Niken Widyanti Sriyono, Niken Widyanti
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The business of dental practice Sriyono, Niken Widyanti
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 2 (2006): (June 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Globalization including General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and Asia Fair Trade Agreement (AFTA) are a new free trade system. In globalization era, there will be an intense and free competition in looking for jobs throughout the world. This new system will affect the health services system in which health services tend to follow an industrial model. Meaning that dentistry or dental health services tend to be part of a business system, and this system has caused controversy among the community and the profession itself. The results of the discussion revealed that professional and business of dentistry is compatible and complementary. The tendency of increasing number of legal form of practice (group and a professional corporation) and the worldwide advertisement of these practices supported the premise that delivering dental practice tends to follow the industrial model. Dentists should not only more focus on achieving financial success in running the business of practice but profession should have the most concern for the people who seek their services. Delivering quality of dental care depends on the high skill of the dentist and on the satisfactory income for the survival of the practice in the long run, and this make the practice will be viewed by the public and profession as being appropriate and of high quality. Facing the globalization, besides possessing high clinical skill, dentists must have a firm understanding of management concepts and apply them in their practice. In conclusion: The profession and the business of dentistry are compatible and complementary. The delivery of the dental services tends to follow the industrial model, which is a current reality. Dentist should concern more on the delivering high quality of dental services, not only focus on the business of the practice, although the satisfactory income is important for the survival growth of the practice in the long run. It is suggested for dentists to follow as much business training or dental practice management training as the dentist can. It is also suggested to give the undergraduate students the basic concepts of dental practice management by putting this in the curriculum.
Pengetahuan dan sikap ibu tentang kebersihan gigi dan mulut pasca ceramah pendidikan kesehatan gigi disertai diskusi kelompok atau disertai hands on Wali, Agusthinus; Widiati, Sri; Sriyono, Niken Widyanti
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2016): April
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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ABSTRACT: The difference increased knowledge and attitudes of mothers about oral hygiene through dental health education lecture with discussion groups and lectures with hands on. Dental health education will be more effective when started from the family by teaching the mothers about the importance of oral health maintenance. This study aims to determine the difference in the increased knowledge and the attitudes of mothers about oral hygiene through dental health education lecture with discussion groups and lectures with hands on. This study was a quasi-experimental design with pretest and post-test group design. The subjects of research were 95 mothers of children aged 6-8 years who met the inclusion criteria and divided into two groups. Group I in PPA IO-497 Benjamin Oebufu, Kupang (53 subjects) were given a lecture with discussion groups and group II in PPA IO-495 Alfa Omega Bakunase 2, Kota Kupang with total of 42 subjects were given a lecture with hands on. Measuring tool was a questionnaire. The analysis of data using Statistic Program for Social Science (SPSS) for a different test testing the T-test for normal distribution of data, while the Mann-Whitney test and the Wilcoxon Signed Rank test were for abnormal distribution data. The initial analysis on knowledge and attitudes obtained some comparable results in which there were no differences between treatment groups I and II (p > 0.05). The results of the analysis of mean differences between groups on post-test 1 and 2 showed some significant differences knowledge and attitudes in the treatment group II of the treatment group I (p < 0.05). The results of the analysis of the average increase showed the increased knowledge and attitudes were significant in both treatment groups. Delta analysis results from pre-test to post-test 1 and pre-test to post-test 2 showed the treatment group improved knowledge and attitudes II is higher than in the treatment group I (p < 0.05). Dental health education using lecture with hands on increased knowledge and attitudes about the subject of oral hygiene of the a lecture with discussion groups.   ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap ibu tentang kebersihan gigi dan mulut melalui pendidikan kesehatan gigi metode ceramah disertai diskusi kelompok dan ceramah disertai hands on. Penelitian dilakukan pada subjek penelitian sebanyak 95 ibu dari anak umur 6-8 tahun yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan terbagi dalam dua kelompok. Kelompok perlakuan I di PPA IO-497 Benyamin Oebufu, Kota Kupang sebanyak 53 subjek diberikan ceramah disertai diskusi kelompok dan kelompok II di PPA IO-495 Alfa Omega Bakunase 2, Kota Kupang sebanyak 42 subjek diberikan ceramah disertai hands on. Alat ukur dalam penelitian adalah kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan Statistik Program for Social Scince (SPSS) untuk uji beda yaitu uji T-test untuk data distribusi normal, sedangkan Mann-Whitney test dan Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test untuk data distribusi tidak normal. Hasil analisis perbedaan rerata antar kelompok pada post-test 1 dan 2 terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan dan sikap yang signifikan pada kelompok perlakuan II lebih tinggi dari pada kelompok perlakuan I (p < 0,05). Hasil analisis rerata peningkatan terdapat peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap yang signifikan pada kedua kelompok perlakuan. Hasil anal isis delta dari pre-test ke post-test 1 dan pre-test ke post-test 2 menunjukkan pada kelompok perlakuan II peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap lebih tinggi dari pada kelompok perlakuan I (p < 0,05). Pendidikan kesehatan gigi dengan metode ceramah disertai hands on lebih meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap subjek tentang kebersihan gigi dan mulut dari pada metode ceramah disertai diskusi kelompok.
