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All Journal IZUMI Lingua Cultura
Eka Marthanty Indah Lestari, Eka Marthanty Indah

IZUMI Vol 5, No 1: Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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This article describes the Kenmu Restoration and several important historical events that happened around that time. Kenmu Restoration or Kenmu no Shinmei is a historic period in Japan from 1333 to 1336. This restoration marks 3 year period between the fall of Kamakura Bakufu and the rise of Ashikaga Bakufu. The essence of Kenmu Restoration as the political experiment by Emperor Go-Daigo is to give the same opportunity for nobleman and army to run the government. However, this idea cannot be realized as there was conflict between nobleman and army. The nobleman assumed that the political power must be returned to the Emperor and nobleman has right to control the government. On the contrary, army who fought to return the authority of Emperor also demanded the compensation, position in the government. Therefore, Kenmu Restoration at last failed. Ashikaga Takauji, the follower of Emperor Go-Daigo, was angry when the Emperor refused to appoint him as Shogun. As the result, Ashikaga Takauji sent his troops to destroy Emperor Go-Daigo. It indicates the rise of Ashikaga Bakufu.

Reader-Response Study on Characteristics of Arafo Women in Nodeko’s Web Manga Dokushin OL No Tatemae To Honne

Lingua Cultura Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Lingua Cultura Vol. 12 No. 2 (In Press)
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

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This research aimed to analyzed the responses of readers regarding the characteristics of Arafo women in web manga. In this case, the researchers want to see the responses of the readers regarding occupation, marriage, and the lifestyle of Arafo women. With the reception theory by Hall, it could be seen whether the message from the author of the web manga about Arafo women can be fully understood or interpreted differently by the readers. This research used a qualitative method with the research steps; namely identifying the suitable respondents, planning the instruments in the form of the list of questions for an interview, collecting data through field study (related to interview), and literature review (related to the written data). Data analysis was performed with stages; namely processing the result of the interview, reducing data, grouping data, interpreting data, and concluding data. The research result shows that there are three types of readers based on the theory of Hall; namely dominant/hegemonic position regarding age and occupation of Arafo women, the negotiated position related to issue of independence, and oppositional position related to issues of spouse and marriage. Different feedbacks from the readers on the same text are affected by some factors; namely knowledge about the condition of Japanese society and Arafo women, a difference of experience, and difference of perspective.