Linda Marlina, Linda
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Perbandingan Penggunaan Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 (PIM2) dan Skor Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction (PELOD), Untuk memprediksi kematian pasien sakit kritis pada anak Marlina, Linda; S, Dadang Hudaya; Garna, Herry
Sari Pediatri Vol 10, No 4 (2008)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp10.4.2008.262-7

Abstract

Latar belakang. Penilaian derajat kesakitan (severity score of illness) telah dikembangkan sejalan dengan meningkatnyaperhatian terhadap evaluasi dan pemantauan pelayanan kesehatan. Skor yang telah dikembangkanuntuk anak adalah pediatric logistic organ dysfunction, pediatric risk of mortality, dan pediatric index ofmortality.Tujuan. Membandingkan ketepatan pediatric index of mortality-2 dengan skor pediatric logistic organdysfunction dalam memprediksi kematian pasien sakit kritis pada anak.Metode. Rancangan observasi longitudinal dengan subjek penelitian anak yang menderita sakit kritis, dirawatdi Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak RSHS pada bulan Februari-Mei 2008. Dilakukan anamnesis, pemeriksaanfisis, dan laboratorium untuk mendapatkan pediatric index of mortality 2 dan skor pediatric logistic organdysfunction. Analisis statistik dengan menggunakan receiver operating characteristic (ROC) untuk menilaidiskriminasi dan Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit untuk menilai kalibrasi.Hasil. Didapatkan 1215 anak berobat ke Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak RS Hasan Sadikin Bandung, 120di antaranya merupakan pasien kritis. Pediatric index of mortality 2 memberikan hasil diskriminasi yanglebih baik (ROC 0,783; 95% CI 0,688–0,878) dibandingkan dengan pediatric logistic organ dysfunction(ROC 0,706; 95% CI 0,592–0,820). Pediatric index of mortality-2 memberikan hasil kalibrasi yang baik(Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test p=0,33; SMR 0,85) dibandingkan pediatric logistic organ dysfunction(p=0,00; SMR 1,37). PIM2 dan skor PELOD mempunyai korelasi positif dihitung dengan menggunakanSpearman’s correlation, r=0,288 (p=0,001).Kesimpulan. Pediatric index of mortality-2 memiliki kemampuan diskriminasi dan kalibrasi lebih baikdibandingkan dengan pediatric logistic organ dysfunction.
MANAJEMEN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK GURU PADA SMP NEGERI 6 BANDA ACEH Marlina, Linda; Harun, Cut Zahri; Usman, Nasir
Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan : Program Pascasarjana Unsyiah Vol 6, No 4: November 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan : Program Pascasarjana Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.499 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out the principal’s management behavior in improving the teachers’ pedagogical competence at State Junior High School 6 of Banda Aceh.  This qualitative research was conducted by means of a descriptive method.  The results showed that (1) the program was arranged at the beginning of each academic year by creating a TPS in accordance with the results of discussions and meetings with several related parties. The program arranged in the RKAS consisted of workshop and training in writing lesson plans, making exam content outlines, preparing teaching instruments, conducting classroom action research, supervising classes, and doing IHT and school self-evaluation. In addition, (2) the implementation of the program was started with dividing tasks and authorities, conducting meetings, sharing information, and briefing. Moreover, a reward was given to every teacher with good performance while each teacher with poor performance received punishment. However, (3) there was no instrument used as the guideline in the evaluation of each workshop, classroom action research, and IHT. The results of evaluation were documented and presented to each teacher or a group of teachers in order to be considered in the following year program. Lastly, (4) lack of workshop and training, time and motivation to read relevant books or journals.Keywords: management, behavior of principal, pedagogical competence of teacher