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Social Conflicts Between Oil-Palm Plantation Company and Indigenous People in Jambi Province Nilakrisna, Dewi; Taqwa, Ridha; Sriati, Sriati; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; Susanto, Robiyanto Hendro
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.06.02.09

Abstract

The oil-palm plantation development policy meant to increase the economic growth and to provide jobs opportu nities in rural area. The development policy that participate the private sectors creates many social conflict in Indonesia, especially against the indigenous people community. The purpose of this research is to fid out, how the oil-palm plantation development policies implemented and the impact to the indigenous people community in Batanghari Regency, Jambi Province. This qualitative research used case study approach and qualitative data anal ysis based on extended text. Obtaining data through direct observation, in-depth interview, structured interview, and literature studies.The study results showed that the implementation of the large scale oil-palm plantation development policy, has caused approximately 1/3 area of Batang Hari Regency was controlled by the private companies and give negative impacts to almost 3.000 peoples of SAD Batin 9 community. They have been evicted, marginalized and face the uncertainty rights to the land. The implementation of oil palm plantation development policy without take a no tice to the existing social environmental condition has deny the indigenous people existence. It has stimulated some contradiction to the injustice government policy. Therefore this research recommends the government to consider about the social and environmental impacts before issued any policy in order to protect the social justice for all citizens.
Identification of Land Adequacy for Green Open Space Development area of Tanjung Barangan on the condition of land properties in Palembang Utami, Linda; Priatna, Satria Jaya; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (597.781 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/ijems.2018.2.3.94-97

Abstract

The city of Palembang is one of the cities that experienced rapid development and became the center of human activity. So that the expansion of the city to the periphery causes green open space reduction. The reduction of green open space inflicted the disruption of the balance between nature and human systems. Retention ponds include reduction of green open space border that serves as a drainage system so as to prevent flooding during the rainy season and maintain groundwater reserves during the dry season. This study aims to: 1) identify and evaluate the existing condition of soil properties (physical and chemical) in the green open space development area of Tanjung Barangan retention pond in plan area that will be functioned as a retention pond of Palembang City; 2) to see the relation between the physical and chemical of soil condition with the type of vegetation that will be developed in the area of green open space development plan; 3) recommend the appropriate vegetation types to be developed in the green open space development plan, retention pond area in Palembang City. This research used descriptive normative method and sampling was done by sample purposive sampling. The research was conducted in the administrative area of Palembang City, the sampling point was in the green open space development area of Tanjung Barangan retention pond in Bukit Baru Village, Ilir Barat 1 Subdistrict of Palembang City, there were 4 (four) research sample points. It can be concluded that based on the results of laboratory analysis and direct observation in the field, the condition of soil properties of green open space development plan area of Tanjung Barangan retention pond physically and chemically that was: average effective depth value belong to deep (> 100 cm); soil texture of clay loam, clay and loam; platy and granular soil structures; soil color gray, yellowish brown to black; moderate to moderately rapid soil permeability; soil pH strongly acidic N-total low to moderate; Soil P2O5 is very low; K2O is very high; and C-organic is low to very high. Based on the results of the analysis, the recommendation of vegetation type from the Minister of Public Works Regulation No. 5 of 2008 showed that The Tanjung Barangan retention ponds contain 3 (three) types of vegetation recommended namely casuarina (Casuarina equisetifolia), coconut (Cocos nucifera) and fern tree (Filicium decipiens). While there were 4 (four) types of vegetation can be recommended with the condition of the soil management by calcification using agricultural lime, such as lime tohor (CaO), calcite (CaCO3) or dolomite (CaMg (CO3)2) which is munding rubber vegetation (Ficus elastica), mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa) and resin (Agathis loranthifolia).
PEMANFAATAN LINGKUNGAN OLEH MASYARAKAT PENDUKUNG SITUS DI BELITUNG BAGIAN SELATAN Novita, Aryandini; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Siddhayatra Vol 24, No 1 (2019): JURNAL ARKEOLOGI SIDDHAYATRA
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24832/siddhayatra.v24i1.145

Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas tentang hubungan masyarakat pendukung situs dengan lingkungannya di wilayah Belitung bagian selatan berdasarkan hasil penelitian Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Selatan pada tahun 2018. Dalam upaya mencapai tujuan tulisan, penulis menggunakan pendekatan lanskap budaya maritim di mana pengetahuan sejarah dan etnografi diintegrasikan dengan tinggalan-tingalan arkeologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan interaksi masyarakat di lokasi penelitian dengan lingkungannya dilakukan dengan cara memanfaatkan sumber daya yang berasal dari dua lingkungan yang berbeda, yaitu laut dan darat. Sumberdaya alam yang tersedia di lokasi penelitian utamanya dimanfaatkan untuk subsistensi dan kelebihan pasokan akan dijual yang hasil penjualan tersebut digunakan untuk membeli barang-barang yang tidak diproduksi oleh masyarakat setempat.
RELATIONSHIPS OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN SOCIOCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE IN PALEMBANG Fajar, Nur Alam; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah; Destriatania, Suci; Ningsih, Nurna
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.764 KB)

