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Imobilisasi Polutan Fe dan Pb dalam Limbah Oli Bekas dengan Solidifikasi/Stabilisasi Kasman, Monik; Suhendra, Suhendra; Herawati, Peppy; Salmariza, Salmariza; Hariyanto, Hariyanto; Yanti, Fitri
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.807 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v6i2.1487.127-134

Abstract

Lubricant waste is categorized as hazardous waste stated in government regulation (PP) 101/ 2014. It could dangers human being and environment. This problem can be addressed by solidification/stabilization process. In this work, lubricant waste was solidified/stabilized in a mixture of lubricant waste with cement as binder and silica sand into mortar sized of (5x5x5) cm. This study was aimed to investigate the influences of ratio of lubricant waste to water (ratio o/a) and curing time or age of mortar to the effectiveness of s/s process by testing mortar quality physically and chemically. The test includes compressive strenght test and leaching test (toxicity characteristic leaching procedure). The results showed compressive strenght value for mortar with the ratio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85%, and 25%:75% in the age of mortar 7 days, 14 days, and 28 days was met the compressive strenght value qualification standardized by SNI-15-7064.2004 and ASTM C-150-02. The test of samples mortar leached using TCLP test method showed that the concentration of Pb and Fe for the ratio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85%, dan 25%:75% and age of mortar 7 days, 14 days, and 28 days ranges 0,517x10-6 – 0,612x10-6 mg/L, and 0,174x10-6 – 0,780x10-6 mg/L respectively. The concentrations of Pb were less than the concentration of quality standard and pass the TCLP test defined by attachment of government regulation (PP) 101/2014.ABSTRAK                        Limbah oli bekas dikategorikan sebagai limbah B3 dalam PP 101 tahun 2014 yang berpotensi membahayakan makhluk hidup dan lingkungan. Solidifikasi/stabilisasi merupakan salah satu cara untuk mengatasi permasalahan limbah B3. Upaya ini dilakukan dengan proses solidifikasi/stabilisasi (s/s) limbah oli bekas dengan campuran semen dan pasir silika menjadi bentuk mortar berukuran (5x5x5) cm. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh rasio oli bekas terhadap air (o/a) dan umur mortar terhadap efektivitas proses s/s tersebut melalui uji kualitas mortar secara fisik dan kimia. Uji tersebut meliputi uji kuat tekan dan uji perlindian (toxicity characteristic leaching procedure). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai kuat tekan untuk rasio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85% dan 25%:75% pada umur mortar 7 hari, 14 hari dan 28 hari memenuhi nilai kuat tekan yang ditetapkan oleh SNI-15-7064 2004 dan ASTM C-150-02. Uji perlindian sampel mortar untuk rasio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85% dan 25%:75% pada umur mortar 7 hari, 14 hari, dan 28 hari menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi Pb adalah berkisar 0,517x10-6 – 0,612x10-6 mg/L, dan konsentrasi Fe berkisar 0,174x10-6 – 0,780x10-6 mg/L. Konsentrasi Pb kurang dari konsentrasi baku mutu atau dapat dikatakan lolos uji TCLP lampiran PP 101 tahun 2014.
DAMPAK KEBISINGAN DARI AKTIFITAS BANDARA SULTAN THAHA JAMBI TERHADAP PEMUKIMAN SEKITAR BANDARA Herawati, Peppy
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 16, No 1 (2016): Februari
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.769 KB)

