Darmawan Setijanto, Darmawan
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Apakah terapi pengendalian plak dapat menurunkan keparahan rinitis alergika pada anak? (Does oral plaque control therapy reduce severity of allergic rhinitis in children?) Utomo, Haryono; Setijanto, Darmawan
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common ailments in children. In clinical practice approximately 50% of patients with symptoms of rhinitis are diagnosed with non-allergic rhinitis. Positive skin prick test or specific IgE in vitro tests that are relevant to aeroallergens are conclusive diagnostic of allergic rhinitis. However, simple diagnostic method such as "sneezing sign" has already proved to be reliable. Hypersensitive children have humoral immune system (Th2) which release inflammatory factors in the presence of allergen or infection that contribute to allergic response. Immunological reactions occurred and antibodies concentration arise, especially specific IgE instead of IgG because of the isotype switching. A lot of procedures such as allergen avoidance, medication and immunotherapy were done in allergic rhinitis management. However, oral plaque controls were not the point of interest in this case. The aim of this study is to find out the effectiveness of oral plaque control in the reduction of severity of allergic rhinitis symptoms using symptom scores. Fifty children, male and female aged 8–14 years, subjective diagnosed as allergic rhinitis using "sneezing sign" were included in this study. Oral plaque control procedures were done by polishing and flossing followed by 4 days of gargling with 1% povidone iodine. Clinical result showed that after 3 days, oral plaque control 2.925 times more effective than control group. The conclusion was oral plaque control is effective reducing the severity of allergic rhinitis symptoms.
Effectiveness of Line communication application as a social media on changes in tooth brushing behavior of junior high school students in Banjarmasin Widodo, Widodo; Setijanto, Darmawan; Sosiawan, Agung
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

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Background: There were only 10.7% of junior school students in Banjarmasin brushing their teeth before bedtime. Using Line (as one of the social media) can be assumed as an effective strategy to spread information. Purpose: This study aimed to reveal changes in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in students of class VII in all state junior high schools in Banjarmasin after receiving information disseminated through Line. Method: Pre and post test technique with control group design was used in this research. Result: One week before the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 1.90, while in the poster group was 1.93. During the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 4.78 in the first 7 days, 5.07 in the second week, and 5.67 in the third week. On the other hand, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the poster group was 4.66 in the first 7 days, 4.61 in the second week, and 5.18 in the third week. Conclusion: Messages/ information disseminated through both of Line and poster can give a significant change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime. Nevertheless, Line can trigger better effectiveness than poster in stimulating a change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime.
Perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome Ulfah, Siti Fitria; Setijanto, Darmawan; Bramantoro, Taufan
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

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Background: The number of children with down syndrome in Surabaya has reached 924 children. Prevalence of gingivitis and dental caries (91% and 93.8%, respectively) occurs in children with down syndrome aged 6 to 20 years. Oral and dental health problems are found in children with down syndrome because they have physical and motoric limitation in maintaining oral and dental hygiene, thus require parental care from mother. Perceived parenting style includes responsiveness and demandingness. Perceived parenting is crucial for mother whose children have Down syndrome in order to guide their health behavior, particularly to maintain oral and dental health. Purpose: The study aimed to analyze correlation between perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome. Method: This cross sectional analytical study involved 40 mothers of children aged 7-13 years with Down syndrome enrolled in Special Education Elementary Schools Surabaya and Association of Parents of Children with Down syndrome Surabaya. Data of perceived parenting style (responsiveness and demandingness) and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health were obtained by questionnaire. Composition of each item in questionnaire of perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome was passed through validity and reliability test. Data analysis was carried out using multiple linear regression correlation test. Result: This present study showed that perceived parenting style is significantly correlated with mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome (R = 0.630, p = 0.000), with perceived parental responsiveness as a strong predictor. Mean score and standard deviation of perceived parental responsiveness and demandingness were 33.00±2.99 and 15.55±1.99, respectively. Conclusion: Perceived maternal parenting style in children with Down syndrome is closely related to mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome.
Building team agreement on large population surveys through inter-rater reliability among oral health survey examiners Susilawati, Sri; Monica, Grace; Fadilah, R. Putri N.; Bramantoro, Taufan; Setijanto, Darmawan; Wening, Gilang Rasuna Sabdho; Palupi, Retno
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 51, No 1 (2018): (March 2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Background: Oral health surveys conducted on a very large population involve many examiners who must be consistent in scoring different levels of an oral disease. Prior to the oral health survey implementation, a measurement of inter-rater reliability (IRR) is needed to know the level of agreement among examiners or raters. Purpose: This study aimed to assess the IRR using consensus and consistency estimates in large population oral health surveys. Methods: A total of 58 dentists participated as raters. The benchmarker showed the clinical sample for dental caries and community periodontal index (CPI) score, with the raters being trained to carry out a calibration exercise in dental phantom. The consensus estimate was measured by means of a percent agreement and Cohen’s Kappa statistic. The consistency estimate of IRR was measured by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and intraclass correlation. Results: The percent agreement is 65.50% for photographic slides of dental caries, 73.13% for photographic slides of CPI and 78.78% for calibration of dental caries using phantom. There were statistically significant differences between dental caries calibration using photographic slides and phantom (p<0.000), while the consistency of IRR between multiple raters is strong (Cronbrach’s Alpha: >0.9). Conclusion: A percent agreement across multiple raters is acceptable for the diagnosis of dental caries. Consistency between multiple raters is reliable when diagnosing dental caries and CPI.