Munawar Raharja, Munawar
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Sistem Informasi Geografis Diare Pada Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Banjarbaru

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 11 No. 1 Januari 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Geographic Information System of Diarrhea in Children in the Area of Puskemas Kota Banjarbaru. Incidence of diarrhea was always found every year in Banjarbaru. Incidence rate of diarrhea in Banjarbaru in 2009 to 2012 are respectively 20.98, 19.86, and 16.39. The presentation of data on the incidence of diarrhea mainly done using tables and graphs. The aim of the study was to describe the incidence of diarrhea in children aged less than 5 years in the area of Puskemas Kota Banjarbaru using geographic information system. This research is a descriptive study. Four of the eight health centers in Banjarbaru was chosen as samples. All children aged less than 5 years old who suffered from diarrhea in the four regions had been recorded. Furthermore, measurements of the coordinates of the house where there is a child aged less than 5 years of the living was done. Based on data from the coordinates, thematic maps of the incidence of diarrhea was made. The results showed that during the months of January to June 2013, the incidence of diarrhea is solid in the areas of Puskesmas Banjarbaru and Puskesmas Sungai Besar, is width in the Puskesmas Sungai Ulin, and is solid and long in the area of Puskesmas Cempaka. The results showed that during the months of January to June 2013, the incidence of diarrhea is solid in the areas of Puskesmas Banjarbaru and Puskesmas Sungai Besar, is width in the Puskesmas Sungai Ulin, and is solid and long in the area of Puskesmas Cempaka. It is recommended that a follow-up is done in order to prevent or reduce the incidence of diarrhea through concrete and effective interventions.Keywords  :   Diarrhea; GIS; Banjarbaru

Pengaruh Variasi Konsentrasi Larutan Serbuk Daun Jeruk Purut (Citrus hystrix. DC) Terhadap Parameter Angka Kuman pada Peralatan Makan

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The effect of variation concentration of solution powder kaffir lime leaves (Citrus hystrix. dc) against the parameter of figure germ at eating utensils. The recommended disinfection process such as the use of heat and chemicals in a society generally not done because it takes a long time and expensive cost, as well as the excessive use of chemicals, can cause environmental pollution. Therefore, the necessary natural ingredients as a substitute as kaffir lime leaves. Based on the research results Sulistiyani, et al (2004) showed a rinsing by using kaffir lime leaves can decrease the number of microbes on eating utensils. This study aims to determine the effect of variation concentration of solution powder kaffir lime leaves (Citrus hystrix. DC) against the parameter of figure germ at eating utensils. This type of research is experimental, pretest-posttest design with the control group. The samples used were 42 swab samples plate tools. Methods of data collection based on the check out results from the number of figure germ (TPC) in the laboratory. Analysis of data using statistical test Paired t-test and correlation test. The results showed that the average total number of figure germs before treatment ranged from 44-73 colonies/cm2, and the average total number of figure germs after disinfection treatment with a solution of powdered kaffir lime leaves ranging between 6-50 colonies/cm2. Based Paired t-test is known that there are differences the average number of figure germ before and after treatment, where the average total number of figure germs after treatment is lower than the average number of figure germs before treatment with the percentage decrease ranging between 23-89%. Statistical analysis of the correlation test showed there is a relationship between variations in concentration of powder kaffir lime leaves with the number of figure germ on the plate. Kaffir lime leaves contain chemical compounds polyphenols, flavonoids, essential oils, tannins and alkaloids that have a pharmacological effect as an antiseptic, so it can be used as a disinfectant to wash eating utensils. Keywords: Kaffir lime leaves (Citrus hystrix. DC); figure germs.

