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Microscopic Examination of Fecal Leukocytes as a Simple Method to Detecting Infective Colitis in Children Susanti, Nuraini I; Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Kekalih, Aria; Karuniawati, Anis; Hegar, Badriul
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2, August 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.275 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/182201773-79

Abstract

Various pathogenic bacteria are reported as the cause of infectious colitis in children. Infectious colitis does not have a specific sign, therefore an accurate examination is required. The implementation of fecal cultures accompanied with drug resistance tests often have constraints, beside the relatively expensive costs, longer times are needed, and not all health care facilities have required instruments. On the other hand, this condition requires an immediate antibiotic therapy, so that the infection should not be continued. In daily practice, it is not uncommon to find diarrhea with the amount of fecal leukocyte < 10/hpf with pathogenic bacteria on the examination of the fecal culture.Cross-sectional study was conducted to observe the pattern of bacterial distribution in children’s fecal who have acute diarrhea and  the correlation between the existence of pathogenic bacteria and the number of leukocytes in the fecal, as well as antibiotic resistance patterns. The population of this study is children with age of 6 months old - 18 years old who were suffering from acute diarrhea with the  amount of  fecal leucocyte  ≥ 5/hpf, who recruited from polyclinic or patient admitted at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital and Fatmawati  General Hospital, Jakarta. Based on examinations of fecal cultures and PCR, Salmonella sp and C. dificille were found subsequently in 2 children (33.3%), Enterophatogenic E. Coli(EPEC) and Shigella were found subsequently in 1 child (16.7%). Based on the ROC curve, it was found that there was no intersection of maximum and  minimal leukocyte value with the midline, whereas the best sensitivity and specificity value was found at the cut-off point of 8.5, hence the cut-off  point  of leukocytes was determined at < 8 and > 8. The sensitivity value was 83.3% and the specificity value was 45.1%. The antibiotic sensitivity test showed that one child infected  by EPEC was sensitive to ciprofloxacin. Two children infected  by Salmonella, were still sensitive to chloramphenicol, cotrimoxazole, cefixime, and ceftriaxone. Two children infected by C. Difficile were sensitive to ceftriaxone, and 1 child infected by Shigella was sensitive to cefixime, ceftriaxone and ciprofloksazine.
Microscopic Examination of Fecal Leukocytes as a Simple Method to Detecting Infective Colitis in Children Susanti, Nuraini I; Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Kekalih, Aria; Karuniawati, Anis; Hegar, Badriul
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2, August 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.275 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/182201773-79

Abstract

Various pathogenic bacteria are reported as the cause of infectious colitis in children. Infectious colitis does not have a specific sign, therefore an accurate examination is required. The implementation of fecal cultures accompanied with drug resistance tests often have constraints, beside the relatively expensive costs, longer times are needed, and not all health care facilities have required instruments. On the other hand, this condition requires an immediate antibiotic therapy, so that the infection should not be continued. In daily practice, it is not uncommon to find diarrhea with the amount of fecal leukocyte < 10/hpf with pathogenic bacteria on the examination of the fecal culture.Cross-sectional study was conducted to observe the pattern of bacterial distribution in children’s fecal who have acute diarrhea and  the correlation between the existence of pathogenic bacteria and the number of leukocytes in the fecal, as well as antibiotic resistance patterns. The population of this study is children with age of 6 months old - 18 years old who were suffering from acute diarrhea with the  amount of  fecal leucocyte  ≥ 5/hpf, who recruited from polyclinic or patient admitted at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital and Fatmawati  General Hospital, Jakarta. Based on examinations of fecal cultures and PCR, Salmonella sp and C. dificille were found subsequently in 2 children (33.3%), Enterophatogenic E. Coli(EPEC) and Shigella were found subsequently in 1 child (16.7%). Based on the ROC curve, it was found that there was no intersection of maximum and  minimal leukocyte value with the midline, whereas the best sensitivity and specificity value was found at the cut-off point of 8.5, hence the cut-off  point  of leukocytes was determined at < 8 and > 8. The sensitivity value was 83.3% and the specificity value was 45.1%. The antibiotic sensitivity test showed that one child infected  by EPEC was sensitive to ciprofloxacin. Two children infected  by Salmonella, were still sensitive to chloramphenicol, cotrimoxazole, cefixime, and ceftriaxone. Two children infected by C. Difficile were sensitive to ceftriaxone, and 1 child infected by Shigella was sensitive to cefixime, ceftriaxone and ciprofloksazine.
Mahasiswa dan Internet: Dua Sisi Mata Uang? Problematic Internet Use pada Mahasiswa Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Sokang, Yasinta Astin
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 43, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.867 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.17276

