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Nigella sativa Infusion as an Antioxidant Agent Against Gentamicin-Induced Kidney Damaged in Mice

Althea Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Gentamicin is one of the most common antibiotics related to nephrotoxicity. It has been proposed that the nephrotoxicity is associated with the generation of the reactive oxygen species. Thymoquinone, an active compound of Nigella sativa, shows to have an antioxidant property. The study aims to identify the possible nephroprotective action of Nigella sativa infusion against gentamicin-induced kidney damaged in mice.Methods:This experimental study was carried out in the Department of Cell Biology Laboratory, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung from 10th November 2012 to 14th December 2012. There were four groups, each consisting of  6 mice. Group I (control negative), group II (gentamicin 100 mg/kg), group III (3.9 mg Nigella sativa infusion+gentamicin 100mg/kg) and group IV (7.8 mg Nigella sativa infusion+gentamicin 100mg/kg). The kidneys were evaluated histopathologically by light microscope. The percentage average number of normal proximal tubules in group I and the percentage average number of proximal tubules damaged in group II, III and IV were measured.Results: The results showed the percentage average number of the proximal tubules damaged in group II, III and IV were 14.53%, 7.49% and 3.94% respectively. Significant differences were observed between group II and III, group II and IV, and group III and IV.Conclusion:Nigella sativa infusion protects against gentamicin-induced kidney damage in mice.Keywords: gentamicin, kidney, Nigella sativa infusion  Infusa Nigella sativa sebagai Antioksidan Terhadap Kerusakan Ginjal padaTikus yang Diinduksi Gentamisin   LatarBelakang: Gentamisin adalah salah satu antibiotik yang paling sering dihubungkan dengan nefrotoksisitas. Nefrotoksisitas yang terjadi berhubungan dengan pembentukan reactive oxygen species. Thymoquinone, senyawa aktif Nigella sativa, telah terbukti memiliki sifat antioksidan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi sifat nefroprotektif infusa Nigella sativa terhadap kerusakan ginjal pada tikus yang diinduksi gentamisin.Metode: Penelitian eksperimental ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Departemen Biologi Sel, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung dari 10 November 2012 –14 Desember 2012. Ada empat kelompok masing-masing terdiri atas 6 tikus. Kelompok I (control negatif), kelompok II (gentamisin 100 mg /kg), kelompok III (3,9 mg Nigella sativainfus + gentamisin 100mg/kg) dan kelompok IV (7,8 mg Nigella sativa infus + gentamisin 100mg/kg). Ginjal kemudian dievaluasi secara histopatologi dengan mikroskop cahaya. Persentase rata-rata jumlah tubulus proksimal yang normal dalam kelompok I dan persentase rata-rata jumlah tubulus proksimal rusak dalam kelompok II, III dan IV diukur.Hasil: Persentase rata-rata jumlah tubulus proksimal rusak dalam kelompok II, III dan IV adalah 14,53%, 7,49% dan 3,94%. Perbedaan signifikan yang diamati adalah pada kelompok II dengan III, kelompok II dengan  IV, serta kelompok III dan IV.Simpulan: Infusa Nigella sativa infuse melindungi terhadap kerusakan ginjal yang diinduksi gentamisin pada tikus.Kata kunci: gentamisin, ginjal, infusa Nigella sativaDOI: 10.15850/amj.v1n2.354

Topical Effect of Pinneaple (Ananas comosus) Juice in Combustio Healing Process Measured by Granulation Process, Reepitelialisation and Angiogenesis

Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Skin protects the body from various trauma, such as high temperature trauma known ascombustio. Pineapple (Ananas comosus) contains lots of substances such as bromelain,antioxidants, and zinc shown to accelerated healing process in previous experiments. Aim ofthis research was to analize the effect of topical pinneaple juice application in combustiohealing process. The method was true experimental laboratory. Wistar rats’ back skin wereinduced by 100 o C iron plat untill 2 nd degree combustio occured, then divided into two groups(n=20). The treatment group were given topical application of pinneaple juice, then the healingprocess were observed macroscopically and microscopically on day 0, 3, 7, and 14. The resultshowed better wound healing in treatment group on day 14. MANOVA test showed topicalapplication of pinneaple juice accelerated healing process (p=0.001). Treatment group showedbetter histological structure changes, as seen from better granulation tissue formed (p=0.003)and reepithelization (p=0,000), but not from angiogenesis (p=0.733). Conclusion, topicalapplication of pinneaple (Ananas comosus) juice accelerated healing process in 2 nd grade ofcombustio animal model measured by granulation maturation process and reepithelizationprocess, but has no effect on angiogenesis.Keywords : Ananas comosus juice, 2 nd degree combustio, granulation tissue, reepitelisation,angiogenesis.

The Probiotic Effect towards Aspirin-induced Gastric Ulcer Healing Process as Measured by Mucous Thickness, Reepithelization, Gastric Glands Formation, and Angiogenesis in Animal Model

Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Gastric Ulcer is a common side effect of Non-Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) use such as Aspirin. Probiotic has many benefits especially for the alimentary system, but the effect on gastric ulcer have yet to be explored. In this research we aimed to find the probiotic effect on histological structure changes during aspirin induced gastric ulcer healing process in animal model. This was simple random sampling animal experimental laboratory, that divided Wistar Rats into two main groups. Both groups were induced with Aspirin (300mg/Kg BW) per oral, once daily for three consecutive days,and subsequently the test group were given probiotic suspension (cfu >108/gr) per oral, once daily, for 14 days. Each subgroups were sacrified serially at day 0, 3, 7, 14. The gaster were collected and processed for histology examination. Better histological structures were shown in the test group at day 14. MANOVA result showed probiotics effect in enhancing histological structure changes during gastric ulcer healing process. Better histological structure changes were observed in mucus thickness; reepitelization, gastric glands formation, and angiogenesis process of the test group. As a conclusion, probiotic enhanced mucus thickness, reepitelization, glands remodelling, and angiogenesis in Aspirin induced gastric ulcer healing process in animal model. Key words: probiotic, gastric ulcer, histological structure, aspirin, healing process

Hepatoprotective Effect of Trigona spp. Bee Propolis against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Liver Injury in Rat

Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Oxidative stress reaction can cause liver injury. This process can be prevented by antioxidant activities which can break the destructive chain caused by free radical substances in the liver. Propolis produced by Trigona spp. bee is known to have a high level of antioxidant. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Trigona spp. bee propolis on liver histological toxicity caused by carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative stress.Methods:This experimental study was conducted in September 2013 at the Animal Laboratory of Departement of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran. Twenty-four healthy male Wistar rats as objects were adapted for one week and randomly divided into 3 groups. Group I was the control negative, group II was given carbon tetrachloride on day 14, group III was given Trigona spp. bee propolis on day 1-14. On day 14, group III was injected CCl4 intraperitoneally. The quantitative data were statistically analyzed using the one way ANOVA and Tukey test with p value < 0.05.Results: Group I showed the liver contained normal cells, without significant injury of the membrane, round and complete nucleus. The average number of liver cell was 464 ± 9.59281 cells/field; group II underwent necrosis and the average of the cells was 146 ± 7.56885 cells/field; group III showed some normal liver cells, and some necrotic area with the normal liver cells average was 263 ± 14.10860 cells/field. The p-value=0.00.Conclusions: Trigona spp. bee propolis has a hepatoprotective effect against CCl4-induced liver injury histologically. [AMJ.2016;3(3):481–5]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.861 

Effect of Mangosteen Pericarp Extract on Gastric Mucosal Damage Induced by Aspirin

Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Peptic ulcer disease is commonly found in the community. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin is one of the predisposing factors to ulcers. According to various studies, plant extracts have been shown to produce promising results in the treatment of peptic ulcers. Xanthone, the active substance contained in the mangosteen pericarp extract has been extensively studied for its role in various diseases. The present study was undertaken to identify the effect of mangosteen pericarp extract on gastric mucosal damage.Methods: This study was carried out from September−November 2014 in the Animal Laboratory of the Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung. Thirty two rats were randomly divided into 2 groups with different treatments and were induced by aspirin. Histologic studies were conducted to determine the score of gastric mucosal damage. The parameters used were Wattimena’s criteria for damage of gastric mucosa. Data was analyzed using Chi Square test and the outcome was measured in relative risk.Results: The study revealed a significant association between pretreatment with mangosteen pericarp extract and incidence of gastric mucosal damage induced by aspirin (p < 0.05). Calculation with a modified 2 × 2 table revealed a relative risk of 0.625.Conclusions: Rats pretreated with mangosteen pericarp extract exhibit less gastric mucosal damage, in experimentally aspirin-induced ulcer. [AMJ.2016;3(3):388–91] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.885

The Characteristic of Anti dsDNA and Organ System Involved in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient at Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung

Indonesian Journal of Rheumatology Vol 9, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Rheumatology Association

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Abstract

Background : Clinical manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) may be varies in attacking various body tissue and organ system. Anti-dsDNA is the important antibody indetermining diagnosis and prognosis of SLE. This study was conducted to explain the characteristics of antidsDNA and organ system involved in SLE patients.Method:  We used quantitative descriptive analysis methods. Data were collected from medical records of SLE patients who came to Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung General Hospital Rheumatology Clinic from September to November 2016. Using categorical descriptive research equation, we found that total minimum samples were 67 subjects. Data observed included the level of anti-dsDNA antibody and clinical manifestation of organ systeminvolved.Result: From 67 samples, there were 65 females which accounted for 97% of the research subjects. Distribution of organ system involved in our subjects was musculoskeletal (29%), mucocutaneous (27%), hematologic (21%), kidney (15%), neuropsychiatry (4%),lung involvement (4%) and cardiovascular (0%). Organ system involved related with strong positive anti-dsDNA were mucocutaneous (21,6%), hematologic (25%), musculoskeletal (12,5%), kidney (14,3%) and lungs (20%).Conclusion:  The most frequent organ system involved in SLE patients at our setting was musculoskeletal. The common organ involvement related with strong positive antidsDNA were mucocutaneous, musculoskeletal, and hematologic. Keywords: anti-dsDNA, involvement of organ system, clinical manifestation, systemic lupus erythematosus

The Probiotic Effect towards Aspirin-induced Gastric Ulcer Healing Process as Measured by Mucous Thickness, Reepithelization, Gastric Glands Formation, and Angiogenesis in Animal Model

Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Gastric Ulcer is a common side effect of Non-Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) use such as Aspirin. Probiotic has many benefits especially for the alimentary system, but the effect on gastric ulcer have yet to be explored. In this research we aimed to find the probiotic effect on histological structure changes during aspirin induced gastric ulcer healing process in animal model. This was simple random sampling animal experimental laboratory, that divided Wistar Rats into two main groups. Both groups were induced with Aspirin (300mg/Kg BW) per oral, once daily for three consecutive days,and subsequently the test group were given probiotic suspension (cfu >108/gr) per oral, once daily, for 14 days. Each subgroups were sacrified serially at day 0, 3, 7, 14. The gaster were collected and processed for histology examination. Better histological structures were shown in the test group at day 14. MANOVA result showed probiotics effect in enhancing histological structure changes during gastric ulcer healing process. Better histological structure changes were observed in mucus thickness; reepitelization, gastric glands formation, and angiogenesis process of the test group. As a conclusion, probiotic enhanced mucus thickness, reepitelization, glands remodelling, and angiogenesis in Aspirin induced gastric ulcer healing process in animal model. Key words: probiotic, gastric ulcer, histological structure, aspirin, healing process

