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Pengaruh Kalsium Klorida (CaCl2) dan Lama Penyimpanan terhadap Kadar Vitamin C Anggur (Vitisvinifera) Thuraidah, Anny; haitami, haitami; Dairobi, Akhmad
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2015): periode Desember
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v1i2.18

Abstract

Vitisvinifera is one of the perishable fruit and not durable when stored at room temperature. To maintain the levels of vitamin C wine then used treatment using calcium chloride (CaCl2). This study aims to determine the effect of treatment Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and duration of storage of the vitamin C content of Vitisvinifera This type of research uses experimental methods actual (true experiment) in the form of draft posttest only control group design. Wine and CaCl2 research materials. Data were obtained by performing assays using titration iodometry vitamin C in grapes. Results of statistical analysis to test multiple linear regression R2 values ​​obtained showed no effect of treatment 0.578 Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and storage time for blood levels of vitamin C Vitisvinifera. From Duncan statistical test obtained significant value for all subsets of the 2 treatment groups of more than 0.05, the most optimal levels of vitamin C in maintaining the Vitisvinifera is a CaCl2 concentration of 0.05 M for 4 days of storage. Therefore, this study suggested as alternative preservation for merchants and producers / grape growers in order to maintain the vitamin C content of wine so as to improve the quality and the quality of the fruit.
Pengaruh Genjer (Limnocharis flava) terhadap Penurunan Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) Limbah Industri Karet Thuraidah, Anny; Puspita, Erie Indra; Oktiyani, Neny
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2016): periode Juni
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v2i1.28

Abstract

Abstract: The levels of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) in the waste can be reduced by utilizing water plants such as velvetleaf (Limnocharis flava) as phytoremediation. This study aims to determine the influence of the many clumps Limnocharis flava to decreased levels of effluent BOD rubber industry with a variety clump Limnocharis flava much as 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 clumps and clumps Limnocharis flava know the number of the most influential in lowering levels of BOD. This type of research is true experimental design with one group pretest-posttest. The research material was Limnocharis flava. The result showed the levels of initial BOD rubber waste amounted to 299.5 mg / l, decreased levels of BOD of waste rubber after being treated with Limnocharis flava with a variety of clumps. Decreased levels of BOD rubber waste for each successive treatment ranging from 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 clumps genjer ie 13.65%, 14, 52%, 15.6%, 20.94%, and 29.05%. Based on test results obtained linear regression for each treatment their effect on levels of BOD using genjer rubber waste. Treatment using Limnocharis flava much as 5 clump results BOD levels decrease the total of up to 29.05%. This value has not met the standard the maximum allowable levels of BOD. Need soaking clumps Limnocharis flava more stout and longer so that the rubber waste reduction in BOD levels in accordance with the quality standards required.
Potention of Active Charcoal from Musa Paradisiaca and Manihot Utilissima Shell in Degrading River Contamination Nurlailah, Nurlailah; Thuraidah, Anny; Kustiningsih, Yayuk
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2018): period Juni
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v4i1.180

Abstract

River water is one of type water surface which is a lot of finding in South Kalimantan. Generally, this water used by the citizen for cooking and bathing. But along with era growth, this river becomes as disposal of various industrial waste. The contamination of heavy metal like Fe, Mn, Pb, Cd, and turbidity enhance progressively and degrade the water quality. Some natural substance which can be used to improve river water quality is active charcoal from Musa paradisiaca and Manihot utilissima shell which is easy to get. Target research is determined to find optimum dose of active charcoal from Musa paradisiaca and Manihot utilissima shell that capable to degrade heavy metal contamination and turbidity in water river. It used experimentally with pretest and post-test with control group design. A result of research showed the optimum dose of active charcoal Musa paradisiaca shell was 15 gram , it could absorb Pb 28,8% and Mn 24,6%, but 10 gram can degrade turbidity until 83,8 %, while the optimum dose of Manihot utilissima shell to 25,4% Pb and degraded 77,5% of turbidity was 15 gram. Statistical test result with Kruskal Wallis got the p-value less than 0,05 it meant there was a difference between the treatment of active charcoal from Musa paradisiaca and Manihot utilissima shell in degrading the contamination. A conclusion is those active charcoal having a potential to enhance the water river quality. Suggested to use another activator to the potential like stirring, time of contact and the different mass.
Anemia dan Lama Konsumsi Obat Anti Tuberculosis Thuraidah, Anny; Widya Astuti, Rima Agnes; Rakhmina, Dinna
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2017): periode Desember
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v3i2.157

