Widjiati Widjiati, Widjiati
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Why Mozart compositions during pregnancy should be exposed in the night. Study on apoptotic index of Rattus norvegicus offsprings’ brain neurons Maulana, Eka Nasrur; Joewono, Hermanto Tri; Widjiati, Widjiati; Purnomo, Windhu
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 25, No 3 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V25I32017.97-102

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the optimal time to expose Mozart compositions(in the night/ dark) by measuring brain neural apoptotic index of Rattus norvegicus offspringsMaterials and Methods: This study used experimental random-ized post test only control group design in pregnant Rattus norvegicus. Subjects were divided into three groups at random, ie control group, 1 (1 hour Mozart exposure in dark) and 2 (1 hour Mozart in light), each comprised 8 females. After delivery, 2 heaviest Rattus norvegicus offsprings were chosen, totally 15 neonates in each group, then they were sacrificed with decapita-tion and the brain was prepared and stained using TUNEL assay method and the index of neurons cell apoptosis was calculated using microscope in 1000x magnification. This study was conducted at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Airlangga, after conducting ethical feasibility test.Results: There were no miscarriages, congenital malformation, preterm birth and deaths in all groups. The control groups neural apoptosis index was 55.98 ± 4.12, group one 24.87±3.45 and group two 23.82±3.89. Based on statistical test result, there was no significant difference of apoptosis index between treatment group 1 and treatment group 2, with p value 0,836 but significant difference was found between control group and treatment group 1 (p=0.002) and between control group and treatment group 2 (p=0.009). In dark group we found the lower average of apoptotic index, the lowest apoptotic index, 9 of 15 had the lowest, the heaviest head weight and 4 of 15 subjects had the heaviest head weightConclusion: There was no significant difference between the pro-vision of Mozart music in dark and light on brain neuron of Rattus norvegicus offsprings although lower average in the dark group especially if the extreme value exluded. In the dark group: we found  the lower average of apoptotic index, the lowest apoptotic index, biggest proportion of the lowest index, the heaviest head and biggest proportion of heaviest head.
Red fruit oil increases trophoblast cells and decreases caspase-9 expression in placenta of lead exposed mice Sumarsono, Portia; Widjiati, Widjiati; Susilowati, Suherni
Universa Medicina Vol 35, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2016.v35.110-118

Abstract

BACKGROUNDLead is able to pass through the placental barrier and interfere with fetal development. Red fruit has high antioxidant activity, due to carotenoids (pro-vitamin A), tocopherols (vitamin E) and unsaturated fatty acids. This study aims to examine the effect of red fruit oil towards placenta in pregnant mice before lead exposure.METHODSThis was a laboratory experimental post test only study, using 20 pregnant mice (Mus musculus) that were randomized into five groups. The negative control group was not exposed to lead; intervention group 0 (P0) was exposed to lead at 0.011 mg/20 g BW/day on days 6-15 of gestation. The intervention groups P1-P3 were given red fruit orally at 0.3 mL/20 g BW/day, 0.8 mL/20 g BW/day, 0.9 mL/20 g BW/day, respectively, before lead exposure. Normal trophoblast cell count and caspase-9 expression of trophoblasts were calculated. One-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney tests were used to analyze the data.RESULTSThe intervention groups P2 and P3 given red fruit at 0.8 mL/20 g BW/day and 0.9 mL/20 g BW/day showed a significant increase in normal trophoblast cell count of 88.2% (p=0.024) and a decrease in caspase-9 expression of 70.8% compared with P0 to which was not given red fruit (p=0.020). CONCLUSIONRed fruit increased normal trophoblast cell count by 88.2% and decreased caspase-9 expression by 70.8% in pregnant mice before lead exposure. It should be noted that red fuit may prevent oxidative damage to cells.
Penurunan Progesterone-Induced Blocking Factor (PIBF) Sebagai Penanda Preeklampsia Faridz, Achmad Salman; Wicaksono, Budi; Dachlan, Erry Gumilar; Widjiati, Widjiati
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 24, No 1 (2016): Januari - April 2016
Publisher : Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mog.v24i1.2756

