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Pembelajaran Fiqih Berbasis Masalah melalui Kegiatan Musyawarah di Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar Sarang Rembang Rohman, Fathur
Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24042/atjpi.v8i2.2124

Abstract

This article provides a description of the implementation of problem-based learning of fiqih with musyawarah activities at Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar Sarang Rembang Central Java. The problem of this article focuses on two problems, how the implementation of problem-based learning of fiqih by musyawarah at Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar and the advantages and disadvantages of problem based-learning of fiqh with musyawarah activities. This paper is the result of qualitative research using case study method. Data collection used participant observation, interview, and documentation techniques. To determine the sample of data source as informant, this research uses purposive sampling and snowball sampling technique. The data analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative analysis with phenomenology approach. The Analysis begins since the researcher goes to the place and it is done interactively and continuously until being completed. It can be concluded that the activities of musyawarah is a form of problem-based learning of fiqih in the style of pesantren. In terms of principles, characteristics, as well as learning stages in musyawarah activities have been in accordance with the concept of problem-based learning.
Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Ekosistem Dan Pencemaran Lingkungan Berbasis Inkuiri Serta Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis, Pemahaman Konsep, Dan Sikap Siswa Kelas X SMA Kurniawan, Dody; Irawati, Mimien Henie; Rohman, Fathur
Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Vol 3, No 3: September 2015
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (314.972 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jps.v3i3.8124

Abstract

Abstract: The objectives of this research are to design a valid inquiry-based learning material about ecosystem and environmental pollution for grade X of Senior High School 3 Malang and to discover its effect towards critical thinking ability, conceptual comprehension, and attitude of grade X of Senior High School 3 Malang students. This research was conducted in two phases. The first phase is making the learning material including syllable, course outline, handout, student worksheet, and scoring instrument. The second phase is a quasi-experiment. Two sample groups are given different treatment to see the effect for critical thinking skills, conceptual comprehension, and student attitude. The results of the study showed that the learning material based on inquiry learning is valid and could be used for grade X students of Senior High School 3 Malang and there is a significant effect of the learning material towards the students critical thinking ability, conceptual comprehension, and attitude. Key Words: developing learning material, ecosystem and enviromental pollution, inquiry, critical thinking ability, conceptual comprehensension, attitudeAbstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran berbasis inkuiri pada materi ekosistem dan pencemaran lingkungan untuk siswa kelas X SMAN 3 Malang dan mengetahui pengaruhnya terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis, pemahaman konsep, dan sikap siswa kelas X SMAN 3 Malang. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua tahap. Tahap pertama adalah perancangan perangkat pembelajaran seperti silabus, RPP, handout, LKS, dan instrumen penilaian. Tahap kedua adalah eksperimen quasi. Pada tahap ini, dua sampel kelompok diberikan perlakuan yang berbeda untuk melihat pengaruh terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis, pemahaman konsep, dan sikap siswa. Hasil dari penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran berbasis inkuiri valid dan dapat digunakan pada siswa kelas X SMAN 3 Malang dan terdapat pengaruh signifikan perangkat pembelajaran terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis, pemahaman konsep, dan sikap siswa. Kata kunci: pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran, ekosistem dan pencemaran lingkungan, inkuiri, kemampuan berpikir kritis, pemahaman konsep, sikap
MAQASID AL-SYARI‘AH DALAM PERSPEKTIF AL-SYATIBI Rohman, Fathur
Isti`dal : Jurnal Studi Hukum Islam Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law UNISNU Jepara

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Abstract

Imam al-Shatibi adalah seorang ahli usul fiqih yang berhasil menggabungkan ide-ide maqasid-nya dengan teori usul fiqih lama. Dalam al-Muwafaqat, ia telah melakukan perubahan terhadap sistem perumusan hukum islam yang selama ini dinilai statis dan mati. Adapun teorinya yang berkaitan dengan maqasid, al-Shatibi membagi maqasid itu sendiri menjadi dua, yakni : maksud shari’ dan maksud mukallaf. Inti dari pembahasan yang panjang lebar dalam bab kedua kitabnya al-Muwafaqat tersebut adalah bahwa tujuan allah menetapkan shari’at di muka bumi ini tidak lain hanyalah untuk mendatangkan kemaslahatan bagi kehidupan manusia baik dunia maupun akhirat. Untuk itu, maka manusia harus melaksankan shari’at itu demi mendapatkan kesejahteraan di dunia dan mencapai kebahagiaan di akhirat.
AHMAD SIRHINDĪ DAN PEMBAHARUAN TAREKAT Rohman, Fathur
Wahana Akademika: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wahana Akademika
Publisher : Kopertais Wilayah X Jawa Tengah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/wa.v1i2.813

