Found 8 Documents

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Politik dan Kebijakan Publik: Perspektif Teori dan Praktis
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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This research formulated a better model of direct local elections for Indonesia. Based on the depth findings of three series of researches (2012, 2013, 2014) on direct local elections under Law No. 32/2004, this research recommended the asymmetrical direct local elections model in which direct local elections shall be varied in level depends on the quality of human development index and regional budget capacity. This research also suggested regulative and technical interventions to achieve democratic, accountable and sustainable direct local elections.Keywords: direct local elections, assymmetrical, local government.
Profiles, Statuses, and Achievements of Female Local Leaders: a Study of the Impact of Direct Local Election Dewi, Kurniawati Hastuti
Jurnal Perempuan Vol 19, No 4 (2014): Women in 2014 Cabinet
Publisher : Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan

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This paper shows that the role and position of Indonesian women in local governance are improving gradually since the implementation of direct elections in 2005. The “structural opportuinities” for women to be elected as local leader have increased under the direct elections. The number of women elected as local leaders has risen significantly during 2005-2014 periods. Female local leaders’ profiles are diverse in terms of their socio-political background, individual capital and political parties, reflecting a new typology of female local leaders.The presence of female local leaders does not necessarily mean that they always advocate for women issues in their policy line, as this ideal condition depends on other influential factors. And yet, this paper suggests the declining trend of participation and opportunities of women in local governance as the new Local Government Act No. 23/2014 adopts the election of local government head via the Regional People’s Representative Council to replace the earlier mechanism of direct election.
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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The collapse ofthe New Order since May 1998 has opened the door for democratization In turn democratization and influence of the international fora on women have facilitated the improvement of Indonesian women s role and position in the public sphere The improvement is highlighted by the deconstruction ofthe New Order gender ideology state ibuism as can be seen from the spread ofthe discourse ofwomen role in the public sphere and the changing orientation of the Government Program from practical gender interest in the New Order to strategic gender interest in the Reform Era However the conceptual and structural improvements face difficulty This is because grass root society keeps negative stereotype on women Thisfact indicates that the efforts to raise women s role and position in the public sphere is not only needed conceptual and structural reform but also cultural reform ofgrass root society s perception on women.
Gender Risk and Femininity: Personal Political Branding of Female Politicians in the Strong Political Dynasty Feature of South Sulawesi DEWI, KURNIAWATI HASTUTI
Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan Vol 9, No 4 (2018): November 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Personal political branding becomes an important element in political contestation under the new direct democracy in Indonesia. In the male-dominated political atmosphere, it is interesting to analyze creation and development of personal political branding by female politicians. This paper explores stories of the two female politicians, each a candidate for the district head of Gowa (Tenri) and North Luwu (Indah) in the 2015 direct local election in South Sulawesi Province, where a strong political dynasty is the primary feature. This is qualitative research employing feminist research methodology by interviewing the two female politicians. This paper reveals that the use of femininity element in the tagline SAYANG IBU (love your mother) as Tenri’s personal political branding contains of what I call ‘gender risk’ which disadvantaged her. Within a strong political dynasty feature of South Sulawesi which is patriarchal, her opponent created a counter narrative to weaken her and pointed out centrality of a male politician. On the other hand, a successful female politician candidate for the district head of North Luwu, Indah, used PINTAR (smart) as her personal political branding which did not resemble her femininity and did not exclusively target women. By doing so, this paper offers different findings from those of the previous research which suggest that femininity can help all candidates to stand out. In a strong political dynasty feature, it is important to pay attention to the subconscious element such as patriarchal ideology which often plays or is used to weaken or against female politicians.
Perempuan Kepala Daerah Dalam Jejaring Oligarki Lokal Kusumaningtyas, Atika Nur; Dewi, Kurniawati Hastuti; Ekawati, Esty; Izzati, Fathimah Fildzah
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Demokrasi, HAM dan Militer
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2996.495 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v14i2.721


Abstract Familial ties is one of the influential factors behind the rise of female local leaders. By using qualitative method this study examined two female local leaders namely Airin Rachmi Diany in Tangerang Selatan and Anna Sophanah in Indramayu, who have emerged by means of familial ties factor. It focuses to reveal the socio-political, economic and historical features that have facilitated their political rise. Additional data was obtained through questionnaires in order to evaluate their performance in enhancing local democratization, including commitment on practical gender interests. This study reveals that the female local leaders, who come from strong familial ties background, are actually part of local oligarch. As consequences, they experienced difficulties in maintaining independency to the local oligarch, which resulted in weak performance to enhance local democratization, as well as, practical gender interests in the region.  Keywords: female local leader, familial ties, local democratization, practical gender interest.
Socio Economic Context of Indonesian Women Path to Local Politics Dewi, Kurniawati Hastuti; Fuady, Ahmad Helmy
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 2 (2016): Otonomi Daerah dan Pembangunan Perdesaan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2000.72 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v13i2.549


