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TRATEGI DAN PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN FAKIR MISKIN MELALUI KELOMPOK USAHA BERSAMA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR Apriyadi, Andri; Syaukat, Yusman; Nasdian, Fredian Tonny
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.56 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal mpd.5.2.%p

Abstract

Bogor Recency as one region which has high economic growth in West Java practically has problems related to high number of poverty. One of programs applied to overcome poverty based on empowering society are in the form of Kelompok Usaha Bersama (KUBE) approach. The main objective of this research is to formulate strategic development of empowering the poor people through Kelompok Usaha Bersama (KUBE) relevant by needs, characteristic of poor people, and reducing of poverty policy in Bogor District. Data were collected through observation and interview and analyzed by using descriptive analysis, content analysis, and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). This study has identified three alternatives of policy through AHP, namely: improving the rule and management program, empowering the poor people based community, increasing performance of KUBE, with 9 considered aspects and 19 strategic steps. The results showed that alternatives, such as increasing intensity of companion, facilitating non-formal education, and improving the selection of targets, were found to have the highest degrees of importance, those were 0,106, 0,091, and 0,076, respectively.Keywords: AHP, BLPS, Content Analysis, Empowering the Poor People, KUBEABSTRAK Kabupaten Bogor sebagai salah satu daerah yang memiliki pertumbuhan ekonomi yang cukup tinggi di Provinsi Jawa Barat ternyata juga memiliki permasalahan akan tingginya angka kemiskinan. Wujud dari program-program penanggulangan kemiskinan yang berbasis pemberdayaan masyarakat salah satunya adalah dengan pendekatan Kelompok Usaha Bersama (KUBE). Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah merumuskan strategi pengembangan kebijakan pemberdayaan fakir miskin melalui KUBE yang tepat sasaran sesuai dengan karakteristik fakir miskin dan arah kebijakan penanggulangan kemiskinan di Kabupaten Bogor. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi dan kuisioner lalu dianalisis menggunakan analisis deskripsi, analisis isi, dan AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process). Penelitian ini berhasil mengidentifikasi tiga alternatif strategi, yaitu perbaikan tata kelola program, pelaksanaan pemberdayaan fakir miskin berbasis masyarakat, dan peningkatan kinerja KUBE fakir miskin, dengan 9 aspek pertimbangan dan 19 langkah strategis. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa alternatif seperti meningkatkan intensitas pendampingan, memfasilitasi pendidikan non formal/pelatihan keterampilan, serta pembenahan dalam seleksi penerima program adalah langkah strategis yang paling diprioritaskan yaitu dengan bobot masing-masing 0,106, 9,091, dan 0,076Kata kunci: AHP, BPLS, Analisis Isi, Pemberdayaan Fakir Miskin, KUBE
STRATEGI PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN BOGOR, STUDI KASUS DI KECAMATAN PEMIJAHAN DAN LEUWILIANG Abidin, Jenal; Octaviani, Rina; Nasdian, Fredian Tonny
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (390.649 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal mpd.5.2.%p

