M. I. A. Dagong, M. I. A.
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Provision of Multi-Nutrient Block for Local Goats: Effects on Physico-Chemical Properties of Goat Milk Nasir, Asmuddin; Dagong, M. I. A.; Mide, M. Zain; Islamiyati, R.; Irwan, M.; Basri, H.
Proceeding INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR IMPROVING TROPICAL ANIMAL PRODUCTION FOR FOOD SECURITY PROCEEDING INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR
Publisher : Proceeding INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR IMPROVING TROPICAL ANIMAL PRODUCTION FOR FOOD SECURITY

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.103 KB)

Abstract

Farmers in Enrekang, South Sulawesi typically feed their goats with Gliricidia maculuta as a sole diet. This may cause a problem due to asynchrony of nutrient availability in the rumen,especially the availability of energy and protein, which could lead to poor milk yield in terms ofquantity and quality. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of providing multi-nutrientblock (MNB) on the physical and chemical characteristics of goat milk. Ten Ettawa crossbred goatson the 3rd-4th month of their lactating period were randomly divided into two groups (fivegoats/group). Each group was either fed on Gliricidia maculata/control (ration C, a ration typicallyused by Enrekang farmers for feeding their goats) or fed on C + MNB (CM). MNB was formulatedfrom locally available feedstuff and was provided at the level of approximately 500 g/head/d. Theresults of the study showed that provision of MNB did not significantly (P>0.05) improve milk yield,i.e. 198 and 274 ml/d for C and CM, respectively. The treatment did not significantly (P>0.05) affectphysical characteristics, i.e. pH and specific gravity of the milk. Similarly, provision of MNB did notsignificantly (P>0.05) alter chemical composition, i.e. total solids, crude protein, fat, carbohydrate,lactose, mineral, Ca, and P of the milk.  In conclusion, there was no significant benefit on providingmulti-nutrient block for goats consuming Gliricidia maculuta as a sole diet in terms of physical andchemical properties of the milk, but there was a tendency that provision of MNB may improve yield,crude protein and fat of goat milk.Key Words: Multi-Nutrient Block, Protein of Goat Milk, Fat of Goat Milk, Total Solids of Goat Milk, Gliricidia maculata
Factors Affecting the Adoption of Agricultural By-Products as Feed by Beef Cattle Farmers in Maros Regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia Baba, S.; Dagong, M. I. A.; Sohrah, S.; Utamy, R. F.
Tropical Animal Science Journal Vol 42, No 1 (2019): Tropical Animal Science Journal
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5398/tasj.2019.42.1.76

Abstract

The utilization of crop residue as a feed is very important because the arable land area is relatively limited. The study was aimed to examine the influence of adoption of crop-residue product as a feed. The research was conducted in Maros District by using survey methods from March to August 2015. The number of respondents was 96 farmers scattered throughout the Districts of Bantimurung and Camba as centers of rice, corn plant, and cattle productions. Questionnaires were used to collect data conducted by a trained enumerator. Survey was arranged using a logistic regression model to identify socio economic factors influencing the adoption of crop residue as a feed. Work perception (X2), contact with extension workers (X4), rice cultivated areas (X5), the number of livestock (X6), subjective norm (X7), and difficulty (X8) were socio-economic variables influencing the adoption of crop residue as a feed. However, the variables age (X1), farmer experiences (X3), and the number of family members (X9) had no effect on the adoption of this technology. In conclusion, extension workers play an important role in increasing the adoption of technology by using rice and corn straws as a feed. Likewise, not only the number of livestocks, but also the good perception of the farmers increased along with the increase of feed availability, such as utilization of rice and corn straws.