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Prevalensi Diastema Anterior pada Remaja Awal di Kota Banda Aceh (Studi pada Siswa/i SMPN dalam Wilayah Kecamatan Kuta Alam) Putri, Seisarita; Arifin, Rafinus; Noviyandri, Putri Rahmi
Journal Caninus Dentistry Vol 2, No 1 (2017): februari 2017
Publisher : Journal Caninus Dentistry

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Abstract

ABSTRACTAccording to Andrew (1972) normal occlusion consisted of six characteristics. One of the key features of the nomal occlusion is the presence of accurate contact of the teeth in the arch without any diastema or crowding. Diastema can be defined as the distance or space between the proximal surfaces of adjacent teeth larger than 1 mm. The diastema can be caused by dentoalveolar discrepancies, abnormal Frenum, pathological condition, a systemic disease, the number of tooth abnormalities, teeth deformities, bad habits, hereditary and malposition of teeth. This may give a significant influence on the function and esthetics. Diastema is an aesthetic problem that is common in mixed dentition period and early permanent period. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of diastema in the early adolescence in Banda Aceh at the junior high school in the subdistrict of Kuta Alam. This study is a descriptive cross-sectional design. The method of subject is done by purposive sampling technique involved 157 subjects which are student of SMPN 2, SMPN 4, SMP 6, SMP 9, and SMPN 18 in Banda Aceh. This study uses the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) to measure the diastema category. The results showed that the prevalence of anterior diastema at students in junior high school in Kuta Alam subdistrict of Banda Aceh amounted to 20.7%. It is concluded that the anterior diastema commonly occurs in men than women and is more common in the maxilla.Keywords : Anterior diastema, Early Adolescence, Normal Occlusion
HUBUNGAN USIA SKELETAL DENGAN PUNCAK PERTUMBUHAN PADA PASIEN USIA 10-14 TAHUN DI RSGM UNSYIAH Arifin, Rafinus; Noviyandri, Putri Rahmi; Shatia, Laveine Sukma
Cakradonya Dental Journal Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : FKG Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.781 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/cdj.v9i1.9877

Abstract

Pengetahuan mengenai kapan terjadinya puncak pertumbuhan merupakan hal yang sangat penting untuk menentukan kapan pertumbuhan aktif berakhir, sehingga akan diperoleh keberhasilan perawatan pasien ortodonti. Usia skeletal dapat menjadi pilihan yang paling tepat dalam menentukan kapan terjadinya puncak pertumbuhan tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat hubungan antara usia skeletal dengan puncak pertumbuhan pada pasien usia 10-14 tahun di RSGM Unsyiah. Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik dengan teknik pengambilan sample adalah total sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yaitu foto sefalometri lateral dan rekam medik, serta menggunakan metode Bacceti dkk. untuk menentukan maturasi cervical stage pasien. Penelitian ini dianalisis dengan uji Chi-Square yang menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara usia skeletal dengan puncak pertumbuhan pada pasien usia 10-14 tahun di RSGM Unsyiah dengan nilai p=0,159 (p>0,05). Namun, terdapat hubungan pada perempuan jika dianalisis berdasarkan jenis kelamin.Kata kunci: usia skeletal, puncak pertumbuhan.
DAMPAK KARAKTERISTIK MALOKLUSI GIGI ANTERIOR BERDASARKAN TINGKAT KEPARAHANNYA TERHADAP STATUS PSIKOSOSIAL Arifin, Rafinus; ., Sunnati; Daulay, Armi Amanda
Cakradonya Dental Journal Vol 9, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : FKG Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.318 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/cdj.v9i2.9741

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Usia puncak pertumbuhan anak merupakan masa peralihan antara masa anak-anak hingga menuju masa dewasa yang meliputi perubahan biologis, kognitif dan sosial emosional. Maloklusi adalah suatu anomali yang menyebabkan gangguan fungsi oral dan estetika serta memerlukan perawatan jika sudah mengganggu fisik dan emosional. Berbagai penelitian telah membuktikan bahwa remaja pada usia puncak pertumbuhan yang mengalami maloklusi gigi anterior akan berdampak negatif terhadap status psikososial remaja. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui dampak karakteristik maloklusi gigi anterior terhadap status psikososial (studi kasus pada usia puncak pertumbuhan di Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP) Negeri Banda Aceh dengan menggunakan indeks PIDAQ). Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dan penelitian ini dilakukan di SMP Negeri dengan total subjek 279 siswa. Subjek diberikan kuisioner PIDAQ untuk mengetahui dampak karakteristik maloklusi gigi anterior terhadap status psikososial. Hasil uji Wilks’ Lamda menunjukkan dampak signifikan karakteristik maloklusi gigi anterior terhadap status psikososial pada usia puncak pertumbuhan, diperoleh nilai p=0,003 (p<0,05). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya dampak karakteristik maloklusi gigi anterior berdasarkan tingkat keparahannya terhadap status psikososial pada usia puncak pertumbuhan.Kata kunci: maloklusi, protrusif, PIDAQ
Penetration effect of prostaglandin E2 gel on oral mucosa of rats Arifin, Rafinus; Widayati, Retno; Purwaningsih, Erni H; S, Dewi Fatma
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 45, No 3 (2012): (September 2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1311.3 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v45.i3.p161-166

