Andi Muhammad Abdi, Andi Muhammad
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ETNOGRAFI KOMUNIKASI MUSLIMAH BERCADAR DI SAMARINDA Inayah, Sitti Syahar; Abdi, Andi Muhammad
LENTERA VOL 2, No 02 (2018): LENTERA
Publisher : IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/lentera.v2i2.1374

Abstract

Muslim women who wear cadar (full face veil) can not explore all forms of non-verbal signs, especially facial expression, while involved in conversation since they can not show their face. However, they have developed strategy to overcome such obstacles. Muslim women who wear cadar create their own pattern of communication to allow them to have distinct rules on how to communicate among themselves. This paper, thus, aims at revealing the patterns of communication of Muslim women who wear cadar through utilizing ethnograpy of communication approach. Findings of this paper signifies that (1) women in this group wear cadar to signify that they are already enlightened in terms of religious obligations, (2) wearing cadar allows them to escape stigmas while involved in communication, and (3) unlike Indonesians in general, members of this group encourage eye contact while involved in conversations and rely on it to enlarge their chances of having meaningful conversations. Keywords: ethnography of communication, non-verbal language.
PENDAPAT POLITISI TERHADAP KREDIBILITAS LEMBAGA SURVEI TENTANG ELEKTABILITASNYA DALAM PEMILIHAN LEGISLATIF DPRD SULSEL 2014 Abdi, Andi Muhammad; Sultan, Muhammad Iqbal; Hasrullah, Hasrullah
KAREBA : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Vol.3 No.4 Oktober - Desember 2014
Publisher : KAREBA : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.88 KB)

Abstract

Abstract The presence of survey’s institute hold a strategic role for a politicians as well as for the political party in every political moments, but the main requirement for a survey institute to maintain the public trust in them is their credibility. This study aims to find out politicians’ opinions and factors influencing their opinions about the credibility of survey institutions in relation with electability in the election of legislative representatives in South Sulawesi Parliament in 2014. This descriptive qualitative research involved twelve politicians from different parties and four survey institution officials as informants. They were selected purposively. The data were collected through interviews and observations; and were analysed by using the interaction analysis model developed by Milles and Huberman. The data were processed through three channels of qualitative data analysis: reducing the data, presenting the data, and drawing the conclusion. The results reveal that politicians tend to trust the credibility of survey institutions and the results of electability survey released by the institutions. This is influenced by internal and external factors. Internally, the politicians are influenced by their experience and education. Externally, they are influenced by party traditions and the credibility of survey institutions. Furthermore, according to the politicians. There are five criteria for credibility of a survey institutions, including track record of the institution, track record of the institution’s leader, proffesionality of human resources, positive image, and clear addres of office. Survey institutions maintain their relationship with politicians through emotional approach and professional approach. It is expected for the survey institutions to formulate a relevant method of survey for every existing political dynamis, such as for the money politics phenomena in the recent local elections. As for the politicians them selves, they have to be more selective and based on the ideal standard in utilizing the survey institutions.Abstrak Kehadiran lembaga survei memiliki peran strategis bagi seorang politisi maupun partai politik dalam setiap momentum politik, namun kredibilitas adalah syarat utama yang harus dimiliki suatu lembaga survei agar tetap dipercaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pendapat politisi dan faktor-faktor apa yang mempengaruhi pendapat politisi terhadap kredibilitas lembaga survei mengenai elektabilitasnya dalam Pemilihan Legislatif DPRD Sulsel 2014. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif. Informan penelitian ini adalah 12 orang politisi dari partai yang berbeda dan4 orang pimpinan lembaga survei. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara purposif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dan observasi. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis model interaksi yang dikembangkan oleh Milles dan Huberman, data yang telah didapat kemudian diolah melalui tiga jalur analisis data kualitatif yaitu: reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa politisi cenderung masih mempercayai kredibilitas lembaga survei dan hasil survei elektabilitasnya yang dirilis oleh lembaga survei. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapat politisi dilatar belakangi oleh faktor internal dan eksternal. Secara internal pendapat politisi dipengaruhi oleh faktor pengalaman dan pendidikannya sedangkan secara eksternal dipengaruhi oleh tradisi partai dan kredibilitas lembaga survei tersebut. Politisi mengungkapkan ada lima kriteria kredibilitas suatu lembaga survei yaitu: track record lembaga survei, track record pimpinan lembaga survei, sumber daya manusia profesional, citra positif dan memiliki kantor yang jelas. Strategi yang dilakukan oleh lembaga survei dalam menjaga hubungannya dengan politisi adalah melalui pendekatan yang bersifat emosional dan pendekatan yang bersifat profesional. Diharapkan lembaga survei dapat merumuskan metodologi survei yang relevan dalam setiap dinamika politik yang ada, seperti fenomena Money Politic yang terjadi di pileg. Kepada politisi diharapkan agar selektif dan berdasarkan standar yang ideal dalam menggunakan lembaga survei. 
ETNOGRAFI KOMUNIKASI MUSLIMAH BERCADAR DI SAMARINDA Inayah, Sitti Syahar; Abdi, Andi Muhammad
LENTERA: Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah dan Komunikasi VOL 2, No 02 (2018): LENTERA
Publisher : IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/lentera.v2i2.1374

Abstract

Muslim women who wear cadar (full face veil) can not explore all forms of non-verbal signs, especially facial expression, while involved in conversation since they can not show their face. However, they have developed strategy to overcome such obstacles. Muslim women who wear cadar create their own pattern of communication to allow them to have distinct rules on how to communicate among themselves. This paper, thus, aims at revealing the patterns of communication of Muslim women who wear cadar through utilizing ethnograpy of communication approach. Findings of this paper signifies that (1) women in this group wear cadar to signify that they are already enlightened in terms of religious obligations, (2) wearing cadar allows them to escape stigmas while involved in communication, and (3) unlike Indonesians in general, members of this group encourage eye contact while involved in conversations and rely on it to enlarge their chances of having meaningful conversations. Keywords: ethnography of communication, non-verbal language.