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Study on Physical Quality of Milk of Peranakan Ettawa Goat using Different Pasteurization Methods Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Ali, Najmah; Marsudi, Marsudi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Goat milk is a liquid medium having a very complete composition, but it can not last long when stored at room temperature. Milk stored at room temperature can be easily spoiled if it does not receive special treatment such as pasteurization. The purpose of this study was to obtain the right temperature and time in the processing of pasteurized milk. The experiment was carried out according to  completely randomized design consisted of 3 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments of this research were the method of pasteurization , i.e. A1 = LTLT (Low Temperature Long Time, temperature of 65oC for 30 minutes) A2 = HTST (High Temperature Short Time, temperature of 75oC for 30 seconds) and A3 = Pasteurization UHT (temperature of 81oC for 30 minutes). The observed parameters were color, smell, taste, gravity weight, pH, acidity and the reductase score. The results of the study  showed that different pasteurization methods had no significant effects (P>0.05) on the color, smell and taste of the goat milk, but significantly affected  (P <0.05) gravity weight and lactic acid percentage. Similarly, the treatments did not have significant effects (P>0.05) on the reductase score of pasteurized goat milk.
Upaya Pembinaan Masyarakat Dalam Rangka Pengembangan Susu Kambing Pasteurisasi (Suke) pada Kelompok Tani di Desa Lambanan, Kecamatan Balanipa, Kabupaten Polewali Mandar, Sulawesi Barat Gustina, Sri; Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Magfrah, Magfrah; Marsudi, Marsudi
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 2, No 1 (2016): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Problems faced by the society in Lambanan village are the lack of knowledge and skills of farmers in managing the maintenance goat, the unability of utilizing and processing goat milk and most societies work as goat breeder and farmer. Purpose of this community dedication is to provide skills and the knowledge for the farmers in the Lambanan village about techniques and milking ways as well as handling and processing milk of goat. Method used is partisipative elucidation followed by demonstration and practice. Te training activities which are conducted on 25—26 June 2016 in main hall of Lambanan village ofce, began with in-class learning about maintenance management, handling, processing and marketing management the goat of PE, then followed by demonstrating outside about technique of milking and processing milk of goat pasteurization. Te products of pasteurized goat milk were packaged in glass that was commercialized with label Suke. Te conclusion of this activity shows that the training activities looked very enthusiastic to join this training and actively ask about goat milk processing.
Pengolahan Briket Bio-Arang Berbahan Dasar Kotoran Kambing dan Cangkang Kemiri di Desa Galung Lombok Kecamatan Tinambung, Polewali Mandar Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The problems faced by farmers in Galung Lombok Village is knowledge in the in the processing of goat livestock manure and waste of hazelnut shell. The solution that can be offered is waste treatment into bio-charcoal briquettes. The community engagement is to introduce community or partners of Community Partnership Program (CPP) in processing livestock manure and agricultural waste into charcoal briquettes as an alternative solution to the problems faced by society and become an alternative business potential that can be developed by farmers. The methods applied in overcoming these problems are through interactive counseling, training with the demonstration of bio-charcoal briquette processing, guidance and mentoring into ready to market products. The results of the dedication activities were held on 13-14 May 2017 at the meeting hall of Siamasei Farmer Group of Galung Lombok Village, Tinambung, Polewali Mandar. This activity is carried out by conducting participatory counseling coupled with demonstrations of processed briquettes from goat manure and hazelnut shell, packaging, and testing of briquette quality. The conclusion that goat livestock manure can be processed into bio-charcoal briquettes through seven stages: drying of raw materials, refining, reducing and filtering, adhesive mixing, printing, drying and packaging. The quality of briquettes produced,the moisture content of 5.58%, ash content of 23.93%, volatile matter of 35.16%, fixed carbon of 35.33%, and calories 4,563 cal/gr.
Upaya Pembinaan Masyarakat Dalam Rangka Pengembangan Susu Kambing Pasteurisasi (Suke) pada Kelompok Tani di Desa Lambanan, Kecamatan Balanipa, Kabupaten Polewali Mandar, Sulawesi Barat Gustina, Sri; Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Magfrah, Magfrah; Marsudi, Marsudi
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 2, No 1 (2016): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.32 KB)

