Diandra M Mengko, Diandra M
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Pelibatan TNI dalam Kontra Terorisme Di Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Demokrasi, HAM dan Militer
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

 Indonesian Military (TNI) involvement in counter-terrorism basically has its historical background. Before Indonesian political reform 1998, the military played as a main role in counter-terrorism in both domestic and international context. Along with the Indonesian political reformation in 1998 and the separation of military (TNI) and police (Polri), the problem of terrorism has considered as criminal acts that put the Police to perform as main role and the TNI as supporting role. However, the discourse to restore TNI’s authority (as main role) on counter terrorism continues to emerge. This paper argues that TNI involvement in certain degrees and contexts can indeed support counter-terrorism efforts in Indonesia. However it is important to note that giving the TNIs equal authority with the Police (in counter terrorism) would impacted to serious problems, such as: counter-productive to counter-terorrism efforts and the development of TNI professionalism, or even risk Indonesias democratic life.Keywords: Indonesian Military (TNI), Indonesian Police (Polri), Military, Terrorism

Intelijen dalam Pusaran Demokrasi di Indonesia Pasca Orde Baru

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Komunitas ASEAN dan Tantangan Ke Depan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

AbstractIntelligence is a challenging topic to discuss due to its secrecy nature. Nevertheless, democracy has always supported the community to have, at least, basic understanding of all government agencies, including intelligence. In 2015, Center for Political Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2P-LIPI) has conducted a research titled “Intelligence and Democratization in Indonesia Post New-Order”. This research not only discuss about intelligence theories, but also intelligence experience in transitional democracy states, brief history of Indonesian intelligence, and initial review on democratization of Indonesian intelligence. We argue that intelligence reform in Indonesia is a requisite. Intelligence should operate under democratic system and principles. The old paradigm of intelligence in Indonesia certainly will and must change, and oversight towards intelligence is necessity. Oversight mechanism would not weaken intelligence role, but rather it would enhance intelligence professionalism by gaining public support, legitimacy, and adequate budget. Keywords: Democracy, Intelligence, Indonesia, Politics, Post New-Order