Syarifudin A., Syarifudin
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Percobaan Produksi Biogas dari Kotoran Sapi dan Kotoran Ayam dengan Penambahan Enzim Papain

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 11 No. 1 Januari 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Production of Biogas from Cow Manure and Chicken Manure with Addition of Papain. Farms not only contribute positively to meet the demands of protein and increase incomes but also have a negative impact on the environment due to their wastes, especially manure. Biogas produced from the anaerobic decomposition of organic waste is a solution of manure utilization to be a fuel which is cheap and environmentally friendly. To accelerate the production of biogas it is needed a proteoloitik enzyme from papaya, which is called papain. This study aims to calculate the production of biogas from cow manure and chicken manure with addition of papain. The experiments were conducted in the digester made from plastic drums and observed for 30 days. The results showed that the papain influenced of production acceleration of biogas from cow manure. Comparison of biogas production in a week from cow manure: cow manure + 2 kgs of papaya pieces: cow manure + 4 kgs of papaya pieces are 202.7 liters: 263 liters: 332.3 liters. Cow manure did not need other ingredients except water with ratio 1: 1½ . Chicken manure had not been able to produce biogas because their CN ratio was not eligible, although the chaff had been added to increase the carbon content. Biogas from cow manure with addition of papain can be applied on a wider scale, while biogas from chicken manure requires other ingredients that biodegrade easier to add C content in the mixture. Keywords : biogas; cow manure; chicken manure; papain

Efektivitas “Portable UV Disinfection” dalam Menurunkan Angka Bakteri (Escherichia Coli Spp) pada Air Minum

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 11, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 11 No. 2 Juli 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstrak: Effectivity of “Portable UV Disinfection” to Decrease Bacterial Number (Escherichia Coli Spp) in Drinking Water. Disinfection using ultraviolet ray is faster, more accurate and chiefer. This research aims to measure the effectivity of portable UV disinfection to decrease bacterial number (E. Coli) in drinking water. This research used true experiment methods with postest only control group design on laboratory scale. Drinking water contained E. Coli taken from wheel then disinfected by ultraviolet ray. Variation of treatment included variation of water depth 10, 15, dan 20 cm and variation of detention time 0, 1, 5, 10, dan 20 minutes. The result show ultraviolet ray been able to kill E. Coli in drinking water. Removal efficiency of E. Coli at 10 cm water depth with 0, 1, 5, 10, and 20 minutes detention time were 0,0%, 75,0%, 76,2%, 98,0%, and 98,3% particularly. At 15 cm water depth, removal efficiency of E. Coli were 0,0%, 36,3%, 58,2%, 68,0%, dan 89,0% particularly. At 20 cm water depth, removal efficiency of E. Coli were 0,0%, 56,1%, 77,5%, 83,9%, dan 88,1% particularly. Statistical test showed the number of killed bacteria based on detention time was difference significantly. The longer time to be flashed the killed bacterial more. Flash of ultraviolet ray with lumination be able to kill the bacterial more effective.Key Words : Portable UV Disinfection;  E. Coli;  drinking water

Penurunan Bakteri Coli pada Air Sungai Martapura Menggunakan Saringan Arang Sekam Padi

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The Decrease in the Number of Coli Bacteria in Water of Martapura River Using The Husk Charcoal Filter. The habits of the people along the Martapura river, defecates into the river, causing the river water polluted by Coli bacteria that be able to cause disease. Water treatment is required to improve the water quality of the Martapura river, one of them is using "the husk charcoal filter " to obtain clean water that meets health requirements. This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of the husk charcoal filter, and determine the thickness of the filter were most effective to decrease the number of coli bacteria in water of Martapura river. In this design, was performed the initial measurements (pretest), performed the treatment and performed the second measurement (posttest), so it could be seen the effectiveness of the treatment. The "husk charcoal filter" was effective to Decrease the Number of Coli Bacteria in the water of Martapura river as much as 69,2% - 99,3%. However, a decrease in the number of coli bacteria still above the standards required by the Water Quality Standard class B, after filtration. Because it still found much bacteria after filtering, it is advisable to boil water to boiling before consumption, because heating is the most effective way to kill microbial pathogens that be able to cause disease. Keywords: Water of Martapura River; coli bacteria; the husk charcoal filter.

Efektifitas Abu Sekam Padi Dan Poly Aluminium Chloride Dalam Menurunkan Zat Warna Limbah Cair Industri Sasirangan

