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DETERMINANT OF DIARRHEA ON CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN INDONESIA (ADVANCED ANALYSIS IDHS 2012) Susanti, Widia Eka; Novrikasari, Novrikasari; Sunarsih, Elvi
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Diarrhea was the second leading cause of death in children under five years old and has killed about 760,000 children each year. Distribution of mortality in the world expressed diarrhea remains a leading cause of death in children under 5 years of 15%. toddler age group was the highest group had diarrhea with diarrhea incidence in Indonesia amounted to 10.2%. The purpose of this study is to analyse the factors that influence the incidence of diarrhea in children under five in Indonesia. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional study design. The data used secondary data IDHS 2012 with a population of infants (0-59 months) some 45 607 people and a sample of 14.752 children under five in Indonesia. Data analysis was performed using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression using a complex sample multiple predictive models. Results: 15.2% of children under five with diarrhea. The results of the analysis bivariar shows that there is a relationship variables maternal age (PR 2,015), maternal education (PR 1,475), area of ​​residence (PR 1,177), mothers occupation (PR 0,817), socioeconomic (PR 1,703), population density (PR 1,168), the source of drinking water (PR 1,178), the type of excreta disposal site (PR 1,211), the type of floor house (PR 1,188), and the childs gender (PR 1,172) and the incidence of diarrhea in children under five. Conclusion: The most dominant variable related to the incidence of diarrhea in infants are maternal age after the controlled variable mothers occupation, income/wealth index, population density, and sex of the child (PR 1.911). Keyword : Diarrhea, Children Under Five Years, Indonesia DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.1.64-72
The Risk Quotient of Sulfide Hydrogen toward Lung Vital Capacity of People Living Around Landfill Area Zulkarnain, Mohammad; Flora, Rostika; Novrikasari, Novrikasari; Harto, Toto; Apriani, Dwi; Adela, Novita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 3, February 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.51 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v12i3.1302

Abstract

Waste is one of factors causing air pollution in Palembang City. Volume of waste that should be processed increases every day, while condition of waste management service is still 70% of the total volume. The waste processing is managed by using open dumping system, which affects on the increase of air pollution. One of gases that exist as effect of the process of organic compound decomposition of anaerobic bacteria from garbage is sulfide hydrogen (H2S) pollutant which can promote health disorders, especially respiratory system. This study aimed to analyze correlation between characteristics (age, sex, nutritional status, smoking, and living distance) and the risk quotient of sulfide hydrogen concentration in air ambient to the lung capacity of people around landfillarea. This study used cross-sectional design with the sample of 78 people around landfill area. Data analysis used double logistic regression. Results showed that nutritional status (p value = 0.022, OR = 12.085) and RQ (p value = 0.016; OR = 7.547) significantly related to lung vital capacity of people around landfill area. People around landfill area having worse nutrition and lower RQ than the median were potential to have lung vital capacity disorder. The dominant variable significantly influencing to lung vital capacity of people living around Sukawinatan Landfill is nutritional status.AbstrakSampah merupakan salah satu penyebab terjadinya polusi udara di Kota Palembang. Setiap hari terjadi peningkatan volume sampah yang harus diolah, sedangkan kondisi pelayanan pengelolaan sampah baru mencapai sekitar 70% dari total sampah secara keseluruhan. Pengolahan sampah yang dilakukan menggunakan sistem open dumping berdampak terhadap peningkatan terjadinya polusi udara. Gas hidrogen sulfida (H2S) yang diperoleh dari proses penguraian senyawa organik oleh bakteri anaerob pada tumpukan sampah dapat mengganggu kesehatan, terutama sistem pernapasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara karakteristik (usia, jenis kelamin, status gizi, merokok, dan jarak tempat tinggal) dan besaran risiko konsentrasi H2S udara ambien terhadap kapasitas vital paru penduduk di sekitar tempat pembuangan akhir (TPA) sampah. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang dengan sampel 78 orang penduduk yang berada di sekitar TPA. Analisis data menggunakan uji regresi logistik ganda. Hasil menunjukkan nilai status gizi (nilai p = 0,022, OR = 12,085) dan RQ (nilai p = 0,016; OR = 7,547) berhubungan secara signifikan terhadap kapasitas vital paru penduduk yang berada di sekitar TPA. Penduduk yang berada di sekitar TPA dengan nilai status gizi buruk dan nilai RQ lebih rendah dari median berpotensi mengalami gangguan kapasitas vital paru. Variabel dominan yang secara signifikan memengaruhi kapasitas vital paru penduduk yang berada di sekitar TPA sampah Sukawintan adalah status gizi.
ANALYSIS OF FACTORS RELATED TO COMPLIANCE WITH THE USE OF PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) IN CLINICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL HOSPITAL DR. IBNU SUTOWO BATURAJA Pertiwi, Oktarisa Aruma; Novrikasari, Novrikasari; Lestari, Mona
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background:Laboratory dr. IbnuSutowo Balfour was a hospital that has a risk of considerable danger injured at work in his laboratory personnel. Compliance Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in the laboratory is important to always be applied by the laboratory staff. This objective of study is analyze the factors associated with compliance with the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in the laboratory personnel. Method: The study design was observational and the type of research is a qualitative research. The informants as many as six people, and the data retrieved by conducting in-depth interviews, examine documents and compare with the results of observation. Analysis of the data using the data triagulasi, including triangulation of sources, methods, and data. Results: It showed that adherence to the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is already used by officials, but the use of PPE is less than the maximum. Laboratory workers have the motivation, knowledge, perception is quite good, but in practice they only laboratory workers do not use PPE properly complete. Regulation, supervision and Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) had been applied but not maximized. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the compliance of the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in the laboratory staff has been good, but less than the maximum we recommend the use of other types of PPE such as headgear and laboratory shoes use as well.Keywords: Compliance Use of PPE, Laboratory Shoes. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.2.118-123
Food Hygiene and Sanitation in Six Food Providers at University X, South Sumatra Isnadi, Yul; Malaka, Tan; Dahlan, Hatta; Novrikasari, Novrikasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 4, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.884 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v12i4.1414

