Andi Muhammad Akhmar, Andi Muhammad
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Strategi Budaya Orang Bugis Pagatan dalam Menjaga Identitas Ke-Bugis-an dalam Masyarakat Multikultur Akhmar, Andi Muhammad; Arafah, Burhanuddin; Pardiman, Wahyuddin
Kapata Arkeologi Vol. 13 No. 1, Juli 2017
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Maluku

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Abstract

The Pagatan Buginese is a community which living in Pagatan area, Tanah Bambu regency, South Borneo which is culturally identified as Buginese. Even though they are known that their ancestors came from various parts of Sulawesi, the people of this community still identified themselves as separate entity, The Pagatan Buginese. This study use historical, sociolinguistic, and cultural perspective, has revealed that the presences of Buginese in Pagatan occur in several periods. The first period, the Buginese migration to Pagatan in the 18th Century, is the pioneer and founder of Pagatan Kingdom migration. The second period, in the early half of 20th Century, is a large-scale migration caused by Bone War in 1908. The third period, in the second half of 20th Century, is migration when DI/TII Kahar Muzakkar rebellion occurred. Furthermore, in the end of 20th Century, Buginese fisherman communities, who are initially only fishing in Pagatan, gradually bring their family and settle there which is known as pappagatang. The Buginese domination in socio-cultural, economy, and political sector is generated by their ability to adapt to other communities, especially Banjar as the native of Borneo. The Buginese have a number of excellences in agriculture, fishery, maritime, and trading sector, as well as the eminent ethos that rooted from cultural value sirri na pesse (dignity and compassion) and other living philosophy of Buginese.Orang Bugis Pagatan adalah sebuah komunitas yang tinggal di kawasan Pagatan, Kabupaten Tanah Bumbu, Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan, yang secara kultural diidentifikasi sebagai orang Bugis. Meskipun Orang Bugis Pagatan mengakui jika leluhurnya berasal dari sejumlah daerah Sulawesi Selatan, namun tetap mengidentifikasi diri sebagai sebuah entitas tersendiri, yaitu orang Bugis Pagatan. Penelitian yang menggunakan perspektif sejarah, sosiolinguistik, dan kajian budaya ini mengungkapkan bahwa keberadaan orang-orang Bugis di Pagatan berlangsung dalam beberapa periode. Periode pertama migrasi orang Bugis ke Pagatan pada abad ke-18, adalah kalangan perintis sekaligus pendiri kerajaan Pagatan. Periode kedua migrasi orang Bugis ke Pagatan berlangsung pada paruh awal abad abad ke-20, merupakan migrasi dalam skala besar yang diakibatkan oleh pecahnya perang Bone tahun 1908.  Periode ketiga migrasi orang Bugis ke Pagatan pada paruh kedua abad ke-20, yaitu saat berlangsungnya peristiwa pemberontakan DI/TII Kahar Muzakkar. Selain itu, pada akhir abad ke-20, terdapat pula kelompok-kelompok nelayan Bugis yang pada awalnya hanya mencari ikan di Pagatan, berangsur-angsur membawa keluarga mereka menetap di sana, yang dikenal dengan istilah pappagatang. Dominasi orang Bugis pada sektor sosial budaya, ekonomi, dan politik disebabkan oleh kemampuan mereka beradaptasi dengan komunitas lain, khususnya orang-orang Banjar sebagai penduduk asli Kalimantan. Orang Bugis memiliki sejumlah keunggulan dalam bidang pertanian, perikanan, kelautan, dan perdagangan, serta memiliki etos kerja yang tinggi yang bersumber dari nilai-nilai budaya siri na pesse (harga diri dan rasa iba) serta filosofi hidup orang Bugis lainnya. 
Peran Bahasa Prancis Agrowisata bagi Stakeholder Pariwisata di Toraja sebagai upaya Peningkatan Pelayanan Bidang Pariwisata terhadap Wisatawan Eropa Hasyim, Muhammad; Armin, Mardi Adi; Kuswarini, Prasuri; Latjuba, Ade Yolanda; Hasbullah, Hasbullah; masdiana, masdiana; Akhmar, Andi Muhammad
JURNAL ILMU BUDAYA JIB Volume 5, No 2 Juli - Desember 2017
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This paper discusses alternative solutions provided in tourism development in Toraja, after the monetary crisis since 1998, which has adversely affected tourism in Toraja, which is marked by a decrease in the number of foreign tourist arrivals.Based on the results of research that has been done in 2016, drawn the conclusion is the root of the problem against the tourism business in Toraja is the lack of variation of tourist attraction, which during this time, tourism is always a mainstay is the tradition culture: Rambusolo and traditional house "Tongkonan". Based on the results of interviews with respondents (foreign tourists who visit Toraja), found a solution that is the need for a variant of tourism objects that support Toraja main tourist attraction. Potential variation of objects to be developed in Toraja is agro-tourism, where Toraja already owns agricultural land, for example coffee plantations, cloves, cocoa that have not been cultivated as tourist attraction.One of the solutions done for the development of agro-tourism in Toraja, especially to tourism stakeholders provides French-speaking skills in the field of agrotourism in the form of training. One of the reasons for this activity is that the majority of foreign tourists visiting Toraja are from Europe who use French as the language of communication. The results of these activities resulted in three competencies: the knowledge of French in the field of agrotourism, the French language skills in agrotourism and the attitude that has a sense of responsibility in providing services to foreign tourists through the use of FrenchKey words: agrotourism, tourist, coffee, tradition culture,  Toraja, Tongkonan 
POLA FORMULA DALAM TOLOQ RUMPAQNA BONE Akhmar, Andi Muhammad
WALENNAE: Jurnal Arkeologi Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara Vol 3, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sulawesi Selatan