Abstract

The increasing needs of the people of Jambi on air transport makes Sultan Taha Airport increased airline service. The airport activity is potentially causing the noise. Noise is unwanted sound, causing health problems and human comfort. Around the airport there are still many settlements that could be affected due to the sound emitted from flying activity, causing hearing loss, discomfort and sleep disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the noise level of flight activity in residential areas and how their impact. Noise measurements carried out for 8 days at which point the first three points are on the road Soekarno Hatta, point II at the South Rim, and the third point in the former area in the village Talang MTQ Jambi Hyacinths by using Sound Level Meter. The measurement results obtained average noise level at the point I is 58.4 dB, point II was 65.5 dB and the third point is 68 dB. It was concluded that the region does not deserve to be a residential area because of the noise that occurs above the threshold quality standard that is 55 dB. This has implications for public health in the vicinity where the 30 respondents showed at the point I feel very noisy 40% and 60% is quite noisy, and point II approximately 10% feel very noisy and the remaining 90% is quite noisy. So is the case with settlements in point III about 10% feel very noisy and 90% quite noisy. for residential health disorders found about 60% of respondents experienced sleep disturbances, hearing loss due to noise exposure is too long. key words: noise, health impact, airport,
PENGOLAHAN LEACHATE DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MULTI SOIL LAYERING (MSL) Kasman, Monik; Herawati, Peppy; Hikmah, Hikmah
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 14, No 3 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi

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Abstract

Landfill leachate is defined as any contaminated liquid effluent percolating through deposited waste and emitted within a landfill or dump site through external sources, of which its route of exposure and toxicity often remains unknown. Leachate migration could be potential source of  run off and ground water pollutants. Hence, this research was objected to observe the effectivity of MSL method in reducing pollutant from leachate. This research was conducted by introducing landfill leachate of Talang Gulo down to MSL reactor 15x50x50 cm by gravity force. MSL reactor was installed by unpermeable layer and permeable layer. Unpermeabel layer was composed by mixed soil and activated carbon by ratio 2:1, while permeable layer was gravel with diameter 0,5 – 1,0 cm. The effect of hydraulic loading rate (HLR) which consisting of  250 l/m2.day, 500 l/m2.day and 1000 l/m2.day on reduced pollutan including pH, COD, ammoniac and pH value was observed. Based on the results, it was concluded that MSL method was able to reduce pollutant up to the percentage of 90%.  It was highly depends on HLR, the efficiency reduction increases as the HLR decreases. Efficiency for COD, ammoniac, and Fe were 53,457%, 98,325% and 88,5% respectively while pH value was  7,00 or neutral.Keywords:   reduction eficiency, Leachate, Multi Soil Layering (MSL)
Imobilisasi Polutan Fe dan Pb dalam Limbah Oli Bekas dengan Solidifikasi/Stabilisasi Kasman, Monik; Suhendra, Suhendra; Herawati, Peppy; Salmariza, Salmariza; Hariyanto, Hariyanto; Yanti, Fitri
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.807 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v6i2.1487.127-134

