S. Baco, S.
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Genetic Diversity of Bali Cattle in Barru Regency Based on Phenotype Characteristics and Microsatelite DNA Identifier Mansur, M.; Mahmud, A. T. B. Astuti; Dagong, M. I. A.; Rahim, L.; Bugiwati, Rr. S.R. A.; Baco, S.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Sapi Bali is one of Indonesia germplasm, which has great potential to be developed as a national meat suppliers. Barru regency, South Sulawesi province is one of the purification center of Bali cattle in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of Bali cattle in Barru regency based on identification of phenotype qualitative (horn shape and color of feathers) and quantitative traits (body size), as well as the identifier of microsatellite DNA diversity, in particular HEL9 and INRA035loci. Bali cattle phenotype characterization was done by identifying the typical qualitative properties owned by Bali cattle, as well as a quantitative trait such as body weight, body length, chest circumference and height. Blood samples were collected from about 80 heads of Bali cattle (35 males and 45 females). Extraction of genomic DNA using a DNA extraction kit (GeneJet Genomic DNA Extraction). PCR technique was then used to amplify DNA in microsatellite HEL9 and INRA035loci. Genetic diversity was calculated based on the frequency of alleles and genotypes, observed heterozygosity (Ho), expectated heterozygosity (He) and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The results showed that the predominant form of horns in males were silak bajeg while the females were silak manggulgangsa, while the percentage of normal color pattern (typical of Bali cattle) was 92.5% and the color pattern deviates ie. 7.5%. In HEL9 locus, alleles found were A and B with only AB genotype(100%). While at the INRA035 locus,were found three alleles ie. A (0.4813), B (0.50) and C (0.0187), with the most common genotype were AB (0.96). Based on shape horn and feather color, the phenotype characteristic  of Bali cattle in the Barru regency were quite diverse, but the genetic diversity of DNA microsatellite observed quite low with only found two alleles (A and B) at HEL9 and 3 alleles (A, B and C ) at the INRA035 locus.
Characteristics and Mechanism of Gelatination of Dangke Curd by Physico-chemical Properties and Microstructure Malaka, R.; Baco, S.; Prahesti, K. I.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Dangke is a dairy product which is known as traditional cheese of Enrekang District, South Sulawesi. It is made by heated clotting of buffalo, cow, goat or sheep milk with addition of papaya sap (Carica papaya) or pineapple juice. Dangke has been well known by South Sulawesi community but information is very limited regarding to its characteristics with standardized quality. The objective of this study was to produce dangke with standardized quality (physical properties, chemical properties and microstructure) so that, at the end, this product can become a certified product having specific characteristics, which is in turn can be introduced nationally or internationally as a genuine product of South Sulawesi. It is expected that this Indonesian cheese will be increasingly popular as Cheddar (England); Gouda and Edan (Netherland); Emmental and Gruyere (Swiss); Limburger, Cammembert and Brie (France); Gorgonzola, Mozzarella, and Romano (Italy); Brunost (Norway); Damiati (Egypt) and so on. Dangke was prepared using 18 L of raw whole milk and heated at 75, 80, 85, 90, 95 and 100oC for 1 minute and coagulated by addition of papaya sap 0.3%, 0.4% and 0.5%, and added 1% of salt. Curd was poured to Dangke cheese template and pressed until compact. The cheese was packaged riped at approximately 5oC. Dangke was evaluated towards physical properties (hardness, pH, elasticity), chemical properties (percentages of fat, protein, and lactic acid) and microstructure. Hardness and elasticity determined by rheometer, pH values measured by using a Hanna-pH-meter. Microstructure was viewed by a fasecontrast and light microscope in 1000 x of magnification. Level of fat and protein were analyzed by proximate analysis. Percentage of lactic acid was evaluated by titratable acidity. Result of this study showed that higher heating temperature decreased protein and fat contents, as well as lactose but increased pH and lactic acid. The best structure and the highest protein content of dangke was obtained by heating temperature of 75oC with 0.5% papaya sap.
Carcass and Muscle Distribution of Male Kacang Goat from Intensive Fattening with Different Initial Weight Hatta, M.; Baco, S.; Wello, B.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Kacang Goat is one of Indonesian native livestock having high potency of production that have to be preserved, especially in South Sulawesi. The purpose of this study was to evaluate carcass percentage of commercial cuts as well as muscle distribution of male kacang goat under intensive fattening system with different initial body weight. Twenty one male of kacang goats were randomly divided into three groups according to their initial body weight. The experiment was carried out according to completely randomized design consisted of three treatments (age group) and seven replications for each treatment. The animals were reared under intensive fattening system for three months. At the initial period of the experiment, each goat was weighed to obtained the initial body weight. At the end of the experimental period, each animal was weighed to obtain the slaughtered weight of each animal. Following the slaughter, carcass processing was performed for each animal. The carcass and carcass cuts then were weighed. The results of study showed that animals having a heavier initial body weight grew faster, had higher carcass percentage, and had lower non carcass percentage.The growth of male kacang goat muscle was evenly distributed.
