pranawa pranawa, pranawa
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HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS: COMPARISON OF THE SURABAYA DIALYSIS CENTER AND JUNTENDO UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL DIALYSIS CENTRE santoso, djoko; pranawa, pranawa; Yogiantoro, Moh.; Widodo, Widodo; Wardana, Aditia; Mardiana, Nunuk; Mohani, Chandra Irwanadi; soewanto, soewanto; Shou, Ichiyu; Maeda, Kunimi; Hamada, chieko; Fukui, Mitsumine; Horikoshi, Satoshi; Tomino, Yasuhiko
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 1, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Abstract

Hepatitis C virus infection is highly prevalence in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. The present study will compare prevalence of HCV positive population in difference countries where there are great contrasts in and diversity of care available to patients who have end stage renal disease. All serum samples of the 100 patients were tested for HCV antibodies, using third-generation enzyme immunoassay. The prevalence of anti-HCV was correlated with a history of blood transfusion and with duration of hemodialysis. HCV prevalences were 88% of Surabaya group and 6% of Juntendo Group, respectively. In Surabaya Group, prevalence of HCV positive was high and the risk factors are not only those of the Juntendo Group, but also a combination of poor living conditions, frequent blood transfusions, and lack of adherence. Much needs to be studied about the role of universal screening and effective techniques for primary prevention in Surabaya Group
Risk Factors for New-Onset Diabetes After Transpant in Kidney Transplant Recipients Pramudya, Dana; Aditiawardana, Aditiawardana; Tjempakasari, Artaria; Irwanadi, Chandra; Mardiana, Nunuk; Pranawa, Pranawa; Widodo, Widodo
Indonesian Journal of Kidney and Hypertension Vol 2 No 1 (2019): January - April 2019
Publisher : PERNEFRI (PERHIMPUNAN NEFROLOGI INDONESIA)

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Abstract

Background New-onset diabetes after transplant (NODAT) is one of the metabolic complications of kidney transplant surgery. The incident of NODAT varies highly, from 5% up to 53%. Some factors increase the risk for NODAT, such as age, gender, immunosuppressant drugs, among others. The progressivity of NODAT leads to increased cardiovascular risks, making the identification of risk factors crucial. Method Medical records of 56 patients who have undergone kidney transplant throughout 1998 - 2015 were evaluated. Data obtained from the records include age, gender, history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, the use of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI), and familial history of diabetes. Bivariate analysis with crosstabs (for nominal data) was used to analyze the data, with a threshold of p < 0.25 and followed up with multivariate analysis using logistic regression. Result The mean age of subjects was 53.85±12.92 years, with 80.4% of the subjects were male. Pre-transplant hypertension was 46.4%. The CNI used were tacrolimus in 46.4% and cyclosporine in 53.6% of patients. Around 25% of patients have a familial history of diabetes and the mean triglyceride level was 165.83±77.5 mg/dl. NODAT occurred in 18 patients and the majority of occurrence happened in the first year post-transplant. Bivariate analysis shows no significant risk factors, however clinically significant risk factors were gender (male), the CNI drug used (tacrolimus), and familial history of diabetes. Further multivariate analysis showed OR for gender (male) with OR 6.532 (0.735- 58.051), age with OR 5.249 (0.658-41.853)}, and the use of tacrolimus with OR 3.217 (0.895-11.571). Conclusion In this study, the clinically significant risk factors for NODAT were male gender, age, and the use of tacrolimus. However, these risk factors did not show statistical significance. Further study with bigger sample size is needed.
ANTI-HIV DAN SUBTIPE HIV PADA PASIEN HEMODIALISIS Handajani, Retno; Thaha, Mochammad; Amin, Mochamad; Wungu, Citrawati Dyah Kencono; Rianto, Edhi; Pranawa, Pranawa
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY AND MEDICAL LABORATORY Vol 22, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : PERHIMPUNAN DOKTER SPESIALIS PATOLOGI KLINIK INDONESIA

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Abstract

Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Anti-HIV) was performed from 100 plasma Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stage 5 patientswith continuous hemodialysis (HD) at the Hemodialysis Instalation Dr Soetomo hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, using three (3) kind ofreagents: Tri-line HIV Rapid test Device from Acon for HIV 1/2/O as strips form, Foresight HIV 1/2/O Antibody EIA Test Kit from Aconand Anti-HIV 1+2/Subtype O ELISA from Axiom. HIV RNA and HIV subtype were detected by Reverse Transcription Polymerase ChainReaction (RT-PCR) based on HIV gag region and analysis of DNA result. Seventy three % patients were hemodialysed twice in a week andonly 14% with duration more than five (5) years. Most of the patients (43%) were hemodialysed between 100−300 times. From the 100plasma samples was obtained only one (1%) man patient plasma sample with positive anti-HIV. A weak positive of RT-PCR result wasnot succeed to be sequenced for determining the HIV subtype. This cause was suspected due to low levels of HIV RNA in blood. The resultsof this study was expected can be used as an additional management consideration of hemodialysis patients at the Hemodialysis Unit.