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Journal : Sriwijaya International Seminar on Energy-Environmental Science and Technology

Deacidification of Fatty Oils using Anion Exchange Resin Hadiah, Fitri
Sriwijaya International Seminar on Energy-Environmental Science and Technology Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Sriwijaya International Seminar on Energy-Environmental Science and Technology

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Abstract

Crude fatty oils contain a large number of impurities, including gum, free fatty acids, and coloring substances that must be removed in order to create an acceptables refined oil. This paper describes method to deacidify three fatty oils by adsorbing their free fatty acid contents on Rohm and Haas Amberlite IRA 900 anion exchange resin in a fixed bed adsorber. After deacidification, their acid values are lower than 0.6 and the color are brighter. By combining the three steps regeneration method, the resin can be re-utilized without losing its adsorption capacity for 3 cycles.
Catalytic Transfer-Hydrogenation of Fatty Oil Hadiah, Fitri
Sriwijaya International Seminar on Energy-Environmental Science and Technology Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Sriwijaya International Seminar on Energy-Environmental Science and Technology

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Abstract

Polyunsaturated fatty acids are the main cause of the poor thermal and oxidative stabilities of fatty oils as well as biodiesels. The conversion of polyunsaturated to monounsaturated fatty acid moieties are normally carried out via hydrogenation. The most conventional hydrogenation process uses gaseous hydrogen at relatively high temperature and pressure in the presence of metal catalysts. Catalytic-transfer hydrogenation is an alternative method for oil hydrogenation which does not require the presence of hydrogen and can be carried out at atmospheric pressure. This paper describes the catalytic transfer-hydrogenation of kapok seed oil (Ceiba pentandra) and candlenut oil (Aleurites moluccana) by potassium formate (KOOCH) solutions using the following catalysts: Ag–Cu2O, Ag–Cu2O/Pumice, Ag–Cu2O–Pd/Pumice, and Pd/C 5%. None of the catalysts were found effective and kapok seed oil hydrogenated using 5%-Pd/C catalyst turned into gel, most probably due to the polymerization reactions of sterculic and malvalic acid