This paper aims to see possible pattern of socio-economic conditions that may contribute in facilitating the rise and victory of female leaders, particularly in the December 2015 local direct elections. This paper reveals that, human development index, poverty rate, and gini ratio of a region did not strongly correlate with the number of female leader candidates, nor with the number of the elected female leaders. This paper also shows that the number of candidate and elected female leaders is concentrated in areas which have large number of universities and high proportion of internet access, such as Java. This paper highlighted two important points: first, female leader candidates can emerge and be elected from various socio-economic conditions of region; second, flows of ideas and information through universities and internet access are important keys to the rise and victory of female leaders in local politics.
Modal, Strategi dan Jaringan Perempuan Politisi dalam Kandidasi Pilkada Langsung Dewi, Kurniawati Hastuti; Kusumaningtyas, Atika Nur; Ekawati, Esty; Soebhan, Syafuan Rozi
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 15, No 2 (2018): Konstelasi Politik di Tahun Elektoral
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3354.881 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v15i2.765


Abstract This research specifically highlights importancy of the candidation stage especially through political party channels, as strategic entry point that must be passed by female politician to compete in direct local elections. Through an in-depth analysis of the two female politicians in Grobogan and East Lampung, this research underlines the importance of three things: capital in the form of individual and social capital, strategies, and networks that politicians must have and be able to play to be nominated in direct local elections.keywords : capital, strategic, candidation, local election
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 19, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (743.513 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v19i1.398


This paper analyses the awarding title to GKR Pembayun as GKR Mangkubumi, daughter of Sultan HB X of Yogyakarta Court, which indicates her promotion as Crown Princess; the next successor of Yogyakarta Court. Formerly, various socio-political analyses have been raised to understand it. This paper believed that previous analyses are not comprehensive enough, because it did not address power relations of men and women as crucial element of the Javanese concept of power. Therefore, by using gender perspectives, this paper seeks to provide a new understanding of the event, in relations to the role and position of women in Javanese concept of power. Literatur review is the primary method used in this paper. Interview method could not use as the key person recultance to be interviewed due to sensitivity of the issue. This paper reveals that the awarding title of GKR Pembayun as GKR Mangkubumi as Crown Princess indicates changes of Javanese concept of power especialy in relations to women’s role and position. In the past, according to the Javanese concept of power, men are perceived as the most suitable and appropriate figure to posess power, now women also perceived as having the same potential as men to posess power. While in past, women are in peripheral position merely due to pro-creation (reproductive) function to give borth for boys as the next successor. Now, women are believed to be able possess power and be a leader in Javanese cosmology. This all happened because the growth of Yogyakarta Court has been surrounding by the current context and challenges of globalization, social Islamisation, democratization, and gender equality. Tulisan ini menganalisis pemberian gelar baru oleh Sultan HB X kepada GKR Pembayun sebagai GKR Mangkubumi yang menandai pengangkatannya sebagai putri mahkota Keraton Yogyakarta dan dipercaya akan menjadi penerus tahta. Beragam analisis sosial dan politik telah dikemukakan mengenai makna pemberian gelar tersebut. Tulisan ini berpendapat bahwa berbagai analisis terdahulu belum sepenuhnya lengkap karena tidak mampu menyajikan analisis yang menyentuh persoalan relasi dan posisi perempuan dan laki-laki sebagai elemen penting dalam konsep kuasa Jawa. Oleh karena itu, dengan menggunakan perspektif gender, tulisan ini memberikan pemahaman baru mengenai makna pemberian gelar baru tersebut dikaitkan dengan peran dan posisi perempuan dalam konsep kuasa Jawa masa kini. Metode penarikan data adalah studi literatur karena permintaan wawancara dengan narasumber kunci tidak dapat dilakukan oleh karena sensitifitas persoalan ini. Tulisan ini menemukan bahwa pemberian gelar baru kepada GKR Pembayun sebagai GKR Mangkubumi mengindikasikan adanya pergeseran konsep kuasa Jawa khususnya terkait peran dan posisi perempuan. Jika pada masa lalu konsep kuasa Jawa mempersepsikan laki-laki sebagai yang paling mampu memiliki potensi kuasa, saat ini perempuan juga telah diposisikan sebagai pihak yang memiliki potensi kuasa sejajar dengan laki-laki. Perempuan yang dahulu berada pada posisi pinggiran dan hanya dibutuhkan karena fungsi prokreasi (reproduksi) untuk melahirkan keturunan laki-laki, kini dipercaya mampu memegang kuasa dan menjadi pemimpin dalam kosmologi Jawa. Pergeseran konsep kuasa Jawa demikian terjadi karena Keraton Yogyakarta tumbuh berkembang dalam konteks kekinian berupa globalisasi, Islamisasi sosial, demokratisasi, dan kesetaraan gender.