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis germ that can infect several organs, including the lungs, kidneys, and bones. The goal of treatment of tuberculosis is tuberculosis bacilli destroy quickly and prevent recurrence. First category treatment of tuberculosis is isoniazid, rifampin, streptomycin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Although the most anti-tuberculosis drug is acceptable in therapy, but have potentially toxic effects hematologic reactions such as agranulocytosis, eosinophilia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia. This research aims to know the correlation between anti-tuberculosis drug consumption in pulmonary TB patients against anemia. Method of this research was Analytical Survey with a Cross-Sectional design. The average results of red blood cell count for 0 months 5,16 106/uL, 2 months 4,39 106/uL and 6 months 4,61 106/uL, haemoglobin levels for 0 month 15,17 g/dL, 2 months 12,73 g/dL and 6 months 13,28 g/dL as well as hematocrit value for 0 month 44,26 %, 2 months 38,24 % and 6 months 39,04 %. From Spearman statistics analytical was obtained significant of red blood cell count 0.004 < α (0.05), levels of hemoglobin 0.007 < α (0.05) and the value of hematocrit 0.015 < α (0.05), it was concluded there was correlation between long consumption of anti-tuberculosis drug with anemia and the value of the correlation coefficient count of red blood cells -0.531, levels of hemoglobin-0.479 as well as the value of hematocrit -0.440 means has the power correlations are medium. Further research is recommended to use different parameters such as the number of platelets, AST/ALT levels and should use the same patient sample or from 0 months up to 6 months
Kulit Pisang Kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) untuk Menurunkan Kadar Mangan Air Sumur Thuraidah, Anny; Kartiko, jasmadi Joko; Ariyani, Lailan Febry
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2015): periode Juni
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v1i1.3

Abstract

Abstract: Water is an essential requirement. Part of Indonesian people still using well as the source of water Resulting from the increased of human activity and industries, the well water maybe contaminated by manganese ( Mn). That is needed processing to make well water usefull for mankind. One of the type for processing water is the absorbtion methode .Banana shell was kitchen waste and the dried of Kepok Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Shell was used as adsobent to reduce Manganese level in water. This study aimed to determine the reduce of Manganese level in water. This research was real experiment pretest and posttest study design with a control group. Persulfate research instruments colorimetric and spectrophotometric measurements. The addition of the dose banana shell were 0,06 ; 0,07; 0,08; 0,09; 0,1 gram . By those dose cumulatively decreased to 0; 21,84; 32,34; 44,56; and 52,92%. The Manganese maximum reduced by 0,1 gram dried banana shell in 100 cc well water in 30 minutes. Stastically , the significan value was 0,000 less than 0,05(α) , it was meant that the variety dose of dried Kepok banana shell influence to decrease Manganese level in water. These decreased way can be used as an alternative to increase the water quality. Keywords: manganese, kepok banana shell Abstrak: Air merupakan kebutuhan utama bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Sumber air yang banyak digunakan adalah air tanah, yaitu air sumur. Diakibatkan dari meningkatnya aktivitas manusia dan industri, air sumur dapat tercemar mangan (Mn). Untuk dapat menjadikan air sumur sebagai sumber air bersih, perlu dilakukan pengolahan. Proses pengolahan ini dapat dilakukan dengan metode adsorpsi. Bahan yang dipakai dapat dimanfaatkan dari limbah dapur rumah tangga seperti kulit pisang kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) sebagai bahan adsorben. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui penurunan kadar mangan dalam air dengan menggunakan kulit pisang kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) yang dikeringkan. Penelitian ini berjenis eksperimen sebenarnya rancangan penelitian Pretest dan Posttest dengan Kelompok Kontrol. Instrumen penelitian persulfat kolorimetri dan pengukuran secara spektrofotometri. Secara kumulatif penurunan kadar mangan dari hasil penambahan kulit pisang kepok dengan dosis 0 gram, 0,06 gram, 0,07 gram, 0,08 gram, 0,09 gram, dan 0,1 gram berturut-turut adalah sebesar 0%, 21,845%, 32,637%, 37,337%, 44,560%, dan 52,916%. Hasil maksimum dari reaksi tersebut yaitu kadar mangan dalam air berkurang hingga 52,916% untuk dosis 0,1 gram/100 ml air selama 30 menit. Pada hasil statistik didapatkan nilai signifikasi p=0,000 (α 0,05) atau ada pengaruh dosis kulit pisang kepok terhadap penurunan kadar mangan pada air sumur. Penurunan kadar mangan melalui cara ini dapat dijadikan alternatif untuk mendapatkan air bersih dari air sumur. Kata kunci: Mangan (Mn), Kulit Pisang Kepok
Daya Bunuh Ekstrak Air Daun Salam (Syzygium polyanthum) terhadap Larva Aedes sp Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi; Dediq, Rion; Thuraidah, Anny
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2017): periode Juni
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v3i1.151