Abstract

Food provider at university is one of places that needs to implement standards of food hygiene and sanitation (FHS). This study aimed to evaluate and analyze practices of FHS based on Regulation of Health Minister No. 1098 of 2003 and best practices in six food providers at University X. This study used mixed method evaluation with sequential explanatory design through two stages. Stage I was in forms of assessment on six food providers, food handlers and laboratoryexamination on food and beverage samples as well as on eating utensils. Stage II was in form of focus group discussion (FGD) to deepen findings atstage I. Results of this study showed that 100% of food providers had not yet met the government’s regulation. As much as 67% of eating utensils and 83% of food were contaminated with bacteria. Based on food handler examination results, 100% of food handlers were not yet to get medical checkups and training. FGD results indicated that findings at stage I were associated with a lack of knowledge among food handlers and the absence of special unit to oversee FHS at campus. In conclusion, six food providers in the study area have not met the regulation.
Analisis faktor risiko paparan radiasi sinar-x terhadap perubahan jumlah limfosit pada radiografer di kota Palembang Ernawidiarti, Ernawidiarti; Malaka, Tan; Novrikasari, Novrikasari
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan : Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Januari 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Radiasi pengion merupakan salah satu sumber bahaya yang ada di rumah sakit yang harus diidentifikasi untuk menentukan tingkat risiko sebagai tolok ukur kemungkinan terjadinya kecelakaan dan penyakit akibat kerja. Sejumlah komponen biologi akan mengalami perubahan setelah pajanan radiasi.Indikator hematopoitik yang umum digunakan sebagai indikasi pajanan radiasi adalah hitung limfosit. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis hubungan dosis radiasi dan faktor karakteristik (jenis kelamin, usia, lama kerja, beban kerja, merokok, riwayat pekerjaan), dan kebiasaan dalam menggunakan Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) akibat paparan radiasi sinar-X terhadap perubahan jumlah limfosit pada radiografer di Kota Palembang. Penelitian ini adalah cross sectional analitik yang dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei 2016. Subjek penelitian adalah seluruh radiografer dengan masa kerja minimal 1 tahun yang diambil dengan metode puposive sampling. Data didapat melalui metode wawancara, observasi, pemeriksaan sampel darah di laboratorium. Berdasarkan hasil uji t, korelasi dan uji regresi linier berganda, dan pengujian hipotesis dapat disimpulkan bahwa hanya variabel dosis radiasi dan beban kerja yang signifikan berpengaruh pada penurunan jumlah limfosit ( p 0,000 < 0,05). Nilai koefisien korelasi (R) yang diperoleh adalah 0,632 artinya hubungan antara variabel bebas terhadap variabel terikat secara bersama-sama positif, kuat dan memiliki hubungan. Sementara nilai koefisien determinasi (R2) yang diperoleh adalah 0,399 artinya variasi perubahan nilai variabel terikat (limfosit) dapat dijelaskan oleh variabel bebas (dosis radiasi dan beban kerja) secara bersama-sama (simultan) sebesar 39,9 %. 
Total cholesterol and HDL cholestrol as risk factor of prediabetes and diabetes in palembang city Elyantari, Gresi; Tjekyan, Suryadi; Novrikasari, Novrikasari; Zulkarnain, Zulkarnain; Flora, Rostika; Ngudiantoro, Ngudiantoro; Mariana, Mariana
Jurnal Kebidanan dan Keperawatan Aisyiyah Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.347 KB) | DOI: 10.31101/jkk.745

Abstract

This study aims to determining the incidence of prediabetes and diabetes with total cholesterol and HDL as risk factor for the incidence of prediabetes and diabetes in the Palembang city. The research design was used by crossectional with 329 respondent, data was conducted by home visit and biomedical measurement of blood sugar and total cholesterol. The data were analyzed using chi-square. The results of the study showed that the incidence of pre-diabetes 19,8% and the incidence of diabetes14%. There was a significant relationship between total cholesterol and the incidence of prediabetes(p value= 0.003) and diabetes (0,137). the increasing of total cholesterol levels can be an early predictor of pancreatic β cell dysfunction. Prediabetes can increase the absolute risk to diabetes. by knowing lipid profile as risk factor of pre-diabetes, early prevention program can be conducted to decrease the diabetes incidence.
The Efficacy of Red Ginger Fraction (Zingiber officinale Roscoe var. rubrum) as Insecticidal Aedes aegypti Anwar, Chairil; Syukur, KM Yahya; Dalilah, Dalilah; Salni, Salni; Novrikasari, Novrikasari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v2i2.40

