Aditya Kusumawati, Aditya
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HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN PERILAKU MEROKOK SISWA LAKI-LAKI DI SMA X KABUPATEN KUDUS Febrianika, Rahmadhiana; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Lingkungan sosial merupakan faktor penting yang memperkenalkan rokok kepada remaja seperti keluarga, teman sebaya, sekolah, dan masyarakat. Meningkatnya jumlah perokok di kalangan remaja berawal dari perilaku yang dipengaruhi oleh niat untuk merokok. Siswa di SMA X Kabupaten Kudus yang merokok sebesar 88,2%. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor lingkungan sosial dengan perilaku merokok siswa laki-laki di SMA X Kabupaten Kudus. Metode yang digunakan kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi adalah siswa laki-laki di SMA X Kabupaten Kudus dengan jumlah 93 orang dan sampel yang diambil adalah total sampling yaitu 93 orang. Sumber data penelitian menggunakan data primer dan sekunder. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan uji statistik Chi Square (α=0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar usia responden 17-20 tahun (53,8%). Sebagian besar responden berada di kelas 12 (37,6%). Sebagian besar uang saku responden kurang dari Rp.5000 (81,7%). Pendidikan ayah responden sebagian besar tamat SD (46,2%). Pendidikan ibu responden sebagian besar tamat SD (45,2%). Pekerjaan ayah responden sebagian besar buruh (74,2%). Pekerjaan ibu responden sebagian besar buruh (67,7%). Sebagian besar responden mendapat dukungan merokok dari lingkungan keluarga (82,8%), teman sebaya (57%), sekolah (51,6%), masyarakat (78,5%). Percieved behavioral control (95,7%) mempermudah untuk merokok dan responden yang berniat merokok (68,8%). Hasil uji chi square didapatkan hubungan dukungan keluarga, teman sebaya, masyarakat, percieved behavioral control, dan niat merokok. Sedangkan untuk dukungan lingkungan sekolah tidak berhubungan.
ANALISIS IMPLEMENTASI PERATURAN DAERAH KOTA SEMARANG NOMOR 3 TAHUN 2013 TENTANG KAWASAN TANPA ROKOK DI PUSKESMAS INDUK KOTA SEMARANG Fatih, Azizah Nur; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Public Health Services (Puskesmas) is one of the health care which obligatory needed at least one in every district. In total of 37 Public Health Services in Semarang Municipality, only 26 Public Health Services already been rated for its Tobacco Free Areas implementation (research by KPKTR and FKM Unimus). The aim of this research is to analyze the implementation of Local Government Regulation Number 3 Year 2013 regarding Tobacco Free Areas in Public Health Services of Semarang Municipality. This research used quantitative method with cross-sectional approach, whereas 111 respondents were the samples gathered with total sampling method. The data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis showed in numbers that the good communication 66,7%, adequate resources 53,2%, agreeing disposition 53,2% and appropriate bureaucratic structure 79,3%. The result from crosstab shows that good implementation due to good communication 56.8 %, good implementation with adequate resources 64.4 %, good implementation with stakeholders’ approval 62.7 % and good implementation with appropriate bureaucracy structure by 58.0 %. Chi Square test (α=0,05) was used in bivariate analysis, showed the correspondent variables were resources (ρ value 0,011),  disposition (ρ value 0,031), and bureaucratic structure (ρ value 0,034). Meanwhile there is no correlation with communication (ρ value 0,253). Multivariate analysis showed that resources, disposition, and bureaucratic structure is the dominant factors of the implementation of Local Government Regulation Number 3 Year 2013 regarding Tobacco Free Areas in Public Health Services of Semarang Municipality with R2 value 20,1%.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT SEBAGAI UPAYA UNTUK PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA SISWA DI SD N KARANGTOWO KECAMATAN KARANGTENGAH KABUPATEN DEMAK Sari, Nia Indriana; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

