Sigit Saptono, Sigit
Jurusan Biologi FMIPA Universitas Negeri Semarang

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GERAKAN MENUJU SEKOLAH HIJAU BERWAWASAN KONSERVASI DI SD PELEBURAN 03 DAN SD PELEBURAN O4 SEMARANG

Rekayasa Vol 16, No 1 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : Unnes Journal. Research and Community Service Institute, Semarang State University

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Abstract

Land shortage becomes the main environmental problem for many schools in urban areas. Hygienic and eco-friendly behavior, along with waste management are not optimally conducted in the schools. This problem is also encountered in SD Pleburan 03 and SD Pleburan 04, Semarang, Indonesia. This program aims to raise environmental awareness of people in the school to take part in embodying the green school program. The responsibility also belongs to UNNES as one of the conservation-centered universities. Therefore, UNNES community empowerment team carried out a community empowerment program to actualize the environmentally-centered green school idea in SD Pleburan 03-04. Methods applied were arranged in various stages of activities, which are socialization, integration, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. Results show that the principal and the teachers of the school are able to develop environmentally based learning infrastructures. Teachers are also able to practice environmentally based learning process. Students are capable to practice hydroponic techniques. Moreover, the school now also possesses an eco –friendly supporting system. In conclusion, this program encourages people of SD Pleburan 03-04 to move forward as an environmentally based green school.

PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL DISERTAI PETA KONSEP UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR ANALITIS SISWA PADA MATERI PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN

Journal of Biology Education Vol 5 No 3 (2016): 2016
Publisher : Journal of Biology Education

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Abstract

Hasil survei TIMSS tahun 2011 mengindikasikan bahwa kemampuan berpikir analitis siswa Indonesia belum memenuhi harapan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan perkembangan kemampuan berpikir analitis melalui pembelajaran kontekstual disertai peta konsep pada materi pencemaran lingkungan. Sampel penelitian adalah siswa kelas VII A SMP Walisongo 1 Semarang dan VII A, VII B, VII C SMP N 1 Karangtengah Demak pada semester genap tahun ajaran 2015/2016 yang diambil melalui teknik purposive sampling. Data dikumpulkan melalui pretest, posttest, observasi, angket, dan wawancara. Skor pretest dan posttest dianalisis dari hasil N-Gain, sedangkan data yang lain dianalisis secara deskriptif. Perkembangan kemampuan berpikir analitis terlihat dari 6,5% skor gain yang tergolong tinggi dan persentase ketercapaian indikator kemampuan berpikir analitis ≥ 50%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan berpikir analitis dapat dikembangkan melalui pembelajaran kontekstual disertai peta konsep. TIMSS survey result in 2011 indicated that analytical thinking skill of Indonesia students has not met expectation. This study aims to determine the analytical thinking skill development of junior high school students through contextual learning with concept maps in environmental pollution. The subjects were VII grade students of 2nd semester in academic year 2015/2016. They were class VII A of SMP Walisongo 1 Semarang and VII A, VII B, VII C of SMP N 1 Karangtengah Demak, which were determined by purposive sampling. Data were collected by pre test, post test, observation, questionnaire, and interview. The score of pre test and post test were analyzed from N-Gain result, meanwhile the others analyzed descriptively. Development of student’s analytical thinking skill showed from 6.5% high gain score and attachment of analytical thinking skill indicator ≥ 50%. The result showed that students’ analytical thinking skill can be developed through contextual learning with concept maps.

MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER TIHINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

BIODIDAKTIKA, JURNAL BIOLOGI DAN PEMBELAJARANNYA Vol 11, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : JURNAL BIOLOGI DAN PEMBELAJARANNYA

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Abstract

ABSTRACTHigher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF). Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and  thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed that the ability of reasoning and analytical thinking of students can be expanded significantly, although the development of the ability of argumentation, one category of analytic thinking skills, they need serious attention.

MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

Unnes Science Education Journal Vol 5 No 3 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Unnes Science Education Journal

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Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills sangat dibutuhkan untuk memahami permasalahan dan esensi materi perkuliahan Biologi Sel. Studi dengan desain Research and Development ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa calon guru biologi melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Integrasi Atribut Asesmen Formatif (IAAF). Sejumlah 61 mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Semarang semester tiga yang sedang menempuh mata kuliah Biologi Sel menjadi subjek penelitian. Kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa diukur melalui tugas individu, tugas kelompok pembuatan peta konsep dan penyusunan laporan reviu artikel, dan 30 item soal berbentuk selected response questions dan constructed response questions tervalidasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa dapat berkembang secara signifikan, meskipun perkembangan kemampuan argumentasi, salah satu kategori kemampuan berpikir analitik, masih perlu perhatian yang cukup serius.   Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF). Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed that the ability of reasoning and analytical thinking of students can be expanded significantly, although the development of the ability of argumentation, one category of analytic thinking skills, they need serious attention.

Utilization of Social Issues in PBL to Improve Problem-Solving Abilities of High School Students in Ecosystem Material

Journal of Biology Education Vol 7 No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : FMIPA UNNES

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Abstract

Problem-solving skills related social-scientific issue in society’enviroment need to be owned by students. This capability can be trained by  PBL (Problem Based Learning) model. The purpose of this research is to analyze problem solving abilities of students. The type of this research is quasi experiment with one group pretest-posttest design. Sample of the research is X grade students from SMA N 1 Semarang and SMA Ksatrian 1 Semarang. The result consisted of primary outcome in the form of capability, N-gain value and classical content mastering as well as secondary outcome covering the implementation of learning, teachers response and students response. Based on the result, the average of problem solving ability SMA N 1 Semarang increased from 70% to 79,5%, while SMA Ksatrian 1 Semarang increased from 59,5% to 73%. Completeness of classical learning  SMA N 1 Semarang, class X MIPA 7, 97% and class X MIPA 9, 79%. The completeness of classical learning SMA Ksatrian 1 Semarang, class X MIPA 3, 80% and class X MIPA 5, 65%. N-gain value of SMA N 1 Semarang 0,553 and SMA Ksatrian 1 Semarang 0,433 in medium category. The conclusion of this research is the utilization of social issue with PBL model can improve problem solving ability on ecosystem’learning in SMA.

The Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning Model Aided with Concept Mapping on the Analysis of Senior High School Students' Ability in Learning Material of Immune System

Journal of Biology Education Vol 7 No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : FMIPA UNNES

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Abstract

Problem based learning is learning model suitable for 21st Century’s educational purpose. Concepts of learning material can be built using concept mapping. The objective of this research is to analyse the effectiveness of problem based learning model aided with concept mapping on the analysis of Senior High School students' ability (differentiating, organizing, and attributing aspect) in learning material of Immune System. The subject of this research is eleven grade students of SMA Negeri 12 Semarang and SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang, each of these senior high schools provided two experimental classes. The design of this research is pre-experimental, with one group pretest-posttest design. The method of gathering data was used in this research is test and observation. Instruments that were analyzed in this research are multiple choice, students discussion’s worksheet, product of learning outcomes, and learning implementation. The snalysis ability of students from SMA Negeri 12 Semarang showed average of 80% with classical content mastering for XI-MIPA 4 and XI-MIPA 5 are 84,2% and  76,4% respectively. Average of N-gain is 0,4706 which categorized in medium criteria. The analysis ability of students from SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang showed average of 73% with classical content mastering for XI-MIPA 1 and XI-MIPA 2 are 76,4% and  81% respectively. Average of N-gain is 0,4426 which categorized in medium criteria. Based on the research result can be drawn a conclusion that implementation of problem based learning aided with concept mapping is effective for increasing students’ analysis ability in SMA Negeri 12 Semarang and SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang.

The Development of Three Tier Multiple Choice Test to Explore Junior High School Students’ Scientific Literacy Misconceptions

Journal of Innovative Science Education Vol 8 No 1 (2019): Article In Press
Publisher : Postgraduate, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

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Abstract

Misconceptions of students scientific literacy can be overcome by knowing in advance the alternative concepts students have. One technique that can be used to trace students misconceptions is using multiple choice diagnostic tests. This research aim was developing three tier multiple choice test based on aspects of scientific literacy in science material. We used Research  and  Development (R&D) as the research method. The phase of method implementation analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE). The results of the study showed that the product of this research was 37 items three tier multiple choice test based on scientific literacy aspect. The product were developed in a reliable and valid category with a reliability value of r11>rtabel is 1,024>0,3061 and each expert give a validity score of 16, 13 and 14. Characteristics of items with difficulty levels mostly in the medium category. The distinguishing features in most categories is accepted. Each item is arranged based on aspects of scientific literacy with a comparison category A: B: C: D: E is 35%: 20%: 20%: 17.5%. Profil of misconceptions of scientific literacy the proportion of about 35,1 % knowledge aspect, 34,8 % about the competence in the investigation, 33 % about the science as a way of thinking, and 31,4 % about the science relations with technology, society, and the environment as a context and attitude to science. The results of developing this question can be used as teacher as an alternative item to identify misconceptions in students' scientific literacy.