Abstract

Background: Nationally, exclusive breastfeeding in 2010 to 2012 only reached 33,6-35% that was caused by interactions of several social factors, demographic condition, biological issues, pre- and postnatal problems, and psychological issues. Despite that many studies have shown that exclusive breastfeeding  will give a lot of health benefits to babies and moms, this has not always resulted the expected outcome. Advances in this modern era might also become one of the contributing factors to social, cultural and economic changes, thus causing the decline in supports to breastfeeding moms. The data taken from the Survey on Indonesian Health Demography in 2007 shows that exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia had declined as much as 30,2% and increase in formula as much as 11% in 2013. This study aimed to explain the relationships of exclusive breastfeeding seen from sociocultural perspectives in Palembang.Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design to analyze the behavior of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding and Exclusive Breastfeeding for mothers whose her children aged 6-26 months in several communities in Palembang.Results: Based on bivariate analysis was this study are 220 respondents. The analysis found that the number of children (0,003 < 0,05), supports from mother or mother in law (0,001 < 0,05), and ignorance (0,020 < 0,05) are correlated to exclusive breastfeeding, while families that keep themselves informed since pregnancy and postnatal period do not show significant relationships (0, 253 > 0,05) with exclusive breastfeeding. Conclusion: The results of the relationship analysis showed that respondents who had a number of children ≤2 people, husband support and in-laws support were significantly related to exclusive breastfeeding to infants. While mothers who did not seek information, the level of knowledge of mothers, the type of work of the mother and the attitude of the mother did not show a relationship to exclusive breastfeeding in infants.Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, socio-cultural perspective
Identifikasi dan Evaluasi Kawasan Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH) Berdasarkan Kondisi Sifat Tanah di Wilayah Kota Palembang Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Utami, Linda; Priatna, Satria Jaya; Purnama, Dadang Hikmah
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 19, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kota Palembang merupakan salah satu kota yang mengalami perkembangan pesat dalam pembangu-nan dan menjadi pusat aktivitas manusia sehingga menyebabkan adanya ketidakseimbangan antara demand dan supply lahan dan adanya perluasan kota ke daerah pinggirannya sehingga mengurangi ruang terbuka hi-jau (RTH). Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 26 Tahun 2007 tentang Tata Ruang, bahwa setiap Kota dan Kabupaten yang ada di Indonesia memiliki RTH minimal 30% dari luas kota. RTH memiliki banyak fungsi, salah satunya sebagai pengendali pencemaran dan kerusakan tanah. Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan identifikasi dan evaluasi kondisi eksisting sifat tanah (fisik dan kimia) pada kawasan rencana pengembangan RTH yang akan difungsikan sebagai taman kota dan taman pemakaman umum (TPU) di Kota Palembang dan keterkai-tannya dengan tanaman (vegetasi) yang sesuai untuk lokasi tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Bulan Mei sampai dengan Agustus 2017, dengan menggunakan metode survey deskriptif, dan metode pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara sample survey method detail. Kondisi sifat tanah kawasan rencana pengembangan RTH taman kota lapangan hatta secara fisika dan kimia yaitu nilai rata-rata kedalaman efektif ±100 cm terge-nang, tekstur tanah lempung berliat, permeabilitas tanah 2,09 cm/jam (sedang), pH tanah 6,17 (mendekati ne-tral), N-total 0,18% (rendah), C/N tanah 9,03 (rendah), P2O5 tanah 7,42 ppm (rendah), K2O 106,81 ppm (san-gat tinggi), dan c-organik 1,77% (rendah). Jenis vegetasi yang sesuai berupa rumput jepang (Zoysia japonica), rumput gajah mini (Pennisetum purpureum schamach), pohon palm raja (Roystonea regia), bunga sepatu (Hi-biscus rosa sinensi L.), pohon angsana (Pterocarpus indicus Wild.), dan pohon akasia (Acacia auriculiformis). Sedangkan untuk kondisi sifat tanah kawasan rencana pengembangan RTH taman pemakaman umum (TPU) Borang Sako secara fisika dan kimia yaitu nilai rata-rata kedalaman efektif ±50cm tergenang, tekstur tanah lempung, permeabilitas tanah 1,53 cm/jam (agak lambat), pH tanah 3,46 (sangat masam), N-total 0,19% (ren-dah), C/N tanah 16,66 (tinggi), P2O5 tanah 6,55 ppm (sangat rendah), K2O 60,80 ppm (sangat tinggi), dan c-organik 2,97% (sedang). Jenis vegetasi yang sesuai yaitu Bougenvil (Bougenvilia sp), kamboja putih (Plumeria alba), Tanjung (Mimosups elengi), Dadap (Erythrina varigata), Kembang Merak (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) dan sebagainya.