Ied Imilda, Ied
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Bacterial pneumonia score to identify bacterial pneumonia Imilda, Ied; Yani, Finny Fitry; Hariyanto, Didik; Basir, Darfioes
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 55 No 2 (2015): March 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

Background Pneumonia is caused by either bacterial or viraletiologies, with similar symptoms in children. The bacterialpneumonia score (BPS) is a clinical assessment comprised ofseveral investigations: age, assessment of axillary temperature,absolute neutrophil count, band neutrophil percentage, andinterpretation of radiological examination. The score will use todifferentiate the etiology of pneumonia.Objective To determine the sensitivity, specificity, positivepredictive value, and negative predictive value of BPS inidentifying bacterial pneumonia in children.Methods This diagnostic study was performed at Dr. M. DjamilHospital, Padang, West Sumatera where subjects were selected byconsecutive sampling. Fifty-seven patients were diagnosed withpneumonia. Three patients suffered from ventricular septal defects,8 patients refused to provide blood specimens and 3 patients’chest X-rays could not be interpreted, hence, 43 subjects wereincluded in the study. Chest X-rays were interpreted by a pediatricpulmonology consultant. Leukocyte and differential counts wereperformed by a clinical pathology consultant. Subjects’ BPS scoreswere compared to multiplex PCR examinations of blood specimens,as the gold standard.Result Of 43 subjects, 27 (62.79%) were male. Subjects’ mean age was 29.3 (SD 21.5) months. Twenty (46.51%) subjects had good nutritional status, 4 (9.31%) subjects had axillary temperature ≥39°C, and 22 (51.16%) subjects had absolute neutrophil counts ≥8.000/mm3. Bacterial pneumonia score (BPS) had 69% sensitivity, 60% specificity, 42% positive predictive value, and 81% negative predictive value.Conclusion In this study, BPS has low sensitivity and specificityfor identifying bacterial pneumonia.
Pola Bakteriologis dan Uji Sensitivitas pada Sepsis Neonatorum Awitan Dini Mayetti, Mayetti; Imilda, Ied
Sari Pediatri Vol 11, No 5 (2010)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

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Abstract

Latar belakang. Insidens sepsis neonatorum di negara berkembang masih tinggi sekitar (1,8-18/1000). Diagnosis dan tata laksana dini sangat penting dalam menurunkan angka kesakitan dan kematian pada neonatus.Tujuan. Mengetahui insidens sepsis neonatorum, bakteri penyebab serta sensitivititas dari antibiotik yang digunakan.Metode. Penelitian retrospektif pada neonatus yang dirawat di Ruang Perinatologi Risiko Tinggi (Peristi) level II RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang, 1 Januari sampai 30 Juni 2009. Subjek penelitian adalah semua neonatus dengan sepsis neonatorum awitan dini disertai biakan darah positif. Kriteria eksklusi apabila data rekam medis tidak lengkap.Hasil. Terdapat 53 neonatus yang didiagnosis sepsis neonatorum dini dengan biakan darah yang positif. Staphylococcus aureus (32,6%) merupakan penyebab yang terbanyak diikuti oleh Klebsiella sp dan Enterobacter sp (masing-masing 22,6%). Sulbactam-sefoperazon dan meropenem merupakan antibiotik yang paling sensitif terhadap mikroorganisme tersebut.Kesimpulan. Bakteri terbanyak penyebab sepsis awitan dini pada 13 neonatus adalah Staphylococcus aureus. Sulbactam-sefoperazon dan meropenem merupakan antibiotik paling sensitif.