Endy Paryanto Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 46 Documents
Articles

Pengaruh alat penyajian disposable terhadap sisa makanan pasien di ruang rawat inap RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang P, Tiurma Heryawanti; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Sudargo, Toto
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2004): November
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3431.087 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17398

Abstract

Background: Food service success relates to patient plate waste. Patient plate waste in Indonesia Hospitals could be more than 25%. Cause of patient plate waste in Hospital is lack of food and equipment quality. Almost of 32.8% patients in 10 hospitals model in Indonesia clarify that appearance, cleanliness, and equipment are good.Objective: The aim of theses research was to identify the effect of serving utensils and the other factors to the plate waste.Methods: This was a Quasi Experiment study using pre posttest with control. Study subject consisted of 45 patients in the treatment group and 45 patients in the control group. Data were analyzed descriptively and whereas t-test, Fisher Exact test, Chi-Square were performed to differentiate the proportions and means in two groups. The effect of several variables on plate waste was calculated using logistic regression on analysis.Results: This study showed that no significant difference of taste, appearance, attitude of the staff who serve meals, service timeliness, kind of food, kind of diseases and environment to patient plate waste (p>0.05). There was no significant effected of the serving disposable utensils on patient plate waste (p>0.05).Conclusion: The type of serving disposable utensils was no a significant factor effected the plate waste.
Pengaruh pijat bayi terhadap kenaikan berat badan bayi umur 4 bulan Shoim, Mohammad; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Julia, Madarina
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2006): November
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.754 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17489

Abstract

Background: Optimum growth and development reflect the interaction among genetics, environments, attitude factors, and positive stimulations. The positive effect of massage on infant growth has long been recognized, but research on this phenomenon has not much been performed. The growth faltering in children begins at 1-6 months of age in Indonesia.Objective: To identify the effect of massage toward weight gain in infants of 4 months old.Method: The study was quasi-experimental with 2 groups of posttest design. The subjects were infants of 4 months old that were born in two hospitals. Those who were born in one hospital were selected as the control group and the rest were selected as the treatment group. The massage was performed twice a week for four weeks. The data of weight, food intake, illness were collected once a week, whereas the data of mothers’ knowledge and attitude toward breast milk were gathered once during the research period.Results: There was a significant effect of massage on weight gain. The median weight gain of the control group and treatment group were 0.40 kg (Q1=0.35; Q3=0.40) and 0.60 kg (Q1=0.50; Q3=0.70) respectively. The massage also affected the waz (weight for age Z-scores) where the median difference of waz at the beginning and the end of the study of the control group was –0.27 (Q1=-0.34; Q3=-0.23), whereas in the treatment group was -0.03 (Q1=-0.13; Q3=0.09). It meant that control group faced the growth faltering of –0.27 SD waz in a month and treatment group did it for –0.03 SD waz in a month.Conclusion: Infants who got massage treatment had higher weight gain than those who did not.
Faktor Prognosis Kematian Sindrom Syok Dengue Pangaribuan, Anggy; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Laksanawati, Ida Safitri
Sari Pediatri Vol 15, No 5 (2014)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp15.5.2014.332-40

