Maria Dara Novi Handayani, Maria Dara Novi
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Red fruit oil supplementation fails to prevent oxidative stress in rats Handayani, Maria Dara Novi; Soekarno, Parwati Abadi; Wanandi, Septelia Inawati
Universa Medicina Vol 32, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2013.v32.86-91

Abstract

BACKGROUNDRed fruit oil (RFO) is popular in Indonesia especially in Papua. It is consumed by people for maintaining health and to treat diseases. Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam) oil is reported to contain the antioxidants á-tocoferol and âcarotene.The aim of this study was to confirm the protective effect of RFOagainst decreased glutathione levels in the plasma and liver of rats induced by 2N-(2-fluorenyl) acetamide (2-FAA).METHODSWistar male rats weighing 200 ± 20 g were randomly assigned into a control group (receiving distilled water only) and three intervention groups, designated RFO, FAA, and RFO-FAA (n=6 rats per group). RFO was given RFO 10 ì l/g/BW/day, FAA received fluoroenylacetamide (FAA) at 40ìg/day, while RFOFAA received both RFO and FAA. At 4 weeks blood samples were taken from the tail. At 8 weeks the rats were sacrified for collection of blood and liver tissues. Ellman’s method was employed to determine the parameters of antioxidantglutathione (glutahione sulfhydryl/GSH). One-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test were used to compare glutathione levels between groups.RESULTSThis study showed that liver and plasma glutathione levels were not significantly lower in the RFO-FAA group than in the FAA group. Glutathione levels were significantly lower in plasma and liver homogenates of the RFO group compared with the control group and were not significantly different from those in theFAA group.CONCLUSIONAdministration of RFO in rats does not protect against decreased glutathione but is a potential source of oxidative stress.
Anthropometric Prediction Equations for Estimating Muscle Mass of Elderly Women Handayani, Maria Dara Novi; Sadewa, Ahmad Hamim; Farmawati, Arta; Rochmah, Wasilah
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.683 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v14i2.14073

Abstract

Muscle Mass (MM) has an important role in health and physical performance. There are many MM prediction equations, but none is formulated in Indonesia. This study aimed to develop Anthropometric Equations (AE) prediction for MM. A cross sectional study was used to formulate AE prediction through multiple regression analysis.  The significance of observed differences between predicted and actual MM was tested by t test while level of agreement was assessed by Bland Altman plot. A significant correlation was found between MM and height, body mass index, calf/arm/waist circumferences, and waist hip ratio (p<0.05).  Regression anal¬ysis indicated that age, height, and Mid Arm Circumference (MAC) contributed significantly to MM. The resulting equation was MM (kg) = -10.22+(-.097x age)+(0.16xheight)+(0.30xMAC). There was no significant difference between actual and predicted MM results, and both had significant correlation. These results suggest that age, AP related to MM and AE provide valid prediction of MM for healthy elderly women in Jakarta.