The government has tried to improve marriage services, among others through Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah) No. 48/2014 and Regulation of the Minister of Religious Affairs (Peraturan Menteri Agama) No.24/2014 which both related to the cost of marriage and reconciliation (rujuk). Those rules aim to omit illegal levies and gratification culture in the marriage process at the Office of Religious Affairs (KUA). But these new rules are precisely problematic when they are practiced in a community that has distinctive traditions in performing marriage events. This study is aimed to find out how the KUA runs these rules relating to the challenges of culture and community traditions. It uses qualitative approach on KUA in District Majene of West Sulawesi Province. The important findings of this study show that 1) the rules related to the costs of marriage are not yet fully socialized to the community; 2) response of KUA resources is good enough but not supported by adequate marriage facilities; 3) the community tradition in the marriage must be renegotiated by KUA officers to not violate the rules while still respecting the existing traditions.
This article examines the dynamic relationship between Islam and local tradition in Indonesia with special reference to Java and Sulawesi. Based on historical and anthropological sources, the article seeks to understand variety of interpretation and application of Islam among local Muslims within their particular context. With this aim, the article tries to examines the intricate process of religious change as world religion interacts with local forces. The article argues that since the âlocalizationâ of Islam was continuing nature in the expansion of Islam beyond the Arab homeland, the same development in Southeast Asia can be expected. By focusing on the frameworks of âpractical Islamâ rather than ânormative Islamâ and both accommodation and conflict between shariâah and adat as a whole system, rather than as separate entities, the article found a common feature of Islam as it is interpreted and applied by local Muslims in Java and Sulawesi. In this two region, Islam became the dominant force but did not completely obliterate the indigenous beliefs and practices. Despite this common feature, Javanese people have been more diverse than Sulawesi people in terms of religious spectrum particularly due to the fact that animism, Hindu-Buddhism, and Islam have been incorporated into Javanese cultural system.Â
IssuÂ imam perempuan landasan hukumnya dimulai dari hadist-hadist Rasulullah SAW, oleh karena itu kajian terhadapnya harus pula dititik beratkan dengan melakukan study terhadap hadist-hadist yang terkait.Â Khususnya untuk konteks ini kajian difokuskan pada hadist-hadist tentang imam perempuan yang berasal dari Ummu Waraqah dan juga hadist lain yang terkait dengan persoalan imam perempuan ini. Jumhur ulama menyatakan bahwa hadits dari Abu Daud yang diriwayatkan dari Ummu Waraqah lemah berdasarkan adanya kecacatan pada dua periwayat tadi. Namun hadits yang melarang perempuan menjadi imam shalatpun dinilai oleh banyak ulama lemah karena adanya perawi yang bermasalah. Saya sendiri tidak berani mengambil kesimpulan terhadap keberadaan hadits Abu Daud, meski arah argumentasi dari makalah ini menilai hadits tersebut tidak dhaif. Dengan demikian tidak boleh ditutup kemungkinan perempuan menjadi imam shalat (dengan maâmum laki-laki), karena ada ulama yang membolehkan hal tersebut.
This study aims to examine the effect of fiscal decentralization on gross regional domestic product (GRDP) of districts in South Sumatera. The data used in this study are secondary data in the form of GRDP, district expenditure to provincial expenditure ratio, district revenue to district expenditure ratio and balancing fund to district revenue ratio in 15 districts/cities in South Sumatera for 11 years during the period of 2005-2015. Multiple regression analysis on fixed effect model is used in analyzing the data. The result shows that simultaneosly, fiscal decentralisation has significant effect on GRDP of districits/cities in South Sumatera. However, in partial test, the district expenditure to provincial expenditure ratio is positive and insignificant. This is related to the district expenditure allocation that has not any direct impact on the district economy thus, it has yet to give results that can support the economic growth.
The main objective of this study is to test the convergence of income per capita in APT countries through three models: absolute convergence, conditional convergence and sigma convergence. Regression analysis of panel data from 13 APT countries during the period of 2001-2014 is used to analysed to study problem. In absolute convergence model, the growth of real GDP per capita and initial real GDP are used as the variables, meanwhile, 8 variables such as the growth of real GPD per capita, initial real GDP per capita, labor force ratio, value added in agricultural sector, value added in industrial sector, terms of trade, foreign direct investment and internet users ratio are analyzed in conditional convergence model. According to the Solow model, the economies of the countries will converge in which the growth of income per capita of developing countries will be higher than those of developed countries. The economies will be convergent if the countries tend to move to a similar steady state resulting in smaller gap between the countries. Based on the results of absolute convergence and conditional convergence models, APT countries is converging with the rate of 2% and 2.2%. This is consistent with the results of sigma convergence model that shows a declining trend in the dispersion of real GDP per capita in APT regions. The growth of real GDP per capita is influenced by initial GDP per capita, labor force ratio, value added in agricultural sector, value added in industrial sector, terms of trade, foreign direct investment and internet users ratio. Developed countries such as Singapore, Brunei Darussalam and South Korea experience the impact of high real GDP per capita growth. On the contrary, Indonesia, Laos, Vietnam and The Phillipines undergo the impact of low GDP per capita growth.
