P. Rajkumar, P.
Madurai Kamaraj University, Tamil Nadu, India

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PATTERN OF FARMING PRACTICES AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT: A STUDY ON THE LINKAGE Baksh, S. Allah; Rajkumar, P.; Sankaran, A.
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Agricultural development is the sine qua non for socio-economic development of a nation in general and developing countries in particular. The sustainable agriculture can be traced that it enhances the environmental quality and the resource base upon which agriculture depends. This form of agriculture is expected to provide basic human food and other major needs which are socially desirable and economically viable. This awareness has come to the centre stage of global debate as a result of degradation of natural resources and environment. The present study is an attempt to examine the farming practices in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, India. The study is an empirical investigation based upon the data collected from the above mentioned field. The data were collected from 335 respondents of the district who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method. In the first phase one developed taluk, a backward taluk, and a most backward taluk were identified. In the second phase one community development block is selected from each taluk. Third phase is the selection of five villages from each block. And at the final stage from each village 10 per cent of the farm households were selected at random. From the selected respondents the data were collected by using the tool of interview-schedule. The farming pattern of each educational group is associated with the views on advantages of cultivating traditional crop variety and the awareness of impact of chemical fertilizer on land and crops.
AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF ICTS IN THE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNION TERRITORY OF PUDUCHERRY, INDIA Sankaran, A.; Rajkumar, P.
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

It is globally accepted that the agricultural sector is the backbone of every economy. This sector plays a significant role over the course of economic development by contributing a considerable share in the gross domestic product and employment generation. Further, this sector is considered as a herculean weapon to eradicate extreme poverty, food insecurity and poor standard of living particularly in the underdeveloped and developing nations. There are some internal and external forces which have both positive and negative effects on this sector, which includes government policies, environmental condition, population pressure on land, cropping pattern, globalization, international trade and information, communication and technology. Against the above theoretical background, the present study tries to assess the role of ICTs in the development of agriculture in the Union territory of Puducherry, India. In order to execute this study, both primary and secondary data have been used. Secondary data have been collected from the published reports and materials while primary data have been collected from 90 sample respondents from three villages using simple random sampling method. The dataset include socio-economic profiles of the sample respondents and role of television, radio, cell phone, news papers and internet in offering information for the development of agriculture. The study uses simple percentage and Garrett Ranking method to analyze the data. The result of this study shows that television is in the towering position, followed by radio, news papers, cell phone, and internet in generating awareness on suitable input applications like pesticide and fertilizer use, soil quality test, credit opportunities, agricultural prices and cultivation methods. Hence, the study suggests that agro-based programmes should be more effectively relayed through local and national level channels in vernacular language to enhance the agricultural production and productivity.