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Tempe Koro Benguk (Mucuna pruriens L) dan Pengendalian Glikemi: Studi pada tikus Sprague Dawley yang Diinduksi Streptozotocin Retnaningsih, Ch.; Darmono, Darmono; Widianarko, Budi; Muis, Fatimah
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2013:MMI VOLUME 47 ISSUE 1 YEAR 2013
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

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ABSTRACTVelvet bean tempe and glycemic control in streptozotocin induced Sprague Dawley ratsBackground: Modern treatment combined with functional food rich in antioxidants show the considered to control glycemic status. Such functional food is velvet bean tempe (VBT) rich in flavonoids. The study aimed to analyze the effect of the velvet bean tempe on glycemic control i.e. the blood glucose levelMethods: A randomized controlled group pre test-post test design using 50 male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats aged 2-3 months was carried out for 30 days. The rats were randomly allocated into 5 groups: negative control (C-), positive control (C+), streptozotocin (STZ)+10%VBT, STZ+20% VBT, STZ+30% VBT. Data were analyzed with paired T test, one-way Anova and continued with Duncan’s multiple range test. Analysis of blood glucose levels used with super glucocard II test meter, and for C peptide levels ELISA was used.Result: Supplementation of VBT 20% and VBT10% reduced the level of blood glucose until 46.1% and improve the level of C peptide until 44,3±8,3 pg/ml respectively.Conclusion: Velvet bean tempe has the potency as functional food to help controlling glycemic status.Keywords: Velvet bean tempe, glycemic control, streptozococinABSTRAKLatar belakang: Pengobatan modern dikombinasikan dengan pangan fungsional yang kaya antioksidan dapat menjadi pertimbangan untuk memperbaiki status glikemi. Jenis bahan pangan tersebut adalah tempe koro, memiliki banyak senyawa antioksidan flavonoid. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan pengaruh tempe koro benguk terhadap pengendalian status glikemi pada tikus Sprague Dawley yang diinduksi streptozotocin.Metode: Penelitian randomized pre test-post test control group design, dilakukan menggunakan 50 ekor tikus jantan jenis Sprague Dawley umur 2-3 bulan selama 30 hari yang dibagi kelompok kontrol negatif/C-; positif/ C+; STZ+ tempe koro benguk 10%;  STZ+tempe koro benguk 20%; STZ+tempe koro benguk 30%. Dilakukan pemeriksaan glukosa darah menggunakan super glucocard II test meter dan C peptida menggunakan ELISA.Hasil: Asupan tempe koro benguk dalam berbagai dosis menurunkan kadar glukosa hingga 46, 1% dan penurunan terbesar pada tikus yang diberi tempe koro benguk 20%. Selain itu tempe koro benguk dapat meningkatkan kadar C peptida hingga 44,3±8,3 pg/ml, peningkatan terbesar pada tikus yang diberi tempe koro benguk 10%.Simpulan: Tempe koro benguk dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai pangan fungsional dalam mengendalikan glikemi pada tikus hiperglikemi.
Utilization Of Midwives As Health Workers of Public Health Center In Implementing The Policy Of Nutrition Improvement Efforts For Balita at Central Buton Regency of Southeast Sulawesi Province Sugiarto, Asfira; Retnaningsih, Ch.; Indrayati, Yovita
SOEPRA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.51 KB) | DOI: 10.24167/shk.v4i1.1236

Abstract

To utilize midwives as health workers was essential in rural communities sinceone of midwife?s duties was to carry out the care of balita (children under five). Themidwives had direct contact with the balita?s mothers, from pre?natal phase to postnatal.They could be utilized to overcome malnutrition problems through thegovernment?s policy in accordance with the Article 26 paragraph (2) of the Act Nr. 36 of2009 on Health Affairs. This study applied socio?legal studies approach using primary andsecondary data. The data gathering was conducted by having interviews with somesources and respondents beside having library and related documents studies. This studywas analytical?descriptively written. The results showed that the Government of CentralButon Regency had not had a special regulation in relation with utilizing midwives toimplement the policy of nutrition improvement efforts. Nevertheless, the government ofCentral Buton Regency remained using the basic legal products that had been previouslyissued, namely Local Regulation of Central Buton Regency Nr. 12 of 2016 on Formation andComposition of Regional Devices of Central Buton Regency and Central Buton Regent?sRegulation Nr. 38 of 2016 regarding Position, Organizational Structure, Duties andFunctions and Administration of Health Office of Central Buton Regency. The healthworkers at the Wamolo, Rahia and Lakudo Public Health Centers (Puskesmas)experienced several obstacles in implementing nutrition improvement efforts for balitas,namely, among others, lack of budget provided by the local government (APBD),particularly the budget for nutrition, lack of midwives as the human resources andnutrition, inadequate health facilities and the existing roads that remained rocky andhard to travel.
Free Radical Scavenging and α-Glucosidase Inhibitor Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Mucuna pruriens L. Widowati, Wahyu; Ratnawati, Hana; Retnaningsih, Ch.; Lindayani, .; Rusdi, Udju D.; Winarno, Wahyu
JFIOnline | Print ISSN 1412-1107 | e-ISSN 2355-696X Vol 5, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

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Abstract

Biji kacang “koro benguk” atau velvet bean sudah sangat dikenal tetapi dasar ilmiah penggunaannya sebagai obat tradisional terutama sebagai antioksidan dan antidiabetik masih belum diketahui. Oleh sebab itu dalam penelitian ini dilakukan percobaan untuk mengevaluasi aktivitas antioksidan dan antidiabetik dari ekstrak biji koro benguk, serta fraksi heksana, etil asetat, butanol dan air menggunakan uji in vitro menggunakan DPPH (1,1-difenil-2-pikril-hidrazil) dengan pembanding positif kuersetin dan BHA. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa IC50 DPPH untuk ekstrak biji koro benguk, fraksi heksana, etil asetat, butanol dan air berturut-turut sebesar 22,17; 152,60; 113,03; 4,93; dan 9,14 μg/mL, sedangkan untuk kuersetin dan BHA masing masing sebesar  4,28 dan 22,587 μg/mL. Aktivitas antidiabetik ditentukan menggunakan metode penghambatan α-glukosidase dengan glucobay sebagai kontrol positif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa IC50 antidiabetik untuk ekstrak biji koro benguk, fraksi heksana, etil asetat, butanol, air, dan glucobay berturut-turut sebesar 24,44; 19,55; 8,40; 80,98; 48.97; dan 16,23 μg/mL. ABSTRACT Velvet bean seeds are ubiquitous but the scientific basis for its medicinal use especially as antioxidant and antidiabetic remains unknown. Therefore, a study was designed to evaluate  antioxidant and antidiabetic activities of the  extract, hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water fractions of velvet bean seeds. In order to evaluate antioxidant activity of extract and fractions  using  quercetin,  butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) as positive control and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity was determined. The results showed that IC50 of DPPH were 22.17; 152.60; 113.03; 4.93; 9.14 μg/mL respectevily;  quercetin 4.28 and BHA 22.587 μg/mL.  Antidiabetic activity was determined by using  of α-glucosidase inhibition assay of  extract, four fractions and glucobay as positive control. The results showed that antidiabetic IC50 were24.44; 19.55; 8.40; 80.98; 48.97μg/mL respectively and glucobay as positive control  16.23 μg/mL.