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EARLY FEMINIST CONSCIOUSNESS AND IDEA AMONG MUSLIM WOMEN IN 1920s INDONESIA Muttaqin, Farid
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 3 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

Colonial encounters were pivotal in the development of feminist consciousness and the women’s liberation movement among women and men in colonized countries like Indonesia. However, the influences of the colonial encounter on the foundation of feminist consciousness were not developed by passive recipients of colonial ideas. The initial idea of Islamic education for Muslim girls showed the crucial influence and contribution of Islam and Muslim women to early feminist ideas in Indonesia. Islamic education for Muslim girls was intended to answer the specific problem of women’s lack of empowerment within family and social life. The idea of education for women’s empowerment transformed into part of the nationalist movement against colonialism when in the end it led to the foundation of Muslim women’s organizations that brought Islam as a critical tool. Foundation of Muslim women’s organizations was a critical internal effort against patriarchal values and structures in the Islamic context. I argue that these feminist agendas, such as Islamic education for girls and Muslim women’s organizations, were integral to the Islamic reform movement.
POLITIK LOKAL VERSUS GLOBAL SEKSUALITAS DAN GENDER perdebatan di ERA POST-SOEHARTO Muttaqin, Farid
Jurnal Lakon Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Lakon
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Gender dan seksualitas adalah variabel penting dalam membentuk politikIndonesia baik di masa orde baru maupun era reformasi. Di masa orde barudi bawah kepemimpinan Presiden Soeharto, gender dan seksualitas terutamadikontrol oleh negara melalui peraturan seperti UU No. 1 Tahun 1974Tentang Perkawinan. Aturan tersebut mengatur tentang gender apa saja yangdiakui negara dan bagaimana peran gender yang harus dilakukan masingmasinggender, serta orientasi seksual apa dan perilaku seks apa yang diakuioleh negara. Sementara itu, di era reformasi, kelompok agama khususnyadari komunitas Muslim yang memainkan peran lebih banyak dalam politikgender dan seksualitas. Di bawah konteks politik tertentu baik di tingkatnasional terutama terkait gerakan reformasi maupun di tingkat globalterutama pasca 9/11, dan konteks perkembangan akademis dalam isyuseksualitas, saya menemui adanya kontestasi politik gender dan seksualitasdalam kerangka lokal versus global
FEMINIST INTERPRETATION OF THE QURAN AS AN IDEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE AGAINST PATRIARCHY (AN INDONESIA CONTEXT) Muttaqin, Farid
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

My goals in writing this paper are, the first, to analyze and understand the methodology the Muslim feminists apply in their project of reinterpretation of the Quran. I will discuss their understanding of text and contexts, textual and contextual methods of interpretation. I will elaborate of how their method of contextual interpretation reflects their ideological perspective of feminism as a counter-patriarchal culture. I will see how the method of contextualization is in fact another literal approach since this method cannot escape from the important position of text. The second is to examine the impacts of the project in transforming public knowledge and awareness as a sign of ideological change. One of the key objectives of the project is to provide and to comprehend how public response and observe transformation influenced by this project. I will observe in what aspects and levels the project contributes to the ideological transformation from “patriarchy” to gender equal ideology. Keywords : feminist interpretation, interpretation of Quran, patriarchy.