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Patogenisitas Isolat Beauveria bassiana dan Metarhizium anisopliae asal Tanah Lebak dan Pasang Surut Sumatera Selatan untuk Agens Hayati Scirpophaga incertulas Thalib, Rosdah; Fernando, Redi; Khodijah, .; Meidalima, Dewi; Herlinda, Siti
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Pathogeicity of Beauveria bassiana and  Metarhizium anisopliae Isolates from Fresh Swamp and  Tidal Lowland, South Sumatra for Scirpophaga incertulas Biological Agents.  The objectives of the research weret o explore and to determine the pathogenicity of entomopathogenic  fungi againts the larvae of Scirpophaga incertulas, and to measure conidial viability and density of the fungi.  The method for fungi exploration used larvae of Tenebrio molitor baiting submerged in the soil.  The soil was taken from fresh swampand tidal lowland rice in South  Sumatra.  From the exploration study, we found two species of entomopathogenic fungi: Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae. Mortality of S. incertulas larvae that had been treated topically with fungal conidia (1x106 conidia ml-1) varied among the isolates. The highest mortality (98.33%) caused by BPlus isolate of B. Bassiana and the lowest by MtmIn  isolate of M. anisopliae (57.50%) and BTmTr  isolate of B. bassiana (57.50%).  The fungal colonies grew fast from the second day up to the fourth day after incubation but the growth became slow after the fifth day.  The highest conidial density was resulted by   BPcMs of B. bassiana isolate (63.33x106 conidia ml-1) but  this density was not significantly different from that of the BPlus  of B. bassiana isolate (63.11x106 conidia ml-1).  The lowest conidial density found in BTmTr of B. bassiana isolate (20.97x106 conidia ml-1) .   The isolate B. bassiana was more effective than M. anisopliae againt the larvae of S.incertulas.
Uji Efikasi Bioinsektisida Jamur Entomopatogen Berformulasi Cair terhadap Plutella xylostella (L.) Di Laboratorium Nunilahwati, Haperidah; Herlinda, Siti; Irsan, Chandra; Pujiastuti, Yulia; Khodijah, .; Meidelima, Dewi
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Efficacy test of liquid bio-insecticide of entomopathogenic fungi in control against Plutella xylostella in the laboratory.  The insect pest P. xylostella could reduce crop production of Brassicaceae. The aim of research was to test the efficacy liquid bio insecticide with active ingredient of Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae fungi to control P. xylostella. Bio-insecticide was applied by spraying  on mustard leaves infested with 50 individuals of third instar larvae of P. xylostella and a density of 1x106 conidia ml-1. Larval mortality was observed every 2 hours and LT50 of larvae was calculated. The study showed that the highest percentage of mortality found in Mt ES and Mt ES (cf) isolates was 99.6%, the lowest mortality at Mt NES isolate was 96.80%. LT50 and LT95 values   Bb ES were the lowest i.e. 2.04 days and 2.95 days. The highest LT50 and LT95 of Mt NES isolate were 2.24 days and 3.32 days. The liquid bio-insecticide of entomopathogenic fungus B. bassiana and M. anisopliae were effective to control the larvae of P. xylostella.
Kelimpahan dan Keanekaragaman Spesies Laba-laba Predator Hama Padi Ratun di Sawah Pasang Surut Herlinda, Siti; Manalu, Hendri Candro Nauli; Aldina, Rinda Fajrin; Suwandi, .; Wijaya, Andi; Khodijah, .; Meidalima, Dewi
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 14, No 1 (2014): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

ABSTRACTAbundance and Species Diversity of Predatory Spiders for Insect Pests Inhabiting Ratoon Paddy in Tidal Lowland.  Ratoon paddy productivity is lower than the main crop.  Increasing productivity of the ratoon paddy is to protect the paddy from pests and diseases. This study aimed to analyze the abundance and species diversity of predatory spiders of rice pests on ratoon paddy in tidal lowland. Ratoon paddy field observed was from the main crop that has been harvested and cut 20 cm height. Paddy area observed was 2 ha field planted using Ciherang and Inpara varieties. Spiders inhabiting canopy were sampled using insect nets but soil dwelling spiders were trapped using pitfall traps. The result showed that spider species inhabiting canopy of ratoon paddy were Pardosa pseudoannulata, Lycosa chaperi, Araneus inustus, Cylosa insulana, Atypena adelinae, Erigone bifurca, Erigonidium graminicola, Oxyopes javanus, Argyrodes miniaceus, and Marpisa magister.  Spider species found soil dwelling were 11 species, namely Pardosa pseudoannulata, Pardosa sumatrana, Pardosa mackenziei, Pardosa oakleyi, Hogna rizali, Araneus inustus, Cylosa insulana, T. vermiformis, Runcinia albostriata, Coleosoma octomaculatum, and Marpisa magister. Abundance, species number, species diversity for soil dwelling spiders were higher than those for canopy inhabiting spiders. However, the abundance, species number, species diversity for the soil dwelling spiders  tended to be higher on the ratoon paddy 3, 4, and 5 week old than those on 1, 2, and 6 week old.  From the result, we concluded that abundance, species number, species diversity of spiders found in the ratoon paddy were higher or tended similar to those on the main crop.
KERASIONALAN PENGGUNAAN ASIKLOVIR PADA SALAH SATU POLIKLINIK KULIT DAN KELAMIN DI SUMATERA SELATAN Suardi, Muslim; Erjon, .; Khodijah, .
JFIOnline | Print ISSN 1412-1107 | e-ISSN 2355-696X Vol 3, No 4 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to observe the rationality of acyclovir use and to provide information in order to improve quality of medical services at a hospital in Sumatera Selatan. A descriptive survey studies was conducted on 77 patients Herpes simplex Virus (HSV), and Varicella zoster Virus (VZV) infections at Ambulatory Clinic of Dermato-Venereology. Data were collected from status cards in medical record installation using systematic sampling method. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively as well. Results showed that the score of rationalities in drug therapy regarding the appropriateness of indication, drug, and patients, were 100, 89.6, and 100% respectively. While rationalities regarding the appropriateness of: dose, route, time, duration, frequency, and interval of administrations were 49.4, 88.3, 0, 0, 72.7, and 72.7% respectively. As a conclusion, the usage of acyclovir at Ambulatory Clinic of Dermato-Venereology at a hospital in Sumatera Selatan Province hospital were irrational. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kerasionalan penggunaan ACV dan diharapkan sebagai bahan masukan untuk meningkatkan mutu pelayanan kesehatan di salah satu Rumah Sakit di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Satu rancangan penelitian survei deskriptif dilakukan terhadap 77 pasien infeksi Virus Herpes simpleks (VHS), dan Virus Varisela zoster (VVZ) yang berobat di Poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin. Data diperoleh dari kartu status pasien pada instalasi rekam medik selama tahun 2005. Selanjutnya data ditabulasikan dalam tabel, dianalisis secara kuantitatif maupun kualitiatif dan dipaparkan dalam bentuk grafik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penilaian kerasionalan yang mencakup tepat indikasi, tepat obat, dan tepat penderita, masing-masing adalah, 100; 89,6; dan 100%. Sedangkan penilaian kerasionalan yang mencakup tepat dosis, tepat rute, tepat saat, tepat lama, tepat frekuensi, dan tepat interval pemberian masing-masing adalah: 49,4 ; 88,3; 0; 0; 72,7; dan 72,7%. Sebagai kesimpulan, penggunaan ACV pada Poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin salah satu Rumah Sakit di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan adalah tidak rasional.