusion that deviates from normal and cause disruption in the chewing, swallowing, and talking function. Purpose: To determine the correlation between bad habit of mouth breathing to the severity of malocclusion using Handicapping Malocclusion Assessment Record (HMAR). Method: This research uses an observational analytic with cross sectional approach. Samples are adolescents 13-18 years in SMPN 4 Banjarbaru and in SMAN 4 Banjarbaru were selected by random sampling method, 60 people consisting of 30 people in the group who do not breathe through the mouth and 30 people in the group to breathe through the mouth. Results: The results showed that severe malocclusion was more common in the group with mouth breathing was 24 people, while in the group without mouth breathing was 9 people. Statistical analysis with Lambda test obtained significance value of 0.0222 (p-value <0.05). Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between the bad habit of mouth breathing to the severity of malocclusion.Keywords: Handicapping Malocclusion Assessment Record, malocclusion, mouth breathing

HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN RESPONDEN DENGAN PEMILIHAN OPERATOR SELAIN DOKTER GIGI DITINJAU DARI BAHAYA PEMASANGAN ALAT ORTODONTIK

Dentino Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Orthodontic treatment is increasingly in demand by the public. Orthodontic treatmentperformed by an operator other than dentists who are competent if it’s not appropriate with properlymaintenance procedures will cause adverse impacts. Purpose: The objectives of this study are knowing therespondent’s level of knowledge about bad impacts of orthodontic mounting and knowing the correlationbetween respondent’s level of knowledge with operator choice beside dentist. Method: This study was anobservational analytical with cross sectional approach. This study was done to 30 students of SMAN 2Banjarmasin. Result: When the study and analyze data were done, the result was most of respondent have levelof knowledge in good category, they were 24 students (80%), Conclusion : There is correlation betweenrespondent’s level of knowledge with operator choice based on bad impacts of orthodontic mounting.Keywords : Level of Knowledge, Operator Choice, Bad Impacts of Orthodontic Mounting

Roughness comparison of heat cured type of acrylic resin in disinfectant solution immersion (immersion in a solution of alkaline peroxide and 75% celery extract (apium graveolens L))

Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Acrylic resin denture base has the properties absorbing that affecting physical and mechanical properties. One of the physical properties of acrylic resin is surface roughness. The aim of the study was to find out the roughness effect on heat cured acrylic that was immersed in alkaline peroxide and 75% celery (Apium graveoens L) extract as a disinfectant solution. The study was a true experimental and posttest with control group designed with a rectangular shape size 65 x 10 x 3.3 mm based on the ISO standard 1567, six samples were used for alkaline peroxide, celery extract 75% and aquadest group for 5 and 15 days. A Surface Roughness Tester was used for the surface roughness changes observation. The statistical test used One-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni. The results of this study showed the value of roughness on 5 days for alkaline peroxide (1.51 µm) is greater than celery extract (0.36µm) and aquadest (0.30 µm). The soaking for 15 days in alkaline peroxide (1.52 µm) is greater than 75% celery extracts (0.38 µm) and aquadest (0.34 µm). Alkaline peroxide caused higher roughness value of heat cured acrylic resin than 75% celery extract.