Articles

Found 32 Documents
Search

PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) YANG DIPUASAKAN SECARA PERIODIK Sri Mulyani, Yeni; ., Yulisman; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aims of this research were to know the effect of periodical starvation on growth, survival rate, and feed efficiency of tilapia. The experimental fish weight was 8.945±0.185 g. Research used completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were fish subjected one day starvation and one day refeeding (P1), fish subjected one day starvation and two days refeeding (P2), fish subjected one day starvation and three days refeeding (P3), fish subjected one day starvation and four days refeeding (P4), fish subjected one day starvation and five days refeeding (P5) and fish fed daily (control). Fish were fed three times a day at 08.00 am, 12.00 pm, 05.00 pm using at satiation method. The results showed no significant differences in growth, survival rate and feed efficiency were observed at each treatments and control. This research showed that the best periodical starvation for growth, feed efficiency and survival rate of tilapia was P3. As long as the research, water quality was in optimum range for tilapia were  temperature 27-29oC,  dissolved oxygen 3.73-4.99 mg.L-1, pH 6.8-7.3, and ammonia 0.003-0.012 mg.L-1.   Keywords: Starvation, growth, feed efficiency, tilapia
PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG KIJING (Pilsbryoconcha sp.) SEBAGAI SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG IKAN DALAM FORMULASI PAKAN IKAN PATIN SIAM (Pangasius hypopthalmus) WDP, Gideon; ., Yulisman; Sasanti, Ade Dwi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT This aims of this research were to determine the percentage of clam meal in substitute fish meal in feed formulations seen from the value of digestibility, growth and feed efficiency. This study was conducted in July-September 2013 in the Laboratory of Aquaculture, Aquaculture Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Cr2O3 and proximate analysis test conducted in Bioprocess Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Sriwijaya. The design used was a completely randomized design, using five treatments with three replications. The treatment used is flour substitution of fish meal with a clam on which treatment A (0:100), B (25:75), C (50:50), D (75:25), and E (0:100). In the observed parameters of feed digestibility, growth, feed efficiency, survival, and quality of water. Results showed treatment B (clam meal 25% and 75% fish meal in feed formulation) resulted in a total value of digestibility, protein digestibility of feed, growth and feed efficiency is highest, where the value was 89.51%, 93.23%, 2.07g, 85.72%. Keywords: Clam, feed digestibility, growth, feed efficiency, catfish.
SINTASAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN IKANPATIN SIAM (Pangasianodon hypopthalmus) AKIBAT RESPON FISIOLOGIS YANG BERBEDA PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KALSIUM MEDIA Wyrantika, Cynthia Putu; ., Yulisman; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JARI (JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Soybean meal is plant protein sources that often used in fish feed. However, availability of soybean meal still depend on imports. Therefore, need an alternative to reduce dependence on soybean meal. Tofu waste can be used as alternative plant protein source. The aim of this research was to determine the best percentage of  fermented tofu waste meal in feed formulation for optimal growth and feed efficiency of catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) juvenile. This research was conducted at Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University on August to October 2014 and the feed proximate analysis conducted in Laboratorium Bioproses, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya. The method of this research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 3 replications, consist of A (commercial feed), B (0% fermented tofu waste meal : 20% soybean meal), C (5%  fermented tofu waste meal : 15% soybean meal), D (10% fermented tofu waste meal : 10% soybean meal), E (15% fermented tofu waste meal : 5% soybean meal), F (20% fermented tofu waste meal : 0% soybean meal). The result showed that the use of fermented tofu waste in the feed had not signifficant on the growth of weight and length, specific growth rate, feed convertion ratio, feed efficiency, and survival rate of catfish juvenile for each treatment. The best result was obtained by treatment D which used  fermented tofu waste meal 10%.   Keywords : Pangasius hypophthalmus, fermented tofu waste, soybean meal, feed efficiency, growth