Abstract

Latar belakang. Sindrom syok dengue (SSD) merupakan bentuk klinis yang paling berat dari demam berdarah dengue (DBD) dan mempunyai angka kematian yang tinggi. Prediktor kematian pada DSS masih berbeda-beda, sehingga sangat penting untuk meneliti faktor prognosis yang mempengaruhi kematian SSD pada anak.Tujuan. Mengetahui faktor prognosis kematian anak dengan SSD.Metode. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kohort retrospektif. Subyek adalah pasien SSD sesuai kriteria WHO 1997 yang dirawat di Instalasi Kesehatan Anak RSUP Dr. Sardjito dari Januari 2006 – Juli 2012. Faktor prognosis yang diteliti adalah usia, jenis kelamin, status obesitas, tipe infeksi, keterlambatan berobat, manajemen cairan, derajat trombositopenia, koagulopati, perdarahan mayor, prolonged shock, ensefalopati, disfungsi hati, gagal hati fulminan, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), edema paru dan hipoksemia. Analisis regresi Cox digunakan untuk mengetahui kemaknaan faktor prognosis kematian pada DSS.Hasil. Selama periode Januari 2006 – Juli 2012 terdapat 221 pasien DSS dengan angka kematian 27%. Sembilanpuluh enam pasien diikutkan dalam penelitian dan 33(34%) subyek di antaranya meninggal. Analisis multivariat menunjukkan manajemen cairan sebelum masuk rumah sakit Dr. Sardjito yang tidak adekuat (HR 2,658; IK 95% 1,146;6,616), perdarahan mayor (HR 8,223; IK 95% 1,741;38,831) dan prolonged shock (HR 15,805; IK 95% 3,486;71,660) merupakan faktor prognosis independen kematian pada anak dengan SSD.Kesimpulan. Manajemen cairan sebelum masuk rumah sakit rujukan yang tidak adekuat, perdarahan mayor dan prolonged shock merupakan faktor prognosis independen kematian pada anak dengan SSD.
Lipid profiles of vegetarian and non-vegetarian children at risk of overweight or obesity Purwana, Arie; Suandi, IKG; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 50, No 5 (2010): September 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi50.5.2010.291-4

Abstract

Background The type, amount, and composition of a diet may affect the levels of cholesterol in blood. Itis believed that children adhering to a vegetarian diet have lower total cholesterol levels and lower body mass indexes compared to children with non-vegetarian (omnivorous) diets. We wish to compare cholesterol levels of vegetarian and non-vegetarian Indonesian children who are at risk of overweight or obesity.Objective To compare lipid profiles of vegetarian and no-vegetarian children who are at risk for overweight or obesity.Methods We performed a cross-sectional study in January and February 2010. Subjects for this study came from Denpasar, Bali. Subjects filled questionnaires as well as underwent history-taking, anthropometric measurements, and blood testing. We performed lipid profile analyses on their blood samples. We used the independent t test and Mann-Whitney test for statistical analysis of the data. The level of significance was set at P <0.05.Results Our study included forty-four children at risk for overweight or obesity with a vegetarian or non-vegetarian diet. We found that vegetarian children had lower mean total cholesterol (144 mg/dL) than that of non-vegetarian children (171 mg/dL), a statistically significant difference of P=0.014. In addition, vegetarian children had lower mean triglyceride levels (150 mg/dL) than those of non􀀶vegetarian children (264 mg/dL), a statistically significant difference of P =0 .025.Conclusion Among Balinese children at risk of overweight or obesity, vegetarians have significantly lower mean total cholesterol and triglyceride levels than non-vegetarians.
Pengaruh alat penyajian disposable terhadap sisa makanan pasien di ruang rawat inap RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang P, Tiurma Heryawanti; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Sudargo, Toto
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2004): November
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17398

Abstract

Background: Food service success relates to patient plate waste. Patient plate waste in Indonesia Hospitals could be more than 25%. Cause of patient plate waste in Hospital is lack of food and equipment quality. Almost of 32.8% patients in 10 hospitals model in Indonesia clarify that appearance, cleanliness, and equipment are good.Objective: The aim of theses research was to identify the effect of serving utensils and the other factors to the plate waste.Methods: This was a Quasi Experiment study using pre posttest with control. Study subject consisted of 45 patients in the treatment group and 45 patients in the control group. Data were analyzed descriptively and whereas t-test, Fisher Exact test, Chi-Square were performed to differentiate the proportions and means in two groups. The effect of several variables on plate waste was calculated using logistic regression on analysis.Results: This study showed that no significant difference of taste, appearance, attitude of the staff who serve meals, service timeliness, kind of food, kind of diseases and environment to patient plate waste (p>0.05). There was no significant effected of the serving disposable utensils on patient plate waste (p>0.05).Conclusion: The type of serving disposable utensils was no a significant factor effected the plate waste.
Hubungan berat badan lahir, pemberian ASI eksklusif, status gizi dan stimulasi kognitif dengan kecerdasan anak usia 5–6 Tahun Andarwati, Rini; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Gamayanti, Indira Laksmi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 3 (2006): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.415 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17471