Abstract

AbstractThere is an understanding that some of sufi orders to find h{aqi>qah through the sufi t{ari>qah no longer need the shari>’ah. Shari>’ah is seen as the outer skin of religion, and h{aqi>qah is the core. Because of getting the core of religion, the skin has no use anymore. This understanding is a rasionable understanding of the sufi mystics of the past that most no longer pay attention to the rules of shari>’ah in its suluk. Most sufis, at that time, preferred a more philosophical sufism which emphasize thinking to achive rather than the worship of god and morality. It can be seen from the popularity of the doctrine of wah{dat al-wuju>d which so dominates the teaching of classical sufism. This phenomenon invites the attention of Ahmad Sirhindi, on of sufi and mursyid of naqshabandi order. He moved to reform of the sufi orders who was then filled with heretical practices and doctrines which dominated wah{dat al-wuju>d. This study aims to discover and develop ideas of Sirhindi to reform the sufi orders. This research is a qualitative form of research library in using the instrument, so that the resulting data are in the form of data analysis, presentation and writing of the main source, namely al-Maktu>bat that’s magnum opus of Sirhindi. This study is descriptive-exploratory study. The data analysis technique used in this study was content analysis. The results of this study revealed that are some basic things are the focus sirhindi in revision, among others: first, the synchronization shari>’ah, t{ari>qah, and h}aqi>qah; second, purification sufi orders of deviant practices; third , rejection of the theory of wah{dat al-wuju>d; fourth, applying the theory wah{dat al-shuhu>d. Keywords: Sufism, Sufi orders, Reform, Sirhindi.
Pemilihan Cerita Pendek sebagai Materi Ajar Pembelajaran Sastra oleh Guru Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia SMA di Surakarta Sufanti, Main; Nuryatin, Agus; Rohman, Fathur; Waluyo, Herman J.
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 19, No 1: Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/humaniora.v19i1.6164

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan: (a) cara guru memilih cerita pendek yang diajarkan dalam pembelajaran sastra di SMA Surakarta, (b) alasan guru memilih cerita pendek dengan cara tersebut, dan (c) pertimbangan-pertimbangan guru dalam memilih cerpen. Tujuan ini dicapai dengan penelitian kualitatif deskriptif. Data berupa pernyataan guru tentang cara memilih cerpen dan alasannya. Sumber datanya adalah guru-guru bahasa Indonesia yang tergabung dalam Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia SMA di Surakarta. Teknik sampling yang diterapkan adalah purposive sampling, yaitu dipilih berdasarkan variasi kondisi sekolah: negeri, swasta, umum, dan keagamaan. Teknik pengambilan data dengan angket. Teknik analisis data dengan teknik analisis interaktif. Hasil penelitian ini sebagai berikut. (1) Guru memilih cerita pendek dengan 3 cara yaitu: 78% guru memilih cerpen yang tercantum di dalam buku pelajaran, 11% guru memilih cerpen dari buku pelajaran dan menambah cerpen dari sumber lain, dan 11% memilih cerpen dari berbagai sumber dan sering mengesampingkan cerpen yang ada di buku pelajaran. (2) Alasan guru memilih cerita pendek dengan cara tersebut sebagai berikut; (a) Guru yang memilih cerpen dari buku pelajaran memiliki alasan: mudah didapatkan, semua siswa memiliki, lebih terprogram, biasanya sudah dibaca rumah sehingga KBM lebih mudah, lebih praktis, semua siswa sudah siap dengan cerpen yang diajarkan, dan merata untuk semua siswa, (b) Guru yang memilih cerpen dari buku pelajaran dan dari sumber lain memiliki alasan semua siswa telah mempunyai cerpen yang mempermudah proses pembelajaran dan dalam rangka memberi latihan untuk memperdalam pengetahuan siswa, guru memilih cerpen dari Koran, (c) Guru yang memilih cerpen dari berbagai sumber dan mengesampingkan cerpen yang dimuat di buku pelajaran memiliki alasan sebagai berikut: cerpen itu sangat banyak sehingga guru tidak bisa mengandalkan cerpen yang ada di buku pelajaran; bahan cerpen dalam buku pelajaran terbatas, padahal di luar kelas siswa berhadapan dengan dunia sastra yang begitu luas; perlu memberikan bacaan yang beragam; merupakan usaha membentengi siswa dari bacaan yang tidak mendidik, (3) Pertimbangan guru dalam memilih cerpen adalah: kepraktisan, isi cerita menarik, isi cerpen sesuai usia siswa, bebas dari pornograf dan SARA, mengandung nilai pendidikan, dan penanaman budi pekerti.
RETORIKA DALAM KITAB WADHA’IF AL-MUTA’ALLIM KARYA KH ZAINAL ABIDIN MUNAWWIR Rohman, Fathur; Wahyudin, Aan
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FITK (Islamic Education and Teacher Training Faculty) - IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (515.729 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ljbs.v2i1.653