In 2014 diarrhea cases at Puskesmas Karang Tengah reached 1624 cases with 490 a case that occurred in primary school age children namely 5-14 years. Research aims to understand factors that deals with the clean and healthy living to their students in elementary school of  Karangtowo The kind of research this is quantitative with cross sectional approach. Population in this research 367 respondents with the sample of the 51 respondents. Data analysis using chisquare.The research results show that clean and healthy behaviors to the prevention of disease diarrhea in students 33.3 % of good. While  66.7 % have the clean and healthy living a less well. The knowledge students  52.9 % less than good while 47,1 % good . Attitude students 58,8 % less than good while 41.2 %. As many as 25,5 % of schools support and as many as 74.5 % schools were not supporting a clean and healthy behaviors for the prevention of diarrhea. Facilities infrastructures to do the clean and healthy living owned as many as 27.5 % and infrastructure which is not possessed as many as 72,5 %. The results showed that the correlated  with students in elementary school of  Karangtowo include knowledge ( p = 0.037 ), support the school ( p = 0.016 ), and infrastructure ( p = 0.038 ). While factors that does not affect clean and healthy life behavior in elementary school of  Karangtowo is the age ( p = 0.593 ), sex  ( p = 0.763 ) and attitude ( p = 0.836 ).
Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Ibu Hamil dalam Pemeriksaan HIV di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Halmahera Kota Semarang Halim, Yunida; BM, Syamsulhuda; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

HIV/AIDS is a health problem throughout the world, including Indonesia. HIV is becoming an increasing concern in Indonesia, particularly among women of reproductive age. In Semarang city until June 2016 HIV cases in housewives reached 1503 cases and 297 cases in children. Therefore, efforts should be made to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child through HIV testing during pregnancy. The purpose of the research to analyze the factors related with maternal behavior to hiv testing in the region of halmahera health center, semarang. This research used quantitative method with cross sectional approach, with 60 population and 54 samples by using total sampling, 6 person dropout. Data were analyzed using chi square test (significant level is 0,05). The result showed that pregnant women do HIV testing as much as 74,1% and 25,9% do not conduct examination. Result of statistical test show several factors related with maternal behavior to hiv testing are knowledge (0,001) attitude (0,002), availability of facilities and infrastructure (0,001) and support of health workers (0,020). While factors do not related with maternal behavior to hiv testing are age (0,652), educational level (0,550), works (1,000), support of husband (0,111) and support of family (0,256). Effort that need to done is approach from health worker to pregnant women and family in the provision of information related to prevention and the transmission of hiv from mother to child. Promoting the services room means that privacy and comfortable to keep confidentiality.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK KADER DALAM PENYULUHAN DI MEJA 4 PADA POSYANDU DI KELURAHAN NGALIYAN, KOTA SEMARANG Pangestuti, Ninda Ayu; BM, Syamsulhuda; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Integrated service post (Posyandu) as one means of basic health services in the community to grow and thrive. Posyanduis one form of Community Based Health Effort (UKBM) carried out by, of and with the community, to empower and provide convenience to the public in order to obtain medical care for mothers, infants and toddlers. The purpose of this study to analyze factors related to the practice of cadres in education at 4 tables on Posyandu in Ngaliyan, Semarang.Types of research with cross-sectional study. Respondents of the study amounted to 76 people. Collecting the information through interviews using a questionnaire. The statistical test used to analyze the relationship between variables using Chi-Square. The results showed 65.8% of health cadres including a category that has a good practice, 92.1% of cadres say there are facilities and supporting infrastructure extension, 82.9% Posyandu cadre say no incentive for Posyandu cadres, 85.5% of cadres say there are guidelines Posyandu, 76.3% said that the training good cadres, cadres 67.1% received support from health agencies and 63.2% posyandu cadre who had the support of the community. There is a relationship between education cadre to cadre practices (p = 0.035), facilities and infrastructure to the practice of cadre (p = 0.008), with the practice of Posyandu cadre training (p = 0.029). There is a significant relationship between cadres education, infrastructure and training of cadres posyandu with practices in education at 4 tables on Posyandu.
Tradisi Kekerasan Seksual sebagai Simbol Kekuasaan pada Anak Jalanan di Kota Semarang Kusumawati, Aditya; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Suryoputro, Antono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 9, No. 1, Januari 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.548 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.9.1.17-31