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Background: Intellegence is affected by 2 factors, internal (genetics) and external (nutrition intake, infection, toxin, stimu- lation, environmental) factors. Sufficient nutrition is very important during pregnancy. Birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding affect brain growth and development. Malnutrition during infancy results in stunting and impaired cognitive function in children. Lack of stimulation may affect intelligence.Objective: The objective of the study was to find out the relationship among birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, nutrition status and cognitive stimulation and intelligence.Method: An analytic observational study was conducted with cross sectional design, at kindergarten in Prambanan Subdistrict. Subjects were recruited based on a cluster random sampling technique. There were 50 children and mothers met the inclusion criteria of mothers who knew the child’s background (birth weight, breastfeeding practices) and were willing to be included in this study. Intelligence was assessed using Stanford Binet test. Data were analyzed with chi square and logistic regression tests.Results: The study showed that 76% of children had normal intelligence and 24% of children had abnormal intelligence. Based on multivariable analysis, low cognitive stimulation was a risk factor of getting low IQ score (OR=15.6; CI 95%=1.725– 141.272), whereas birth weight (OR=1.1; CI 95%=0.126– 9.751), exclusive breastfeeding (OR=4.9; CI 95%=0.494– 49.054) and nutrition status did not relate to intelligence.Conclusion: There was significant relationship between cognitive stimulation and intelligence, whereas birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding and nutrition status did not significantly relate with intelligence.
Obesity accelerates secondary sexual maturity in girls Sari, Meirina; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Julia, Madarina
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 52 No 4 (2012): July 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.89 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi52.4.2012.213-8

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Background Worldwide incidence of obesity in children isincreasing. Obesity may have many health effects includingadvancement of sexual maturity.Objective T he aim of this study was to assess the timing ofsecondary sexual maturation in obese vs. non????obese girls.Methods Subjects were 105 obese and 105 non????obese girls, aged7 to 8 years who had not entered puberty. Breast and pubic hairgrowth, secondary sexual characteristics, were assessed at baselineand every 4 months for two years. Onset of puberty was defined asTanner stage for secondary sexual maturation of 2: breast Tannerstage II (B2) and/or 2: pubic hair Tanner stage II (P2). Survivalanalyses were used to estimate time to puberty in both groups.Cox regressions were used to analyze possible factors affectingsecondary sexual maturation.Results Mean onset of breast budding (B2) was 7.8 (95% CI 7.7to 7.8) years in obese girls vs. 8.6 (95% CI 8.5 to 8.6) years innon????obese girls (P&lt;O.OOl). Mean onset of pub arc he (P2) was 8.7(95% CI 8.6 to 8.8) years in obese girls vs. 9.0 (95% CI 8.9 to 9.0)years in non????obese girls (P&lt;O.OOl). Hazard ratios of obese girlsto experience an earlier secondary sexual maturation at maturitylevel B2, B3 and P2 were 1.34 (95% CI 1.19 to 1.52), 6.91 (95%CI 3.90 to 12.24) and 3.78 (95% CI 2.42 to 5.89), respectively.Conclusions Obesity was associated with earlier onset ofpuberty in girls. Obese girls entered puberty approximately 3 to9 months earlier than their non????obese peers. [Paediatr Indones.2012;52:213-8].
Effect of egg avoidance diet by nursing mothers on the incidence of atopic dermatitis in infants Nurani, Neti; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Wahab, A. Samik
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 48 No 2 (2008): March 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.707 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi48.2.2008.71-5