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Abstract

Tulisan ini mengangkat Toloq Rumpakna Bone, sebuah sastra bugis yang ditulis sekitar awal abad ke-20. Karya sastra ini berupa manuskrip yang  ditulis oleh I Mallaq Arung Manajeng dan memuat kisah peperangan anta kerajaan bone dengan hindia Belanda pada tahun 1905. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah menetapkan teks suntingan Toloq Rumpakna Bone dan telaah pola formula. Berdasarkan telaah pola formula, maka formula dalam Tolok Rumpakna Bone dapat dikategorikan dalam formula satu baris dan setengah baris. 
PEMAHAMAN DAN PENGGUNAAN VARIASI BAHASA PRANCIS BIDANG AGROWISATA BAGI STAKEHOLDER PARIWISATA DI MAKASSAR SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN PELAYANAN KEPADA TURIS MANCANEGARA Hasyim, Muhammad; Akhmar, Andi Muhammad; Kuswarini, Prasuri; Masdiana, Masdiana
JURNAL ILMU BUDAYA Vol 6, No 2 (2018): July-December
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The monetary crisis since 1998 that hit Indonesia, has a negative impact on the tourism business, which is marked by a decrease in the number of foreign tourist visits that have an impact on tourism economic activities. On that basis, in 2018 the Indonesian government has emphasized the importance of empowering existing natural potential and becoming a regional characteristic as a potential tourism activity. One of the programs launched by the area in Toraja is the improvement and management of agrotourism (agrotourism) with the image of the Toraja region, as the Coffee Regency. Based on the results of the research, one solution was found, namely the need for a variant of a tourist attraction that supports the main tourist attractions of Toraja, Tradition Culture (graves) and Tongkonan traditional houses. The potential variation of objects to be developed in Toraja is agrotourism which so far has not been fully developed. In developing agrotourism in Toraja, it is important to improve services from aspects of specific field languages (agrotourism), one of which is French. For this reason, the solution that can be given to tourism stakeholders is to provide language skills training through understanding and using French variants in agro-tourism. The results of this workshop show that participants are able to explain vocabulary and speak (communicate orally) in French in the field of agrotourism
PENCERITAAN DAN REFLEKSI HISTORIS DAN BUDAYA DALAM ROMAN SANG JENDERAL KARYA HERMAN JAN FRIEDERICY Akhmar, Andi Muhammad
JURNAL ILMU BUDAYA Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Volume 7 No 1 January-Juni
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Herman Jan Fridericy's Roman General (SJ) is the only Dutch literary work on life among the Bugis in the Kingdom of Bone. As a European, of course, the author has a way of looking at Indonesians, especially the Bugis. In connection with that, the question that immediately arises is, how do the authors present culture and society through the techniques of storytelling and the development of story conflicts? A study using structural analysis combined with literary sociology theory obtained many findings. The author uses focalisation techniques that place themselves outside the story, making it easier to develop story conflicts and describe the social and cultural dimensions of Bugis people. The SJ text scribbled and mediated the historical, social and cultural reality of the Bugis people in Bone Regency ahead of the second arrival or attack of the Netherlands, in 1905, which was also marked by the fall of the kingdom.