Henni Febriawati, Henni
Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

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THE ANALYSIS OF EARTHQUAKE MANAGEMENT AT RSUD DR. M. YUNUS BENGKULU CITY Febriawati, Henni; Angraini, Wulan; Ekowati, Sri; Astuti, Dwi
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (164.617 KB)

Abstract

Background: Bengkulu city is located at the confluence of tectonic plates and the Indian Ocean tectonic plate  Asia. It cause Bengkulu city very dangerous with earthquake and tsunami. Earthquake often happened in Bengkulu, on Juny 4th 2000, earthquake was  measuring 8 scalericher. Based on historical records, the earthquake also occurred in 1833.1914, 1940, 1980, 2007 (61 times). Because earthquakes usually take place very quickly before we had time to think what to do to save themselves, may be the earthquake has stopped. Therefore RSUD Dr M Yunus Bengkulu earthquake preparedness, and the steps that should be taken when earthquake occurred, should be prepared early and very important to prevent occurrence of death, disability and disease incidence. The purpose of research want to know disaster management in RSUD Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu quake in the face of natural disasters Methods: This research the researcher used qualitative method for analysis objective condition about disaster management in RSUD Dr.M.Yunus to confront  earthquake disaster. The researcher was doing interview to defense disaster team,security, pharmachist, doctor, nurse, then direct observation on the field Result: RSUD Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu city wasn’t ready yet in phase of disaster management, start from prevention and motivation, readiness, attentive emergency, recovery, and development. Such as the absence of documented practice note, the hospital also did not have a decent field hospital, and the lack of disaster management of vulnerable groups, yet have early warning systems, lack of evacuation route sign of the victim. Conclusion: RSUD Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu city it’s not ready yet to confront  earthquake disaster.Keywords: disaster management, earthquake, hospital DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2017.8.1.28-33
The Role of Public Health Centers (Puskesmas) as the Gatekeeper of National Health Insurance Anita, Betri; Febriawati, Henni; Yandrizal, Yandrizal
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.3933

Abstract

The percentages of referrals for the first level health facilities visits are coming from the health center (Puskesmas) with 16.85% at the highest and from the practicing doctors with 12.45% at the lowest. The aim of the research is to examine the efficiency the promotion, preventive and curative care quality improvement. This study used qualitative exploratory design by case study approach. The collection of data was conducted through field observations, document observation and in-depth interviews. TThe informants consisted of 4 Head of Health Center/Puskesmas, 9 cadres of integrated guiding posts (Pos Pembinaan terpadu /Posbindu) for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), 9 cadres of Integrated Service Post (Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu), 33 participants of the National Health Insurance and 23 people from community who have not joined the national health insurance scheme. The results show that mini workshops are held every month in preparing activities with a focus on the causes of most diseases in the previous month. Posyandu may reduce morbidity rate on infants and pregnant women, Posbindu for Non-communicable Diseases can prevent and control non-communicable diseases. Quality of service can improve the perception of the quality of the service and can reduce referrals to hospital.
Analisis Besaran dan Pembayaran Kapitasi Berbasis Komitmen Pelayanan terhadap Pengendalian Rujukan di Puskesmas Kota Bengkulu Febriawati, Henni; Yandrizal, Yandrizal; Afriza, Yulia; Pratiwi, Bintang Agustina; Yanuarti, Riska; Suryani, Desri
Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 6, No 4 (2017)
Publisher : Center for Health Policy and Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkki.v6i4.30890