Genetic Diversity of Bali Cattle in Barru Regency Based on Phenotype Characteristics and Microsatelite DNA Identifier Mansur, M.; Mahmud, A. T. B. Astuti; Dagong, M. I. A.; Rahim, L.; Bugiwati, Rr. S.R. A.; Baco, S.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sapi Bali is one of Indonesia germplasm, which has great potential to be developed as a national meat suppliers. Barru regency, South Sulawesi province is one of the purification center of Bali cattle in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of Bali cattle in Barru regency based on identification of phenotype qualitative (horn shape and color of feathers) and quantitative traits (body size), as well as the identifier of microsatellite DNA diversity, in particular HEL9 and INRA035loci. Bali cattle phenotype characterization was done by identifying the typical qualitative properties owned by Bali cattle, as well as a quantitative trait such as body weight, body length, chest circumference and height. Blood samples were collected from about 80 heads of Bali cattle (35 males and 45 females). Extraction of genomic DNA using a DNA extraction kit (GeneJet Genomic DNA Extraction). PCR technique was then used to amplify DNA in microsatellite HEL9 and INRA035loci. Genetic diversity was calculated based on the frequency of alleles and genotypes, observed heterozygosity (Ho), expectated heterozygosity (He) and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The results showed that the predominant form of horns in males were silak bajeg while the females were silak manggulgangsa, while the percentage of normal color pattern (typical of Bali cattle) was 92.5% and the color pattern deviates ie. 7.5%. In HEL9 locus, alleles found were A and B with only AB genotype(100%). While at the INRA035 locus,were found three alleles ie. A (0.4813), B (0.50) and C (0.0187), with the most common genotype were AB (0.96). Based on shape horn and feather color, the phenotype characteristic  of Bali cattle in the Barru regency were quite diverse, but the genetic diversity of DNA microsatellite observed quite low with only found two alleles (A and B) at HEL9 and 3 alleles (A, B and C ) at the INRA035 locus.
Characteristics and Mechanism of Gelatination of Dangke Curd by Physico-chemical Properties and Microstructure Malaka, R.; Baco, S.; Prahesti, K. I.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Dangke is a dairy product which is known as traditional cheese of Enrekang District, South Sulawesi. It is made by heated clotting of buffalo, cow, goat or sheep milk with addition of papaya sap (Carica papaya) or pineapple juice. Dangke has been well known by South Sulawesi community but information is very limited regarding to its characteristics with standardized quality. The objective of this study was to produce dangke with standardized quality (physical properties, chemical properties and microstructure) so that, at the end, this product can become a certified product having specific characteristics, which is in turn can be introduced nationally or internationally as a genuine product of South Sulawesi. It is expected that this Indonesian cheese will be increasingly popular as Cheddar (England); Gouda and Edan (Netherland); Emmental and Gruyere (Swiss); Limburger, Cammembert and Brie (France); Gorgonzola, Mozzarella, and Romano (Italy); Brunost (Norway); Damiati (Egypt) and so on. Dangke was prepared using 18 L of raw whole milk and heated at 75, 80, 85, 90, 95 and 100oC for 1 minute and coagulated by addition of papaya sap 0.3%, 0.4% and 0.5%, and added 1% of salt. Curd was poured to Dangke cheese template and pressed until compact. The cheese was packaged riped at approximately 5oC. Dangke was evaluated towards physical properties (hardness, pH, elasticity), chemical properties (percentages of fat, protein, and lactic acid) and microstructure. Hardness and elasticity determined by rheometer, pH values measured by using a Hanna-pH-meter. Microstructure was viewed by a fasecontrast and light microscope in 1000 x of magnification. Level of fat and protein were analyzed by proximate analysis. Percentage of lactic acid was evaluated by titratable acidity. Result of this study showed that higher heating temperature decreased protein and fat contents, as well as lactose but increased pH and lactic acid. The best structure and the highest protein content of dangke was obtained by heating temperature of 75oC with 0.5% papaya sap.
Carcass and Muscle Distribution of Male Kacang Goat from Intensive Fattening with Different Initial Weight Hatta, M.; Baco, S.; Wello, B.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kacang Goat is one of Indonesian native livestock having high potency of production that have to be preserved, especially in South Sulawesi. The purpose of this study was to evaluate carcass percentage of commercial cuts as well as muscle distribution of male kacang goat under intensive fattening system with different initial body weight. Twenty one male of kacang goats were randomly divided into three groups according to their initial body weight. The experiment was carried out according to completely randomized design consisted of three treatments (age group) and seven replications for each treatment. The animals were reared under intensive fattening system for three months. At the initial period of the experiment, each goat was weighed to obtained the initial body weight. At the end of the experimental period, each animal was weighed to obtain the slaughtered weight of each animal. Following the slaughter, carcass processing was performed for each animal. The carcass and carcass cuts then were weighed. The results of study showed that animals having a heavier initial body weight grew faster, had higher carcass percentage, and had lower non carcass percentage.The growth of male kacang goat muscle was evenly distributed.