Abstract

ABSTRAK Anak jalanan adalah kelompok berisiko tinggi berbagai bahaya dibandingkan kelompok lain.Berdasarkan data Komisi Nasional Perlindungan Anak, kasus kekerasan seksual yang menimpa anak-anak di Indonesia sepanjang 2008 meningkat 30% atau 4,2 kasus per hari. Komnas Anak menetapkan tahun 2013 sebagai “Darurat Nasional Kejahatan Seksual terhadap Anak”. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tradisi kekerasan seksual pada anak jalanan di Kota Semarang. Jenis penelitian kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Populasi adalah anak jalanan di Kota Semarang dengan subyek anak jalanan Kota Semarang yang memiliki pengalaman kekerasan seksual perkosaan dan dipilih menggunakan purposive sampling sebanyak 5 orang. Pengambilan data primer dengan wawancara mendalam dan observasi. Analisis data dengan reduksi data, display data, dan kesimpulan. Jenis kekerasan seksual meliputi perkosaan per vaginal (perempuan) dan perkosaan per anal (laki-laki) dilakukan oleh individu maupun massal. Kekerasan seksual dilakukan oleh siapapun, dimanapun, dan kapanpun. Dampak yang ditimbulkan meliputi psikologis, sosial, dan fisik. Kekerasan seksual yang dialami anak jalanan adalah bagian dari norma sosial dan berkembang sebagai tradisi yang tidak disadari sebagai kekeraan seksual. Sehingga kekerasan seksual masih dialami mayoritas anak jalanan bahkan terus meningkat. Saran dalam penelitian ini adalah optimalisasi program dan kerjasama berbagai pihak terkait meliputi Dinas Sosial, Dinas Kesehatan, LSM, Lembaga Perlindungan Perempuan dan Anak, Lembaga Hukum, dan peneliti lainnya untuk penanggulangan kekerasan seksual pada anak jalanan. Kata Kunci : kekerasan seksual, anak jalanan, semarang ABSTRACT Sexual Abuse Tradition among Street Children in Semarang Municipality; Street children is the high risk group of many harmful than others. It caused the effect wasn’t simple like their understanding about sexual abuse. Based on Komisi Nasional Perlindungan Anak data, sexual abuse cases among children in Indonesia as long as 2008 increase to 30% or 4,2 cases per day. Komnas Anak decided 2013 be the “Sexual Crime National Emergency among Children”. Study purposed was to know the image of sexual abuse among street children in Semarang Municipality. Population are street children in Semarang Municipality and the subject are street children by sexual abuse experience in rape category and suit to inclusion criteria choosen by purposive sampling method. There are 5 persons. Primary data collection through in-depth interviews and observation. Data analysis was developed by data reduction, data display, and conclusions. The kinds of sexual abuse were per vaginal rape, per anal rape, commited by personal or collective. Sexual abuse carried out by whoever, in wherever, and whenever. The effects are psichology, social, and physic. Sexual abuse among street children is part of social norm and developed be the unconcious sexual abuse tradition. The result is majority of street children still got the sexual experience even increasing nowadays. Suggests are optimalization the program and cooperation all of side, such as Dinas Sosial, Dinas Kesehatan, LSM, Lembaga Perlindungan Perempuan dan Anak, Lembaga Hukum, and others researcher to tackling the sexual abuse among street children. Keyword : sexual abuse, street children, semarang
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN PERSEPSI TENTANG MASALAH KESEHATAN KERJA DAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI PETANI TEMBAKAU Andriany, Megah; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Komunitas
Publisher : Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia (PPNI) Jawa Tengah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32584/jikk.v2i1.299

