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Identifikasi Polimorfisme Insersi/Delesi Gen Angiotensin Converting Enzym Intron 16 Pada Pasien Preeklampsia di RS. Dr. Muhammad Hoesin Palembang Arifin, Muthmainnah; Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Subandrate, Subandrate
Majalah Kedokteran Sriwijaya Vol 46, No 3 (2014): Majalah Kedokteran Sriwijaya
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Preeklampsia adalah penyakit kehamilan dengan gejala hipertensi dan proteinuria yang timbul pada usia kehamilan diatas 20 minggu. Preeklampsia terkait dengan polimorfisme insersi/delesi (I/D) gen angiotensin converting enzym (ACE) intron 16. Polimorfisme ini dapat meningkatkan aktivitas ACE yang mengakibatkan gagalnya remodelling arteri spiralis sehingga terjadi preeklampsia. Namun, penelitian ini belum pernah dilakukan sebelumnya pada pasien preeklampsia di RSMH Palembang. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi polimorfisme insersi/delesi gen ACE intron 16 pada penderita preeklampsia di RSMH Palembang.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif observasional dengan sampel sebanyak 32 orang pasien preeklampsia. Identifikasi polimorfisme insersi/delesi (I/D) gen ACE intron 16 dilakukan dengan teknik PCR amplifikasi yang ditentukan dengan menggunakan primer spesifik. Primer tersebut menggunakan teknik mutagenesis situs terarah yang mengintroduksi mutasi titik ke suatu situs tertentu.Genotipe mutan homozigot (DD) sebanyak 0%, genotipe mutan heterozigot (ID) sebanyak 40,6%, dan genotipe wild type (II) sebanyak 59,4%. Jumlah alel I dan D gen ACE yang ditemukan masing-masing sebanyak 79,7% dan 20,3% pada pasien preeklampsia di RSMH Palembang.Genotipe wild type lebih banyak ditemukan pada pasien preeklampsia di RSMH Palembang (59,4%).
Antifungi Effect of Keghenyat Leaves Fraction (Acmella uliginosa) In Vitro Study Hijir, Agustina Septi; Salni, Salni; Marwoto, Joko; Triwani, Triwani; Nita, Sri; Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Maritska, Ziske; Parisa, Nita; Lusiana, Evi; Tamzil, Nia Savitri; Rosdah, Ayeshah Augusta
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v1i1.5

Abstract

Introduction Candida is a yeast fungus classes most commonly found in the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive tract and skin, especially the species Candida albicans. Alternative medicines such as herbs are easily available and affordable by the community, such as keghenyat leaves (Acmella uliginosa). Aim of StudyTo determine the activity of Keghenyat leaves fraction (Acmella uliginosa) compared to Nystatin against Candida albicans in vitro. MethodsIn vitro study was held in Laboratory of Genetics and Biotechnology Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Medical Faculty, Sriwijaya University in December 2015 and January 2016. Research stages: extraction, fractionation, sensitivity test using Nystatin and Candida albicans, fractions antifungal activity test, the determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), bioautografi test and determination of compound classes. One final stages of testing the active fraction Keghenyat leaves (Acmella uliginosa) with Nystatin. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Post Hoc Duncan test and linear regression using SPSS 20. ResultsHexane faction of Keghenyat leaves (Acmella uliginosa) is active against the fungus Candida albicans, has a Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of 0.625% (6250μl) against the fungus Candida albicans antifungal contain active compounds that terpenoids and flavonoids, amounting to 84.68 mg / ml equivalent to 1 mg / ml Nystatin against the fungus Candida albicans. ConclusionThere is a significance different MIC between hexane fraction of Keghenyat leaves (Acmella uliginosa) and Nystatin, Nystatin have more high activity.
The Efficacy of Combination Extract Andrographis peniculata and Syzygium polyanthum on Glucose Uptake in Skletal Muscle in Diabetic Rats Karim, Fatmawati; Panserga, Ester Gonzales; Saleh, Mgs Irsan
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 2 No 4 (2018): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v2i4.63