Abstract

Tujuan: Membandingkan kadar PIBF serum dan berat plasenta pada model preeklampsia.Bahan dan Metode: Penelitian cross sectional yang dilakukan pada 16 Mus musculus bunting normal dan 16 Mus musculus bunting yang diberikan anti Qa-2 untuk membentuk suatu model preeklampsia. Kemudian dilakukan terminasi pada hari ke 16 kebuntingan dan dilakukan pemeriksaan kadar PIBF serum dengan metode ELISA serta pengukuran berat plasenta.Hasil: Didapatkan penurunan kadar PIBF serum pada Mus musculus model preeklampsia dibandingkan kontrol (33,21±29,36 ng/ml vs 105,76±59,69 ng/ml; p<0,05). Tidak ada perbedaan berat plasenta Mus musculus model preeklampsia dibandingkan kontrol (97,75±50,74 mg vs 116,09±44,45 mg; p>0,05). Tidak didapatkan hubungan antara kadar PIBF serum dengan berat plasenta.Simpulan: Penurunan kadar PIBF serum dapat dijadikan sebagai penanda kejadian preeklampsia. Penurunan kadar PIBF serum diduga berhubungan dengan kelainan plasenta pada preeklampsia.
Nicotine supplementation blocks oocyte maturation in Rattus norvegicus Noor, Meitria Syahadatina; Bahkriansyah, H.M; Widjiati, Widjiati; Santoso, Budi
Universa Medicina Vol 32, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2013.v32.92-98

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BACKGROUNDIndonesia has the third largest tobacco consumption in the world after China and India. Nicotine as the main component of cigarette smoke has negative effects on the reproductive system, such as oocyte maturation, ovulation, and fertilization, and increasing the diploidy of oocytes. The goal of this researchwas to evaluate the effect of nicotine on oocyte maturation in Rattus norvegicus.METHODSThis was an experimental study with post test only control group design. The subjects were 40 rats selected homogenously and randomly. They were divided into a control group (receiving carboxy-methyl-cellulose sodium and 3 treatment groups (I-III) receiving nicotine subcutaneously for 7 days at dosages of 21 mg/ kgBW, 41 kg/kgBW and 84/kgBW, respectively. The observations comprised oocyte maturation stage, viz. germinal vesicle (GV), germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), metaphase I and metaphase II. Data were analyzed by one-way Anova with á=0.05, followed by Tukey’s HSD test.RESULTSOne-way Anova showed significant differences in oocyte  maturation in all groups. Tukey’s HSD test showed that for GV, the differing groups were control and I, control and II, I and III. For GVBD, the differing groups were control and I, I andII, I and III. For metaphase I, the differing groups were control with I, II, and III, I and II, I and III. For metaphase II, the differing groups were control versus I, II, and III, I and II, I and III.CONCLUSIONLow dose of nicotine is capable of affecting oocyte maturation in Rattus norvegicus.
Pemberian Topikal Ekstrak Daun Pepaya (Carica papaya) pada Hewan Coba Mencit (Mus musculus) Bunting Meningkatkan Kepadatan Kolagen Jaringan Vagina Djunaidi, Fauzan; Mardiyan K, Eighty; Widjiati, Widjiati
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 23, No 3 (2015): September - Desember 2015
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.42 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V23I32015.118-127