PEMATANGAN GONAD IKAN GABUS BETINA (Channa striata) MENGGUNAKAN HORMON Human Chorionic Gonadotropin DOSIS BERBEDA ., Zultamin; ., Muslim; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aims of this research was to study Gonad Maturity Level (GML), Index Gonado Somatik (IGS), absolute fekundity and egg diameter of Channa striata injected with the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone. The research was conducted in 26th of December 2013 until 26th of January 2014 at the Fish Hatchery Unit (FHU) Batanghari Sembilan, North Indralaya District, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. Channa striata which as used had weights 85-105 gram per fish. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), (P0) No injection of HCG, (P1) 200 IU per kg fish, (P2) 250 IU per kg fish, (P3) 300 IU per kg fish. Parameters observed Gonad Maturity Level (GML), Index Gonado Somatik (IGS), absolute fekundity and egg diameter. From the four treatment experiment, P3 treatment produced the highest GML V whose the percentage was 20%, while P0 treatment did not reach GML IV and V, most of the P0 treatment (80%) only reached GML II. Based on further test of Duncan Signipicant Differences with 95% credibility level, the IGS data of Channa striata was significantly different and influential among treatments, the smallest IGS was produced from P0 treatment that is 0.43% while the largest IGS was produced from P3 treatment that is 5.91%. The smallest absolute fecundity was on the P0 treatment which was 582 eggs while the largest was on P3 treatment that is 5,775 eggs. The smallest egg diameter was on the P0 treatment which was 0.35 mm while the largest was on P3 treatment that is 0.93 mm. Hormone HCG injections of 300 IU per kg weight of the fish proved to be finalizing a Channa striata gonad.   Keywords : Channa striata, HCG hormone, GML, IGS, egg diameter
PERIODE WAKTU PERGANTIAN CACING SUTERA DENGAN IKAN RUCAH SEBAGAI PAKAN BENIH IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) Setiawan, Ari; ., Yulisman; Sasanti, Ade Dwi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.675 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT Silk worm is one of natural feeds for snakehead fry. The availability of silk worm could be a problem for snakehead culture in big scale. One of the solution is trash fish utilization to reduce silk worm. The purpose of this research was to determine the best of feeding period to replace silk worm with trash fish based on growth and feed efficiency of snakehead fry. This research was conducted on July until September 2015 in Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Program Study of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya. The research was based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatmens and three replications. The treatments are snakehead 21-51 days were fed by silk worm (P1), snakehead 21-41 days were fed by silk worm and 40-51 days by trash fish (P2), snakehead 21-36 days were fed by silk worm and 35-51 days by trash fish (P3), snakehead 21-31 days were fed by silk worm and 30-51 days by trash fish (P4), and snakehead 21-51 days were fed by trash fish (P5). The results showed that feeding period between silk worm and trash fish had no significant different on growth and feed efficiency of snakehead fry. The result indicated that trash fish can be utilized for feeding of snakehead fry age 21 until 51 days (P5). Water quality during the research were temperature 25-290C, ammonia 0.11-0.29 mg.L-1, dissolved oxygen 4.44-6.88 mg.L-1, and pH 5.3-7.2. Water quality parameters were still in good range for culture                                   of Channa striata. Keywords : Snakehead, , Silk worm, Ttrash fish
KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN PERTUMBUHAN LARVA IKAN BETOK (Anabas testudineus) YANG DIBERI Daphnia sp. YANG DIPERKAYA DENGAN MINYAK JAGUNG Susanti, Elva; ., Yulisman; Hukama Taqwa, Ferdinand
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2015): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Climbing perch larvae as one of freshwater fish commodity that have survival rate is relatively very low, one the effort to improve survival rate and also growth of climbing perch larvae which give natural feed namely Daphnia sp. was enriched by corn oil. The research conducted on August until September 2014 at Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya and extract ether analysis of Daphnia sp. and climbing perch larvae at Laboratorium Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Animal Husbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya, Indralaya. The research using completely randomized design with one way classification use six treatments and three replications. Treatments arrange by control (A0), 0.0025 mL corn oil per L of water (A1), 0.005 mL corn oil per L of water (A2), 0.01 mL corn oil per L of water (A3), 0.02 mL corn oil per L of water (A4), and 0.04 mL corn oil per L of water (A5). The parameters observed include survival rate, growth of absolute weight and long, extract ether analysis of Daphnia sp. and climbing perch larvae, physic and chemical of water. The results showed that fed of Daphnia sp. was enriched use corn oil significantly gave survival rate, growth of absolute weight and long of climbing perch larvae. Daphnia sp. was enriched with concentration 0.01 mL corn oil per L of water, proven improve survival rate, growth of absolute weight and long of climbing perch larvae. Keywords : climbing perch larvae, Daphnia sp., corn oil, survival rate, growth