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Background: Several researches reported that Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) injection on buccal mucosa combined with orthodontic pressure can faster tooth movement but has disadvantages such as high alveolar bone and root resorption furthermore pain from injection needle. PGE2 gel was made to better replace the lacks of injectable PGE2. Purpose: This research was aimed to prove that PGE 2 gel can penetrate rat’s oral mucosa effecting the appearance of PMN cells. Methods: This research was an in vivo laboratory experiment using 36 Sprague Dawley rats which were divided into 3 groups: normal group, topical PGE2 gel group after 1, 2, 4, 8 hours (4 subgroups), and topical gel without PGE2 group after 1, 2, 4, 8 hours (4 subgroups). Each group consists of 4 rats, therefore the total sample for all research groups were 36 rats. Gel with 25 µg/mL of PGE2 and gel without PGE2 were applied on oral mucosa for 2 minutes. Then, the rats were sacrificed after 1 hour, 2 hours, 4 hours, and 8 hours application. After that, the samples were prepared for histological examination with Hematoxyllin and Eosin. The picture were taken with OptiLab View and PMN cells amount were counted with light microscope, set 400 times of magnification. Results: Penetration effect of PGE2 gel on rat’s oral mucosa result in PMN inflammation cells distribution. One-way ANOVA showed no significant difference on PMN cells count in rats’ lower jaws between groups of normal and gel without PGE2. There was significant difference between groups of PGE2 gel and gel without PGE2 (p=0,001). PGE2 gel application showed PGE2 as inflammatory media, even though administered topically. Conclusion: PGE2 gel can penetrate rat’s oral mucosa, effecting PMN cells 1, 2, 4 and 8 hours after application of PGE2 gel.Latar belakang: Beberapa penelitian melaporkan bahwa injeksi (Prostaglandin E2) PGE2pada mukosa bukal yang dikombinasikan dengan tekanan ortodonti dapat mempercepat pergerakan gigi, tapi mempunyai kekurangan berupa resorpsi yang besar pada tulang alveolar dan akar gigi, serta adanya rasa sakit akibat penggunaan jarum suntik. Gel PGE2 dibuat untuk mengatasi kekurangan pemberian PGE2 secara injeksi. Tujuan: Untuk membuktikan bahwa gel PGE2 dapat berpenetrasi pada mukosa mulut tikus dengan efek munculnya sel PMN. Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah eksperimental laboratorik in vivo, menggunakan 36 tikus Sprague Dawley yang dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok, yaitu kelompok normal; kelompok pengolesan gel PGE2 setelah 1 jam, 2 jam, 4 jam, 8 jam (4 sub kelompok); kelompok pengolesan gel tanpa PGE2 setelah 1 jam, 2 jam, 4 jam, 8 jam (4 sub kelompok). Masing-masing kelompok terdiri 4 sampel, sehingga total sampel seluruh kelompok penelitian 36 tikus. Gel PGE2 dosis 25 µg/mL dan gel tanpa PGE2 dioleskan pada mukosa mulut rahang bawah selama 2 menit. Tikus di sacrifice setelah 1 jam, 2 jam, 4 jam dan 8 jam pengolesan. Kemudian dibuat sediaan histologi dengan pewarnaan Hematoxylin dan Eosin. Foto preparat diambil menggunakan OptiLab View. Hitung jumlah sel-sel PMN menggunakan mikroskop cahaya dengan pembesaran 400x. Hasil: Efek penetrasi gel PGE2 pada mukosa mulut terlihat distribusi sel-sel inflamasi PMN. Uji one-way ANOVA menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan jumlah sel PMN yang bermakna pada mukosa rahang bawah tikus antara kelompok gel tanpa PGE2 dan normal. Ada perbedaan bermakna antara jumlah sel PMN kelompok pengolesan gel PGE2 dengan gel tanpa PGE2. (p = 0,001). Hasil aplikasi gel PGE2 menunjukkan gel PGE2 sebagai media inflamasi, meskipun zat aktif diberikan secara topikal. Kesimpulan: PGE2 gel dapat berpenetrasi ke mukosa mulut tikus, dengan efek adanya sel-sel PMN pada 1 jam, 2 jam, 4 jam dan 8 jam setelah pengolesan gel PGE2.
PREVALENSI GIGI KANINUS MAKSILA EKTOPIK DI KOTA BANDA ACEH (Studi pada Siswa/i Kelas 6 SDN dalam Wilayah Kecamatan Kuta Alam) Makmur, Thania Khanza; Arifin, Rafinus; Noviyandri, Putri Rahmi
Journal Caninus Dentistry Vol 2, No 1 (2017): februari 2017
Publisher : Journal Caninus Dentistry