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 Tujuan: Menganalisis pengaruh pemberian gel ekstrak air daun pepaya terhadap kepadatan kolagen jaringan vagina pasca melahirkan pada hewan coba mencit saat bunting.Bahan dan Metode: Desain penelitian randomized post test only control group,dilakukan di Departemen Embriologi Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Airlangga, pada bulan April-Juni 2015. Terdapat empat kelompok, masing-masing kelompok terdiri dari 8 mencit bunting. Kelompok kontrol (tanpa perlakuan) dan kelompok perlakuan berupa pemberian topikal ekstrak daun pepaya konsentrasi 5%, 10% dan 15%, 1x/hari pervaginam, sejak usia kebuntingan hari ke-12 sampai melahirkan. Lama perlakuan 6-8 hari. Setelah melahirkan, mencit dikorbankan dan diperiksa kepadatan kolagen dengan pewarnaan HE. Uji statistik yang dipakai uji parametrik dan nonparametrik disertai uji komparasi gandaHasil: Kepadatan kolagen berdasarkan skor didapatkan nilai median pada kelompok I = 3,5 (3-4); kelompok II = 4 (4-4); kelompok III = 3 (3-4); kelompok IV = 4 (3-4) dengan uji Kruskal-Wallis (p=0,036) menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan, dilanjutkan uji beda tiap kelompok Mann-Whitney, hasilnya tidak didapatkan perbedaan signifikan antara kelompok kontrol dengan masing-masing kelompok perlakuan. Kepadatan kolagen berdasarkan persentase didapatkan nilai rerata pada kelompok I = 90,64%±3,35; kelompok II = 96,19%±1,34; kelompok III = 87,85%±6,69 dan kelompok IV = 92,08%±4,84. Uji Anova menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan (p=0,032), dilanjutkan uji beda LSD menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna antara kelompok I dan II (p=0,045)Simpulan: pemberian topikal ekstrak daun pepaya konsentrasi 5% pervaginam saat masa kebuntingan mencit meningkatan kepadatan kolagen jaringan vagina pasca melahirkan.
RADIATION EFFECT OF WIRELESS FIDELITY (Wi-Fi) ON OOCYTE NUMBER OF OOCYTE STIMULATION IN MICE (Mus Musculus) Nurbayatin, Anita; Widjiati, Widjiati; Primariawan, Relly Yanuari; Poernomo, Bambang; Sulistiawati, Sulistiawati; Yudiwati, Rina
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol 53, No 3 (2017): September 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v53i3.6440

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Infertility is a problem experienced by some women and men around the world. Most infertility problems in women is caused by impaired reproductive organs or disrupted ovulation.. One factor that causes impaired oocyte maturation is wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) radiation which has a radio frequency field of 2.45 GHz. The radiation may increase the activity of free radical cells through the fenton reaction pathways that cause infertility because of the disrupted oocyte development. This study aimed to determine the effect of Wi-Fi radiation on the number of oocytes. This was an experimental study using control group design. The subjects were 32 female mice selected through complete random sampling and divided into two groups: control (R0) and exposure (R1). Each group consisted of 16 mice. The Wi-Fi radio frequency used was 2.5 GHz. Mice (R1) were placed closer to Wi-Fi source (± 15cm), and there were two types of laptop PCs and 3G mobile phones connected to internet placed next to mice for 15 hours/28 days. The mice underwent a simultaneous cycle with intraperitoneal injection of PMSG and HCG. Furthermore, the mice were mated with vasectomized male monomatingly to induce ovulation. The fertilization pouch in both oviducts were observed for oocyte collection. The number of oocytes was calculated using an inverted microscope. There was a difference in the number of oocytes between control and exposure group. Statistical tests were analyzed using Mann Whitney U and resulted in significant values (p value = 0.00). No oocytes count in exposure group. In other words, the group underwent anovulation. In conclusion, Wi-Fi radiation affected the number of oocyte stimulation in mice. Therefore, it was important to minimize the risk factors that trigger electromagnetic radiation on reproductive health.
Effects of Folic Acid Intake during Pregnancy whose Mother was Exposed to Cigarette Smoke towards Brain Neurons Apoptosis Index and Quantity of Mice (Mus musculus) Offspring Ningrum, Nyna Puspa; Joewono, Hermanto Tri; Widjiati, Widjiati
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol 54, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v54i1.8050