This study aims to determine the factors that affect to firm value. The data used in this study is secondary data obtained from the Indonesia Stock Exchange which includes financial statements. This research sample uses 45 manufacturing companies, the period 2012-2016. The analysis used is a quantitative approach with panel data regression model, with estimation of fixed effect model. The findings of this study indicate that simultaneously the value of firms is influenced by investment decisions, financial decisions, and financial performance. While partially, financing decision has dominant influence from other variables, namely investment decision dan corporate performance. The conclusions of this study indicate that investment decisions and firm performance have a positive relationship to firm value, while financing decisions have a negative effect on firm value. In addition, the lag of firm value shows the long-term impact on the firms value model.Â
Students have been asked as intellectuals who have high critical power. Therefore students are not only a driver of a social change, but at the same time are not easily influenced or participate in certain currents of thought and understanding, especially if it is related to religious understanding. Students critical attitude becomes a kind of filter to sort and filter out various religious ideas and ideas. But the view that sees students, especially Muslim students as a critical group, seems to be faltering lately. Instead of being a critical community group with a variety of new religious understandings, Muslim students actually became the target of the new Islamic doctrine of religious understanding. The doctrine of religious understanding is precisely textualism and fundamentals. This qualitative research shows that several large campuses in Makassar were exposed to the Islamic understanding and changed them from moderate Muslim students to Muslim fundamentalist students.
Lokalitas selama ini digambarkan sebagai daerah terpinggirkan dan tidak punya daya. Namun apa yangdilakukan komunitas lokal Tanah Toa Kajang, justru sebaliknya. Di tengah gempuran modernitas,Negara dan agama resmi, mereka tetap survive berjalan dengan tradisi lokal mereka. Di saat yang samalokalitas yang mereka miliki justru dijadikan arena untuk bertarung, bernegosiasi, beradaptasi, bahkansekali waktu meresistensi kebudayaan baru tersebut. Tulisan ini menggambarkan proses itu, denganmengambil fokus pada pertemuan antara Islam dan tradisi lokal mereka. Pada perjumpaan Islam dantradisi lokal Patuntung itulah potret titik temu dan titik tengkar tersebut terpampang jelas. Tulisan inimerupakan ringkasan dari penelitian yang dilakukan secara kualitatif dari kurung waktu 2005 sampaisekarang. Karena ringkasan dari sekian episode penelitian, mungkin tidak bisa menggambarkan secarautuh proses-proses pergulatan tersebut.
Kerukunan beragama menjadi issu penting di Indonesia. Berbagai regulasi dibuat untuk mendukung kerukunanberagama tersebut. Hanya saja asumsi kerukunan beragama yang dianggap berjalan baik di Indonesia temyatahanya mitos belaka. Saat ini beberapa daerah dicekam konflik beragama. Bahkan daerah yang dianggapdamai sekalipun temyata menyimpan potensi konflik dan kekerasan agama. Hanya saja daerah-daerah yangselama ini hidup damai seperti Sulawesi Utara, sisi-sisi kekisruhan beragama jarang diangkat kepermukaan.Penelitian ini mengungkap hal tersebut dibalik data indeks kerukunan beragama yang nampaknya memukau.Dengan menggunakan metode kuantitatif di gabungkan penelitian kualitatif, penelitian ini menemukan beberapasisi gelap toleransi beragama, di kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow, Bolaang Mongondow Utara dan KotamobaguSulawesi Utara di balik angka indeks kerukunan beragama yang sangat baik.
The purpose of this study is to kow factors that affect growth rate of production of agricultural sector in South Sumatera province. It is assumed that total factor productivity, capital, and labor determine the growth rate of output of the sector. A Cobb-Douglas production function is used to determine those factors that may influence the growth rate of output of agricultural sector. The results indicate that total factor productivity has a positive dominant effect on growth rate of production of agricultural sector, while capital and labor have a negative effect. Therefore, it suggests that the growth rate could be raised if there is a reduction in the use of capital and labor. However care should be taken because agricultural sector play an important role in absorbing labor force in South Sumatera province. Key Words: Total Factor Productivity, Economic Growth, Agricultural sector