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The canines has an important role in the oral cavity, which serves for stability and development of the arch form, aesthetics, function occlusion and facial profile symmetry. Growth of the canines can occurs ectopic and can causes disturbances during eruption such as cause root resorption of the adjacent teeth, migration of the adjacent teeth, loss of the dental arch length, agenesis of the lateral incisors and ankylosis of the maxillary canines. The purpose of this study is to know prevalence of ectopic maxillary canines in the city of Banda Aceh on the students grade 6 Elementary School in the subdistrict of Kuta Alam. This study is a descriptive study with cross-sectional study approach. The method of subject selection was done by purposive sampling method involved 70 subjects which is students of 12 SDN in the subdistrict of Kuta Alam Banda Aceh. This study used classification of ectopic maxillary canines according to Pavlina Cernochova and friends (2011), both are based on the type of ectopic eruption, side the canines that ectopic eruption, and position of the crown canines associated with dental arch. The result of this study showed that prevalence ectopic maxillary canines in the city of Banda Aceh on the students grade 6 SDN in the subdistrict of Kuta Alam 14,5%. The conclusion of this study is ectopic maxillary canines generally occurs in males than females with prevalence 14,5%.Keywords: Ectopic Maxillary Canines
PENGETAHUAN REMAJA USIA 15-17 TAHUN DI SMAN 4 KOTA BANDA ACEHTERHADAP EFEK SAMPING PEMAKAIAN ALAT ORTODONTI CEKAT Herwanda, Herwanda; Arifin, Rafinus; Lindawati, Lindawati
250-20412
Publisher : Dentistry Faculty

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Abstract

The purpose of orthodontic appliance is now more widely used by teenagers. Most teenagers using orthodontic tool for lifestyle, without knowing and not considering the main purpose, benefits and risks of orthodontic treatment. The purpose of thisstudy was to determine the level of knowledge of teenagers age 15-17 years in SMAN 4 Banda Aceh to the side effects of using fixed orthodontic appliance. Design of study was descriptive. The number of subjects in this study were 96 people, subjects retrieved using non-probability sampling and purposive sampling technique. The results of the study showed 25 subjects (26%) have knowledge in the high category, 68 subjects (70.9 %) have knowledge in the medium category, and 3 subjects (3.1 %) have knowledge in the low category. The conclusion in this study is that knowledge of students in SMAN 4 Banda Aceh on the side effects of fixed orthodontic appliance use are in the medium category.Keywords : Knowledge, fixed orthodontic, side effect
SHEAR BOND STRENGTH BRACKET METAL DENGAN BAHAN ADHESIF CHEMICALLY CURED DAN LIGHT CURED YANG TERKONTAMINASI SALIVA TERHADAP EMAIL Sundari, Iin; Arifin, Rafinus; Maulida, Rita
250-20412
Publisher : Dentistry Faculty

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Abstract

The used of orthodontic brackets was to correction the function of mastication and aesthetic. Orthodontics bracket needed an adhesive material to bonding to enamel. Adhesives materials growth very wide to improved the bonding of bracket to enamel. In this study used two kind of adhesives material based on the polymerization, chemically cured bonding material and light cured bonding material. The risk of salivary contamination can lead to bonding failure. The aimed of this study was to get information about the shear bond strength of metal brackets using chemically cured adhesive and cured light adhesive contaminated saliva. Twenty extracted human premolars were randomly divided into two groups of 10 each (n=10). In group I, was used with chemically cured adhesive contaminated saliva. In group II, was used with light cured adhesive  contaminated saliva. Shared bond strength test used Universal Testing Machine (UTM) with force 200 kgf and crosshead speed 0.5 mm/minute. The data was analyzed by using unpaired t test. The result showed that there were no significant differences in the shear bond strength of metal brackets using chemically cured adhesive and cured light adhesive contaminated saliva (p>0,05). The conclusion of the study is no differences in the shear bond strength of metal brackets using chemically cured adhesive and cured light adhesive contaminated saliva.Keyword: shear bond strength, chemically cured adhesive, light cured adhesive, contaminated saliva
HUBUNGAN USIA DENTAL DENGAN PUNCAK PERTUMBUHAN PADA PASIEN USIA 10-14 TAHUN DI RSGM UNSYIAH Arifin, Rafinus; Noviyandri, Putri Rahmi; Lusmana, Fara Mufti
250-20412
Publisher : Dentistry Faculty