Abstract

Folic acid contains 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), one of antioxidants that can be used to inhibit reaction caused by cigarette smoke exposure. Folic acid is able to inhibit the levels of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) so as to reduce the occurrence of neuronal apoptosis. The objectives of this study was to determine the effect of folic acid intake during pregnancy whose mother was exposed to cigarette smoke on brain neurons apoptosis index and quantity of mice (Mus musculus) offspring. This study was an experimental laboratory study with posttest-only control group design. The subjects were 24 female mice divided into 4 groups consisting of one control group and three treatment groups. Sampling used simple random sampling, each group consisting of 6 animals. Control group 1 was not given treatment during pregnancy, group 2 was given with folic acid orally on days 0-17 of gestational age as much as 0.06 mg/day/mice. Group 3 was given with cigarette smoke exposure on days 7-17 of gestational age, amounting to 2 cigarettes/day. Group 4 was given with cigarette smoke exposure on days 7-17 of gestational age, amounting to 2 cigarettes/day and folic acid orally on days 0-17 of gestational age as much as 0.06 mg/day/mice. The result showed significant differences in all variables. In neurons apoptosis index, there were significant differences between groups 1 and 3, groups 2 and 3, groups 3 and 4, significant differences in the quantity of neurons between groups 1 and 3, groups 2 and 3, groups 2 and 4. The study concluded that there were significant difference in neural apoptosis index between all groups, and there were also significant differences in the quantity of neurons between all groups.
Kurkumin Menurunkan Ekspresi Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-α Kompleks Oosit-Kumulus Sapi pada Kultur dengan Zalir Peritoneum Penderita Infertil Terkait Endometriosis Ardianta W, MY; Hendarto, Hendy; Widjiati, Widjiati
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 23, No 3 (2015): September - Desember 2015
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.39 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V23I32015.133-139

Abstract

Tujuan: Mempelajari pengaruh pemberian kurkumin terhadap ekspresi tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α kompleks oosit-kumulus (KOK) sapi pada kultur zalir peritoneum penderita infertil dengan endometriosis ringan dan berat.Bahan dan Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental murni yang dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Embrio-logi Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Airlangga antara April sampai Agustus 2014. Zalir peritoneum diambil dari penderita infertil dengan endometriosis ringan, endometriosis berat, dan non-endometriosis yang menjalani laparoskopi diagnosis di Klinik Fertilitas Graha Amerta RSUD dr. Sutomo Surabaya, RS Bersalin Putri Surabaya, RSIA Kendangsari Surabaya, RS Universitas Airlangga Surabaya. Masing-masing zalir peritoneum endometriosis ringan dan berat dibagi lagi menjadi zalir peritoneum endometriosis dengan kurkumin dan tanpa kurkumin. Zalir peritoneum non endometriosis dikelompok-kan menjadi zalir peritoneum penderita non endometriosis tanpa dan dengan kurkumin. KOK sapi diambil secara consecutive sampling dari aspirasi folikel antral diameter 3–8 mm dari ovarium sapi yang berasal dari Rumah Potong Hewan Surabaya kemudian secara acak dengan randomisasi sederhana dikultur dalam tujuh kelompok. Kelompok 1 ditempatkan dalam tissue culture medium 199 (TCM-199) saja. Kelompok 2, 3 dan 4 TCM-199 ditambah masing-masing 3% zalir peritoneum penderita infertil dengan endometriosis ringan, berat dan non-endometriosis. Kelompok 5, 6, dan 7 media TCM-199 ditambah masing-masing 3% zalir peritoneum penderita infertil dengan endometriosis ringan, berat dan non-endometriosis dan dengan kurkumin 20 µg/ml.Hasil: Uji Kruskal Wallis menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna ekspresi TNF-α pada ketujuh kelompok (p<0,0001). Uji Mann-Whitney juga menunjukkan bahwa ekspresi TNF-α KOK sapi pada kultur kelompok endometriosis ringan dengan kurkumin (ER+C) lebih rendah secara bermakna dibandingkan kelompok endometriosis ringan tanpa kurkumin (ER). Ekspresi TNF-α KOK sapi pada kultur kelompok endometriosis berat dengan kurkumin (EB+C) lebih rendah secara bermakna dibandingkan kelompok endometriosis berat tanpa kurkumin (EB). Uji Mann-Whitney menunjukkan ekspresi TNF-α KOK sapi pada kultur kelompok ER lebih tinggi secara bermakna dibandingkan kontrol ataupun kelompok non endometriosis (NE). Ekspresi TNF-α KOK sapi pada kultur kelompok EB lebih tinggi secara bermakna dibandingkan kontrol ataupun kelompok NE. Ekspresi TNF-α KOK sapi pada kultur kelompok EB tidak didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna dibandingkan dengan kelompok ER.Simpulan: Pemberian kurkumin dapat dipertimbangkan untuk digunakan sebagai terapi tambahan pada penderita infertil terkait endometriosis. 
Therapeutic effectiveness of rat bone marrow stem cells in Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome Mice Model on folliculogenesis, TGF-β, GDF-9 expression, and estrogen, TNF- and androgen Levels Santoso, Budi; Sulistyono, Agus; S, Salmon Charles; Widjiati, Widjiati
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 24, No 3 (2016): September - December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V24I32016.90-93

