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TRANSPARANSI PENGELOLAAN ANGGARAN INFRASTRUKTUR PROGRAM NASIONAL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DI KECAMATAN ULUMANDA KABUPATEN MAJENE Kurniadi, Kurniadi; Taufik, Ahmad; Hamrun, Hamrun
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 4, No 2 (2014): (October 2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan, FISIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v4i2.92

Abstract

This study aims to determine the budget management infrastructure independent national community empowerment program in District Ulumanda countryside. This type of research is qualitative descriptive study and the use of instruments such as: observation and documentation developed by interviewing informants. The results showed that the Transparency Budget management infrastructure national community empowerment program independently rural (PNPM MP) in District Ulumanda less effective because some indicators of transparency has not been fully implemented, such as the involvement of society in terms of deliberations between the village of proposed development and discussion of the budget managed by PNPM MP in every village. and the lack of information received by the public regarding the amount of budgets managed implementation team (TPK) in every village. with some indicators that make authors conclude baahwa budget management infrastructure independent community empowerment national program of rural (PNPM MP) less effective in this case the lack of transparency. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengelolaan anggaran infrastruktur program nasional pemberdayaan masyarakat mandiri pedesaan di Kecamatan Ulumanda. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dan menggunakan instrumen berupa: observasi dan dokumentasi serta dikembangkan dengan wawancara terhadap informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Transparansi Pengelolaan anggaran infrastruktur program nasional pemberdayaan masyarakat mandiri pedesaan (PNPM MP) di Kecamatan Ulumanda kurang efektif karena beberapa indikator transparansi belum sepenuhnya terlaksana, seperti keterlibatannya masyarakat dalam hal musyawarah antar desa penetapan usulan dan pembahasan tentang anggaran yang dikelola oleh PNPM MP di setiap Desa. dan kurangnya informasi yang diterima oleh masyarakat mengenai besaran anggaran yang dikelola tim pengelola kegiatan (TPK) disetiap Desa. dengan beberapa indikator itulah yang membuat penulis menyimpulkan baahwa pengelolaan anggaran infrastruktur program nasional pemberdayaan masyarakat mandiri pedesaan (PNPM MP) kurang efektif dalam hal ini kurang transparansi.
EFEK ANTI DIABETES REBUSAN KAYU BIDARA LAUT (STRYCHONAS LIGUSTRINA Bl) PADA TIKUS PUTIH YANG DI INDUKSI ALOKSAN Kurniadi, Kurniadi
Journals of Ners Community Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Gresik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAKKayu bidara laut (Strychonas ligustrina Bl) merupakan salah satu tanaman tradisionalyang digunakan sebagai alternatif pengobatan bagi penderita diabetes. Namun, belumterbukti secara eksperimental. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh rebusankayu bidara laut (Strychonas ligustrina Bl) pada pengurangan kadar glukosa darah yangdiberikan pada tikus untuk menjadi anti diabetes dengan induksi aloksan.Penelitian ini dilakukan selama 3 hari dari tanggal 11 sampai dengan 13 Mei 2009, diLaboratorium Biokimia Ilmu Kedokteran, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya. Penelitian inimerupakan penelitian eksperimental yang bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kemungkinansebab akibat dengan memberikan perlakuan terhadap kelompok eksperimental dandibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol. Desain penelitian yang digunakan dalampenelitian ini adalah desain kelompok kontrol pretest dan post test.Penelitian ini melibatkan 35 ekor tikus putih (Ratus Norvegicus) jantan dewasa yangdipilih secara acak, berusia 3-4 bulan, dengan berat badan 150-200 gram. Semua tikusdiberikan diabetes dengan menyediakan 250 mg / kgBB aloksan intraperitoneal. Hewanhewanpercobaan dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok, masing-masing terdiri dari 7 ekor tikus.Kelompok 1 adalah kelompok kontrol negatif, hanya menerima 2 ml aquades. Kelompok 2menerima 10% rebusan kayu bidara laut. Kelompok 3 menerima 15% rebusan kayu bidaralaut, kelompok 4 mendapat 20%, dan kelompok 5 menerima 9 mg / kgBB metformin oral.