Topical Effect of Pinneaple (Ananas comosus) Juice in Combustio Healing Process Measured by Granulation Process, Reepitelialisation and Angiogenesis

Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.844 KB)

Abstract

Skin protects the body from various trauma, such as high temperature trauma known ascombustio. Pineapple (Ananas comosus) contains lots of substances such as bromelain,antioxidants, and zinc shown to accelerated healing process in previous experiments. Aim ofthis research was to analize the effect of topical pinneaple juice application in combustiohealing process. The method was true experimental laboratory. Wistar rats’ back skin wereinduced by 100 o C iron plat untill 2 nd degree combustio occured, then divided into two groups(n=20). The treatment group were given topical application of pinneaple juice, then the healingprocess were observed macroscopically and microscopically on day 0, 3, 7, and 14. The resultshowed better wound healing in treatment group on day 14. MANOVA test showed topicalapplication of pinneaple juice accelerated healing process (p=0.001). Treatment group showedbetter histological structure changes, as seen from better granulation tissue formed (p=0.003)and reepithelization (p=0,000), but not from angiogenesis (p=0.733). Conclusion, topicalapplication of pinneaple (Ananas comosus) juice accelerated healing process in 2 nd grade ofcombustio animal model measured by granulation maturation process and reepithelizationprocess, but has no effect on angiogenesis.Keywords : Ananas comosus juice, 2 nd degree combustio, granulation tissue, reepitelisation,angiogenesis.

Mental health stakeholders perception toward mental illness in West Java

Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 8, No 3, (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Mental illness is predicted to rise and will have been as second rank in Global Burden Disease by year of 2020. Two thirds sufferer do not seek and receive a care. Stigma, discrimination, and ignorance about mental health are true obstacles still happening in Indonesia. Mental health stakeholders have essential role for making and applying policy in order to improve sufferers quality of life. Their perception influence the intervention of mental health. The purpose of this study is to describe mental health stakeholders perception toward mental illness in West Java.Methods: This was cross-sectional descriptive study which was conducted using questionnaire as secondary data. Sampling method was taken by using total sampling. Subject of this study were 75 representatives of stakeholder working at health department, local general hospital, social service department, and local government regency/city of West Java.Results: Result of this study showed good perception of mental health stakeholders. Respondents had a good perception toward cause and treatment of mental illness.Conclusions: Respondents perception showed a good understanding toward mental illness. Stakeholders were expected to implement the policy and intervention program in order to handle mental health problem in West Java.

The Characteristic of Anti dsDNA and Organ System Involved in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient at Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung

Indonesian Journal of Rheumatology Vol 9 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Rheumatology Association

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.128 KB)

Abstract

Background : Clinical manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) may be varies in attacking various body tissue and organ system. Anti-dsDNA is the important antibody indetermining diagnosis and prognosis of SLE. This study was conducted to explain the characteristics of antidsDNA and organ system involved in SLE patients.Method:  We used quantitative descriptive analysis methods. Data were collected from medical records of SLE patients who came to Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung General Hospital Rheumatology Clinic from September to November 2016. Using categorical descriptive research equation, we found that total minimum samples were 67 subjects. Data observed included the level of anti-dsDNA antibody and clinical manifestation of organ systeminvolved.Result: From 67 samples, there were 65 females which accounted for 97% of the research subjects. Distribution of organ system involved in our subjects was musculoskeletal (29%), mucocutaneous (27%), hematologic (21%), kidney (15%), neuropsychiatry (4%),lung involvement (4%) and cardiovascular (0%). Organ system involved related with strong positive anti-dsDNA were mucocutaneous (21,6%), hematologic (25%), musculoskeletal (12,5%), kidney (14,3%) and lungs (20%).Conclusion:  The most frequent organ system involved in SLE patients at our setting was musculoskeletal. The common organ involvement related with strong positive antidsDNA were mucocutaneous, musculoskeletal, and hematologic. Keywords: anti-dsDNA, involvement of organ system, clinical manifestation, systemic lupus erythematosus