Abstract

Lubricant waste is categorized as hazardous waste stated in government regulation (PP) 101/ 2014. It could dangers human being and environment. This problem can be addressed by solidification/stabilization process. In this work, lubricant waste was solidified/stabilized in a mixture of lubricant waste with cement as binder and silica sand into mortar sized of (5x5x5) cm. This study was aimed to investigate the influences of ratio of lubricant waste to water (ratio o/a) and curing time or age of mortar to the effectiveness of s/s process by testing mortar quality physically and chemically. The test includes compressive strenght test and leaching test (toxicity characteristic leaching procedure). The results showed compressive strenght value for mortar with the ratio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85%, and 25%:75% in the age of mortar 7 days, 14 days, and 28 days was met the compressive strenght value qualification standardized by SNI-15-7064.2004 and ASTM C-150-02. The test of samples mortar leached using TCLP test method showed that the concentration of Pb and Fe for the ratio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85%, dan 25%:75% and age of mortar 7 days, 14 days, and 28 days ranges 0,517x10-6 ? 0,612x10-6 mg/L, and 0,174x10-6 ? 0,780x10-6 mg/L respectively. The concentrations of Pb were less than the concentration of quality standard and pass the TCLP test defined by attachment of government regulation (PP) 101/2014.ABSTRAK                        Limbah oli bekas dikategorikan sebagai limbah B3 dalam PP 101 tahun 2014 yang berpotensi membahayakan makhluk hidup dan lingkungan. Solidifikasi/stabilisasi merupakan salah satu cara untuk mengatasi permasalahan limbah B3. Upaya ini dilakukan dengan proses solidifikasi/stabilisasi (s/s) limbah oli bekas dengan campuran semen dan pasir silika menjadi bentuk mortar berukuran (5x5x5) cm. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh rasio oli bekas terhadap air (o/a) dan umur mortar terhadap efektivitas proses s/s tersebut melalui uji kualitas mortar secara fisik dan kimia. Uji tersebut meliputi uji kuat tekan dan uji perlindian (toxicity characteristic leaching procedure). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai kuat tekan untuk rasio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85% dan 25%:75% pada umur mortar 7 hari, 14 hari dan 28 hari memenuhi nilai kuat tekan yang ditetapkan oleh SNI-15-7064 2004 dan ASTM C-150-02. Uji perlindian sampel mortar untuk rasio o/a 0%:100%, 15%:85% dan 25%:75% pada umur mortar 7 hari, 14 hari, dan 28 hari menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi Pb adalah berkisar 0,517x10-6 ? 0,612x10-6 mg/L, dan konsentrasi Fe berkisar 0,174x10-6 ? 0,780x10-6 mg/L. Konsentrasi Pb kurang dari konsentrasi baku mutu atau dapat dikatakan lolos uji TCLP lampiran PP 101 tahun 2014.
Hubungan Konsetrasi NO2 Udara Ambien Terhadap Konsentrasi NO2 Udara Dalam Ruang Di Lampu Merah Simpang Jelutung Kota Jambi Herawati, Peppy; Riyanti, Anggrika; Pratiwi, Ageng
Jurnal Daur Lingkungan Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Februari
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (552.152 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/daurling.v1i1.1

Abstract

ABSTRACTTtransportation is one of the factors that have a major influence in air quality decline. Air pollution is not only happening outside the room and will mobilization activities of motor vehicles, but it can affect air quality in space. One of the pollutant gas produced from vehicles is the concentration of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2). This allows an exposure that will impact on public health. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of NO2 air ambient concentration (outdoor) to indoor air (indoor) in Simpang Jelutung Red Lights area. The method used in this study is quantitatif method. Data collection using sampling NO2 concentration in outdoor and indoor. The relationship between outdoor and indoor NO2 concentrations was analyzed using Pearson correlation. This is in line with the small influence of air NO2 concentration in space on public health. Result shows that all of the sample is still categorized either or not passing the air quality standard (150 ?g / m3) in Government Regulation Number 41 Year 1999. The correlation analysis result  show relationship NO2 concentration between ambient air (outdoor) to indoor air was 13%, which means that correlation relationship is very weak.  Keywords:     Ambient air, indoor air, NO2 concentration
Pengaruh Konsentrasi NO2 Udara Ambien pada Daerah Padat Kendaraan Terhadap Konsentrasi NO2 Udara Dalam Ruang (Studi Kasus di Kawasan Simpang Pulai Kota Jambi) Riyanti, Anggrika; Herawati, Peppy; Pajriani, Nyimas Hazana
Jurnal Daur Lingkungan Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (634.44 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/daurling.v1i2.12

Abstract

Transportation sector has a very big influence in air pollution. Increase the number of vehicles will caused higher air pollution, such as NO2. The increase in ambient air pollution is feared to have an impact on indoor air pollution. This study purposed is to determine the relationship between  NO2 concentration in ambient to indoor air.  This study used kuantitatif methods with purposive sampling for one month in Simpang Pulai Jambi City.  The relationship between NO2 concentration of ambient air and indoor air was analyzed using simple pearson correlation. The result showed that there was no significant relationship between NO2 concentration in ambient to indoor air with correlation value (r) is 0,437.  The highest NO2 concentration found on the third week in ambient 109,139 µg/m3and indoor air 70,133 µg/m3.  From analysis in one month showed that NO2 concentration in Simpang Kawat Jambi City still meet the air quality standard (150 ?g / m3) in Government Regulation Number 41 Year 1999 about Air Pollution Control.
Hubungan Pelaksanaan Penggunaan APD terhadap Kecelakaan Kerja di JOB Pertamina Talisman Jambi Merang Herawati, Peppy; Khulaifi, Reza
Jurnal Daur Lingkungan Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.739 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/daurling.v2i2.28