Abstract

Problems faced by the society in Lambanan village are the lack of knowledge and skills of farmers in managing the maintenance goat, the unability of utilizing and processing goat milk and most societies work as goat breeder and farmer. Purpose of this community dedication is to provide skills and the knowledge for the farmers in the Lambanan village about techniques and milking ways as well as handling and processing milk of goat. Method used is partisipative elucidation followed by demonstration and practice. Te training activities which are conducted on 25—26 June 2016 in main hall of Lambanan village ofce, began with in-class learning about maintenance management, handling, processing and marketing management the goat of PE, then followed by demonstrating outside about technique of milking and processing milk of goat pasteurization. Te products of pasteurized goat milk were packaged in glass that was commercialized with label Suke. Te conclusion of this activity shows that the training activities looked very enthusiastic to join this training and actively ask about goat milk processing.
Pengolahan Briket Bio-Arang Berbahan Dasar Kotoran Kambing dan Cangkang Kemiri di Desa Galung Lombok Kecamatan Tinambung, Polewali Mandar Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1668.376 KB)

Abstract

The problems faced by farmers in Galung Lombok Village is knowledge in the in the processing of goat livestock manure and waste of hazelnut shell. The solution that can be offered is waste treatment into bio-charcoal briquettes. The community engagement is to introduce community or partners of Community Partnership Program (CPP) in processing livestock manure and agricultural waste into charcoal briquettes as an alternative solution to the problems faced by society and become an alternative business potential that can be developed by farmers. The methods applied in overcoming these problems are through interactive counseling, training with the demonstration of bio-charcoal briquette processing, guidance and mentoring into ready to market products. The results of the dedication activities were held on 13-14 May 2017 at the meeting hall of Siamasei Farmer Group of Galung Lombok Village, Tinambung, Polewali Mandar. This activity is carried out by conducting participatory counseling coupled with demonstrations of processed briquettes from goat manure and hazelnut shell, packaging, and testing of briquette quality. The conclusion that goat livestock manure can be processed into bio-charcoal briquettes through seven stages: drying of raw materials, refining, reducing and filtering, adhesive mixing, printing, drying and packaging. The quality of briquettes produced,the moisture content of 5.58%, ash content of 23.93%, volatile matter of 35.16%, fixed carbon of 35.33%, and calories 4,563 cal/gr.
KARAKTERISTIK FISIK DAN KIMIA AIR DADIH (WHEY) DANGKE DENGAN LEVEL ENZIM PAPAIN YANG BERBEDA (Chemical and Physical Properties of Dangke Whey Using Different Levels of Papain Enzyme) Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Dangke is a typical food from South Sulawesi, especially in Enrekang made from casein milk with a clotting enzyme papain from papaya. The study was conducted to determine the propertys of whey the waste products dangke and designed in accordance with the completely randomized design 3 treatments provision papain enzyme solution 10-2 at concentration of 0.5%; 1%; and 1.5% with 5 replications. Parameters measured pH, production of curd, whey percentage, percentage of lactic acid, lactose content, protein content. The results showed that the addition of papain enzyme solution did a signifcant effect (P <0.05) on physical propertys of whey and no signifcant effect (P> 0.05) on the chemical propertys of whey. The best results with the use of papain enzyme solution 10-2 at concentration of 1%.
Karakteristik Dangke Susu Kerbau dengan Penambahan Crude Papain Kering Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah
agriTECH Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Abstract

Dangke is traditional food from Enrekang, South Sulawesi, which is made from coagulated  buffalo milk or cow milk protein by using crude papain.  There is limited information about characteristics of dangke from buffalo milk than those from cow milk. The characteristics of dangke is affected by the addition of crude papain. This study was aimed to explore the effect of crude papain addition to curd dangke production,  percentage of whey and taste of dangke from buffalo milk. This study was conducted by using complete randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 repetitions. Treatments consist of the addition of crude papain in different concentration:  0.5%;  1%;  1.5% and 2.0%.  This study howed that curd dangke production range was 41.38- 52.20; pH range was 6.92- 6.96; lactic acid percentage range is 0.15-0.70;  curd dangke's colour range was 1.35 (white)- 1.50 (white);  smell range was 2.50 (mild dangke' smell)- 3.55 (mild dangke' smell);  taste range was 2.10 (bitter)- 4.60 (not bitter) and preference level range was 2.00 (dislike)- 3.90 (like). This study revealed that the best quality of dangke from buffalo milk was derived from treatments with addition of 1% crude papain. Physicochemistry characteristics from our dangke: curd dangke production was 43.94%;  whey percentage was 51.14;  pH was 6.96;  lactic acid percentage was 0.15.  Organoleptic characteristics: curd dangke's colour was 1.45 (white), smell was 2.55 (mild dangke' smell), taste was 4.10 (slightly bitter)  and preference level was 3.55 (like).