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Background The prevalence of allergic and atopic diseases hasincreased rapidly and remains a social as well as an economicproblem for the patients on account of its chronic nature. In orderto decrease the atopic diseases, especially atopic dermatitis ininfants, nursing mothers should avoid allergenic foods as apreventive sensitization. Egg allergy is the most common cause offood allergy, and is closely related to atopic dermatitis in children.Objective To determine whether egg avoidance diet by nursingmothers could decrease the incidence of atopic dermatitis ininfants.Method We conducted a parallel randomized-controlled trial.Seventy-nine subjects eligible for the study were divided into twogroups: egg avoidance and non-egg avoidance group. Blockrandomization is used for random allocation. Intervention startedsince mothers had had delivery until their children were 4 monthsold. The primary outcomes were clinical atopic dermatitis.Result Atopic dermatitis incidence in maternal egg avoidancegroup was significantly lower than non-avoidance group. Non-avoidance, family history of asthma, and maternal allergy are thefactors significantly influencing atopic dermatitis incidence (OR6.17; OR 4.73; OR 0.14), respectively.Conclusion Egg avoidance by nursing mothers could decrease theincidence of atopic dermatitis in infants. Non-egg avoidance andasthma in the families are factors significantly inducing the incidenceof atopic dermatitis.
Effect of massage stimulation on weight gain in full term infants Dewi, Nyoman Nursari; Soetjiningsih, Soetjiningsih; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 51 No 4 (2011): July 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi51.4.2011.202-6

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Background Massage is a tactile/kinesthetic stimulation with biochemical and physiological effects on the body. Newborn infant massage stimulation given by mothers may promote maternal-infant bonding and attachment, enhance infant weight gain and stimulate the production of breast milk. There have been few studies on the effect of massage stimulation on weight gain in full term infants, and this topic remains controversial.Objective To examine the effect of massage stimulation on weight gain in full term infants.Methods This quasi-experimental study was held in Sanglah Hospital and Bunda Setia Maternity Clinic. Massage stimulation was performed by mothers once daily for a four week period. Massage stimulation was given to 30 full term infants and their weight gain was compared to 31 control infants who did not receive massages.Results There were no differences in subject characteristics between the massage and control groups. Median weight gain in the massage group was 1230 grams, while that in the control group was 830 grams (P=0.028).Conclusion Weight gain in full term infants in the massage group was significantly greater than that in the control group after 4 weeks.
Perbedaan proporsi stunting pada anak usia 12-24 bulan berdasarkan pemanfaatan pelayanan posyandu di Kabupaten Jayapura, Papua Wasaraka, Yulia Nuradha Kartosiana; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Soenarto, Yati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Oktober
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23305

Abstract

Background: Stunting according to World Health Organization’s standard is a linear growth failure identified by the Z-score value of proportioned height by age (Body Height/Age) that less than -2 of standard deviation. Indonesia has the fifth largest number of stunted children in the world right after India, Nigeria, Pakistan and China. Posyandu service utilization is one of stunting determinants. A number of visits and the activity of infants in using Posyandu services will help the observation of children’s health and nutrition status. Through thoroughly observation chronically malnourished and stunting could be earlier identified, thus the growth failure could be prevented.Objective: to identify the stunting proportion difference of 12-24 months children according to Posyandu services use.Method: Study was conducted by using an observational method and cross-sectional research design. Subjects of study are 12-24 month children in Jayapura Regency. Cluster random sampling method was used to identify 313 children as samples. Observation data was analyzed by using chi-square test and fisher exact test due to a not normally distributed population.Results: There are 19.8% samples identified as stunted children. Chi-square test and fisher exact test showed that there is no significant difference in stunting proportion according to Posyandu service utilization (p>0.05). Meanwhile, there is a significant difference between a number of stunting and number of ISPA (p=0.017) and mothers nutrition knowledge (p=0.025).Conclusion: There is not any difference in stunting number proportion according to Posyandu services utilization.