Abstract

This research is focused to approach at the relationship between the implementation of personal protective equipment (PPE) to  safety programme with employee, where PPE is used as a last resort in an effort to protect workers if the effort to control the elimination of danger sources, equipment substitution, engineering and administration but the potential risk is still relatively high. This research is focused on associative descriptive with correlation approach, which uses a questionnaire of 80 employees in the JOB Pertamina Talisman Jambi Merang production department engaged in the oil and gas industry located in Bayung Lencir, South Sumatra Province. The results of this study use a bivariate analysis test looking for the relationship between the application of personal protective equipment (PPE) with workplace accidents at the job accident on the crew driling the repair part of the well maintenance at the RPS 05 rig, PT.Pertamina EP Asset 1 Field Jambi. The study found that there was a significant relationship between the variables of K3 inspection and personal protective equipment (PPE) against work accidents. with a value (r) of 0.722 which means a significant relationship between the commitment to carry out K3 inspection and personal protective equipment (PPE). (PPE).
Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Melati Air (Echinodorus Palaefolius) dengan Sistem Constructed Wetlands untuk Pengolahan Grey Water Kasman, Monik; Herawati, Peppy; Aryani, Niken
Jurnal Daur Lingkungan Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Februari
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (516.045 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/daurling.v1i1.3

Abstract

Grey water, according to its quantity and characteristics, is potential to be source of raw water. To address this, a common approriate method has been implemented in Indonesia, is constructed wetlands system. This is due to vegetation diversity, simple construction, flexible, easy and low cost in operation and maintenance, as well as high estetics. This research is focused on observing the effects of detention time and system of constructed wetlands reactors using Echinodorus palaefolius vegetation to reduce biological oxygen demand (BOD) and Total suspended solid (TSS). The detention time varied by 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days and 7 days. The system of constructed wetlands reactors varied by blank reactor , as a control without vegetation (CW 1); reactor with few flowers (CW 2); reactor with vegetation having leaves less than (<)20 (CW 3) and reactor with vegetation having leaves more than (>)20 (CW 4). The results showed that the detention time and the system of constructed wetlands reactors influences in reducing BOD and TSS. Concentration of BOD and TSS efluen decreases as the detention time increase. Besides, these concentrations decrease, as the amount of leaves increase. The concentration of BOD and TSS ranges (1,6 ? 3,22) mg/L) and (0,003 ? 0,147) mg/L.Keywords :    Constructed wetlands; Echinodorus palaefolius; Grey water; BOD, TSS
Analisis Konsentrasi SO2, NO2 dan Partikulat pada Sumber Emisi Tidak Bergerak (Cerobong) Berbahan Bakar Batubara dan Cangkang (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi) Sugiarto, Sugiarto; Herawati, Peppy; Riyanti, Anggrika
Jurnal Daur Lingkungan Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Februari
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1063.38 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/daurling.v2i1.20

Abstract

The palm oil processing industry in which produces Crude Palm Oil (CPO) generally uses boilers. The combustion process with a boiler will produce pollutants in the form of particulates (dust), and gases such as NO2 and SO2. There are two palm oil processing industries in Muaro Jambi District that use different fuels: coal and oil palm shell. The purpose of this study was to determine the ratio of SO2, NO2 and particulate concentration in industries that use coal and oil palm shell.  Primary data taken in the form of concentrations of SO2, NO2 and particulates also meteorological data. Secondary data taken in the form of map area, height and diameter of the boiler, and production capacity. Sampling time is in the morning, afternoon and evening which is repeated in 3 times. The results showed that the comparison of NO2 and SO2 concentrations produced from coal-fired boilers was higher than shell-fired boilers, but both were still below the quality standard. Particulate concentrations in the palm oil processing industry that use coal-fired boilers are above the quality standard, while shell-fired boilers still meet quality standards.