Abstract

Aedes aegypti is a vector of Dengue Hemoragic Fever. The use of synthetic chemical insecticide is the most common way to control Ae. aegypti. However, since it can cause resistency if it is used in a wide scale with high frequency and continously, it requires an alternative way. Red ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe var. rubrum) is one of natural insecticide which is safe to be used to control Ae. aegypti. This research aims was to determine the activity of active fraction of red ginger to mortality of Ae. aegypti. It was a quasi-experiment research with post test only control design. Twenty Ae. aegypti Liverpool strain were the sample of this research with 5 concentration for each and 4 times repetition. The result showed that concentration 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0% and 2.5% causing mortality percentage of 32.5%, 33.8%, 51.3%, 58.8% and 65.0% respectively. One way Anova test showed p-value &lt; α (0.00 &lt; 0.05). It was concluded that there was a significant difference of various concentration of active fraction n-heksan of red ginger extract to the mortality of Ae. aegypti. The lethal concentration (LC50) was 2.409%. It was suggested to continue this research with reppellant or bio-assay test method. &nbsp; Key words: Toxicity, extract, fraction, Aedes aegypti, Insecticidal
The Relationship Between Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) Infection and Nutritional Status in Students of State Elementary School Number (SDN) 200 Palembang Indonesia Anwar, Chairil; Annisa, Saraswati; Dalilah, Dalilah; Novrikasari, Novrikasari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v2i2.39

Abstract

Infection of Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) is caused by intestinal nematodes where as in its life cycle, soil is needed as the media for the eggs or larvae to mature into effective forms, most commonly happen to children of school age. This infection is still one of the main problems in public health, including Indonesia. STH infection are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. Lack of personal hygiene, poor environmental sanitation and low socioeconomic status are some factors that plays role in increasing the occurrence of the infection. This infection is also one of the causes responsible for malnutrition in children by decreasing appetite and food intake thus ensued adverse consequences such as declining growth pace, impairment of physical health, and weakening cognitive function. This study was conducted to analyze the association of STH infection with nutritional status of SDN 200 students in &nbsp;Kertapati District, Palembang. This study was an analytic observational research with a cross sectional research design. Samples consist of 107 students chosen using proportional stratified random sampling technique. Data was collected by direct interview using questionnaires, measuring body weight and height to obtain nutritional status which then classified using CDC 2000 growth curve while fecal contamination was examined using Kato Katz and modified Harada Mori methode in the Laboratory of Parasitology Medical Faculty of Universitas Sriwijaya. Data then analyzed using Chi-square test. From 107 students, 27.1% infection of STH was found on 29 students with 6 students (20.7%) infected by A. lumbricoides and 23 students (79.3%) infected by T. trichiura. Proportion of malnutrition status was found at 43.9%. Statistical test showed a significant association between STH infection and nutritional status (p=0.036; OR=3.167; Cl 95%: 1.163-15.237). There was a significant association between STH infection and nutritional status in students of SDN 200 Kelurahan Kemas Rindo Kertapati District Palembang City.
Association of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Cleaning Service with the Amount of Mosquito Larvae in Water Container At Bhayangkara Hospital, Palembang, Indonesia Anwar, Chairil; Arini, Putri; Farouk, Husnil; Novrikasari, Novrikasari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v2i2.50

Abstract

Bacgkround: Efforts in the eradication of mosquito breeding have been done, but have not shown maximum results due to lack of community participation caused by several factors, such as lack of knowledge, attitude and practice that are considered to play important role in reducing the incidence of vector-borne diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. This study aimed was to determine the relationship of knowledge, attitude and practice of cleaning services with the amount of mosquito larvae at water container around Bhayangkara Hospital Palembang. Populations in this study were 25 cleaning services in Bhayangkara Hospital Palembang. Methods: Samples in this study were all populations taken by using total sampling technique. Data included the number and types of water containers, the number and species of mosquito larvae found in the water containers, and data of knowledge, attitude and practice of cleaning services. The results were analysed using Kruskal-Wallis statistic test. Results: There were 75 water containers, 63 water containers were indoors, one of them contains larvae, and 12 water containers were outdoors, the type of two outdoors water containers that contained larvae were plastic buckets. Total larvae that found were 16 larvae of Aedes aegypti. Based on Kruskal-Wallis statistic test, there was no average difference between the number of mosquito larvae based on knowledge with p&gt;α (0.072&gt;0.05), and there was an average difference between the number of mosquito larvae based on attitudewith p&lt;α (0.006&gt;0.05) and practice with p&lt;α (0.019&lt;0.05). Conclusion: There was a negative association between attitude and practice against the number of mosquito larvae, but not with knowledge. &nbsp;