Abstract

Petani tembakau merupakan kelompok berisiko menderita Green Tobacco Sickness. Sedikit peneliti yang meneliti hubungan antara pengetahuan dan persepsi petani tembakau terkait masalah kesehatan yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan dan persepsi tentang masalah kesehatan terkait pekerjaan ini dan perilaku perlindungan diri petani pembakau. Desain penelitian ini adalah deskriptif korelasi dengan 90 petani tembakau sebagai responden yang tiggal dan bekerja sebagai petani tembakau minimal satu tahun di sebuah kecamatan di Kabupaten Kendal. Metode sampling menggunakan simpel random sampling. Peneliti mengembangkan kuesioner berdasarkan Model Promosi Kesehatan Pender. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode survei dan data dianalisis menggunakan analisis data bivariate dengan metode Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara penggunaan alat pelindung diri dengan pengetahuan (0,000) dan persepsi manfaat dari tindakan (0,003), namun tidak terdapat hubungan antara penggunaan alat pelindung diri dengan persepsi kerentanan (0,066), keparahan (0,086), dan hambatan terhadap tindakan (0,247). Penelitian ini merekomendasikan kebutuhan pendidikan kesehatan terkait manfaat penggunaan alat pelindung diri dan beberapa strategi untuk menghilangkan hambatan untuk melaksanakan perilaku.
GAMBARAN PERILAKU PASIEN SEMBUH TB MDR DI KOTA SEMARANG Sari, Feby Kumala; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Tuberculosis is still a health problem that causes death. MDR TB in Central Java Province Semarang City from 2014 to 2016 decreased to 16 cases and the last 3 years there are data of patients already recovering from MDR TB. This shows the better handling of MDR TB cases in Semarang city because they are able to get case data and able to accompany the patient from the beginning of the illness until healed. Thexpurpose of this research is to know the picture of patient behavior of MDR TB recovered in Semarang City.Thisxqualitative research uses descriptive approach. By purposive sampling technique got 7 research subject which is patient recovered MDR TB. dataxcollection was done by in-depth interview to 7 research subjects. Validation of data is done by triangulation of source to 16 people. Thexresults of the study indicate that the behavior of patients recovered MDR TB in Semarang City because of routine medication, get attention, and motivation both from within themselves and from the surrounding environment. Have good knowledge and attitude with obedience to take medication accompanied by officer Aisyiyah and health officer. Getting good service facilities and support from families, health workers and Aisyiyah officers greatly affect the patient's behavior to recover from MDR TB.
HUBUNGAN VARIABEL ORGANISASI DAN PSIKOLOGIS DENGAN KINERJA PEGAWAI PUSKESMAS BENDAN KOTA PEKALONGAN DALAM ERA JAMINAN KESEHATAN NASIONAL Fitria, Nurul Rizki; Arso, Septo Pawelas; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

National Health Insurance requires efforts to improve access and quality of health services in first-level health facilities. In order for services to be implemented properly one of the important factors is certainly the performance of health workers who are the spearhead of the service. The performance of Bendan’s puskesmas  employees is known to be decreasing so it can affect the quality of service. According to Gibson, performance is influenced by organizational and psychological variables. The purpose of this research is to analyze the correlation between organizational variable consisting of infrastructure, service incentive, job design, leadership, and psychological variable that is perception, attitude, and motivation with staff’s performance. This research uses quantitative method with cross sectional approach, and was conducted at Bendan’s Puskesmas Pekalongan. Respondents are 47 people Bendan’s puskesmas staff. Data analysis including univariate analysis with the presentation of frequency distribution tables and bivariate analysis using the chi square test. The results of univariate analysis showed that the performance of  puskesmas employees was not good and incentive services were not appropriate, but infrastructure, work design, leadership, perceptions, attitudes and motivations tended to be good. The result of bivariate analysis shows that all variables have correlation with the performance of Bendan puskesmas personnel in National Health Insurance era such as infrastructure facilities (pvalue = 0.028), service incentive (pvalue = 0.014), job design (pvalue = 0.024), leadership (pvalue = 0.028), perception (pvalue = 0.012), attitude (pvalue = 0.047), and motivation (pvalue = 0.004). It is recommended to BLUD Puskesmas Pekalongan city to properly organize the prevailing remuneration policy in the form of incentives according to the workload to improve the performance of puskesmas employees.
GAMBARAN PRAKTIK PERSONAL HYGIENE PADA LANSIA DI PANTI SOSIAL LANJUT USIA TRESNA WERDHA KOTA SEMARANG Trisnani, Annisa; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The elderly population continues to grow every year due to poor health status. One of the efforts to maintain the health of the elderly with preventive measures is by doing personal hygine. Hygine personal practices can be directed to maintain in order to stay healthy and productive life socially and economically in accordance with human dignity. The maintenance of personal hygiene includes the cleanliness of hair, eyes, ears, teeth, mouth, skin, nails, and hygiene in the dressing. To be able to perform personal hygiene of the elderly requires a good knowledge that can be applied to personal hygiene as possible. This study aims to describe the practice of personal hygiene of the elderly in the Elderly Social Panti Tresna Werdha Semarang. This type of research is descriptive analysis method with quantitative techniques using cross-sectional study. The population is all inhabitants of the Institution. Total sample of 33 elderly respondents with a total sampling techniques in accordance with the criteria specified. Sources of data research using primary and secondary data. Data analysis using univariate analysis results showed the beginning of elderly respondents (75.8%) of the women (57.6%) had not completed school seniors (45.5%) practices of the elderly (57.6%), knowledge (42.4%) , attitude (48.5%) were not available infrastructure (69.7%) affordability facilities are not affordable (69.7%) are less supportive role officers (69.7%) support the role of less friends (90.9%).