Lestari Wibowo, Lestari
university of lampung

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Journal : JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA

INCIDENCE DYNAMIC OF POD ROT DISEASE OF COCOA CLONES IN LAMPUNG, INDONESIA Evizal, Rusdi; ,, Sugiatno; ,, Ivayani; Pujisiswanto, Hidayat; Wibowo, Lestari; Erry Prasmatiwi, Fembriarti
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 18, No 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.117 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.218%p

Abstract

Incidence dynamic of pod rot disease of cocoa clones in Lampung, Indonesia. The declining of production and productivity of cocoa in Indonesia might due to pests and diseases attacks and planting unselected clones. Dynamic of pod rot incidence was important to plan pest controlling. To study dynamic incidence of some cocoa clones, a research was conducting in Pesawaran District, a centre of cocoa production in Lampung. A farmer cocoa plot under agro-forestry system was selected which had been upgrading in 2014 by pruning and side-grafting with national clones including Sul 1, MCC 1, MCC 2, ICCRI 7 and selected local clone named T1, T2, and T3. The results showed that pod rot incidence occurred along the year of observation. For immature pod, pod rot incidence was dynamic and varied among months and clones. There was high pod rot incidence every months for particular clone. National clone Sul1 and local clone T3 exhibited more tolerant to pod rot disease than other clones. Clones Sul1 and T3 also produced more pod than others. High incidence of pod rot occurred on fruit stage of cherelle (incidence 38.7%) and small pod (incidence 18.8%) that well known as cherelle wilt symptom.
THE WHITE-BELLIED PLANTHOPPER (HEMIPTERA: DELPHACIDAE) INFESTING CORN PLANTS IN SOUTH LAMPUNG, INDONESIA Susilo, Franciscus Xaverius; Swibawa, I Gede; ., Indriyati; Hariri, Agus Muhammad; ., Purnomo; Hasibuan, Rosma; Wibowo, Lestari; Suharjo, Radix; Fitriana, Yuyun; Dirmawati, Suskandini Ratih; ., Solikhin; ., Sumardiyono; Rwandini, Ruruh Anjar; Sembodo, Dad Resiworo; ., Suputa
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 17, No 1 (2017): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.494 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11796-103

Abstract

The White-Bellied Planthopper (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) Infesting Corn Plants in South Lampung, Indonesia. Corn plants in South Lampung were infested by newly-found delphacid planthoppers. The planthopper specimens were collected from heavily-infested corn fields in Natar area, South Lampung. We identified the specimens as the white-bellied planthopper Stenocranus pacificus Kirkaldy (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), and reported their field population abundance.
DAMPAK APLIKASI INSEKTISIDA PERMETRIN TERHADAP HAMA PENGISAP BIJAIJ HELOPELTIS SPP. (HEMIPTERA: MIRIDAE) DAN ARTROPODA NON-TARGET PADA PERTANAMAN KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) Hasibuan, Rosma; Swibawa, I Gede; Wibowo, Lestari; Pramono, Sudi; Hariri, Agus M
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 4, No 1 (2004): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1064.608 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.148-12

Abstract

Impact of Permethrin-Insecticide Application on Mirid Pest of Cocoa Helopeltis spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae) and on Non-target  Arthropods in Cocoa Plantations (Theobroma cacao L.). Cocoa mirid bugs, Helopeltis spp., (Hemiptera: Miridae) are the most important pest of cocoa in Indonesia. A field study was conducted to investigate the effect of permethrin on cocoa mirids and non-target arthropods at a cocoa plantation in specific place. A randomized complete block design was used in which each of four blocks consisted of 5 treatments (4 concentrations of permethrin; 50; 100; 200; and 250 ppm and control). The results indicated that the application of permethrin significantly increased the cocoa mirids mortaliiy throughout all sprayed cocoa trees (up to 100% 72 h after application). Even at 1 h after application, the percentage of Cocoa mirids mortality 29.2% - 53.9%) on cocoa trees sprayed with permethrin at concentrations of 50 - 250 ppm was significantly higher than that on control plant (3.6%). At 72 h after treatments, application of permethrin at concentrations of 200 and 250 ppm caused a complete kill (mortalty of 100%) in the test mirids. Meanwhile, ground cloths caught at least 22 fanilies of abore-ground arthropods that were found killed by permethrin applications. Moreover, the number of non-target arthropods killed by permethrin at concentrations of 100 - 250 ppm (27.3 - 85.3 individuals/ground cloth) were signifcantly higher than that on control trees. These results demonstrated that despite high efficacy of permethrin in controlling of cocoa mirids (Hetopeltis spp.), its application also had adverse effects on non-target arthropods incocoa plantations.
KEMELIMPAHAN DAN KERAGAMAN JENIS PARASITOID HAMA PENGGULUNG DAUN PISANG ERIONOTA THRAX L. DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN Wibowo, Lestari; ., Indriyati; ., Purnomo
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 15, No 1 (2015): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.178 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11526-32