Abstract

This study is aimed at studying the book of Wadhaif al-Mutaallim written by KH. Zainal Abidin Munawwir by using Stylistics research approach. Stylistics is used to describe the elements of rhetoric in the book of Wadhaif al-Mutaallim, and its meaning effect. The method used is literature study in the form of semantic, thematic and descriptive analysis. Data is collected through text observation method known as simak methode. This study found that there were some rhetoric’s elements in the book of Wadhaif al-Mutaallim in the aspect of figure of speech, figure of tought, and imagery. The results also showed that the style of language had caused quite interesting interpretation of the educational tought contained in the book of Wadhaif al-Mutaallim.
EVALUASI KINERJA INSULINER BERBASIS EPOKSI MELALUI UJI STATIK MOTOR ROKET CASE BONDED (PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF EPOXY BASED INSULINER OF CASE BONDED ROCKET MOTOR THROUGH STATIC TEST) Sutrisno, -; Rohman, Fathur; Irianto AH, Ronny; Dewi, Wiwiek Utami
Jurnal Teknologi Dirgantara Vol.11 No.1 Juni 2013
Publisher : Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kegiatan penelitian yang telah dilakukan sebelumnya telah diperoleh material insuliner berbasis epoksi dan metode aplikasinya pada motor roket case bonded. Hasil penelitian ini juga telah diperoleh bahwa insuliner tersebut dapat direkomendasikan untuk digunakan pada motor roket case bonded yang menggunakan propelan radial burning sehingga perlu dibuktikan. Guna menguji kinerja insuliner tersebut telah dibuat dua unit motor roket case bonded mengggunakan insuliner berbasis epoksi dan satu unit motor roket free standing yang menggunakan insulasi termal berbasis epoksi dan lapisan fiber glass cloth untuk diuji statik. Tiga unit motor roket telah diuji statik. Berdasarkan pengujian diperoleh bahwa insuliner berbasis epoksi yang dibuat dapat berfungsi dengan baik. Kegagalan motor roket case bonded yang kedua tidak disebabkan oleh gagalnya insuliner tetapi oleh proses perakitan motor roket yang kurang sempurna.Kata kunci: Insuliner,Motor roket, Case bonded, Free standing, Radial burning
PERUBAHAN BUDAYA JUAL BELI TRADISIONAL MENJADI JUAL BELI ONLINE (STUDI KASUS PENJUALAN ONLINE PADA TOKOBAGUS.COM) Rohman, Fathur
CAKRAWALA: JURNAL HUMANIORA BINA SARANA INFORMATIKA Vol 12, No 2 (2012): PERIODE SEPTEMBER 2012
Publisher : Akademi Komunikasi BSI Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.99 KB) | DOI: 10.31294/jc.v12i2.3555