Abstract

Background: Puskesmas as primary health care center where the role of Puskesmas is interpreted as gate keeper or first contact and referral agent in accordance with standard of medical service. BPJS Kesehatan always strives to increase efficiency and effectiveness by developing quality control system of service and payment system of health service through capitation payment pattern to first  level health facility. Problem formulation, how the implementation of Kapuas basaran policy based on fulfillment of service commitment to control at Public Health Center of Bengkulu City. Research Objective, knowing the role of policy of capitation scale based on fulfillment of service commitment to referral control at public health center Bengkulu City. Research methods: This research uses quantitative and qualitative method with exploratory research design, unit of Puskesmas analysis in Bengkulu City. The type of this research is descriptive research to describe the implementation of capitation policy based on fulfillment of service commitment to referral number in public health center Bengkulu City. Results and discussion:Referral from public health center in Bengkulu City decreased from 2014 as many as 113,075 visits and 25,183 (22.27%) referrals, by 2015 149,483 visits and 26,963 (18.04%) referrals, 2016 226,313 visitation and 23,545 referrals (10 , 40%) In 2016 the number of participants in Bengkulu City was 156,854 inhabitants and the number of contact rate was 15.726 (10.06%). Visits were 13,068 (8.33%) and healthy visits 2,658 (1.69%). All informants understand about the activities undertaken to achieve the safe zone target ratio. Conclusions and recommendations:The implementation of a service commitment-based capitation policy can control the referral of the public health center. Informants have a common perception in achieving contact numbers to achieve the target of safe zones and achievement zones by optimizing public health efforts and individual health efforts to make healthy visits and sick visits to the community. Policy implementation can be developed by maximizing existing community health efforts in Puskesmas, improving the achievement of contact rates indicator, non-specialist referral ratios, and proline visits routinely.
HOME VISIT BERBASIS SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN TELENURSING Padila, Padila; Lina, Liza Fitri; Febriawati, Henni; Agustina, Bintang; Yanuarti, Riska
Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari (JKS)
Publisher : Institut Penelitian Matematika, Komputer, Keperawatan, Pendidikan dan Ekonomi (IPM2KPE)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31539/jks.v2i1.305

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the description of Procurement of Nursing Management Information System at Home Visit Telenursing application at RS. M.Yunus Bengkulu. Design research that researchers use modify the theory of research (R) and development (D). The development of telenursing technology based on BAN (body area network) technology can provide realtime monitoring results and connect with WSN (wireless sensor network) transmission through integration with end user devices (laptop) which design and implementation can be used in rural and remote areas. The result of the study is the design of the program system that has the advantage of being able to be used to transmit medical data of the patient, the main complaint, the type of illness he feels (mild, moderate and severe), visualization of data in image, sound and text, even video, can be used as health detector digital-based patients via video mail, and family medical history with multimedia medical records techniques that are connected to the health center of M. Yusuf Bengkulu Hospital. Direct research was piloted to the nurse to gain a nurses understanding of the use of telenursing. The conclusion of this research is the enthusiasm of nurses in accepting new challenge in providing telenursing service is very high, it can impact on ability to improve effective communication between nurse and patient. Keywords: Home Visit Telenursing, Development, SIM
Analisis Ketersediaan Fasilitas Kesehatan dan Pencapaian Universal Health Coverage Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional se Provinsi Bengkulu Yandrizal, Yandrizal; Suryani, Desri; Anita, Betri; Febriawati, Henni; Yanuarti, Riska; Pratiwi, Bintang Agustina; Saputra, Heldi
Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Center for Health Policy and Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.848 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkki.v5i3.30668