Kadar Sisa Klor Terhadap Nilai MPN Coliform Pada Jaringan Perpipaan PDAM Di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 13 No. 2, Juli 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract :   Study of free chlorine levels with a value of MPN coliform in water piping distribution PDAM Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara Year 2016. Provision of safe drinking water must also meet quality requirements which include requirements physical,  chemical,  bacteriological  and  radiological.  River  water  one  source  of  raw water for water companies. Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM) Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara is a provider of clean water. Based on secondary data report PDAM to maintain water quality after processing up to the distribution network PDAM using chlorine   disinfection   materials.   The   purpose   of   this   study   was   to   analyze   the relationship between the value of the levels of residual chlorine by MPN coliform in the water pipeline distribution network PDAM. This type of research is observational analytic with cross sectional study design. The samples used were water PDAM Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara in the distribution network at a distance of 0, 2, 4, and 6 km from the reservoir. The results showed that decreased levels of free chlorine from distance making 0, 2, 4 and 6 km between 1.5 to 0.0 mg / L.  Test results showed coliform  MPN  value  is  0  /  100mL.    After  testing  regression  analysis  the  effect  of distance on the maximum levels of residual chlorine with R = 0.834 (strong) and regression analysis test the effect of distance to the minimum levels of residual chlorine with  R  =  0.943  (strong).  To  test  the  statistical  relationship  between  the  levels  of residual chlorine with coliform MPN value was not done because the results of the coliform MPN no difference. All parameters examined in this study meet the requirements under Permenkes No. 492 / Menkes / PER / VI / 2010. Efforts to do is do a jar test dose in increments of water disinfection, to supervise the treatment system and the distribution network piping. Keywords: PDAM water, distance distribution networks, free chlorine, MPN coliform

Proses Netralisasi pH pada Air Gambut di Desa Sawahan Kecamatan Cerbon Kabupaten Barito Kuala

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 2, Juli 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The Neutralization Process of pH on Peat Water in Desa Sawahan Kecamatan Cerbon Kabupaten Barito Kuala. Desa Sawahan, Kecamatan Cerbon, Kabupaten Barito Kuala, located in the area of peatlands with a pH of water, based on laboratory results, is 3.0. This condition is classified as extreme acid, because pH less than 3.5. Neutralization of the peat water aimed to change the pH or acidity of the water to be normal (pH 7-8) and could help the next process. To raise the pH of acidic water, quicklime (CaO) or limestone (CaCO3) was very appropriate, because they were cheap and easy to be applied. This study is experimental, the laboratory-scale trials with variations: the concentration of solubility of lime and jartest, to obtain the optimum dose of coagulant for improving the quality of pH. Results of the experiments on the variation of the solubility of limestone with varying concentrations showed relatively similar results, ie at a concentration of 1.0%, the pH of the water became 12.49; at a concentration of 0.5%, the pH of the water became 12.47, and at a concentration of 0.1%, the pH of the water became 12.18. In the next test, the addition of lime solution with a concentration of 0.5% as much as 9 mL in 500 mL peat water sample were able to raise the pH from 4.06 to 7.77. Jar test results showed that the injection of 5 mL solution of lime and alum 2 mL were able to raise the pH of peat water from 4.02 to be 7.24 so as to meet the requirements of drinking water with pH 6.5-8.5. To neutralize the peat water with a pH of 4 is required optimum dose of lime solution with a concentration of 0.5% as much as 5 mL (50 mg/L) and alum solution with a concentration of 0.5% as much as 2 mL (20 mg/L). Keywords: Neutralization of pH; peat water; jartest.

Penerapan Hygiene Sanitasi Makanan Minuman Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan (LAPAS) Anak

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 13 No. 1, Januari 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Application of hygiene and sanitation of food and drink in Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Anak (LAPAS). Lembaga Pemasyarakatan is have purpose to provide guidance to prisoner in Indonesia. The average population density Lapas the over capacity in Indonesia. Based on recent data form Kantor Wilayah Kementrian Hukum  dan Hak Asasi Manusia, the number of population in LAPAS class II A Martapura was ranked third highestof the 13 LAPAS in Kalimantan Selatan with the number of population of about 921 people. With many of population, application of hygiene and sanitation of food an drink need to be implement for the implementation of food safety. The purpose of this research was to determine how the application of the hygiene and sanitation of food and drink in LAPAS class II A Martapura. The study was conducted by observing how security measures against food, equipment, food handlers, and food holder then comparing them with  standard. The results showed thet the application of the hygiene and sanitation of food and drink in the category overall enough. For variable security measures on the equipment and food handlers in the category less, variable security measures on the food holder in the category enough, and variable security measures on the food in the category good. To the optimize application of hygiene and sanitation of food and drink in Lapas, efforts to do is add sanitation facilities food holder modify the open space, ordered food ingredients should not use the car open  and do not slam, washed equipment performed with the correct phases and use soap, and stroge equipment stored in a safe place to minimize contamination of biological, physical, chemical. Keywords   : Application  Higiene and sanitation of food and drink