PERTUMBUHAN LARVA IKAN BETOK (Anabas testudineus) YANG DIRENDAM DALAM LARUTAN HORMON TIROKSIN DENGAN KONSENTRASI DAN LAMA WAKTU PERENDAMAN YANG BERBEDA Pebriyanti, Masyita; ., Muslim; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT The problem of development of climbing perch culture was low in growth rate. The effort to increase growth rate of climbing perch is hormonal treatment, including the hormone thyroxine. The aim of this research was to determine the effective consentration and duration of immertion of thyroxine hormone to increase yolk sack absorbtion and growth rate. This research held in August to September 2014 in Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquculture Study Departement, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya. This research using factorial completely rondomezed design with two factors, the first was thyroxine consentration with immersion media (K1=0.01 mg.L-1, K2=0.05 mg.L-1, K3=0.1 mg.L-1) and the second was the long immersion (W1=24 hours, W2=48 hours, W3=72 hours) with three replication. The parameters that observed were yolk sack absorption, growth, survival rate and water quality. The result showed that the highest yolk sack absorbtion was K2 (0.05 mg.L-1) and K3 (0.1 mg.L-1). The highest growth was K3W2 (0.1 mg.L-1 of consentration and immersion for 48 hours) with the weight was 316.1 mg and length was 26.56 mm. The best survival rate was 88.67% (K1W1). The value of water quality during larva rearing were temperature 26-28 oC, pH 5.6-6.5, dissolved oxygen 4.43-5.93 mg.L-1 and ammonia 0.00-0.03 mg.L-1   Keywords : Climbing perch larvae, thyroxine hormone, duration of immertion, growth
TEPUNG KIAMBANG (Salvinia molesta) TERFERMENTASI SEBAGAI BAHAN PAKAN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) ., Warasto; ., Yulisman; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aims of this research was to examined the effect of fermented giant salvinia meal as feed ingrediant on growth, spesific growth rate, feed efficiency, and survival rate of tilapia. Research used completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were treatment with out used giant salvinia meal, and using 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% fermented giant salvinia meal in feed formulation. Results showed that the using 10% fermented giant salvinia meal in feed formulation provided the best result were weight growth 2.28 g, specific growth rate 1.45%, feed efficiency 69.54%, and survival rate 98.33%. As long the research, water quality was in optimum  range for tilapia were  temperature 25-290C,  dissolved oxygen 5.60- 7.95 mg.L-1, pH 6.6-7.1, and amonia 0.009-0.016 mg.L-1.   Keywords: Giant salvinia, fermentation, feed efficiency, tilapia
KONVERSI PAKAN, LAJU PERTUMBUHAN, KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN POPULASI BAKTERI BENIH IKAN GABUS (CHANNA STRIATA) YANG DIBERI PAKAN DENGAN PENAMBAHAN PROBIOTIK Agustin, Ruli; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aims of this research were to study the effects of probiotics on feed conversion, growth rate, survival rate of snakehead fry, bacterial populations in fish snakehead fry and also to measure the best concentrate of probiotics for growth rate, feed conversion, survival of snakehead fry and bacterial populations on fish snakehead’s intestine. This study use  completely randomized design with different levels of probiotic treatments that consisted of six treatments and three replications. The treatments were P0 (without probiotics), P1 (2.5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P2 (5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P3 (7.5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P4 (10 ml. Kg-1 feed) and P5 (12.5 ml. Kg-1 feed).Base on the research of probiotics EM-4 on the fish snakehead fry, the feed conversion value is not significantly affected by giving probiotik. lowest feed conversion value is 1.11 and the highest feed conversion value of 1.55. Growth rate, of the highest growth rate of 3.71 %/day 2.14 %/day is the lowest weight. The highest growth of length is 1.93 %/day and the lowest is 1.74 %/day.  Meanwhile, Highest survival value by 40% and the lowest was 13.3%. In the bacterial population, there were addition of bacterial population Lactobacillus sp. and  decrease the populations of Aeromonas sp. and Pseudomonas sp.   Keywords: probiotics, feed conversion, population bacteria, growth and survival rate
PEMELIHARAAN IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) DENGAN PADAT TEBAR BERBEDA DALAM MEDIA BIOFLOK sasanti, ade dwi; ., yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2016): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Increasing density in fish culture is one of the effort to increase fish culture production. The aim of the research was to determine the best stocking density of snakehead that reared in biofloc media. The research conducted on July-August 2015 in Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Aquaculture Study Program, Agriculture Faculty, Sriwijaya University. The research based on completely randomized design with three treatments and three replications. The treatments were 150 fish.m-3 (P1), 300 fish.m-3 (P2) and 450 fish.m-3 (P3). The research parameters were survival rate, absolute length and weight growth, feed efficiency, floc volume, total of lactic acid bacteria and water quality. The best density of this research was treatment P1 which density of 150 ind.m-3 with survival was 98.52%, absolute lenght growth was 2.18 cm, absolute weight growth was 7.85 g and feed efficiency was 90.73%.   Key words : Biofloc, Snakehead fish, Stocking density