Identifikasi faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut: Studi pada Pusat Pengembangan Anak Agape Sikumana Kota Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia Pay, Mery Novaria; Widiati, Sri; Sriyono, Niken Widyanti
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2016): April
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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ABSTRACT: Identification of factors towards children behavior on oral health maintenance. Behavior was a result of internal and external factors such as stimulus and response. Many factors can affect of children behavior on oral health maintenance. This study aims is to identify factors affecting children behavior on oral health maintenance. The study is an observational research with a cross sectional design and all that met inclusion criteria were sampled. Questionnaires with Likert scale were used to assess attitudes, perception, motivation, and behavior variables. The questionnaires showed validity (correlation values ≥ 0.30) and reliability (alpha Cronbach ≥ 0.70).The result of multiple regression analysis showed that variables attitude (p = 0.163) did not affect significantly on the behavior. Variables perception (p = 0.017) and motivation (p = 0.006) affected significantly on the behavior. Variables of perception and motivation contribute 40.0% (R2 = 0.400) to children behavior on oral health maintenance. Motivation gave the highest contribution of 10.4% to children behavior on oral health maintenance. Conclusion research, The better and the stronger perception and motivation is the better children behavior on oral health maintenace. Attitude does not affect children behavior on oral health maintenance. Motivation has contributed greatly to the children behavior on oral health maintenance.ABSTRAKPerilaku merupakan hasil interaksi faktor eksternal berupa stimulus dan faktor internal berupa respon.Banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional dan semua yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi diambil sebagai sampel. Variabel sikap, persepsi, motivasi dan perilaku diukur dengan kuesioner yang menggunakan skala Likert. Masing-masing kuesioner telah memenuhi uji validitas (nilai korelasi ≥ 0.30) dan uji reliabilitas dengan alpha cronbach ≥ 0.70. Hasil analisis regresi berganda menunjukkan bahwa sikap (p=0.163) tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap perilaku. Variabel persepsi (p=0.017) dan motivasi (p=0.006) berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap perilaku. Variabel persepsi dan motivasi memberikan kontribusi sebesar 40.0% (R2 = 0.400) tehadap perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Motivasi memberikan pengaruh paling besar yaitu 10,4% terhadap perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Kesimpulan penelitian, semakin baik persepsi dan semakin kuat motivasi maka semakin baik perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Sikap tidak berpengaruh terhadap perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Motivasi mempunyai pengaruh paling besar terhadap perilaku anak dalam pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUASAN MAHASISWA CO-ASS TERHADAP DESAIN TATA LETAK RUANG RSGM FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI UNIVERSITAS BAITURRAHMAH PADANG Yandi, Satria; Priyono, Bambang; Sriyono, Niken Widyanti
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 2, Nomor 1, Juni 2015
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

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Abstract

Latar Belakang Desain tata letak ruang RSGM yang baik dan nyaman akan mempengaruhi kepuasan pelanggannya, baik pelanggan internal dan pelanggan eksternal. Banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kepuasan pelanggan atau bersifat multifaktorial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass terhadap desain tata letak ruang RSGM Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah, Padang. Metode Penelitian Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 100 orang mahasiswa Co-Ass yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan bekerja aktif selama periode September 2014 sampai dengan Maret 2015 yang diambil secara total sampling. Desain tata ruang RSGM Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah, Padang merupakan variabel pengaruh yang diukur melalui acces, security, understanding customer dan kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah kuesioner dengan skala Likert dan Semantic Differentials, yang telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitasnya. Hasil Penelitian analisis regresi berganda menunjukkan bahwa security (p = 0.535) tidak berpengaruh terhadap kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass. Variabel acces (p = 0.000) dan understanding customer (p = 0.010) berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass sebesar 41,9% (R2 = 0.419). Kontribusi paling besar pada variabel acces 83,3% (partial eta square = 0.833) dan understanding customer 62,8% (partial eta square = 0.628). Kesimpulannya 1) Acces dan understanding customer berpengaruh terhadap kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass; 2) Semakin baik acces dan understanding customer maka semakin tinggi kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass; 3) Security tidak berpengaruh terhadap kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass; 4) Kepuasan mahasiswa Co-Ass terhadap desain tata ruang RSGM terbesar dipengaruhi oleh acces.