Kualitas Angka Kuman Udara Pada Ruang Persalinan Praktik Bidan Swasta Di Kota Banjarbaru

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 2 Juli 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract :  Microbial air count quality in the delivery room of midwife private practices in Banjarbaru City. The increasing role of private health care in the community, including midwife in private practice. The absence of rules on the environmental health of the midwife private practice led to a lack of sanitary supervision in the delivery room. A large number of microbial air in the delivery room can cause infection directly or indirectly through contaminated equipment used in the delivery process. To assess the microbial air count quality, state of health of the delivery room environment and determine the relationship between the quality of physical environment, physical building, and sanitation delivery room with microbial air count quality  in the delivery room of midwife private practices in Banjarbaru City. This research used cross sectional survey design. The subject were all over the delivery rooms practices in Banjarbaru City midwife private with the inclusion criteria was still active, had a license, a separate private practice with a family room and were willing to participate in the study, namely 34 the delivery rooms. Data analysis was performed with the statistical analysis of univariate, bivariate with chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis and descriptive data was analyzed by comparing the theoretical and applicable standards. A total of  29.4% the delivery rooms with the microbial air quality and 70.6% delivery rooms does not qualify. There were three variables associated with the study of microbial air quality, namely : the arrangement of the rooms, air circulation, and sanitary rooms. There is a significant relationship among the arrangement of the room, sanitary room, and air circulation to the microbial air quality  in the delivery room, and the delivery room air circulation is a variable that contributes most greatly to the microbial air count quality in the delivery room midwife private practices in Banjarbaru City Key words : air microbial, environmental health, delivery room,  midwife

Perbandingan Kadar Emisi Gas Buang Karbon Monoksida (CO) Pada Kendaraan Bermotor Sistem Injeksi Otomatis

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 15, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 15 No. 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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The Comparison Of Emission Levels Of Carbon Monoxide Exhaust Gas In Automatic Motor Vehicle Injection System. Transportation plays a very big role as a source of air pollution, especially exhaust emissions reach 60-70%. CO emitted by motor vehicle which exceed the standard be able to cause disturbance and even death. The development of a two-stroke engine vehicle into a four-step engine is a people demand who want a vehicle which is easy and comfortable. Indonesia has many different types of vehicles, but two types of motor vehicles with the YMJET-FI and PGM-FI system are most on the market. Three fuels such as premium, pertalite and pertamax are used by the public. This research was observational analytic, using Posttest Only Design to analyze the CO emission from YMJET-FI and PGM-FI engine with premium fuel, pertalite and pertamax. CO emission was tested at engine speed of 1.900-2.000 rpm and temperature 80oC. Analysis used Two Way Analysis of Variance statistic test with α = 0,05%. The results showed that YMJET FI using premium emitted CO as 0,23%, pertalite 0,32% and pertamax 0,37%. PGM-FI using premium emitted 0,21% , pertalite 0,24% and pertamax 0,25%. The conclussion is, both of YMJET-FI and PGM-FI, using premium, pertalite and pertamax emitted CO lower than the emission quality standard according to KemenLH 2009 such as of 4,5%.