Abstract

The abundance and diversity of the parasitoid of banana leaf skipper pest (Erionota thrax L.) in South Lampung Regency. This research was conducted to determine the abundance, diversity, and parasitation ability of several parasitoids of the banana skipper or banana leafroller (Erionota thrax) in South Lampung Regency. This research was carried out with a survey method by taking out samples of larvae and pupae of E. thrax in the District of Natar, Jati Agung, and Tanjung Bintang, South Lampung. Results of the survey showed that there were 8 types of parasitoids recovered from larvae or pupae of E. thrax, i.e. Brachymeria lasus (Chalcididae: Hymenoptera), B. thracis (Chalcididae: Hymenoptera), Charops sp. (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera), Casinaria sp. (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera), Xanthopimpla sp. (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera), Cotesia erionotae (Braconidae: Hymenoptera), and two parasitoids Diptera (Tachinidae and Sarcophagidae). The highest abundance of parasitoid was found in Tanjung Bintang with 171 parasitoids (index of diversity (H’) = 1.0256 and index of evenness (E) = 0.5724). In Natar District, the abundance of parasitoid was 63 parasitoids, but it had a greater H’ value (1.4396) and E-value (0.7398). Meanwhile, in Jati Agung District, the abundance of parasitoid was 56 individuals but the value of H’ was also high, which was 1.012 with the value of E of 0.6064. The percentages of parasitation to the larvae and pupae E. thrax were 55.01% (Tanjung Bintang District), 31.68% (Natar District) and 33.34% (Jati Agung District).
PENAMBAHAN BEBERAPA JENIS BAHAN NUTRISI PADA MEDIA PERBANYAKAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN VIRULENSI BEAUVERIA BASSIANA TERHADAP HAMA WALANG SANGIT Nuryanti, Ni Siluh Putu; Wibowo, Lestari; Azis, Abdul
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.238 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11264-70

Abstract

 A research was conducted to increase the virulence of Beauvaria bassiana to the rice bug, L.  acuta, by adding four different substances (materials) to the rice media to grow the fungus. The research was conducted from April to August 2011 at Polinela Laboratory, Bandar Lampung.  To do this a set of experimental unit consisting of five treatments and five replications were arranged in completely randomized design. The  four treatments were media made up of rice (rice based media) each given or added with four different materials such as rice skin powder, corn sugar, grasshopper powder and chitosan powder. The result showed that B. bassiana grown on rice media added with grasshopper powder or rice skin powder were able of causing mortality to the L. acuta as high as 78% and 71%, respectively, meaning that both mortalities were much higher than that of other replication. The virulence values of Beauveria bassiana  grown on those both powder were also higher than that of three others.
COMPARATIVE BIOACTIVITY OF PLANT EXTRACTS AND SYNTHETIC INSECT GROWTH REGULATORS AGAINST Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Hasibuan, Rosma; Purnomo, Purnomo; Wibowo, Lestari; Izzaturrijal, Izzaturrijal; Lumbanraja, Jamalam
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): SEPTEMBER, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.219%p

Abstract

Laboratory bioassays  were conducted to compare the effects of the leaf extract of Acalypha indica  L. (Euphorbiaceae) with  synthetic insect growth regulators (IGRs) triflumuron and buprofezin against Spodoptera litura (F.). The experiment was set up as a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). The treatments were: two  concentrations of  A. indica extracts 1000 and 2000 ppm, two  concentrations of buprofezin 100 and 200 ppm,   two  concentrations of triflumuron 120 and 240 ppm and control. Each treatment was replicated three times. Second  instar larva of  S. litura  were used for the bioassays.  Mortality and biological variables of treated and control larvae were recorded daily. The results indicated that the application of A. indica extracts  and synthetic IGRs (buprofezin & triflumuron) significantly caused the  S. litura  mortality throughout the experimental period. At first, the toxicity of triflumuron on larval S. litura was significantly higher compared to those of buprofezin and Acalypha indica leaf extract. However, at the end of experimental period all treatments caused high mortality on S. litura,  and those all were significantly different from control. The treatments also caused abnorrmal growth in larval, pupal, and adult stages. While in the control, larvae molted into normal adults. The results indicated that the use of biorational control agents such as synthetic insect growth regulators (IGRs) and those based on naturally derived products such as botanical insecticides show promise as a potential tool in S. litura management programs.