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 13 No. 2, Juli 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Effectiveness Of Rice Husk Ash And Poly Aluminum Chloride In Reducing Exposure Colour Liquid Waste Industry Sasirangan. Sasirangan fabric industry is the textile of industry in Kalimantan Selatan produce wastewater of dyeing cloth sasirangan process that uses water as a primary adjuvant in stage process.The study aims to determine the effectiveness of rice husk ash and Poly Aluminium Chloridereduce levels of dyes in wastewater sasirangan "Oriens Handycraft". This study tested a laboratory scale with dose variation of rice husk ash and Poly Aluminium Chloride for reduced levels of dyes in wastewater sasirangan. The study design is a randomized pretest - posttest control group design. The population of the waste liquid fabric manufacturesasirangan results and samples are the waste from the manufacture of cloth sasirangan which represents the population. This study conduct statistical tests usingKruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney Test.Theresultsofthestudyof color levels priorto treatment equal to 2,712 PtCo and after treatment ranges from 676.3 to 978.7 PtCo at a dose of 58 grams of rice husk ash; 59 g; 60 g; 61 g; 62 gr and Poly Aluminium Chloride 0.5 gr. For a dose of 58 grams of rice husk ash; 59 g; 60 g; 61 g; 62 gr and Poly Aluminium Chloride 1 g of color levels before treatment and after PtCo 1775 amounted to 227.7 PtCo ranges up to 240 PtCo. Rice husk ash and Poly Aluminium Chloride effective at pH 6.5 - 7. Results of normality test showed abnormal data. Kruskal Wallis test probability value 0.002 <0.05, there is a difference between the average dosing in the control group and the treatment group and the Mann-Whitney Test probability value of 0.009 (0.018 <0.05), the rice husk ash dosing and Poly Aluminium Chloride 1 g more effective than rice husk ash dosing and Poly Aluminium Chloride 0.5 g.Efforts government can do is provide the appropriate policy on effluent quality standards and attention to industrial waste disposal sasirangan. For the industry can manage its waste before waste into the environment. Keywords: SasiranganWaste; Materials coagulant; pH; Dyes

Dosis Optimum Larutan Kapur untuk Netralisasi pH Air Limbah Penambangan Batubara

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 11 No. 1 Januari 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstrak: Optimum Dose of Hydrated Lime for pH Neutralizing  in Coal Mine Waste-water. Coal mines release chemicals such as pyrite (Fe2S), produce acid waste water (H2SO4). This research aims to know the optimum dose of hydrated lime to neutralize the pH of coal mining wastewater. This research was experimental study with pretest-postest with control group design, measured pH before and after treatment. Coal mines wastewater was sampled with composite sampling method. The result showed that the average of waste-water’s pH before added 2% hydrated lime were 4,9, while wastewater added by variated dose of hydrated lime, the pH changed. Added 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 ml hydrated lime, the pH particularly to be 5,3, 7,1, 8,2, 9,7 and 10,5. Statistical test using One Way Anova showed the p value = 0,000, ore less than α = 0,05. There was the difference significantly between pH’s average of coal mine wastewater at variation in dose of 2% hydrated lime. Test of Linier regression found equation; y = 4,906 + 0,649x with correlation value (R) = 0,982. Optimum dose of 2% hydrated lime for pH neutralizing 1 litre of coal mine wastewater was 3,23, pH=7.Keyword:  Air limbah batubara; larutan kapur; pH 

Efektifitas Sistem RBC Pada IPAL Pekapuran Raya PD PAL Banjarmasin Terhadap Penurunan Kadar BOD

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 2, Juli 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract : Effectiveness Of Rbc System On Wwtp (Wastewater Treatment Plant) Pekapuran Raya Wt (Wastewater Treatment) Local Company Banjarmasin To Reduce Bod Contents. Increased household activities lead to increase the volume of waste generated over time. Annually, the household waste volume increases 5 million m3. WT Local Company Banjarmasin is a wastewater management company that performs domestic sewage treatment (feces) Banjarmasin city. Application of waste treatment technology on WWTP Banjarmasin is RBC system. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of RBC system on WT Local Company Banjarmasin to reduce BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand). This type of study was analytic. The study design used one group pretest posttest design. The place of study was WWTP Pekapuran Raya WT Local Company Banjarmasin 2017. The study population was wastewater from inlet and outlet pipes. Sample was wastewater taken inlet and outlet pipe tanks. The result showed BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand) contents in the wastewater sample before it was processed of 130.97 mg/L, 116.98 mg/L, and 193.45 mg/l. After it was processed of 13.81 mg/L, 20.138 mg/L, and 30.216 mg/L. The effectiveness of RBC system on the reduce of BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand) in WWTP Pekapuran Raya WT Local Company Banjarmasin was 89.37% for first day, 80.51% for second day and 83.73% for the third day. There were differences before and after BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand) treated by RBC in WWTP Pekapuran Raya WT Local Company Banjarmasin. Keywords: WWTP; RBC system; BOD.

Kemampuan Powder Activated Carbon dalam Menurunkan Kadar Besi Total pada Air Sumur Bor di Kecamatan Astambul Kabupaten Banjar Tahun 2016

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Powder Activated Carbon Capability In Reducing Total Iron Content In Borehole Well Water In Astambul District Banjar Regency Year 2016. Borehole well water in Astambul Regency is proved containing total iron content with physical characteristics such as the yellow-colored deposits and malodorous smell, then it should be do water processing first, which one alternative is using powder activated carbon. This study aims to find out total iron content in borehole well water after given a treatment by adding powder activated carbon according dose variance and contact time. Dependence variable of this study (total iron content), independence variable (variance and contact time with jar test method). This study is true experimental in nature. The study sample is a resident’s borehole well water in Tambak Danau Village Astambul District Banjar Regency. Data analysis is using Two-Way Anova statistical test. The study results total iron content in borehole well water before processing 3.35 mg/L Fe, after processing the decreasing result to the highest dose variance 0.8 gr/L and contact time 30 minutes results to 0.46 mg/L Fe with declining percentage is 76.64%. The statistical test result in p-value 0.000 < alpha value 0.05. It means, there is a difference in the decrease of total iron content due dose variance and contact time variance. Meanwhile the result of dose*time p-value 0.354 > alpha value 0.05. It means, there is no difference in the decrease of total iron content due to the powder activated carbon dose and contact time variance interaction. Keywords: Total iron content; activated carbon.