Abstract

Bogor Regency has big potential in agricultural resources with population about 4,2 million of which 20,4 percent work as farmers. Yet, the number of people living under poverty is around 1,1 million. Therefore research to find strategy in alleviating poverty is important. The main objective of this research is to formulate stategies in alleviating poverty by agricultural development in Bogor Regency. Moreover, specific purposes are: 1) Identifying the characteristic and the buying power of people in Bogor Regency; 2) Analyzing the correlation between the poverty rate and the household characteristic in Bogor Regency; 3) Analyzing potential agricultural commodities in Bogor Regency and 4) Evaluating Government Policy in alleviating poverty at Bogor Regency. Methods used in this research were Quantitative Descriptive Analysis, Correlation Analysis, and LQ. The SWOT and QSPM Analysis were also used to formulate strategies. Nine strategies, which are alternative strategies to be applied by the government of Bogor Regency, are designed to alleviate poverty in Bogor Regency through Agricultural development. Poverty allevieting in Bogor Regency should be focused on three strategies, those are: 1) Increase of human resource quality of farmers; 2) Development of potential commodities, i.e. wetland rice, sweet potato, siam orange, and mangosteen; and 3) Development of agricultural infrastructure and facility.Keywords: Strategies, Bogor Regency, Poverty, Policy, AgricultureABSTRAK Kabupaten Bogor memiliki potensi sumberdaya alam pertanian untuk dikembangkan yang didukung oleh populasi yang mencapai 4,2 juta jiwa, dimana 20,4 persen dari jumlah tersebut bermata pencaharian sebagai petani. Namun kenyataannya, penduduk miskin mencapai lebih dari 1,1 juta jiwa. Untuk itu, penelitian terkait perancangan strategi penanggulangan kemiskinan perlu dilakukan. Tujuan umum penelitian ini adalah untuk merumuskan strategi dan program penanggulangan kemiskinan melalui pengembangan pertanian di Kabupaten Bogor dengan tujuan khusus antara lain: 1) Mengidentifikasi karakteristik dan kemampuan daya beli masyarakat miskin di Kabupaten Bogor; 2) Menganalisis hubungan antara tingkat kemiskinan dengan beberapa karakteristik rumahtangga miskin di Kabupaten Bogor; 3) Menganalisis komoditas pertanian unggulan di Kabupaten Bogor; dan 4) Mengevaluasi kebijakan pemerintah dalam penanggulangan kemiskinan di Kabupaten Bogor. Metode yang digunakan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif, analisis korelasi, dan analisis LQ. Metode SWOT dan QSPM digunakan untuk merumuskan strategi alternatif. Hasil kajian menetapkan 9 strategi penanggulangan kemiskinan melalui pengembangan pertanian di Kabupaten Bogor, yang merupakan alternatif strategi yang dapat dijalankan ke depan oleh pemerintah daerah Kabupaten Bogor. Penanggulangan kemiskinan di Kabupaten Bogor harus difokuskan kepada tiga strategi yaitu: 1) Peningkatan kualitas SDM petani; 2) Pengembangan komoditas unggulan padi sawah, ubi jalar, jeruk siam dan manggis; dan 3) Peningkatan sarana dan prasarana pertanian.Kata kunci: Strategi, Kabupaten Bogor, Kemiskinan, Kebijakan, Pertanian
Modal Sosial dan Keberlanjutan Kelembagaan dalam Program CSR PT Tirta Investama di Kabupaten Cianjur Jawa Barat Chintia, Chintia; Nasdian, Fredian Tonny
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.639 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.1.1.17-28

Abstract

Corporate social responsibility is a responsibility that must be implemented by the company to the public and the environment. Social capital, especially social networks have a role in the sustainability of institutions in Cianjur District, West Java. The main objective is create a sustainable program, that keep continued even though the company is no longer or not directly involed. This study aims to describe social networks, social capital, institutional sustainability, and analyze the correllation between social networks and institutional sustainability. This study uses quantitative approach with census method supported by qualitative data. The results showed that the level of social networking contained in HIPOCI were on a broad level and the level of institutional sustainability in high level. Based on the research that has been tested statistically show that there is a correlattion between the level of social networking with the level of institutional sustainability.Key words: social networks, typology, correlation--------------------------ABSTRAKCSR atau tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan merupakan bentuk tanggung jawab yang wajib dilaksanakan oleh perusahaan kepada masyarakat dan lingkungan sekitar. Modal sosial, khususnya jejaring sosial memiliki peranan dalam keberlanjutan kelembagaan di Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat. Hal ini diharapkan mampu menjadikan suatu program dapat berkelanjutan meskipun perusahan tidak lagi ikut terlibat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memaparkan jejaring sosial, modal sosial, keberlanjutan kelembagaan, menganalisis hubungan jejaring sosial dan keberlanjutan kelembagaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif didukung data kualitatif dengan metode sensus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat jejaring sosial yang terdapat pada HIPOCI berada di tingkat luas dan tingkat keberlanjutan kelembagaan di tingkat tinggi. Berdasarkan hasil uji secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara tingkat jejaring sosial dengan tingkat keberlanjutan kelembagaan.Kata kunci: jejaring sosial, tipologi, korelasi
KETERKAITAN FAKTOR BIOFISIK DAN PENGUASAAN LAHAN HUTAN DENGAN KERAWANAN KEBAKARAN HUTAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENATAAN RUANG : STUDI KASUS PADA WILAYAH HTI DI JAMBI Andria, Andri Yushar; Barus, Baba; Nasdian, Fredian Tonny
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitl.12.1.15-22

