Soleh Hasan Wahid, Soleh Hasan
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POLA TRANSFORMASI FATWA EKONOMI SYARIAH DSN-MUI DALAM PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN DI INDONESIA Wahid, Soleh Hasan
Ahkam: Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 4, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Until now, there have been 100 fatwas issued by the DSN-MUI. In ayah (3) of Law No. 21/2008 concerning Islamic Banking, it is explained that the fatwa referred in ayah (2) set forth in Indonesia. That case consist that Bank Regulation implies that the new DSN-MUI fatwa is binding after being regulated become Bank Indonesia Regulation (PBI). In transformed into PBI, fatwa DSN-MUI has been also transformed into the Economic Law Compilation true Syari’ah is the Indonesian Supreme Court Regulation No. 2 of 2008. In addition the DSN-MUI fatwa also transformed into provisions of the legislation in the field of capital markets such as the Law No. 19 of 2008 concerning Sharia Securities. There was a lot of research about the kinds of fatwa that are transformed into positive law mentioned above, but not touching the whole aspect of how the pattern of absorption DSN-MUI fatwa to the laws and this research was conducted to answer the question. This study is using research library with content models and comparative analysis in order to explain the contents of the statutory provisions and DSN-MUI fatwa and to compare both of them. Based on this research we concluded that there are three models DSN-MUI fatwa absorption in the legislation, the first model of copy and paste or copy the title fatwa in the articles of a law. Second, substantive patterns that only take substance from the fatwa was later translated into chapter’s legislation with language that formal. Third, extending the provision of the fatwa and/or translating the provisions of the fatwa of a general nature in the form of a more operational so that it can be applied in the operations of a financial institution.Kata kunci: Transformasi Fatwa, Ekonomi Syariah, DSN-MUI,Perundang-Undangan
KETENTUAN PENGEMBALIAN SETORAN POKOK DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG NO.17 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG PERKOPERASIAN (Perspektif Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 Dan Hukum Islam) Wahid, Soleh Hasan
JURISDICTIE Jurisdictie: Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah

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UU. No.17 2012 about cooperation cause big controversy in cooperation practitioner circle. They thought that some rules in UU. No.17 2012 about cooperation exactly lost the pure soul of cooperation. So, judicial review be the ad vocational way that used by cooperation man and civil element. Wrong rule that be an attention here is rule in 67th article in the 1 st verse that organize the main deposit can’t be returnable. In Islamic law perspective, cooperation (syirkah ta’awuniyah) categorize as new syirkah model that never known of fuqaha before. The consequences is provision of main deposit in rule of statue must be synchronize and based on syirkah law that previously agree of preceding fuqoha too. Based on analysis of the writer, provision of 28th H article (4) UUD 1945 that distinctly give protection to personal ownership. Because of that reason, the provision of main deposit that can’t refund in cooperation statue contrast with 28th H article (4) UUD 1945. In Islamic law perspective syirkah based on the majority of ulama (jumhur ulama) categorize as jaiz agreement (akad jaiz). This matter appearance consequences that syirkah agreement in cooperation which bounded main deposit ownership to the member is broken agreement (akad fasid) because there are some mall caracteristic (in the jaiz characteristic) the syirkah agreement.UU Nomor 17 tahun 2012 tentang Perkoperasian menimbulkan kontroversi besar di kalangan praktisi perkoperasian. Mereka mensinyalir bahwa beberapa ketentuan dalam UU Nomor 17 Tahun 2012 justru menghilangkan jati diri koperasi. Akhirnya, Jucial Review menjadi langkah advokasi yang dipilih oleh para pelaku koperasi dan elemen sipil lainnya. ketentuan yang disoroti adalah Pasal 67 ayat (1) yang mengatur bahwa setoran pokok koperasi tidak dapat dikembalikan. Dalam perspektif hokum Islam, koperasi dikategorikan sebagai bentuk baru yang belum dikenal oleh para fuqoha terdahulu. Konsekuensinya adalah, ketentuan pokok koperasi dalam peraturan perundang-undangan juga harus selaras dan didasarkan pada ketentuan syirkah yang telah disepakati oleh para ulama. Berdasarkan penelitian ini, ketentuan Pasal 28 H ayat (4) UUD 1945 secara tegas memberikan perlindungan terhadap hak milik pribadi. Oleh sebab itu, terhadap ketentuan pokok yang tidak dapat dikembalikan dalam UU Perkoperasian bertentangan dengan ketentuan Pasal 28 H ayat (4) UUD 1945. Dalam perspektif hukum Islam, syirkah menurut jumhur ulama dikategorikan sebagai akad jaiz (tidak mengikat). Hal ini menimbukan konsekuensi bahwa akad syirkah dalam koperasi yang membatasi kepemilikan setoran pokok terhadap anggota merupakan akad yang fasid (batal) karena adanya cacat dalam akadnya.