Abstract

Problematic Internet Use (PIU) is one of the negative effects of the internet use, but we can rarely find publications on PIU of Indonesian’s college students, especially college students in Jakarta. The purpose of this research was to describe PIU among college students in Jakarta. The Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 was used to collect data of a total of 474 college students from three universities in Jakarta. The results showed that: a) For preference for online social interaction symptoms, participants preferred to do online social interaction rather than face to face interaction, especially when face to face interactions were not possible. b) For mood regulation symptoms, participants used internet to regulate their negative feelings. c) For cognitive preoccupation symptoms, participants tended to have obsessive thought patterns for their activity on internet. d) For compulsive internet use symptoms, participants found it difficult to restrict their internet use. e) For negative outcome symptoms, online activities of participants did not have negative influence on their daily routines. Furthermore, the results showed no significant differences of the PIU symptoms across gender and internet use duration. Taken together, the results indicated moderate level of problematic internet use in our sample
ANALISIS YURIDIS PUTUSAN HAKIM TERHADAP PERKARA TINDAK PIDANA PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOTIKA OLEH ANAK (STUDI PUTUSAN PN DENPASAR NOMOR.15/PID.SUS.ANAK/2016/PN DPS) REYNALDO, REYNALDO
Jurnal Mahupiki Vol 1, No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Jurnal Mahupiki

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.927 KB)

Abstract

Raynaldo Divian Wendell* Liza Erwina, SH., M.Hum** Dr.Mahmud Mulyadi ,SH., M.Hum*** Penyalahgunaan narkotika telah lama menjadi masalah yang serius di berbagai Negara, terkhususnya mengenai keikutsertaan anak dalam penyalahgunaan narkotika masukdalamtingkatanyangmemprihatinkan.MenurutBidangKesehatanKPAI(Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia), Siti Hikhmawati mengatakan bahwa dari total 87 Juta Anak yang berusia maksimal 18 Tahun tercatat 5,9 Juta yang terpapar sebagai pecandu narkoba, 27 persennya diantaranya adalah anak anak yakni 1,6 Juta Anak sebagai pengedar. Mengenai tersebut, tentu ini sangat mengkhawatirkan bagi negara ini dikarenakan sebagaian generasi penerus bangsa ini dirusak oleh narkotika. Salah satu upaya untuk menyelesaikan masalah penyalahgunaan narkotika oleh anak yaitu dengan mengadili perkara Anak nakal di dalam Pengadilan Anak yang berada langsungdibawah Peradilan Umum sesuai dengan undang-undang yang berlaku. Sistematika Pengadilan Anak tentu berbeda dengan Pengadilan Umum untuk orang dewasa, hakim dalam hal ini harusmempertimbangkankeadaananakagartidakmerusakmasadepannya.Berdasarkan pokokpemikirandiatasdirumuskanbeberapapermasalahanyaituBagaimanapengaturan HukummengenaitindakpidananarkotikadiIndonesia,BagaimanaPertimbanganHakim terhadap anak dalam tindak pidana penyalahgunaan narkotika, dan Bagaimana Analisis Yuridis Terhadap Keputusan Hakimterkait. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penulisan skripsi ini menggunakan pendekatan hukum normatif (yuridis normatif) dengan teknik pengumpulan data yaitu penelitian kepustakaan (library research) yang menitikberatkan pada data sekunder yaitu memamparkan paraturan perundang-undangan yang berkaitan dengan judul skripsi serta buku-buku, artikel yang menjelaskan peraturan perundang-undangan dan dianalisis secara kualitatif. PengaturantindakpidananarkotikasecarategasdiaturdidalamUUNo.35Tahun 2009. Bentuk proses pemidanaan terhadap perkara terdakwa dalam sistem peradilan pidana secara tegas diatur dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2012 tentang Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak. Hakim dalam hal ini telah menerapkan pasal-pasal yangterdapat di dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak.. Di samping itu, penerapan sanksi pidana di dalam perkara terdakwa anak Nomor.15/Pid.Sus.Anak/2016/PN Dps dalam hal inisudah sesuaidenganmenjatuhkanpidanapenjarakepadaanak,dikarenakantidakditemukannya alasan pembenar dan pemaaf sehingga terdakwa anak harus mempertanggungjawabkan perbuatannya. Hal ini juga sudah sesuai dengan teori pemidanaan yaitu Teori Detterence (Pencegahan), guna untuk mencegah terdakwa anak mengulangi perbuatannya tersebut dan ancaman kepada masyarakat guna tidak berbuat seperti yang dilakukan terdakwa anak. *Penulis skripsi ** Dosen Pembimbing I *** Dosen Pembimbing II
Mahasiswa dan Internet: Dua Sisi Mata Uang? Problematic Internet Use pada Mahasiswa Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Sokang, Yasinta Astin
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 43, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.867 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.17276