Abstract

Increasing economic growth is felt by most of society and government. It can be easily seen from the volume of trade balance higher each year. Even the very significant growth. The impact of economic growth is also felt by the people both small businesses and middle-class entrepreneurs. The more varied the level of consumerism has also increased business opportunities. This makes the higher trade competition. Things that piecemeal change the paradigm of most people to change the way the sale of the traditional way of buying and selling a conventional sale online by means of internet and websites that provide online trading services. Computer technology advances and internet that brought big changes. Thought transasksi simple market should be converted into a global sales, both locally, nationally and internationally. Between sellers with buyers can be met easily without face-to-face and without the clock. Transactions can be done anytime. Such sale and purchase transactions that occurred in Tokobagus.Com Keywords: buying and selling, traditional, Online, Tokobagus
Pembelajaran Fiqih Berbasis Masalah Melalui Kegiatan Musyawarah di Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar Sarang Rembang Rohman, Fathur
Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Agama Islam Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruaan UIN Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This article provides a description of the implementation of problem-based learning of fiqih with musyawarah activities at Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar Sarang Rembang Central Java. The problem of this article focuses on two problems, how the implementation of problem-based learning of fiqih bymusyawarah at Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar and the advantages and disadvantages of problem-based-learning of fiqh with musyawarah activities. This paper is the result of qualitative research using case study method. Data collection used participant observation, interview, and documentation techniques. To determine the sample of data source as informant, this research uses purposive sampling and snowball sampling technique. The data analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative analysis with phenomenology approach. The Analysis begins since the researcher goes to the place and it is done interactively and continuously until being completed. It can be concluded that the activities ofmusyawarah is a form of problem-based learning of fiqih in the style of pesantren. In terms of principles, characteristics, as well as learning stages in musyawarah activities have been in accordance with the concept of problem-based learning.
Pendidikan Spiritual Berbasis Tarekat bagi Pecandu Narkoba (Studi Kasus di Pondok Pesantren As-Stressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati Sejomulyo Juwana Pati) Rohman, Fathur
Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam (Journal of Islamic Education Studies) Vol 5 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (988.655 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/jpai.2017.5.2.161-180

Abstract

Bahasa Indonesia:Tulisan ini bermaksud untuk memberikan gambaran tentang pelaksanaan pendidikan spiritual berbasis tarekat bagi pecandu narkoba di Pondok Pesantren As-Stressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati Sejomulyo Juwana Pati. Rumusan masalah dalam tulisan ini difokuskan pada dua masalah, yaitu bagaimana pelaksanaan pendidikan spiritual berbasis tarekat bagi pecandu narkoba di Pondok As-Setressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati dan apa faktor pendukung dan penghambat pelaksanaan pendidikan spiritual berbasis tarekat bagi pecandu narkoba di Pondok As-Setressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati. Tulisan ini merupakan hasil penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode studi kasus. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik partisipant observation, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Sampel sumber data ditentukan secara purposive dan menggunakan teknik snowball. Adapun teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Analisis dimulai semenjak di lapangan dan dilakukan secara interaktif dan terus menerus hingga tuntas. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa beberapa  amalan tarekat ternyata relevan untuk diterapkan dalam pelaksanaan pendidikan spiritual bagi pecandu narkoba. Amalan-amalan tarekat tersebut antara lain: Taubat, Mana>qiban, Doa, Dhikir, Tas}awwur al-Shaikh, dan Riya>d}ah. English:This paper intends to provide an overview of the implementation of tarekat-based spiritual education for drug addicts at Pesantren As-Stressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati Sejomulyo Juwana Pati. The formulation of the problem focuses on two issues, how the implementation of tarekat-based spiritual education for drug addicts in Pondok As-Setressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati and what are the supporting factors and inhibiting the implementation of tarekat-based spiritual education for drug addicts in Pondok As-Setressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati. This paper is a result of a qualitative research using case study method. In collecting the data, this research used participatory techniques, interviews, and documentation. The sample data source was determined purposively and used the snowball technique. The analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative analysis with phenomenology approach. The analysis begins in the field and is done interactively and continuously until being completed. The result of this research shows that some tarekat practices are relevant to be applied in the implementation of spiritual education for drug addicts. The orders of the tarekat are: Taubat, Mana>qiban, Prayer, Dhikir, Tas}awwur al-Shaykh, and Riya>d}ah.