Nuring Pangastuti, Nuring
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Journal : Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi

Karakteristik Pasien Prolaps Uteri di RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta Tahun 2013 Hamamah, Jefi; Pangastuti, Nuring
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.35430

Abstract

Background: Uterine prolaps suffer by nearly half population of women. Many factors related to the causes of prolaps. The pattern varies in different country and ages.Objective: To evaluate the characteristic of uterine prolaps patient in Sardjito Hospital in the period January – December 2013.Method: This is an analytic descriptive study that reviewed medical record of Sardjito Hospital within January - December 2013. Data was reported, tabulated dan presented in the form of risk factors, chief complains, grade of uterine prolaps and treatment, finally analysed.Result and Discussion: There were 30 cases of uterine prolaps from Obstetrics and Gynecology Sardjito Hospital within January-December 2013. Most of the patient age were 45-64 year (48.4%), parity more than 2 (73.3%), menopause (73%), vaginal delivery more than 2 (73%). Symptoms that mostly revealed was lump on the delivery passage (73.3%). Patient were mostly suffered from grade 4 uterine prolaps (43%). There were two types of treatment i.e. conservative and operative. Conservative treatment used Kegel exercises and pessarium. Operative treatment used total vaginal hysterectomy, colpocleisis, anterior and posterior colporaphy.Conclusion: The risk factors for uterine prolaps were older age, menopause, multiparity, vaginal delivery. The treatment mostly used total vaginal hysterectomy.Keywords: uterine prolaps, risk factors, vaginal hysterectomy
Robekan Perineum pada Persalinan Vaginal di Bidan Praktik Swasta (BPS) Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Indonesia Tahun 2014-2016 Pangastuti, Nuring
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.36184

Abstract

Background: Vaginal delivery is the most preffered mode of delivery by all women, and the birth attendants. The vaginal delivery assistance was conducted by various health professionals such as midwives, physicians, and obstetricians. Various complaints of pelvic floor dysfunction and complaints related to the perineum as a result of vaginal perineal laceration during childbirth can affect the quality of life of a woman.Objective: To identify and conduct an analysis of maternal factors (maternal age, parity, gestational age), fetal factor (birth weight), and the labor factor (duration of 2nd stage of labor), with the occurrence of perineal rupture in vaginal delivery at the 5 Midwife’s Private Clinic (MPC), Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Method: Retrospective medical record searching, from January 2014 until December 2016.Result and Discussion: There were 1595 obtained samples of data that met the criteria for inclusion and exclusion. Number of perineal laceration reached 1201 (75.3%), with 1.9% of them are grade 3. Perineal rupture occurred in 80.55% of vaginal deliveries at young age, 69.14% in more than 35 years old women, and 85.05% primiparas. There was significant negative correlation (0.186) between parity and perineal rupture (p=0.000). The less the parity, the higher the incidence of perineal rupture (p=0.002). There was significant correlation between baby’s weight less than 2500 gram and perineal rupture but not for the baby’s weight more than 4000grams (p=0.304). The correlation was positive which meant that the heavier the baby’s weight the higher the incidence of perineal rupture. There was significant positive correlation (p=0,018) for the duration of 2nd stage of labor between 30-60 minutes and perineal rupture(0.061). The correlation was positive as well (0.092) for the duration of 2nd stage of labor more than 60 minutes and perineal rupture( p=0.002). The longer the duration of the 2nd stage of labor the higher the incidence of perineal rupture.Conclusion: There was significant relationship between parity, and duration of the 2nd stage of labor and perineal rupture in vaginal delivery.Keywords: perineal rupture, vaginal delivery, parity, duration of the 2nd stage of labor