Abstract

Problematic Internet Use (PIU) is one of the negative effects of the internet use, but we can rarely find publications on PIU of Indonesian?s college students, especially college students in Jakarta. The purpose of this research was to describe PIU among college students in Jakarta. The Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 was used to collect data of a total of 474 college students from three universities in Jakarta. The results showed that: a) For preference for online social interaction symptoms, participants preferred to do online social interaction rather than face to face interaction, especially when face to face interactions were not possible. b) For mood regulation symptoms, participants used internet to regulate their negative feelings. c) For cognitive preoccupation symptoms, participants tended to have obsessive thought patterns for their activity on internet. d) For compulsive internet use symptoms, participants found it difficult to restrict their internet use. e) For negative outcome symptoms, online activities of participants did not have negative influence on their daily routines. Furthermore, the results showed no significant differences of the PIU symptoms across gender and internet use duration. Taken together, the results indicated moderate level of problematic internet use in our sample
KAJIAN TIGA RUMUS ANGKUTAN SEDIMEN MELAYANG SUNGAI SERAYU DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN HASIL LABORATORIUM Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Pranoto, Wati Asriningsih
JMTS: Jurnal Mitra Teknik Sipil Volume 2, Nomor 4, November 2019
Publisher : Prodi Sarjana Teknik Sipil, FT, Universitas Tarumanagara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24912/jmts.v2i4.6193

Abstract

Sungai Serayu adalah salah satu sungai terpanjang di pulau jawa dengan panjang sungai utama mencapai 180 km. Sungai Serayu mempunyai debit aliran yang cukup besar sehingga dapat membawa berbagai ragam partikel hasil dari erosi. Penelitian akan berfokus pada angkutan sedimen melayang (suspended load). Penelitian akan dilakukan di lLaboratorium dan akan dibandingkan dengan pendekatan rumus Einstein?s ; Lane dan Kalinske?s ; Chang, Simon dan Richardson?s. Penelitian Laboratorium dikakukan pada  sirkular flum menggunakan sampel berupa lumpur yang diambil pada muara Sungai. Hasil percobaan Laboratorium menghasilkan kisaran debit angkutan sedimen melayang sebesar 0.0004 ? 0.0014 kg/s/m dari debit air 0.0022 ? 0.0031 m3/s. Dari ke-3 pendekatan rumus, yang paling mendekati dengan hasil Laboratorium adalah pendekatan Chang, Simon, and Richardson?s.
Membangun Customer Relationship Management dalam Bisnis Darudiato, Suparto; Novianto, Chiko; Hendra, Hendra; Reynaldo, Reynaldo; Selvi, Selvi
ComTech: Computer, Mathematics and Engineering Applications Vol 2, No 2 (2011): ComTech
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/comtech.v2i2.2962

Abstract

Customer relationship management dapat dijadikan alat oleh perusahaan dalam mengembangkan bisnisnya agar mendapat perhatian dari customer dan pasar. Paper ini disusun berdasarkan penelitian yang menggambarkan hubungan bisnis dan pengaruh pelanggan terhadap perusahaan, serta bagaimana sebuah customer relationship management dapat membantu perusahaan dalam meraih pangsa pasar. Data dan informasi dalam studi ini didapatkan dari studi pustaka yang mengacu pada buku referensi dan jurnal yang berhubungan dengan topik yang ada. Paper ini memberi pengetahuan tentang pencapaian tujuan perusahaan yang didukung penerapan customer relationship management.