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DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN TARIF DAN NON-TARIF TERBADAP PERMINTAAN DAN DAYA SAING TUNA INDONESIA DI PASAR UNI EROPA, AMERIKA DAN JEPANG Wijayanti, Ratih; Irham, Irham; Hardyastuti, Suhatmini
Agro Ekonomi Vol 18, No 1 (2011): JUNI 2011
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyse the impact of implementation tariff and non-tariff policy also the other factors on demand and competitiveness Indonesias tuna commodity. Panel data was implemented in this research because beside used anually time series data during the period 1983-2008 also used cross section data which describe the demand and competitiveness condition of Indonesias tuna commodity in three major market. Equation models in this research were estimated with Generalized Least Square (GLS) method withfzxed effect to analyse all of demand and competitiveness of export tuna in three major market and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method to analyse demand and competitiveness of export tuna in each market. Meanwhile the competitiveness of tuna is measured using Revealed Comparatif Advantage (RCA) index. The results show that export price in European union and shrimp price in Japan are main factors the demand of Indonesias tuna export in three major market. The change of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Japan has not been influenced the demand of Indonesias tuna export to these country because Japans import of fishery product from Indonesia has been donefrequently and Indonesias market share is very high. Export tuna from Indonesia is competing with export tuna from Thailand in European and Japan market while with export tuna from Philippines in USA market. Tariff policy more reduce and didnt influenced on demand and competitiveness. Thisfinding were confirmed by significancy which more little than non-tariff policy.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak penerapan kebijakan tarif dan non-tarif serta beberapa faktor lainnya terhadap permintaan dan daya saing tuna Indonesia. Data dalam penelitian ini dianalisis menggunakan data panel karena selain menggunakan data runtut waktu (1983-2008) juga menggunakan data silang yang menggambarkan kondisi permintaan dan daya saing tuna di ketiga pasar yaitu Uni Eropa, Amerika dan Jepang. Model persamaan dalam penelitian ini diestimasi dengan metode data panel (Generalized Least Square/ GLS dengan efek tetap) untuk menggambarkan seluruh permintaan dan daya saing ekspor tuna ke tiga pasar dan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS) untuk menggambarkan kondisi permintaan dan daya saing tuna di masing-masing pasar. Pengukuran daya saing tuna dengan menggunakan indeks Revealed Comparatif Advantage (RCA). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa harga ekspor di Uni .Eropa dan harga udang di Jepang merupakan penentu utama permintaan tuna Indonesia di pasar produktif. Impor perikanan Jepang akan produk tuna dari Indonesia yang sudah rutin dilakukan dan besamya pangsa pasar tuna Indonesia di Jepang menyebabkan perubahan pendapatan nasional (GDP masyarakat Jepang) tidak mempengaruhi permintaan tuna Indonesia ke negara tersebut. Indonesia bersaing dengan Thailand di pasar Uni Eropa dan Jepang serta bersaing dengan Filipina di pasar Amerika. Kebijakan tarif semakin tidak berpengaruh terhadap permintaan dan daya saing tuna Indonesia ke pasar produktif yang dibuktikan dengan nilai signifIkansi yang lebih keeil dibandingkan kebijakan non-tarif yang diberlakukan.
Gambaran Pengelolaan Limbah Cair Di Puskesmas Kelurahan Terusan Mempawah Hilir Wijayanti, Ratih; Asmadi, Asmadi; Anwar, Taufik
Sanitarian Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 9, No 1 (2017): April 2017
Publisher : Sanitarian Jurnal Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstrak: Gambaran Pengelolaan Limbah Cair di Puskesmas Kelurahan Terusan Mempawah Hilir. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode penelitian desktriftif untuk menggambarkan bagaimana Pengelolaan Limbah Cair Di Puskesmas Kelurahan Terusan Mempawah Hilir. Hasil penelitian ini, yaitu sumber limbah cair berasal dari ruangan KIA, laboratorium, poli gigi, ruang periksa, IGD, gudang obat dan toilet/WC. Air bersih yang digunakan di puskesmas sebanyak ± 400 liter/hari. Limbah yang dihasilkan sebanyak ± 506 liter/hari. Agar limbah cair yang dihasilkan oleh kegiatan puskesmas ini tidak mencemari lingkungan dan membahayakan petugas, pasien maupun ingkungan kerja sekitar, pihak puskesmas harus memperhatikan tempat pembuangan dan pengolahan air limbah yang dihasilkan. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini, yaitu sumber limbah cair yang dominan dihasilkan dari ruang poli gigi. Jumlah limbah cair yang dihasilkan sebanyak ± 506 liter/hari. Rekomendasi IPAL untuk Puskesmas Kelurahan Terusan Mempawah Hilir menggunakan sistem anaerob-aerob sarang tawon.Abstract: Description of Liquid Waste Management at Puskesmas Kelurahan Terusan Mempawah Hilir. This research was conducted with descriptive research method to describe how Liquid Waste Management at Puskesmas Kelurahan Terusan Mempawah Hilir. The results of this study, namely the source of liquid waste derived from the room KIA, laboratory, dentist, examination room, IGD, warehouse and toilet / toilet. Clean water used in puskesmas is about ± 400 liters / day. Waste generated as much as ± 506 liters / day. In order for the liquid waste generated by this Puskesmas activity does not pollute the environment and endanger the officer, the patient and the surrounding work environment, the puskesmas must pay attention to the waste disposal site and waste treatment. The conclusion of this research is that the dominant source of liquid waste is generated from the dental poly room. The amount of liquid waste generated as much as ± 506 liters / day. The WWTP recommendation for the Puskesmas of Lower Basin Terusan Village uses anaerobe-aerob honeycomb system.
Keanekaragaman Vegetasi Hutan Mangrove di Pulau Payung Sungsang Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan Afriyani, Asia; Fauziyah, Fauziyah; Mazidah, Mazidah; Wijayanti, Ratih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 2 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Afriyani et al, 2017. Vegetation Diversity of Mangrove Forest in Payung island Sungsang Village Banyuasin District. JLSO 6(2):113-119.The mangrove forest is a natural biological resources with various diversity potential that provides benefits directly or indirectly for the life of living beings. Payung island, Sungsang Village, Banyuasin District is one of the areas in South Sumatra Province where the forest mangrove still well preserved. The research abaout mangrove diversity has been conducted in Payung Island in  November 2017, The aim of this research was to know the composition and species diversity of mangrove in the island. The collection of primary data in this research was included measurements of the distribution of mangrove vegetation. Important Value index (IVI) is a diversity index and parameter analysis of mangrove vegetation. There are 4 species of mangrove was founded in 3 transect observations, namely Avicennia alba, Avicennia marina, Bruguera apicullata gymnorhiza and Rhizophora. Bruguera vegetation dominate gymnorhiza tree level, while at the level of the child dominated two types of mangrove vegetation i.e. vegetation Avicennia marina and Rhizophora apicullata vegetation. The condition of mangrove forest  showed that community in Payung Island are stable that It contains mangrove forest condition criteria Broken-with the value of the density of Mangrove (ind/ha) < 1000.