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Journal : Indonesian Mining Journal

DOMESTIC MARKET OBLIGATION (DMO) POLICY AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES SALEH, RIDWAN
Indonesian Mining Journal Vol 15, No 1 (2012): INDONESIAN MINING JOURNAL Vol. 15 No. 1 February 2012
Publisher : Puslitbang tekMIRA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (647.47 KB) | DOI: 10.30556/imj.Vol15.No1.2012.474

Abstract

The increasing of coal consumption in various industries in Indonesia causes the increasing of coal domestic demand. On the other hand, the sharp increasing of coal production almost 16 times during 17 years is exported (75%) in majority. By using the polynomial quadratic approach, in year 2025, coal production is projected as 741 million tons (176% to National Energy Policy target as 421 million tons), coal exports as 509.3 million tons (275% to National Energy Policy target as 185 million tons) and domestic demand as 236 million tons. This is in accordance with the National Energy Policy (KEN=Kebijakan Energi Nasional) target. The presence of Government Regulation Number 34 year 2009 on the Domestic Market Obligation (DMO) is a breakthrough to solve the above problems. It is a challenge for the government as a regulatory board to implement this policy. Some strategic alternatives to implement this policy is by using the Budget Activities Plan (Rencana Kegiatan Anggaran Belanja = RKAB) instruments optimally, control system effectivity, and punish- ment applying consistency.
A PROPOSED METHOD TO EVALUATE COUNTRY’S ENERGY UTILIZATION EFFICIENCY HUDA, MIFTAHUL; NINGRUM, NINING S.; SALEH, RIDWAN
Indonesian Mining Journal Vol 15, No 2 (2012): INDONESIAN MINING JOURNAL Vol. 15 No. 2 June 2012
Publisher : Puslitbang tekMIRA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.208 KB) | DOI: 10.30556/imj.Vol15.No2.2012.461

Abstract

The threat of global warming should be addressed by increasing energy effi ciency and reducing energy consump- tion, since the green house gas mainly comes from combustion of fossil fuel in energy sector. Unfortunately, the conventional energy effi ciency indicator in national level such as energy consumption per capita (ECPC), energy intensity (energy consumption: gross domestic product (GDP)) and energy elasticity frequently shows a contradictory result. Energy consumption depends on both number of populations and GDP. Therefore, the energy effi ciency indicator should also consider both parameters. The objective of this study is to develop a new energy effi ciency indicator using both GDP and energy consumption per capita as parameters. In this study, a new energy effi ciency indicator namely A/R energy is proposed. A/R energy (addition or reduction of energy) is calculated by subtracting the value of best practice ECPC with the value of actual ECPC. The value of best practice ECPC was derived from an equation correlated between ECPC and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita. Using the new indicator, it is revealed that some country with low ECPC in Africa, Asia and South America should increase their ECPC while all the developed country should reduce their ECPC. The best practice correlation between best practice ECPC and GDP per capita was also used to evaluate energy projection of Indonesia. Indonesia energy projection has been developed by IEA, Green Peace and Indonesian Government. Considering GDP and population growth ECPC, it is concluded that Indonesia energy projection developed by IEA is the most realistic, effi cient but achievable.
MARKET STUDY OF COMPOUND FERTILIZER-BASED MINERAL AT TEA PLANTATION IN BANDUNG REGENCY Saleh, Ridwan; Pranoto, Eko; Jafril, Jafril
Indonesian Mining Journal Vol 18, No 3 (2015): INDONESIAN MINING JOURNAL Vol. 18 No. 3 October 2015
Publisher : Puslitbang tekMIRA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (393.066 KB) | DOI: 10.30556/imj.Vol18.No3.2015.263

