Nur Annis Hidayati, Nur Annis
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FAG Salmonella ASAL LIMBAH PASAR IKAN DAN AIR SUNGAI DI SEKITAR KAMPUS UNIVERSITAS BANGKA BELITUNG

EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi, dan Mikrobiologi Vol 3 No 2 (2018): Ekotonia: Journal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi dan Mikrobiologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

Seven Salmonella lytic phages found in water sample of river near UBB campus building. Phages were characterized by plaque morphology (plaque diameter size and shape) and phage host range. Phages formed plaques with diameter size ranges from 1.06 mm to 4.90 mm, and form shape such as small dot, circle, elongated, or irregular. Factors effect plaque forming by phages are phage titer number and incubation time. All phage isolates have broad host range include Gram negative and positive. Six phage isolates are able to lyse Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli, meanwhile one phage isolate is able to lyse Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus.

Nepenthes of Kerangas Forest of Tuing towards Insect

Media Konservasi Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Media Konservasi Vol. 23 No. 3 Desember 2018
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Kerangas forest, is a distinct vegetation around the tropics. It has a highly acidic soils and low nutrition contents. This condition lead to a uniqueness of its community member, as shown by Nepenthes spp. Nepenthes spp. are carnivorous plants which use insect as their nitrogen source. This research aimed to predict the role of Nepenthes spp. of kerangas forest towards insect through insect composition in the pitchers of Nepenthes spp.. This was a descriptive qualitative research. Research was conducted during May, 2018 in kerangas forest of Tuing, Bangka. Eight 10m x 10m plots were placed by purposive sampling. Results showed that there were 266 insects found in 23 Nepenthes spp. pitchers, identified as Ordo Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, and Orthoptera. There was no difference between composition of aerial and terrestrial pitcher. Insects found grouped as beneficial insect, pollinator, and others. Alive Culicidae larvae was the most abundant insect found within its’ pitchers. It showed the Nepenthes spp. role in kerangas forest as a potential mini-habitat for aquatic larvae. Nevertheless, further study is needed to prove regarding temporal variation in liquid composition in Nepenthes spp. pitcher. Keywords: insect, kerangas, Nepenthes spp., role

IBM BUDIDAYA JAMUR PANGAN DAN KULTUR JARINGAN TANAMAN SKALA RUMAH TANGGA SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS MASYARAKAT

Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Bangka Belitung Vol 4 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Bangka Belitung
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

Desa Namang dan Desa Balunijuk merupakan daerah di sekitar Universitas Bangka Belitung yang memiliki potensi alam yang dapat dikembangkan untuk meningkatkan perekonomian masyarakat. Mitra kegiatan IbM ini, yaitu Komunitas Pelawan Desa Namang dan Karang Taruna Desa Balunijuk merupakan kelompok masyarakat yang kurang produktif namun memiliki keinginan kuat untuk memperbaiki perekonomiannya. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pelatihan terkait budidaya jamur dan penerapan teknologi perbanyakan tanaman dalam laboratorium skala rumah tangga. Dalam pelaksanaannya, para mitra dilatih beberapa teknik budidaya (sterilisasi, inisiasi dan pembibitan tanaman dan jamur), didampingi dalam melakukan teknikteknik tersebut dan dilatih untuk membuat analisis keuntungan sederhana untuk kegiatan lebih lanjut. Secara umum, mitra menyambut baik kegiatan ini. Rangkaian kegiatan yang direncanakan dapat dilaksanakan dengan dengan baik dan antusiasme yang tinggi. Mitra yang dilatih dapat mengikuti kegiatan pelatihan dengan baik dan menularkan semangat dan ilmu yang mereka peroleh kepada warga desa. Dengan adanya kegiatan ini, mitra dan masyarakat desa mitra dapat memahami teknik budidayajamur pangan dan kultur jaringan skala rumah tangga untuk meningkatkan produktivitasnya.

KAJIAN KESEJAHTERAAN SAPI PADA BEBERAPA PETERNAKAN DI KOTA PANGKALPINANG

EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi, dan Mikrobiologi Vol 2 No 1 (2017): EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Botani, Zoologi dan Mikrobiologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

Animal welfare is importan to improve life quality of animal in husbandry. Statistically, Pangkalpinang has the highest number of cow husbandry among other cities in Bangka. This study aimed to asses the animal welfare on several cow husbandries in Pangkalpinang. The assesment was held on September 2015 on 6 husbandries in Pangkalpinang. Interview, observation and Animal Needs Index (ANI) to collect data. Based on ANI method, there are 5 categories of animal welfare, wich are movement, social contact, quality flooring, light and air, and cleanlines cowshed. Study showed that in general, cattle cow in welfare candition (ANI score 23,8)

PENERAPAN KESEJAHTERAAN HEWAN PADA BEBERAPA PETERNAKAN AYAM RAS PEDAGING (STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN BANGKA

EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi, dan Mikrobiologi Vol 2 No 1 (2017): EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Botani, Zoologi dan Mikrobiologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

Animal welfare is a less common issue in Bangka. Animal welfare is the well-being of animals. For several meat consumers, it is important to know how the farmed chicken raised. Bangka Regency has the highest number of broiler among other regencies in Bangka Belitung Province. Since its high population, chicken farm in Bangka Regency were studied as a case study of how animal welfare is applied in the Province. Aim of this research was to assess the level of animal welfare in five chicken farms in Bangka Regency. Data were collected through interview and observation, then were analysed by a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) from Bartussek. Several animal welfare categories were movement, social interaction, quality flooring, light and air, and cleanliness. Results showed that ANI index were varied from 14.2 to 16.5, with an average is 16. According to the Animal Needs Index (ANI), a score of 16 to<21 indicates the quite sufficient of welfare.