Abstract

ABSTRACTIntroduction: The National Health Insurance began in 2014 gradually toward Universal Health Coverage. The purpose of the National Health Insurance in general is easier for people to access health services and obtain quality health services. Health providers are limited, extensive spread of population and limited access, leading to less supply (provision of services) by the government and other parties, so it would appear inequality and financing of health care.Purpose: to know the availability of health care facilities as well as efforts to achieve compliance with Univarsal Coverange Health in Bengkulu Province.Metoe Research: Research using design analysis method formative To assess the implementation of policies. Descriptive study is observational, presents an overview and focus on solving the actual problem. The unit analyzes the data collection was health facilities using quantitative and qualitative approaches.Results And Discussion: The first-level health facilities(FKTP) as much as 272 units, 590 units needs. Puskesmas capitation average Rp. 4847, -. All hospitals are already working with BPJS and needs a bed in 1769, the highest available FKTP 1329. Utilization of Physician Practice. Government encourages open pratama clinics and doctors as well as provide opportunities practice at the PPDS.Conclusion: The first-level health facilities are lacking. Doctors and dentists in the health centers are still less impact on the small capitation funds received. Local Government clinics and physician practices to encourage and develop the health center. Shortage of specialist doctors by maximizing all participants Medical Education Program Specialist of the Bengkulu Province can return by providing specialist medical support equipment and incentives.Keywords: Equity Services, Access Services, Equity Health Care Financing.ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional dimulai pada Tahun 2014 secara bertahap menuju Universal Health Coverage. Tujuan Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional secara umum yaitu mempermudah masyarakat untuk mengakses pelayanan kesehatan dan mendapatkan pelayanan kesehatan yang bermutu. Pemberi pelayanan kesehatan yang terbatas, penyebaran penduduk yang luas dan akses yang terbatas, menyebabkan kurang supply (penyediaan layanan) oleh pemerintah dan pihak lain, sehingga akan muncul ketidakmerataan pelayanan dan pembiayaan kesehatan.Tujuan: mengetahui ketersediaan fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan serta upaya pemenuhan untuk mencapai Univarsal Health Coverange di Provinsi Bengkulu.Metode: penelitian menggunakan rancangan metode analisisformatif Untuk menilai pelaksanaan kebijakan. Jenis penelitian deskriptif yang bersifat observasional, menyajikan Gambaran dan memusatkan pada pemecahan masalah aktual. Unit analisis fasilitas kesehatan. Pengumpulan data menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif.Hasil: Fasilitas kesehatan tingkat pertama (FKTP) sebanyak 272 unit, kebutuhan 590 unit. Kapitasi Puskesmas rerata Rp. 4.847,-. Semua rumah sakit sudah bekerja sama dengan BPJS dan kebutuhan tempat tidur 1769, tersedia 1329. Pemanfaatan FKTP tertinggi Dokter Praktek. Pemerintah mendorong buka klinik pratama dan prakter dokter serta memberi kesempatan Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis.Kesimpulan: Fasilitas kesehatan tingkat pertama masih kurang. Dokter umum dan dokter gigi di Puskesmas masih kurang berdampak kepada kecil dana kapitasi yang diterima. Pemerintah Daerah mendorong klinik dan dokter praktek dan mengembangkan Puskesmas Perawatan. Kekurangan dokter spesialis dengan memaksimalkan semua peserta Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis dari Provinsi Bengkulu dapat kembali dengan menyediakan peralatan penunjang medis spesialistik dan insentif .Kata Kunci : Pemerataan Pelayanan, Akses Pelayanan, Pemerataan Pembiayaan Kesehatan.
Analisis Ketersediaan Fasilitas Kesehatan dan Pemerataan Pelayanan pada Pelaksanaan Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional di Kota Bengkulu, Kebupaten Selumadan Kabupaten Kaur Yandrizal, Yandrizal; Suryani, Desri; Anita, Betri; Febriawati, Henni
Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Center for Health Policy and Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.307 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkki.36383