Abstract

edes sp is known as a mosquito that transmits various diseases. In addition to spreading dengue fever and chikungunya, these mosquitoes also spread the virus zika is quite dangerous. One of the effort to controlling these diseases is to eradicate the vector by using materials that can be taken from plants one of them is bay leaf (Syzygium polyanthum). The purpose of this study is to determine the kills power of Syzygium polyanthum water extract against Aedes sp larvae. This research uses true experiment with Posttest Only With Control Group Design design. Data were obtained from the number of larval deaths in the Syzygium polyanthum extract in each control group and treatment group for 24 hours. The results showed that the percentage of bayleaf water extract which has the largest number of larval deaths was at 32% concentration with 55% death percentage. It was concluded that each concentration of aqueous bay leaf water extract given had a killing power against Aedes sp larvae with the lowest percentage of 2.5% and the highest 55%. Based on the result of Kruskal-Wallis test showed that water extract of the bay leaf was able to kill Aedes sp larvae at each treatment with the value of sig 0,001. Suggestion for the next researcher to test the power of killing the water extract of Syzygium polyanthum to Aedes sp larvae by increasing the concentration of salted bay water extract.
Kadar Sianida Singkong Rebus dan Singkong Goreng Purwati, Yeni; Thuraidah, Anny; Rakhmina, Dinna
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2016): periode Desember
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v2i2.93

Abstract

Cassava is the third staple food often used by people to make a variety of products. Carbohydrates from cassava also contains toxic compound such as cyanide which can inhibit the action of respiratory enzymes. Cyanide in cassava can be removed by boiling or frying process. The aim of research was to find out the cyanide level differences between boiled cassava and fried cassava. This type of research was experiment, with design of comparative studies approach. Cyanide levels were examined in 10 samples with 2 treatments using Argentometry Volhard titration method. The result showed the average of cyanide levels in boiled cassava was 0.772 ppm and in fried cassava was 1.069 ppm. The percentage of cyanide levels reduction in boiled cassava was 28,78%, while for the fried cassava was 0%. The statistical test obtained the value of p
Relationship Between Gender, Age, Duration And Frequency Of Hemodialysis Therapy With The Creatinine Level reduction Of Pre And Post Hemodialysis Thuraidah, Anny; Misbawati, Misbawati; Nurlailah, Nurlailah; Haitami, Haitami
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v5i1.222

Abstract

The kidneys are organs of the body that function to regulate water balance in the body, the concentration of electrolytes in the blood and acid-base balance and secretion of waste material. If the kidney fails to function, the patient will need immediate treatment and even undergo hemodialysis (HD) therapy. A critical indicator in determining whether a person with impaired kidney function requires HD therapy is to know the creatinine level. The study aimed to ascertain the differences in creatinine levels pre and post HD also study the relationship between the age, gender, duration and frequency of HD therapy of respondents with the decrease of creatinine levels pre and post. Type of research detailed survey with a cross-sectional design. The sample was taken using a total sampling technique of 35 respondents from H BadaruddinKasimHospitalin Tanjung with a sample examination technique using the Jaffe method. The examination results of creatinine levels average for pre and post hemodialysis was11,36 and 5,58 mg/dl, which decreased 51%. The analysis statistically used Paired T-Test has a p-value = 0,000, indicating a significant difference for creatinine levels pre and post HD. Relationship between Age, Gender, Duration, and Frequency of HD Therapy with the decrease of creatinine levels pre and post HD was analyzed with Spearmen correlation and had p values more than 0,05. It means there was no relation between them. Conclusion there were significant differences in creatinine levels reduction pre and post HD while the relationship between the four of respondent characteristics to the magnitude of creatinine reduction show that there was no significant relationship.
Effectiveness of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) Ethanol Extract Against Staphylococcus aureus Growth Huda, Nurul; Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi; Thuraidah, Anny
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v1i2.6

Abstract

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) is widely used by the public as a food ingredient and contains chemical compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, saponins, and terpenoids which function as an antibacterial against Staphylococcus aureus. This study aims to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration of cinnamon ethanol extract on Staphyloccocus aureus. This research is experimental with posttest only control group design through the tube dilution method. The results of the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) study showed no clarity at concentrations of 30% and 40%. The results of the Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) obtained the number of colonies at a level of 10% by 51 CFU / plate, 20% by 27 CFU / plate, 30% by 6 CFU / plate and 40% by 0 CFU / plate. Based on the results of this study concluded that MIC cinnamon ethanol extract was 30%, and MBC cinnamon ethanol extract was 40%.