Julistio T. B. Djais, Julistio T. B.
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Short-term Memory Comparison between Stunted and Non-Stunted Groups Sadikin, Irma Suwandi; Lubis, Leonardo; Djais, Julistio T. B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.567 KB) | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v5n3.1607

Abstract

Background: Long-term insufficient nutritional needs will directly impact on the development and maturation of brain function. Disruption of development and maturation process in the brain is associated with decreased cognitive abilities. Frequently, the effect of long-term nutritional insufficiency has also height deficits called stunting.This study aimed to compare the short-term memory between stunted and non-stunted groups.Methods: A comparative study was conducted on 30 children in a non stunted group and 30 children in a stunted group. Children in both groups were selected from one of the elementary schools in Jatinangor using the simple random sampling method toward 3–5 for grade and 8–10 for age groups. The measurement of memory aspects for short-term memory used the Digit Span Test (forward and backward) and Simbol Modality Test. Results: The collected data were in normal and not normal distribution because the statistical test  used the independent-t test and Mann-Whitney. The mean memory score comparison between group 1 and group 2 on Digit Span Test Forward was 5.33:5.33 (p=0.994), Digit Span test Backward was 2.73:2.60 (p=0.440), and Symbol Modality Test was 20.90:19.60 (p=0.347).Conclusions: There is no significant difference in short-term memory between stunted and non–stunted groups, due to some confounding factors such as, environmental aspect, parent’s education level, socioeconomic, and genetic factors.
Hubungan antara Kadar Albumin dan Kalsium Serum pada Sindrom Nefrotik Anak Garniasih, Dina; Djais, Julistio T. B.; Garna, Herry
Sari Pediatri Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp10.2.2008.100-5

Abstract

Latar belakang. Salah satu komplikasi sindrom nefrotik (SN) adalah gangguan metabolisme mineral, yaitu hipokalsemia, yang dapat menyebabkan tetani, gangguan pembentukkan tulang, dan penyakit tulang metabolik. Penyakit SN merupakan kelainan glomerulus yang ditandai dengan proteinuria, hipoalbuminemia, dan edema. Pada proteinuria, protein-binding berukuran sedang ikut terbuang. Setengah jumlah kalsium total serum berikatan dengan protein (terutama albumin), akibatnya hipoalbuminemia yang terjadi pada anak SN dapat menyebabkan hipokalsemia.Tujuan. Penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kadar albumin dan kalsium serum pada anak SN.Metode. Penelitian dengan rancangan cross-sectional terhadap 43 anak SN yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan diambil secara consecutive admission yang berobat/dirawat di Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak RS dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung mulai bulan Juli sampai September 2007 kemudian dilakukan pemeriksaan kadar albumin dan kalsium serum. Untuk melihat keeratan hubungan antara kadar albumin dan kalsium serum dilakukan analisis dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson, serta untuk melihat bentuk hubungannya dilakukan analisis regresi linier.Hasil. Subjek terdiri dari 33 (77%) anak laki-laki dan 10 (23%) anak perempuan, berusia rata-rata 6,80 (SB 3,39) tahun. Diperoleh hasil rata-rata kadar albumin serum 1,50 (SB 0,377) g/dL, dan kalsium serum 7,27 (SB 0,772) mg/dL. Hasil analisis korelasi Pearson menunjukkan korelasi (r=0,547) yang sangat bermakna (p=0,000) antara kadar albumin dan kalsium serum. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan hubungan linier yang positif antara kadar albumin (x) dan kalsium serum (y), dengan persamaan Ý = 5,59 + 1,12 x.Kesimpulan. Semakin menurun kadar albumin serum pada anak yang menderita sindrom nefrotik, semakin menurun kadar kalsium serum.
Correlation of Personal Hygiene Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among School Children in Sumedang, Indonesia Sudjana, Briska; Afriandi, Irvan; Djais, Julistio T. B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.014 KB)

Abstract

Background: School-age children make up the largest proportion of Indonesian youth population. One of the ways to maintain children’s health is by making personal hygiene as a habit. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of personal hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices among school children. Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study, was carried out to 123 sixth graders at five elementary schools in Jatinangor , Sumedang, Indonesia, who were selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. This study was carried out in October 2013. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data of demographic characteristics of the subjects, knowledge, attitude and practice related to personal hygiene.The collected data was analyzed using Rank Spearman correlation with the level of significance was set at p< 0.05.Results: This study revealed that there was a significant correlation between knowledge and personal hygiene practice (p=0.016<0.05 and rs=0.358) and attitudes and personal hygiene practice (p=0.027<0.05 and rs=0.267).Conclusions: There is correlation of personal hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices, however, the correlation is weak. [AMJ.2016;3(4):549–55]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.937
Short-term Memory Comparison between Stunted and Non-Stunted Groups Sadikin, Irma Suwandi; Lubis, Leonardo; Djais, Julistio T. B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.567 KB) | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v5n3.1607

Abstract

Background: Long-term insufficient nutritional needs will directly impact on the development and maturation of brain function. Disruption of development and maturation process in the brain is associated with decreased cognitive abilities. Frequently, the effect of long-term nutritional insufficiency has also height deficits called stunting.This study aimed to compare the short-term memory between stunted and non-stunted groups.Methods: A comparative study was conducted on 30 children in a non stunted group and 30 children in a stunted group. Children in both groups were selected from one of the elementary schools in Jatinangor using the simple random sampling method toward 3–5 for grade and 8–10 for age groups. The measurement of memory aspects for short-term memory used the Digit Span Test (forward and backward) and Simbol Modality Test. Results: The collected data were in normal and not normal distribution because the statistical test  used the independent-t test and Mann-Whitney. The mean memory score comparison between group 1 and group 2 on Digit Span Test Forward was 5.33:5.33 (p=0.994), Digit Span test Backward was 2.73:2.60 (p=0.440), and Symbol Modality Test was 20.90:19.60 (p=0.347).Conclusions: There is no significant difference in short-term memory between stunted and non–stunted groups, due to some confounding factors such as, environmental aspect, parent’s education level, socioeconomic, and genetic factors.
Correlation of Personal Hygiene Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among School Children in Sumedang, Indonesia Sudjana, Briska; Afriandi, Irvan; Djais, Julistio T. B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.014 KB)

Abstract

Background: School-age children make up the largest proportion of Indonesian youth population. One of the ways to maintain children’s health is by making personal hygiene as a habit. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of personal hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices among school children. Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study, was carried out to 123 sixth graders at five elementary schools in Jatinangor , Sumedang, Indonesia, who were selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. This study was carried out in October 2013. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data of demographic characteristics of the subjects, knowledge, attitude and practice related to personal hygiene.The collected data was analyzed using Rank Spearman correlation with the level of significance was set at p< 0.05.Results: This study revealed that there was a significant correlation between knowledge and personal hygiene practice (p=0.016<0.05 and rs=0.358) and attitudes and personal hygiene practice (p=0.027<0.05 and rs=0.267).Conclusions: There is correlation of personal hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices, however, the correlation is weak. [AMJ.2016;3(4):549–55]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.937