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PEMBUATAN ADSORBEN DARI FLY ASH HASIL PEMBAKARAN BATUBARA UNTUK MENGADSORBSI LOGAM BESI (Fe) Novia, Novia; Athiyah, Umi; Susanty, Elfa
Jurnal Teknik Kimia Vol 17, No 4 (2010): Jurnal Teknik Kimia
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Penggunaan batubara terus meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya penggunaan batubara sebagai bahan bakar. Hal ini menyebabkan meningkatnya limbah abu terbang batubara.  Untuk mengurangi dampak lingkungan tersebut, abu terbang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai adsorben.  Pembuatan adsorben abu terbang dilakukan dengan perlakuan refluks dan aktivasi yang kemudian diaplikasikan sebagai adsorben logam besi (Fe) dalam air.  Perlakuan refluks dilakukan selama 1 jam pada suhu 95oC dengan memvariabelkan konsentrasi HCl 5M, 7M, dan 10M lalu dilanjutkan dengan aktivasi dengan rasio FA ( Fly Ash ) / NaOH 1,2 ; 1,5 ; dan 1,8 selama 1 jam serta variasi suhu 550oC, 600oC, dan 700ºC.  Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh konsentrasi HCl dan rasio FA ( Fly Ash ) / NaOH terhadap daya serap adsorben fly ash yang terbentuk.  Kandungan logam dari sampel dianalisa dengan AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrometri) dan Spektrofotometri untuk mengetahui daya serap adsorben terhadap logam besi ( Fe ).  Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa adsorben fly ash yang dapat mengadsorbsi logam besi ( Fe ) terbesar ( 4,97 mg Fe/gr adsorben ) yaitu pada kondisi rasio FA/NaOH 1,2 dan konsentrasi HCl 7M.
THE INFLUENCE OF PHARMACEUTICAL CARE SERVICES MODEL IN PRESCRIPTION DRUGS ON PHARMACIST’S BEHAVIOR IN PHARMACEUTICAL CARE Athiyah, Umi
UNEJ e-Proceeding Proceeding of 1st International Conference on Medicine and Health Sciences (ICMHS)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Pharmaceutical care is an important element inproviding health services that must be integratedwith other elements where pharmacist hasresponsibility in the quality of such cares (Gennaro,2000). Pharmaceutical care is generally based onpharmacist?s responsibilities to guaranteeconformity, effectiveness, and safety of drug therapyby identifying, preventing, as well as solvingproblems of drug therapy received by patient.Pharmaceutical care as a practical guidance isdescribed into three activities: 1) assessing patient?sneeds regarding drug therapy, 2) making care plans,3) following up care plans and evaluating. Anapproach is needed to assess patient?s needsregarding the used drugs which can cover precisionof indication, capable to achieve therapy effects,security and conformity of drug usage.Therapeutic communication between pharmacistand patient becomes the absolute requirement inperforming pharmaceutical care. The finding ofresearch conducted by Research Center of Ministryof Health that was taken in five provinces inIndonesia stated that pharmacist as the person incharge in the lack of communication happened inthe drugstore between pharmacist and consumers inparticular and society in general (Zalbawi, 1991).In the research conducted by Indri MulyaniBunyamin (2005), it was found that 69.9%pharmacists works in the drugstores around DKIJakarta have high quality practices particularly in thepractical management and accountability, but stillhave low pharmaceutical care.The finding of the research on the implementationof pharmaceutical care in prescribed drug servicefound that pharmacists? activity in assessingprescription completeness, 3.8% bad of doctors?prescription, dentists? prescription, and veterinaries?prescription; 2.9% bad of drug preparation anddispensing; 21.5% bad of assessment of patient?sdrug therapy; 33.3% bad of making plans forpatient?s drug therapy; 41.9% bad of evaluation andfollowing up patient?s drug therapy (Athiyah, 2005).The finding indicates that pharmacists are stilloriented on drug supply as product, while patient?s needs-oriented which is usually described as theeffort to improve life quality is still ignored.Based on the description and the fact above, thereare lot of issues that must be explored further abouthow pharmaceutical care as a philosophy isimplemented in the form of pharmacists? taskbehavior in drugstore. Thus, this study examinedpharmacists? behavior in pharmaceutical care. Thegeneral objective of this study is to createpharmaceutical care model of prescribed drugservice and its influences on the pharmacists?behavior in pharmaceutical care.
Analysis of Drug Management Influence with the Success of Theraphy on Members of Pandangdia Community Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Athiyah, Umi; Rahem, Abdul
JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice) Vol 7, No 4
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Drug management is essential in quality and efficacy assurance, especially to achieve therapeutic outcome of chronic diseases; such as Diabetes mellitus. This study was observational and cross-sectional. The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of drug management towards achievement of therapeutic outcome amongs patients with diabetes mellitus. Thirty-five patients (members of a community of diabetic patients in Bangkalan) were voluntarily involved in this study as respondents. A validated and reliable questionnaire was used to collect the data. The result showed that appropriate drug use and proper drug storage influenced achievement of therapeutic outcome. While, place to get medicines and infomation resource had no correlation with achievement of therapeutic outcome.