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perubahan kadar glukosa darah dalam 3 jamsetelah diberikan rebusan kayu bidara laut 10% memiliki p <0,05, 15% memiliki p> 0,05,dan 20% memiliki p <0,05. Hasil uji Anova dan uji LSD menunjukkan bahwa kayu bidaralaut pada konsentrasi 10% sudah efektif untuk mengurangi kadar gula darah secarasignifikan. Pada kelompok kontrol positif, efek metformin dalam mengurangi kadarglukosa darah terjadi hanya 2 jam setelah perawatan. Berdasarkan uji regresi linear,peningkatan dosis kayu bidara laut tidak memiliki korelasi linear dengan efeknya dalammengurangi kadar glukosa darah. Umumnya peningkatan dosis harus berakibat padameningkatnya efek kayu bidara laut, tetapi pada kenyataannya semakin tinggi dosis,semakin rendah efek dari kayu bidara laut.Kata kunci : Kayu Bidara Laut (Strychonas ligustrina Bl), Aloksan, Glukosa Darah.ABSTRACTSea jujube (Strychonas ligustrina Bl) is one of the traditional plants known to beusable for alternative anti diabetics. However, it has not been proven experimentally. Thisstudy was aimed to find the effect of boiled sea jujube (Strychonas ligustrina Bl) on thereduction of blood glucose level in rats rendered to be diabetic by the inductionwith alloxan.The study was conducted during for 3 days from 11 up to May 13st, 2009, atBiochemistry Laboratory of Medical Science, Airlangga University of Surabaya. This wasan experimental study aimed to identify the possible causal relationship by providingtreatment to experiment group and compared the latter with control group. Design used inthis study was pretest and post test control group design. This study involved 35 randomly-selected male Rattus norvegicus rats, aged 2-3months, with body weight of 150-200 grams. All rats were rendered diabetic by providing250 mg/kgBW alloxan intraperitoneally. The experimental animals were divided into 5groups, each comprising 7 rats. Group 1 was negative control group, receiving only 2ml/oral distilled water. Group 2 comprised those receiving 10% boiled sea jujube.Group 3 received 15% boiled sea jujube, group 4 received 20%, and group 5 received 9mg/kgBW oral metformin.Resulted showed that the change of blood glucose level in 3 hour after 10% sea jujubeadministration had p < 0.05, 15% had p > 0.05, and 20% had p < 0.05. The resultedof anova and LSD test revealed that sea jujube in concentration of 10% had been effectiveto reduce blood glucose level significantly. In positive control group, the effectof metformin in reducing blood glucose level occurred only to 2 hours after treatment.Based on linear regression test, the increase of sea jujube doses has no linear correlationwith its effect in reducing blood glucose level. Increasing doses should have increased theeffect. The fact of, however, the higher the dose, the lower the effect of the sea jujube.Keywords : Sea Jujube (Strychonas ligustrina Bl), Alloxan, Blood Glucose.
The Development of Space Surveillance Settlement Concept in Pesantren Gadingmangu Perak Jombang Kurniadi, Kurniadi; Tontowi, Arif Jauhar; Wahyudi, Eko
SPECTA Journal of Technology Vol 1 No 3 (2017): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : LPPM ITK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35718/specta.v1i3.83

Abstract

The existence of Gadingmangu Pesantren in the middle of the global can become one of the interesting object to study, considering that this pesantren is improved of education area. Since the beginning of this pesantren, they have lived in harmony with the community. If observed, there is a strong will to protect traditional culture in the middle of the global culture this day.There are three problem which considered in this research. First is to see how the interaction process between the pesantren and the surrounding societies, and which space and environment setting have a function as media for social interaction between the pesantren and the neighbourhood. Second, how is the attitude and behavior of the community about the existence of Gadingmangu Pesantren settlement. The aims of this study is to see cultural values of pesantren which used in the settlement.Methodology used is field research to study physical and non physical aspect intensively. Area of architecture, environment psychology, and sociology, covers settlement and cultural values of pesantren at Gadingmangu. The research results is to find the concept of space surveillance settlement can be considered by physical aspects. Physically, there is a setting which reflect strong interaction between the pesantren Gadingmangu and the settlement nearly.