Pragmatic Functions of Perlocutionary Act in F-3 Leveled Reading Book

Journal of Primary Education Vol 7 No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Journal of Primary Education

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Abstract

Perlocutionary act is a speech act spoken by a speaker to influence the interlocutors and can be found in the communication process. One form of communication process can be found in conversations between the characters in story from children's reading books. Perlocutionary act is uttered with different pragmatic functions according to the context of the speech. The objectives of this research are (1) to describe the functions of perlocutionary act in F-3 leveled reading book, and (2) to determine the dominant perlocutionary act function in F-3 leveled reading book. The research approach used in this research was pragmatic approach and qualitative descriptive approach. The data collection was conducted by using observation method with recording technique. After the data have been analyzed using heuristic method, the result of the research shows that (1) 12 perlocutionary acts are found in F-3 leveled reading book with five kinds of functions, which are the function of relieving, persuading, convincing, attention-grabbing, and scaring and (2) the most dominant perlocutionary act function in F-3 leveled reading book is relieving function with total seven speeches. This research is expected to give contributions to the academic study, especially in the field of pragmatic study.

The Enhancement of Senior High School Students’ Analytical Thinking Skills in Learning Excretory System Material with Quantum Learning Model

Journal of Biology Education Vol 8 No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : FMIPA UNNES

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Abstract

High-level thinking skills are incredibly required to face the challenges in the 21st-century era. One of it skill is to think analytically or people commonly call it analytical thinking. Analytical thinking skills can be trained to the students with an effective learning model. This study aims to describe the enhancement of the analytical thinking skills of high school students on the learning of excretory system materials with quantum learning model. The subject in this study students grade XI in SMA Negeri 1 Boja, and MA Al-Asror which each of 2 classes of treatment. This research design is a quasi-experimental, with non-equivalent design pretest-posttest. Documentation, tests, questionnaires, and interviews are used as data collection techniques. The enhancement of students' analytical thinking skills on learning of excretory system materials with quantum learning model as primary data was analyzed with N-gain. The result of data analysis showed an increase of average analytical thinking skills of N-gain in both treatment class of MA Al-Asror of 0,53 with the medium category and in both treatment class of SMA Negeri 1 Boja equal to 0,79 with the high category. The secondary data result the average percentage of student activity in MA Al-Asror 79% and SMA Negeri 1 Boja 81,1%, both percentages are classified into a nice category. The analysis students questionnaire assessment in MA Al-Asror is 81% with effective category and SMA Negeri 1 Boja is 82% with the very effective category. The result of the analysis of teacher questionnaire assessment in MA Al-Asror is 75% with effective category and SMA Negeri 1 Boja is 97,5% with the very effective category. Interviews with students and teachers being presented by descriptive. Analytical thinking skills covering of identifying, distinguishing, and linking cause and effect is increased in learning of excretory system material with quantum learning model.

DEVELOPING SCIENCE WINNING TRACK GAMES MEDIA TO IDENTIFY COMMUNICATION SKILLS OF PARTICIPANTS IN ECOSYSTEM TOPIC

Unnes Science Education Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Integrated Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang in Collaboration with Perkumpulan Pendidikan IPA Indonesia

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to develop the science of winning track games that can accommodate communication skills. This research is development research using Borg, Gall and Gall research model which quoted from Sugiyono (2013), that there are ten steps in the implementation of research and development strategy. The study sample was purposive, they were students of SMP Negeri 3 Semarang. In a small-scale trial, 16 students were drawn from class VIII, and large-scale trials were conducted in class VII E. Data collection methods used were interviews, questionnaires, observation. The final data analysis includes media and material feasibility analysis, readability analysis of teachers and learners, and communication skills analysis. The conclusion are (1) Science winning track games is a media successfully developed and declared feasible (2) Science winning track games media is effective to identify communication skill of student. It proof by increasing the average score of the students from 66.67% in the first meeting to 100% in the third meeting.