Abstract

Insulin resistance is impaired insulin signaling cascade in target cells to respond normal or elevated circulating insulin to the final cellular effect, such as translocation of vesicles containing GLUT4 glucose transporters, which is the major mediator of glucose removal from the circulation and a key regulator of whole-body glucose homeostasis. Among the several plants, Andrographis peniculata (sambiloto) and Syzygium polyanthum (Daun salam). In the present study, a combination was made, Andrographis peniculata (sambiloto) and Syzygium polyanthum (Daun salam), and to determine the effects of combination on tretament insulin resistance. Male Wistar rats (weight, 200-300 g) were randomized into five groups (6 rats/group). Group 1: negative group. Group 2: positive group (metformin 63 mg/kgBW ). Group 3,4 and 5: treatment with extract combination, each group 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW and 1000 mg/kgBW. Rats were induced by high fat diet-glucocorticoid for insulin resistance. Insulin and GLUT-4 were assayed by ELISA.  Treatment with extract combination (250, 500 and 1000 mg/kgBW) and metformin for 2 weeks showed a sigificant decrease in fasting plasma insulin compare with the negative control rats with a reduction of 11,2%, 33,6%, 20% and 19,4%, respectively.  Two weeks treatment either extract combination or metformin in diabetic rats, significantly increased GLUT 4 level (p<0,05) with a percentage increase of 6,68%, 15,21%, 12,76% and 1,77%.
Telmisartan Prevents Myocardial Fibrosis via Decreasing Fraction of Colagen Type 1 Volume in Myocardial Tissue in Wistar Rats-Induced High Salt Intake Partan, Radiyati Umi; Hidayat, Rachmat; Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Parisa, Nita; Lusiana, Evi; Tamzil, Nia Savitri; Rosdah, Ayeshah Augusta; Reagen, Muhammad
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v1i1.6

Abstract

Myocardial fibrosis is a pathological condition that responsible for initiation of heart failure. Neurohormonal endogen, angiotensin II, has a potential role to activate endothelin I, TGF-β1, myocardial fibroblast, extracelullar matrix deposition, structural changes and decreasing of cardiac function. Fibrotic process is also influenced by PPAR γ. Telmisartan has a potential effect to inactivate angiotensinergic system and to activate PPAR γ. It is expected that telmisartan has optimal effect to protect myocardial fibrosis. To know the role of variation dose of telmisartan to decrease collagen type 1 fraction volume in cardiac tissue of Wistar rats. Ten-week-old male Wistar Rat (n = 30) were randomized into five groups, and each group consisted of 6 rats. Group 1 : negative control. Group 2 : rats were induced by intake Nacl 8% doses 2% body weight for eight weeks. Group 3 : rats were induced by intake Nacl 8% doses 2% body weight and telmisartan 3 mg/kgBB for eight weeks. Group 4 : rats were induced by intake Nacl 8% doses 2% body weight and telmisartan 6 mg/kgBB for eight weeks. Group 5 : rats were induced by intake Nacl 8% doses 2% body weight and telmisartan 12 mg/kgBB for eight weeks. Collagen volume fraction was assessed by immunohistochemistry and ImageJ program. ANOVA test followed pos hoc test was used to analyzed each variable. Collagen volume fraction significantly decreased in group 3, 4 and 5 compared in group 2. Telmisartan decreases collagen type 1 volume fraction of myocardial tissue .
The Efficacy of Lerek Fruits (Phrynium maximum)Extract Related Body Weight, Lipid Profile and Leptin in Wistar Rats-Induced High Fat Diet Partan, Radiyati Umi; Hidayat, Rachmat; Agustin, Yeni; Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Parisa, Nita; Lusiana, Evi; Tamzil, Nia savitri; Rosdah, Ayeshah Agusta; Hakimi, Abdulwahab
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v1i1.10