The Use of Earthworms and Household Organic Waste Composting Length of Time

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 10 No. 2 November 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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AbstractComposting with earthworms is composting process by involving earthmacroorganism. Cooperation between earthworms and microorganisms may impact on decomposition process done by the microorganisms as assisted by the existence of earthworms. Because any materials to be decomposed by microorganisms had been decomposed by earthworms earlier, microorganisms would work more effectively and quickly. This study aimed to determine effects of using earthworms toward household organic waste composting length of time by using experimental design of study. The object of study was all organic waste taken randomly from one household. Variable of study was composting length of time measured after addition of earthworms and composting process completed. Tools used in this study were measuring tape, calendar, hygrometer and smelling sensory (organoleptic). Statistical analysis used differ test. Results of study showed data was normally distributed, equality of variance and no difference found between composting length of time with or without using earthworms. In conclusion, there is no relation found between the use of earthworms and the household organic waste length of time.AbstrakPengomposan dengan cacing tanah merupakan proses pembuatan kompos dengan melibatkan organisme makro cacing tanah. Kerja sama antara cacing tanah dengan mikroorganisme dapat memberi dampak pada proses penguraian yang dilakukan oleh mikroorganisme tersebut dibantu dengan keberadaan cacing tanah. Oleh karena bahan-bahan yang akan diurai oleh mikroorganisme telah diurai lebih dahulu oleh cacing, maka kerja mikroorganisme lebih efektif dan lebih cepat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan cacing tanah terhadap lama waktu pengomposan sampah organik dari rumah tangga dengan menggunakan desain penelitian eksperimen. Objek penelitian adalah seluruh sampah organik dari rumah tangga yang diambil secara acak pada satu rumah tangga. Variabel penelitian adalah lama waktu pengomposan yang diukur setelah penambahan cacing tanah dan proses pengomposan selesai. Alat yang digunakan dalam penelitian berupa meteran, kalender, higrometer, dan penciuman (organoleptik). Analisis statistik menggunakan uji beda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa data terdistribusi secara normal, kesetaraan varians, dan tidak ada perbedaan antara lamanya waktu pengomposan dengan menggunakan atau tanpa menggunakan cacing tanah. Disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara penggunaan cacing tanah dan lamanya waktu pengomposan sampah organik rumah tangga.

Kemampuan Tanaman Karet Dalam Menurunkan Kadar Dust Fall Di Sekitar Jalan Angkutan Batubara

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 15, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 15 No. 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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The Ability Rubber Plants in Lowering to Dust Fall Level Along the Coal Haul Road.Changes in air environment are generally caused by air pollution. Coal transportasion activity make the impact of air pollution such as dust fall along the coal haul road. A solution to handling dust fall along the coal haul road with vegetation of plant which have ability to reduce dust fall particles. The purpose of this research is to know the ability rubber plants in lowering the dust fall level along coal haul road. The benefit as raw material inputs in controlling of dust pollution in environment using berrier plant. The method of this research use a field experiment with design pretest and posttest with control group. The population of this research is the dust fall level and samples research is dust that measured on 4 location that represent the diffrences landscape 50 m, 100 m, 150 m and 200 m. Every width of landscape measure of 2 samples poin before and after of a landscape. It done in 5 times replicas.Data analysis using a simple regression. There is influence of rubber plant ability to decrease dust content to the distance determined with result of percentage of degradation of dust settled at 50 meter distance without barrier 48,0% to distance 50 meter with barrier 57,0%.

Kemampuan Powder Activated Carbon dalam Menurunkan Kadar Besi Total pada Air Sumur Bor di Kecamatan Astambul Kabupaten Banjar Tahun 2016

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Powder Activated Carbon Capability In Reducing Total Iron Content In Borehole Well Water In Astambul District Banjar Regency Year 2016. Borehole well water in Astambul Regency is proved containing total iron content with physical characteristics such as the yellow-colored deposits and malodorous smell, then it should be do water processing first, which one alternative is using powder activated carbon. This study aims to find out total iron content in borehole well water after given a treatment by adding powder activated carbon according dose variance and contact time. Dependence variable of this study (total iron content), independence variable (variance and contact time with jar test method). This study is true experimental in nature. The study sample is a resident’s borehole well water in Tambak Danau Village Astambul District Banjar Regency. Data analysis is using Two-Way Anova statistical test. The study results total iron content in borehole well water before processing 3.35 mg/L Fe, after processing the decreasing result to the highest dose variance 0.8 gr/L and contact time 30 minutes results to 0.46 mg/L Fe with declining percentage is 76.64%. The statistical test result in p-value 0.000 < alpha value 0.05. It means, there is a difference in the decrease of total iron content due dose variance and contact time variance. Meanwhile the result of dose*time p-value 0.354 > alpha value 0.05. It means, there is no difference in the decrease of total iron content due to the powder activated carbon dose and contact time variance interaction. Keywords: Total iron content; activated carbon.