Abstract

Objectives: to identify therapeutic effectiveness of Rat Bone Marrow stem cell in PCOS rats model on folliculogenesis, TGF-beta and GDF-9 expression and on estrogen, TNF-a and androgen levels.Material and Methods: this study is a laboratory experimental research with using animal testing. PCOS was induced by the administration of testosterone propionate hormone into 30 mice. The subjects of this study are divided into 2 groups: stem cell group and control group. The mice were injected with testosterone then vaginal swab was performed to determine the mice cycle. After determining mice in anestrous cycle, stem cell was injected. TNF-a was measured with immunohistochemistry and androgen was examined using ELISA. The data was measured by student t-test.Result: The average number of TNF-a expression in control group was lower than stem cell group (5.35 vs 2.34; p= 0.0026). The average androgen level for stem cell group was lower than mean for control group (2.31 vs 0.40; p= 0.0026).Conclusion: In this study of polycystic model mice, stem cell decreased the expression of TNF-a and androgen level
Effects of Red Fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam) Oil on Malondialdehyde Level and Spermatozoa Quality in Mice (Mus musculus) Exposed to Monosodium Glutamate Agustina, Widayati; Widjiati, Widjiati; Hayati, Alfiah
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol 54, No 2 (2018): June
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v54i2.8855

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effects of red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam) oil on MDA levels and spermatozoa quality in mice (Mus musculus) exposed to MSG. The quality includes motility, viability, concentration, and morphology of spermatozoa. This experimental study used randomized post-test only control group design. The subjects of this study were 25 mice (Mus musculus), divided into 5 groups (5 mice per group). K- group received distilled water for 35 days. K+ group received 4 mg/g BW MSG for 21 days. P1, P2, and P3 treatment groups received 4 mg/g BW MSG for 21 days and 0.02; 0.04; 0.08 ml/g BW red fruit oil, respectively, from day 22 to 35. The results showed that mean spermatozoa morphology in K-, K+, P1, P2, P3 groups were as follows: 0.86; 0.56; 0.67; 0.61; and 0.87 (%). The spermatozoa concentrations were sequentially as follows: 21; 10; 15; 32,8,19 (107 cells/ml). The spermatozoas vitalities were as follows: 0,64; 0,14; 0,24; P2: 0.36; 0.68 (%). MDA levels were respectively: 0.29; 0.60; 0.35; 0.23; and 0.19 (nm). As a conclusion, testicular MDA levels in mice exposed to MSG and given with red fruit oil were lower than those in mice exposed to MSG without receiving red fruit oil. The quality of spermatozoa in mice exposed to MSG and receiving red fruit oil was higher than that of mice exposed to MSG without being given with red fruit oil.