Abstract

Background Phrynium maximum (local name : lerek ) is a plant native to Sumatera, Malaya and Borneo. This plants have a potential as a local wisdom for therapeutics. In Sumatera, Lerek was used as traditional treatment for fever, diarrhea, diabetics and for wound healing.   Aim of Study Aim of this study to explore the efficacy of lerek fruits extract in body weight, lipid profile and leptin level in Wistar Rats-Induced High Fat Diet   Methods This study was an experimental study , pre-post test with control group design. The sample in this study was  30 male rats, 8 weeks old, weight 150-200 gram. Rats were given high fat diet and lerek fruits extract  at dose of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kgBW/day for 2 weeks. Lerek fruits was extracted by infusion methods. The results of this study were assayed by SPSS 18.   Results Lerek fruit extract 100 mg/kgBW  was more potent to reduce body weight gain, triglyseride level and leptin level than lerek fruit extract 50 mg/kgBW, 200 mg.kgBW, negative control and positive control.   Conclusion Lerek fruit extracts had a potention to reduce body weight, triglyceride and leptin level.   Keywords: Lerek fruit extract – body weight- triglyserida - leptin
The Development of Prototype Polyclonal Antibody of Receptor Advanced Glycation of Endproducts (RAGE) Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Parisa, Nita; Maritska, Ziske
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v2i1.16

Abstract

Abstract Background Receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) is a transmembrane protein that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. As its name implicates, it can bind to advanced glycation endproducts, the resulting product of non-enzymatic glycosylation, and it also has the ability to interact with multiple ligands having common motifs as a so-called multi-ligand receptor. The ligands include high-mobility group protein (B)1 (HMGB1), S-100 calcium-binding protein, amyloid-β-protein, Mac-1, and phosphatidylserine. Interaction between RAGE and its ligands activates various cellular processes, including inflammation, proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, and migration. Methods The proccess of isolation protein of RAGE was initiated with extraction protein and purification of RAGE protein. After that, the immunization of Rats was be done to produce Anti-RAGE. The confirmation of Anti RAGE was be done by SDS PAGE and Immunobloting. Results The production of Anti RAGE was enough pure compared by Anti RAGE commercial. Anti RAGE was protein that have molecular weight around 35 kD. Conclusion The methods that used in this study effective to develop production of anti-RAGE. Keywords : Anti RAGE – Isolation – Production Antibody
The Efficacy of Temu Putih Fraction (Curcuma Zedoaria (Berg) Roscoe) Related Quality and Quantity of Spermatozoa in Male Wistar Rats Fatrin, Tiara; Salni, Salni; Nita, Sri; Hidayat, Rachmat; Triwani, Triwani; Marwoto, Joko; Maritska, Ziske; Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Parisa, Nita; Tamzil, Nia savitri; Lusiana, Evi; Rosdah, Ayeshah Agusta
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v1i1.12

Abstract

Background Male participation in KB is still relatively low when compared to the participationof women. Researchers have to do research to find the contraception drug. Temu putih (Curcuma Zedoaria (Berg) Roscoe) is one of traditional herb that used as antifertility.   Aim of Study Aim of this study to examine change in the amount, motility, morphology, and viability spermatozoa male rats (rattus norvegicus) due to temu putih fraction suplementation.   Methods This study was an experimental study using a completely randomized design (CRD), post test with control group design. The sample in this study was  30 male rats, 10 weeks old, weight 150-200 gram. Rats were given temu putih fraction (n hexan, etylacetate and methanol-water) at dose of 300 mg/kgBB/day for 48 days. Temu putih was extracted by ethanol and did fractionation by liquid-liquid methods. The results of this study were assayed by SPSS 18.   Results The amount, motility, morphology and viability of spermatozoa in the group of metanol fraction of water  decreased  compared with the control group (p= 0,000), motilitas of spermatozoa in the group of metanol water fraction  decreased compared with the control group.   Conclusion Temu putih fraction can reduce the amount, motility, morphology, and viability of spermatozoa in male rats.   Keywords:  Fraction, Temu Putih, Amount of spermatozoa, Motility of spermatozoa, Viability Of Spermatozoa