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Abstract

AbstractIn orthodontic treatment knowing pubertal growth spurt is very important, because in this period malocclusion will be easier to correct and the results will be better. Dental age is one of many indicator to estimate human pubertal growth spurt which can be assessed by the stages of dental emergence and calcification. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of dental age with pubertal growth spurt in patients of RSGM Unsyiah. This study used cross-sectional’s method involving 94 girls patients aged 10-12 years and 43 boys patients aged 12-14 years in RSGM Unsyiah period June 2012-June 2014. Data collected in secondary data, they are panoramic photo and patient dental record. Evaluation of dental age was based methods of Lorenzo (2008) by eruption of canines, premolars, and second molar permanent teeth, then grouped into late mixed dentition (eruption of the canines and premolars) or early permanent dentition (eruption of second molars pemanent). Chi-Square tests were used to determine the relationship between dental age and pubertal growth spurt. Results of Chi-square test indicates a significant relationship between dental age and pubertal growth spurt p= 0.008 (p<0.05). Conclusion is there is a significant relationship between dental age and pubertal growth spurt. Keyword: Pubertal growth spurt, dental age, dental emergence, dental calcification.
Dampak Maloklusi Gigi Anterior Protrusif Terhadap Status Psikososial Remaja Usia 15-17 Tahun Menggunakan Indeks PIDAQ (Studi Pada 4 Sman Banda Aceh) Arifin, Rafinus; Sunnati, Sunnati; Siregar, Rizky Kurniawan
Cakradonya Dental Journal Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Desember 2016
Publisher : FKG Unsyiah

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Abstract

Maloklusi adalah suatu anomali yang menyebabkan gangguan fungsi oral dan estetika serta memerlukan perawatan jika sudah mengganggu seseorang baik secara fisik maupun emosional. Masa remaja adalah masa dimana seseorang mencari jati diri sehingga penampilan wajah dan gigi-geligi sangat berpengaruh dengan hubungan sosial remaja tersebut. Berbagai penelitian telah menemukan maloklusi gigi anterior atas berdampak negatif terhadap status psikosial sosial remaja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dampak maloklusi gigi anterior protrusif terhadap status psikososial remaja di Banda Aceh. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian observasional analitik dan pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan cara purposive sampling. Sampel penelitian berasal dari empat SMA Negeri Banda Aceh yaitu SMAN 1, SMAN 2, SMAN 3 serta SMAN 4, dengan total subjek 108 siswa. Kepada subjek diberikan kuisioner PIDAQ untuk mengetahui dampak maloklusi gigi anterior protrusif terhadap status psikososial siswa tersebut. Data hasil penelitian tersebut kemudian dianalisis menggunakan SPSS dengan metode Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan maloklusi gigi anterior protrusif berdampak negatif terhadap status psikososial remaja, sehingga peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa semakin berat derajat keparahan maloklusi gigi anterior protrusif maka semakin besar kemungkinannya berpengaruh terhadap status psikososial.
Primary second molar relations in preschool-aged children Arifin, Rafinus; Hidayatullah, Taufiqi; Rahayu, Sholeha
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 30, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.404 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol30no1.16113

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Introduction: The primary second molar relation is also called the terminal plane, which is the relation between the distal surface of the maxillary and mandibular second primary molars in a centric occlusion position. One of the most important characteristics of the ideal occlusion development on the primary dentition is if the primary second molar relation classified as the flush terminal plane. This relation plays a significant role in determining the relation in permanent molar because the eruption of the first permanent molars are guided by the distal surface of the maxillary and mandibular second primary molars. The purpose of this study was to found out the clinical description of the primary second molar relation among the preschool-aged children in four kindergartens in Banda Aceh. Methods: This study was a descriptive study with cross-sectional study approach. The subject selection method was performed with a purposive sampling method involving as much as 37 subjects, which were students of State Kindergarten of Pembina 1, State Kindergarten 2, State Kindergarten 3, and State Kindergarten of Adidarma 4, Banda Aceh. The examination was performed by using the intraoral mirror when the teeth were in the centric occlusion position. Decisions regarding the primary second molar relation were made by the bilateral occlusion (left and right). Results: The flush terminal plane was found in 45.9% of all respondents, the mesial step was 54.1%, and the distal step was 0.0%. Conclusion: The primary second molar relation among preschool-aged children generally had the mesial step.