Abstract

The occurrence of forest fire in Jambi can be considered as an annual phenomenon. It happenes almost every year in every type of land uses, including industrial timber plantation area of PT Wirakarya Sakti. The drivers of fire are a combination between natural factors and an anthropogenic factor, which in this case is traditional land preparation activity conducted by local farmer. To maintain their source of livelihoods, farmers convert forest land into seasonal agricultural land (ladang) using ‘slash and burn’ method. This activity occures along with the changes in social economic condition. Currently, although this circumstance has existed for a long time, availability of information regarding forest fire-prone area especially in industrial timber plantation is really minutes. Based on this condition, this study aims to model and develop spatial information on the vulnerability forest fire in industrial timber plantation (HTI) area. The specific objectives are: 1) To identify biophysical factors that affect of forest fire, 2) To identify the significance of community activities and land tenure factors to forest fires event in the area, 3) To analyze communities motivations and actions in regards to forest fire events, and 4) To analyze synergy between actual land use with HTI Spatial Planning (RTR-HTI). The results of using logistic regression analysis showed that the most significance biophysical variable are soil type and rainfall, while on the anthropogenic variable are the distance from land and the distancefrom road. Pearson correlation analysis and regression analysis suggested that community motivations and actions are affected by social indicators. Based on these facts, spatial analysis using GIS was conducted. The result showed that the value of land use suitable (LUS) was 88.1% (218,289 ha) and not suitable was 11.9% (29,589 ha) from the land allocation of RTR-HTI. Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), the relative importance weight for each factor was derivied to be included in hazard model. The hazard map showed that fire hazard can be classified into high category (118,925 ha), moderate category (175,272ha) and low category (11,369 ha). Keywords: land use, land tenure community, vulnerability forest fire
Hubungan Perubahan Sosial Pasca Pembangunan Infrastruktur Jembatan Suramadu dengan Taraf Hidup Masyarakat Pedesaan Sulaisiyah, Sulaisiyah; Nasdian, Fredian Tonny; Barlan, Zessy Ardinal
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (827.819 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.2.1.71-88

Abstract

ABSTRACTDevelopment is a planned process that can inflict to social change. There is in Madura Island Development are Suramadu (Surabaya-Madura) which would mark a change on both sides of the region, especially on the island of Madura which be one of development target. The purpose of this research is to analysis the relationship of social change post development with rural communities living standard. This research will use a quantitative approach with survey method and supported by qualitative data at West Sukolilo village, Labang Sub-district, Bangkalan District, East Java. Respondents consist of 46 from fishermans, farmers, non fishermans and non farmers. The respondent selected by stratified random sampling method. The result of this study indicate that there is a significant relationship between social stratification as part of social change with living standard of rural community.Key Words : Infrastructure Development, Social Change, Standard of Living, Rural Community------------------ABSTRAKPembangunan merupakan suatu proses terencana yang dapat menimbulkan perubahan-perubahan sosial. Khususnya di Pulau Madura terdapat Pembangunan Jembatan Suramadu (Surabaya-Madura) yang akan menjadi tonggak perubahan pada kedua sisi daerah khususnya di Pulau Madura yang menjadi target pembangunan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan perubahan sosial yang terjadi akibat pembangunan dengan taraf hidup masyarakat pedesaan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode kuantitatif dengan metode survei yang didukung dengan data kualitatif di Desa Sukolilo Barat, Kecamatan Labang, Kabupaten Bangkalan, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Jumlah responden 46 orang yang terdiri dari nelayan, petani, non petani dan non nelayan. Pemilahan responden melalui metode pengambilan acak stratifikasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara strata sosial sebagai bagian dari perubahan sosial dengan taraf hidup masyarakat pedesaan.Kata Kunci : Pembangunan Infrastruktur, Perubahan Sosial, Taraf Hidup, Masyarakat Pedesaan
Kesiapan Petani Kelapa Sawit Swadaya dalam Implementasi ISPO: Persoalan Lingkungan Hidup, Legalitas dan Keberlanjutan Dharmawan, Arya Hadi; Nasdian, Fredian Tonny; Barus, Baba; Kinseng, Rilus A; Indaryanti, Yoyoh; Indriana, Hana; Mardianingsih, Dyah Ita; Rahmadian, Faris; Hidayati, Hilda Nurul; Roslinawati, Ade Mirza
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 17, No 2 (2019): Agustus 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan,Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (660.761 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jil.17.2.304-315

Abstract

The expansion of oil palm plantations run very quickly within two decades in Indonesia. It provides a certain amount of risk against natural resources and the environment. These risks are mainly landscape changes, ecosystems changes and livelihood system change of the rural society.  In order to suppress risk, sustainability standards for plantation operation, needs to be implemented.  One of the instruments that ensure sustainability standards is ISPO (Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil).  However, its implementation is still limited to be voluntary.  In the near future, ISPO will be implemented as mandatory for all business model of oil palm plantation as well as for oil palm mills.  This research is about to find out the readiness of the oil palm smallholders to implement ISPO, in particular with regard to the parameters of land seeds legality, land legality, and knowledge on the management of the environment. This research was conducted in several villages in three locations, namely in Riau, Central Kalimantan and East Kalimantan Province. A number of respondents were withdrawn from each village and were selected using simple random sampling method. The results showed that land legality parameter, legality of the seed, and knowledge of oil palm smallholders about environmental management reveals unreadiness of the smallholder to carry out ISPO certification. Thus, the risk of a oil palm plantation expansion towards natural resources and the environment, will still be a great challenge in the future.