Abstract

Background: National health insurance is starting in 2014 to gradually move towards Universal Health Coverage. The program should make access health services easier for the community. However limited number of health care givers, a vast population and difficult geographical access mean that there is limited provision of services by the Government and other parties. It appears that the difficulty of access to health facilities remains. The provision of health services is dependent on infrastructure in the community. Without any infrastructure improvements, equitable health service becomes difficult and health coverage for the community is not real. The problem is that whether the national health insurance policy administered by the health-BPJS can improve access to medical services and quality health services to all citizens of Indonesia based on fundamental justice. Objective: To assess the availability and equitable health services as well as the policies for equitable distribution of health facilities within the national health insurance program in the city of Bengkulu, District Seluma and District Kaur. Method: This research is using a formative evaluation method, designed to assess how program policy was implemented and how to modify and to develop new policies so as to bring improvement.The kind of data collected are qualitative and quantitative data. Quantitative data is used to see availability and coverage health, while qualitative data is used to get perception of service provider and program manager of the national health insurance, as well as the challenge and barrier found in implementation process. Data qualitative is obtained using open questionnaire. Quantitative data is derived from a contract between District/municipality health office by health- BPJS and health facility data. Data analysis is compared between District/municipal data, standards according to the regulation and health system according to the WHO and scenario planning. Results: The ratio of the available primary care facilityin Kaur is 17,13 per 100.00o or one per 5.837 inhabitants; while in Bengkulu city it is 13,16 per 100.000 or one for 7.598 inhabitants; and in District Seluma it is one for 7.770 inhabitants. Percentage of contracts for primary services in Bengkulu city is 87,62 %, in District Seluma is 80.41 %, and in District Kaur is 80.73 %. The distance to access primary care facility in District Seluma and District Kaur is 2 hours away if using ‘ojek’ (motorcycle taxi), and the is fare IDR200.000,- (one-way). In Bengkulu, the most distant is 20 minutes and the fare is IDR10.000,-. The ratio of available referral care services in Bengkulu City is 1,88 per 100.000 inhabitants, while in District Seluma is 0,56 per 100.000 inhabitants, and in District Kaur is 0,90 per 100.000 inhabitants. Therefore we need additional primary health facilities supported by the agency of the social security (BPJS), District/City government/Provincial government and the Ministry of Health. While the ratio of beds in the Bengkulu City is 629, in District Seluma is 3.574, and in district Kaur is 2.778. District Seluma needs as many as 129 more beds while District Kaur needs another 60 beds to meet the requirement. The Regional Public hospital in District Kaur and District Seluma are still class D. To increase the capacity at these two hospitals to become class C within 5 (five) years is possible. However, these efforts require special policy from city/district government, Provinces and the Ministry of Health as well as the social security agency (BPJS) considering the limited capacity of the local governments. Conclusion: The availability of primary health facilities in Bengkulu city, Seluma districy and Kaur district are not enough according to Road Map to JKN 2019. Referral health facilities in Seluma district and Kaur district are much lower than the target, whereas in Bengkulu city the number is on target. Utilization of primary health facilities in Bengkulu city, Seluma district and Kaur district are still lower than national average. Utilization of referral helth facilities in the province of Bengkulu is still lower than national average. Latar Belakang: Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional dimulai pada tahun 2014 secara bertahap menuju ke Universal Health Coverage, secara umum yaitu mempermudah masyarakat untuk mengakses pelayanan kesehatan dan mendapatkan pelayanan kesehatan yang bermutu. Pemberi pelayanan kesehatan yang terbatas, penyebaran penduduk yang luas dan akses yang terbatas, menyebabkan kurang supply (penyediaan layanan) oleh pemerintah dan pihak lain, sehingga akan muncul kesulitan terhadap akses ke fasilitas kesehatan. Penyediaan pelayanan kesehatan tergantung pada infrastruktur di masyarakat, tanpa ada perbaikan infrastruktur pemerataan pelayanan kesehatan menjadi sulit dan jaminan kesehatan bagi masyarakat merupakan hal yang tidak riil. Permasalahan yang muncul apakah kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional oleh BPJS Kesehatan ini dapat meningkatkan akses pelayanan kesehatan dan pelayanan kesehatan yang bermutu kepada seluruh warga Indonesia dengan asas keadilan. Tujuan: Mengetahui ketersediaan dan pemerataan pelayanan kesehatan serta upaya kebijakan pemerataan fasilitas kesehatan pada program Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional di Kota Bengkulu, Kabupaten Seluma dan Kabupaten Kaur. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan metode analisis evaluasi formatif yang dirancang untuk menilai bagaimana program/kebijakan sedang diimplementasikan dan bagaimana pemikiran untuk memodifikasi serta mengembangkan sehingga membawa perbaikan. Jenis data yang dikumpulkan kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Data kuantitatif digunakan untuk melihat ketersediaan dan cakupan layanan kesehatan, sedangkan data kualitatif untuk mendapatkan persepsi dari penyedia layanan dan manajer program terhadap Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional serta tantangan dan hambatan yang ditemukan pada proses implementasinya. Data Kualitatif diperoleh dengan mengunakan kuesioner terbuka, data kuantitatif berasal dari Kontrak Dinas Kesehatan Kaupaten/kota dengan BPJS dan data fasilitas kesehatan. Analisis data dibandingkan antar kabupaten/kota, standar yang ditetapkan berdasarkan peraturan, sistem kesehatan menurut WHO dan perencanaan berdasar skenario (scenario planning) Hasil: Rasio ketersediaan fasilitas pelayaan primer di Kabupaten Kaur 17,13 per 100.000 atau satu banding 5.837 penduduk, sedangkan di Kota Bengkulu lebih kecil 13,16 per 100.000 ribu atau satu banding 7.598 penduduk dan Kabupaten Seluma satu banding 7.770 penduduk. Persentase nilai kontrak untuk pelayanan primer di Puskesmas Kota Bengkulu sebesar 87,62%, Kabupaten Seluma sebesar 80.41%, Kabupaten Kaur sebesar 80.73% Jarak tempuh ke pelayanan primer di Kabu- paten Seluma dan Kabupaten Kaur paling jauh kira 2 jam perjalanan dengan mengunakan Ojek dan ongkos sekali jalan Rp. 200.000,- dibandingkan Kota Bengkulu paling jauh 20 menit dengan ongkos ojek Rp. 10.000,-, Rasio ketersediaan fasilitas pelayaan rujukan di Kota Bengkulu 1,88 per 100.000, Kabupa- ten Seluma 0,56 per 100.000 dan Kabupaten Kaur 0,90 per 100.000 penduduk, sehingga perlu penambahan fasilitas kese- hatan tingkat pertama oleh Badan Penyelenggaran Jaminan Sosial, Pemerintah kabupaten/kota/provinsi dan Kementerian Kesehatan. Sedangkan Rasio tempat tidur untuk Kota Bengkulu 629, Kabupaten Seluma 3574 dan Kabupaten Kaur 2778. Kebutuhan Kabupaten Seluma sebanyak 129 Tempat Tidur dan Kabupaten Kaur sebanyak 60 Tempat Tidur untuk memenuhi target, Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten seluma dan Kabu- paten Kaur masih kelas D. Peningkatan kelas rumah sakit men- jadi kelas C dalam kurun waktu 5(lima) tahun kedepan sangat memungkinkan, upaya ini memerlukan kebijakan khusus dari Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten, Provinsi dan BPJS serta Kemen- terian Kesehatan mengingat keterbatasan pemerintah daerah. Kesimpulan: Ketersediaan fasilitas kesehatan tingkat pertama saat ini di Kota Bengkulu, Kabupaten Seluma dan Kabupaten Kaur belum mencukupi target yang ingikan menurut Peta Jalan Menuju JKN 2019. Fasilitas kesehatan rujukan di Kabupaten Seluma dan Kabupaten Kaur masih rendah dibandingkan tar- get, sedangkan Kota Bengkulu telah mencapai target. Pemanfaatan fasilitas kesehatan tingkat pertama di Kota Bengkulu, Kabupaten Seluma dan Kabupaten Kaur masih rendah dari Provinsi Daerah istimewa Yogjakarta. Pemanfaat fasilitas kesehatan rujukan di Provisinsi Bengkulu masih rendah dari pada dari Provinsi Daerah istimewa Yogjakarta. 
The Role of Public Health Centers (Puskesmas) as the Gatekeeper of National Health Insurance Anita, Betri; Febriawati, Henni; Yandrizal, Yandrizal
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.3933

Abstract

The percentages of referrals for the first level health facilities visits are coming from the health center (Puskesmas) with 16.85% at the highest and from the practicing doctors with 12.45% at the lowest. The aim of the research is to examine the efficiency the promotion, preventive and curative care quality improvement. This study used qualitative exploratory design by case study approach. The collection of data was conducted through field observations, document observation and in-depth interviews. TThe informants consisted of 4 Head of Health Center/Puskesmas, 9 cadres of integrated guiding posts (Pos Pembinaan terpadu /Posbindu) for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), 9 cadres of Integrated Service Post (Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu), 33 participants of the National Health Insurance and 23 people from community who have not joined the national health insurance scheme. The results show that mini workshops are held every month in preparing activities with a focus on the causes of most diseases in the previous month. Posyandu may reduce morbidity rate on infants and pregnant women, Posbindu for Non-communicable Diseases can prevent and control non-communicable diseases. Quality of service can improve the perception of the quality of the service and can reduce referrals to hospital.