Pemanfaatan Hewan Sebagai Obat Tradisional oleh Etnik Lom di Bangka

Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 18, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Abstract

Knowledge about the use of animals as a traditional medicine is benefit to society and must be saved. This knowledge can be used as a source of reference for researchers in the development of science and alternative ideas in the present. The purpose of this study were reveal diversity of animal drug ethnic Lom in Bangka and Lom ethnic knowledge traditional in Bangka about diversity of animal drug and used of animals as a traditional medicine. Research was conducted from January to May 2015 in Air Abik, Pejem, and Mapur village. Methods used in this research were purposive sampling (determine informans), interview and direct obeservation. Result showed that ethnic Lom used 24 species animals as medicine from 10 class in traditional medicine. The animal species most used is from the class of mammals (38%). Seen from habitat, animals are used as traditional medicines are mostly terrestrial animals (44%) are living wild in the woods. The most used animal that is part of the body (76%). Results of grouping by type of disease and the type of animals that have properties as a medicinal ingredient, there were 18 types of diseases that can be cured (medical or non-medical disease). Ethnic Lom had a good knowledge about the diversity of animal species and benefit of drugs, but this knowledge is declining and began to be forgotten by the people of ethnic Lom. The results of the interviews and observations in the field showed animal species of cacing tanah (Pheretima sp.) and undur-undur (Myrmeleon sp.) has the potential to be developed, not only as a animals drug used ethnic Lom communities but also can improve the economy of communities in the region.

POTENSI DAUN KAYU LUBANG (Timonius flavescens (Jacq.) Baker) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF MENGATASI JERAWAT

EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi, dan Mikrobiologi Vol 3 No 2 (2018): Ekotonia: Journal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi dan Mikrobiologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

Kayu lubang are plants which one traditionally used to acne treatment. Scientifically acne is caused bacteria’s such as Propionibacterium acnes dan Staphylococcus aureus infection. The growth of Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus be inhibition with phytochemical compounds contained leaves of kayu lubang. The purpose of this research was to identification phytochemical compunds from rude extract ethanol leaves of kayu lubang and which consentration extract that shows the optimum to inhibition growth of Propionibacterium acnes dan Staphylococcus aureus in antibacterial activity test. Phytochemical test conducted qualitative and antibacterial activity test using disc diffusion with concentration 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35% dan 40% in 3 replication. Based on the results showed that in general those leaves contain alcaloid, phenol, tannin and steroid. The optimum inhibition zone results of extract  inhibition bacterial growth at concentration of 40%,  inhibition zone Propionibacterium acnes inhibition zone of 6,83 mm while Staphylococcus aureus bacteria was 5,53  mm. Based on the results of statistical tests DMRT effects of extracts leaves of kayu lubang  against the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes  and  Staphylococcus aureus showed significant differences among for 95% confidence.

IDENTIFIKASI CENDAWAN YANG BERPOTENSI MENYEBABKAN PENYAKIT BUSUK KUNING PADA BATANG TANAMAN BUAH NAGA

EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi, dan Mikrobiologi Vol 4 No 1 (2019): Ekotonia: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi dan Mikrobiologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

The attack of pathogenic fungi on dragon fruit plants in Penyak Village causes severe damage and shows symptoms of yellow rot on the trunk of dragon fruit. The research method used is exploration and identification. This study aims to explore fungi that have the potential to cause yellow rot based on the symptoms of yellow rot on the stems of dragon fruit plants in Penyak Village, Koba District, Central Bangka Regency. The results of 16 stem samples obtained 64 isolates and based on macroscopic and microscopic identification results of each isolate obtained seven genera namely Acremonium, Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Geotrichum, Fusarium, and Pestalotiopsis. The most common pathogenic fungi at mild symptoms are Pestalotiopsis, Alternaria, and Fusarium. Environmental factors (abiotic) such as soil moisture and air humidity that are high enough to affect the genus present, especially Fusarium.

PREVALENSI BAKTERI Salmonella PADA AYAM POTONG YANG DIJUAL DI PASAR TRADISIONAL PANGKALPINANG

EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi, dan Mikrobiologi Vol 4 No 1 (2019): Ekotonia: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi dan Mikrobiologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Abstract

Salmonella bacteria is a pathogenic bacterium that can multiply in the digestive tract of animals and humans. The presence of Salmonella in the digestive system causes Salmonella contamination is often associated with the mouth through food contaminated with Salmonella. The Center for Science in The Public Interest (CSPI) states that chicken meat ranks first in food contaminated with pathogenic bacteria such as Salmonella. This study aims to calculate the prevalence of Salmonella bacteria in chicken carcass in traditional markets, Pangkalpinang. The method used is descriptive with quantitative survey methods. The results showed that the prevalence of Salmonella bacteria in Pagi market, Putih market, and Ratu Tunggal market were 41.2%, 50% and 0%.