Abstract

The study of this research is to identify the market possibility of compound mineral fertilizer in Bandung Regency. The methodology used is survey method by using analysis model of market measurements. From the analysis and discussion, it can be identified the estimate of substantial potential of fertilizer market on tea plantation in Bandung Regency of IDR 111,070,309,152 with minimum market is IDR 74,742,993,050 or 67.29% from the total potential of fertilizer market as market penetration index. Meanwhile, the remains of 32.71% is market sen- sitivity area towards fertilizer demand. The estimate of the fertilizer demand is IDR 50,391,725,914 or 67.42% to a minimum market or 45.37% to potential market, and the remains of 54.63% is the market development opportunities in the future. Meanwhile its fertilizer competitor’s are Urea, SP 36, KCL, Kieserite, NPK (sodium, phosphate and potassium), MOP (muriate of potash) and ZK (zheng and potassium). Based on the questionnaire results to 97 respondents about the characteristics and perceptions of fertilizer consumers, it is formulated mix marketing of product aspects such as the physical form of mineral fertilizers is granulees. There are 2 types of packaging, 25 kgs and 50 kgs, and its long shelf life is between 3-6 months. The selling price of end consumers is under IDR 5,000 with payment system can be used in credit. Meanwhile, promotion is carried out directly at the experimental garden, by conducting distribution through two channels, namely cooperatives and agents/ distributors. According to overall analysis results, it can be concluded that by reviewing market and competition aspects, research and development of manufacture technology of compound fertilizer-based mineral is reason- able to be continued to the next stage in the commercialization process of technology.
THE LOCAL CONTENTS OF INDONESIA’S NICKEL MINING COMPANIES Suherman, Ijang; Saleh, Ridwan
Indonesian Mining Journal Vol 18, No 3 (2015): INDONESIAN MINING JOURNAL Vol. 18 No. 3 October 2015
Publisher : Puslitbang tekMIRA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (827.836 KB) | DOI: 10.30556/imj.Vol18.No3.2015.264

Abstract

Analysis on the local content of Indonesia mineral mining company is intended to provide input in compiling draft regulation of the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources regarding the use of domestic goods and services in mineral and coal mining activities, as a follow up the implementation of Government Regulation Number 23/2010 Article 88. A direct sampling survey was conducted to several nickel mining companies. The results showed that the local content for groups of goods and services at PT Vale Indonesia were 51.04% and 46.06% respectively, while at PT Antam Tbk. was 100% (groups of goods) and 99.6% (services). Based on national labour aspect, the local contents of five companies were relatively high, namely 98.63%, however, those came from province and regency areas were only 67,97% and 39.20% respectively. PT Vale Indonesia empowered 84.41% local manpowers from Sorowako area with the measured local content of nickel matte around 43.59%. The measure local content indicated that there was a big opportunity to increase the local content. Some factors that inhibited the effort to increase the use of domestic products included not smoothly the information flow, opportunities and transparency of product testing, the requirements of the Indonesia National Standard, the price preference in the tender process, tax issues, permit dangerous products as well as human resources issues.
SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS FOR INDONESIAN NICKEL Suherman, Ijang; Saleh, Ridwan
Indonesian Mining Journal Vol 21, No 1 (2018): INDONESIAN MINING JOURNAL, Vol. 21 No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Puslitbang tekMIRA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (704.944 KB) | DOI: 10.30556/imj.Vol21.No1.2018.246

Abstract

It is imperative to increase the value-added of mineral product, especially nickel, as  mandated in Law Number 4 of 2009. This law forces government and industry to optimize the added value in this country. The importing countries that perform further processing obtain most benefit from this value added. This creates an opportunity to optimize the value-added products in this country. This research aims to map supply chains along with their product flows and their relation to problem identification, to analyze product development in the supply chain, to analyze the performance of the industrial chain and its impacts on the national economy. Thus, efforts to increase the backward and forward linkages  of nickel industry through  value-added improvement program, as mandated in the law can be run according to plan. The research approaches were undertaken through direct and indirect surveys. From the results, there is an interrelated success between the value-added improvement policy from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and the downstreaming policy from the Ministry of Industry. This is indicated by a continuous product flow. By 2020, an estimated 71.7 million tons of nickel ore will be absorbed entirely by smelter of processing and refining in the country. Then the products generated by these smelters will be absorbed by approximately 24% by the domestic stainless steel industry. The contribution to the national economy can boost Gross Domestic Product by approximately 0.526%.